Switzerland at the 1996 Summer Olympics
Switzerland competed at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, United States. 114 competitors, 71 men and 43 women, took part in 83 events in 17 sports. Men's 1,500 metres Peter PhilippQualification — 3:41.60 Men's 4 × 400 m Relay Laurent Clerc, Kevin Widmer, Alain Rohr, Mathias RusterholzHeat — 3:03.05 Semi Final — 3:05.36 Men's 400m Hurