The Rough Riders was a nickname given to the 1st United States Volunteer Cavalry, one of three such regiments raised in 1898 for the Spanish–American War and the only one to see combat. The United States Army was small and disorganized in comparison to its status during the American Civil War thirty years prior. Following the sinking of USS Maine, President William McKinley needed to muster a strong ground force swiftly, which he did by calling for 125,000 volunteers to assist in the war; the U. S. had gone to war in opposition to Spanish colonial policies in Cuba, torn by a rebellion. The regiment was nicknamed "Wood's Weary Walkers" for its first commander, Colonel Leonard Wood; this reflected their dissatisfaction that despite being cavalry, they ended up fighting in Cuba as infantry, since their horses were not sent there with them. Wood's second in command was former Assistant Secretary of the Navy Theodore Roosevelt, a strong advocate for the Cuban War of Independence; when Wood was promoted to become commander of the 2nd Cavalry Brigade, the regiment became known as "Roosevelt's Rough Riders."
That term was borrowed from Buffalo Bill, who called his travelling Western show "Buffalo Bill's Wild West and Congress of Rough Riders of the World". The original plan called for the regiment to be composed of frontiersmen from the Indian Territory, the New Mexico Territory, the Arizona Territory, the Oklahoma Territory. However, after Roosevelt joined the ranks, it attracted an odd mixture of Ivy League athletes, glee club singers, Texas Rangers, Native Americans. All accepted into the regiment had to be eager to see combat; the Rough Riders would receive more publicity than any other Army unit in that war, they are best remembered for their conduct during the Battle of San Juan Hill, though it is mentioned how they outnumbered Spanish soldiers who opposed them. Several days after the Battle of San Juan Hill, the Spanish fleet sailed from Cuba, in only a few weeks an armistice ending the fighting was signed. Despite the brevity of their service, the Rough Riders became legendary, thanks in large part to Roosevelt's writing his own history of the regiment and the silent film reenactments made years later.
The volunteers were gathered in four areas: Arizona, New Mexico and Texas. They were gathered from the southwest because the hot climate region that the men were used to was similar to that of Cuba where they would be fighting. "The difficulty in organizing was not in selecting, but in rejecting men." The allowed limit set for the volunteer cavalry men was promptly met. With news trickling down of Spanish aggression and the sinking of the USS Maine men flocked from every corner of the regions to display their patriotism, they gathered a diverse bunch of men consisting of cowboys, gold or mining prospectors, gamblers, Native Americans, college boys—all of whom were able-bodied and capable on horseback and in shooting. Among these men were police officers and military veterans who wished to see action again, most of whom had retired. Thirty years removed from any armed conflict, men who had served in the regular army during campaigns against Native Americans or during the Civil War sought out to serve as higher ranking officers, since they had the knowledge and experience to lead and train the men.
The unit thus would not be without experience. Leonard Wood, an Army doctor who served as the medical adviser for both the President and Secretary of War, was appointed colonel of The Rough Riders, with Roosevelt serving as lieutenant colonel. One famous spot where volunteers were gathered was in San Antonio, Texas, at the Menger Hotel Bar; the bar is still open and serves as a tribute to the Rough Riders, containing much of their, Theodore Roosevelt's, uniforms and memorabilia. Before training began, Lieutenant Colonel Roosevelt used his political influence as Assistant Secretary of the Navy to ensure that his volunteer regiment would be properly equipped to serve as any regular Army unit; the Rough Riders were armed with Model 1896 Carbines in caliber.30 US. "They succeeded in getting their cartridges, Colt Single Action Army revolvers, shelter-tents, horse gear... and in getting the regiment armed with the Springfield Krag carbine used by the regular cavalry." The Rough Riders used Bowie knives.
A last-minute gift from a wealthy donor were a pair of modern tripod mounted, gas-operated M1895 Colt–Browning machine guns in 7mm Mauser caliber. In contrast, the uniforms of the regiment were designed to set the unit apart: "The Rough Rider uniform was a slouch hat, blue flannel shirt, brown trousers and boots, with handkerchiefs knotted loosely around their necks, they looked as a body of cowboy cavalry should look." This "rough and tumble" appearance contributed to earning them the title of "The Rough Riders." Training was standard for a cavalry unit. They worked on basic military drills and habits involving conduct and etiquette; the men proved eager to learn what was necessary, the training went smoothly. It was decided that the men would not be trained to use the saber as cavalry did, as they had no experience with it. Instead, they used their revolvers as primary and secondary weapons. Although the men, for the most part, were experienced horsemen, the officers refined their techniques in riding, shooting from horseback, practicing in formations and in skirmishes.
Along with these practices, the high-ranking men studied books filled with tactics and drills to better themselves in leading the others. During times which physical drills could not be run, either because of confinement on board the train, s
Janggolan refers to two different type of perahu from Indonesia. One is from Madura, the other from Bali; the Madurese janggolan is a type of indigenously constructed boat, meanwhile Balinese janggolan is an indigenous boat with western-styled hull construction. Janggolan in Madura comes from Kamal to Sampang, it is the largest from the family of boats with double stempost, like lis-alis. They can be found plying to Singapore in the past, being called "old-style golekkan"; the word janggolan means transportation. It is called as parao janggol by the Madurese. Like the alisalis, janggolan were regarded as "female", ornamental motif used were connected with the feminine. Madurese janggolan can be identified by flat decorated face between the double stempost in the boat and from the distance it can be identified by 2 supporting poles above the stern that's supported by temporary bamboo rod. Janggolan were not painted white like the leti leti. In the sea, janggolan has the same rig as golekan. Kroman is the same as janggolan with deckhouse, 2 triangular sails with the same rig, but with narrower bow with an elegant, high ascending frame and low "jawline".
Kroman in the 19th century had outrigger, it might be that all the boats from the family of lis-alis are descendants of boats that had outriggers. Horizontal mast is still used in the direction of the wind. Madurese janggolan is some of them having large solid mast, they are Madura's heaviest cargo boat. The carrying capacity is between 65-120 tons; the rudder post itself can be 3 meter long with 25x40 cm in thickness, with vertical pillar taller than human. Kroman weighing 100-200 ton constructed without ribs or floor because it's not possible in the past, but now the janggolan has a large number of heavy ribs placed close together like on the hull of western boats, with tying pole and covered them to keep the cargo from water; the wood carving pattern on the face of the boat comes from various sources, including the Dutch royal emblem. They are very persistent and faithful in using it, a janggolan in 1978 is using the same pattern from an illustration of more than 60 years before. In the 19th century, janggolan is the main mean of transportation and is used to transport egg of milkfish caught near offshore and sold to fish farm owners along the coast of north Java.
Janggolan had been involved in the carrying of timber from Kalimantan from the late 1960s, combining this with the transport of salt to Jakarta and other places in the western portion of the archipelago since early 20th century, specializing in the transport of baulk timber or squared logs to ports in Java. There are indications that janggolan will be replaced by leti-leti and no more janggolan will be constructed; the surviving ones carried cargo to small river estuary and passing through muddy shallow waters in Madura strait, where the frame is made better suited, protecting them from difficult conditions and its rig enable them to maneuver along the small river with the help of pole. In the sea, heavy laden janggolan can sail in water, with the aft of the boat pulled down by its body shape, creating little waves or small ripples under the bow of the boat. Balinese janggolan refers to small type of boat with western influence used in Bali, built using sekoci hull; the word sekoci comes from Dutch word schuitje.
In the 19th century a sekoci means a small perahu with western-style construction for the Dutch, many of the type exported from Makassar to other islands. It is used as ferry boat, with sekoci hull, central rudder, small single sail placed high in a mast; the stempost makes a 70 degrees angle against the straight keel. The planks were bent by heating using low temperature fire; the bow and stern is pointed similar to each other, but a flat platform was placed at the stern above 2 or 3 flat poles. This is where the helmsman stood, with a pole in hand, one foot pressing the rudder, holding the sail; the hull is long and rounded at the middle of the boat. There are ribs and seating at the edge of a deck with two levels. A Balinese janggolan observed by Adrian Horridge is 11 m long, 2.75 m wide, with midhull draft of 76 cm. The planking is 2.5 cm thick, the ribs are 7.5x12.5 cm in cross section, the mast is 4.3 m high. The height of stempost and sternpost is 1.2 m. Other Madurese vessels: Leti leti Lis-alis GolekanOther perahu from Nusantara: Lambo Mayang Pencalang Horridge, Adrian..
The Prahu: Traditional Sailingboat of Indonesia. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Stenross, Kurt.. The Seafarers and Maritime Entrepreneurs of Madura: History and Their Role in the Java Sea Timber Trade. Murdoch University, Australia
Debra Lampshire is a trainer, educator and experience-based expert on mental health. Lampshire is project manager for the Psychological Interventions for Enduring Mental Illness Project at the Auckland District Health Board, she is the first non-clinician to hold this position. She is a senior tutor with the Centre for Mental Health Research and Policy Development at the University of Auckland, she is chairperson for International Society for Psychological and Social Approaches to Psychosis New Zealand. At the age of 17, she was committed to the former Kingseat Psychiatric Hospital in Karaka, having episodes of psychosis, including hearing voices, she has been in mental health care for 18 of those in institutional care. She began to take charge of her own recovery and has transferred her own experience to educate others, she has co-authored scientific papers and co-edited the book Experiencing Psychosis. 2016: Making a Difference category of the 2016 Attitude Awards, Supreme Award at the 2016 Attitude Awards Jim Geekie, Patte Randal, Debra Lampshire: Experiencing Psychosis: Personal and Professional Perspectives.
The International Society for Psychological and Social Approaches to Psychosis Book Series, The International Society for Psychological Treatments of Schizophrenia and Other Psychoses, 2011, ISBN 978-0415580335 Hearing Voices Movement Rethinking Madness Anatomy of an Epidemic David Oaks Kay Redfield Jamison Mental health experience leads to Supreme Award, University of Auckland, 19 December 2016 Ms Debra Lampshire
Mystery Mansion is the name of a text-based adventure game written in 1978–1981 by Bill Wolpert while at the Naval Undersea Warfare Center in Keyport, Washington. It ran only on the HP HP-1000 minicomputer on the RTE operating system, but was ported by persons unknown to run under MPE on the HP-3000. Although the development dates make it contemporaneous with other seminal interactive fiction games such as Adventure and Dungeon, it remains unknown due to the specialized computers and operating systems on which it ran. Two C-language ports exist, one by James Garnett while a graduate student at the University of Colorado, another by Bob Sorem of the University of Minnesota; the former is a line-by-line exact port in K&R-style C that runs on most Unix-flavor operating systems, while the latter is an adaptation with features not in Wolpert's original in Borland C that runs only under DOS/Windows. The object of the single-player game is to find one's way through a run-down, foreboding mansion in order to find various treasures, solve a murder, sleep with the maid, avoid getting "killed" in the process all before the mansion is destroyed by fire at midnight to end the game.
In addition to the 3 rooms x 3 rooms x 3 stories cube-shaped mansion, there are gardens, nefarious characters, other obstacles to make one's way through or around. Being text-based, there are no illustrations at all, so the player has to imagine everything, being described; the Mainframe Adventures site has more information about Mystery Mansion as well as other mainframe-based games Bob Sorem's port of Mystery Mansion written in C for DOS/Windows Archive file of James Garnett's port into C: includes the original Fortran source Github repository of James Garnett's port, version 19.4 plus bug fixes
Árpád Weisz was a Hungarian Olympic football player and manager. Weisz was Jewish, was killed with his wife and children by the Nazis during The Holocaust in World War II at Auschwitz. Weisz played club football as a left winger in Hungary for Törekvés SE, in Czechoslovakia for Makabi Brno, in Italy for Alessandria and Internazionale. Weisz earned seven international caps between 1922 and 1923, was a member of the Hungarian squad at the 1924 Summer Olympics in Paris. A serious injury cut short his playing career. After retiring as a player in 1926, Weisz became an assistant coach at Alessandria before moving to F. C. Internazionale Milano, where at the age of 34 he won one championship in the 1929–1930 season. Weisz had three separate spells as manager of Inter, 1926–28, 1929–31, 1932–34, managing Giuseppe Meazza among his players, he coached Bari and Bologna, where he won two league titles before he was forced to flee Italy with his wife and two children following the enactment of the Italian Racial Laws.
Weisz finished his career by coaching FC Dordrecht in the Netherlands, leaving in 1940 following the outbreak of the Second World War. Four years he was arrested by the SS and killed by the Nazis at Auschwitz concentration camp, with his family of four when they were gassed upon entering Birkenau. Jews In Sports Hungarian Players and Coaches in Italy
Conus zebroides, common name, the Quaga cone, is a species of predatory sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, known as the cone snails, cone shells or cones. The size of an adult shell varies between 51 mm; the shell is yellowish brown, irregularly striped with chestnut, extending over the spire. This marine species is endemic to Angola. Kiener L. C. 1844-1850. Spécies général et iconographie des coquilles vivantes. Vol. 2. Famille des Enroulées. Genre Cone, pp. 1-379, pl. 1-111. Paris, Rousseau & J. B. Baillière Bouchet, P. 1996. Conus zebroides. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 6 August 2007. Filmer R. M.. A Catalogue of Nomenclature and Taxonomy in the Living Conidae 1758 - 1998. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden. 388pp. Tucker J. K.. Recent cone species database. 4 September 2009 Edition. Puillandre, N.. F.. M.. "One, four or 100 genera? A new classification of the cone snails". Journal of Molluscan Studies. 81: 1–23. Doi:10.1093/mollus/eyu055. PMC 4541476. PMID 26300576. "Varioconus zebroides".
Gastropods.com. Retrieved 18 July 2011. Cone Shells - Knights of the Sea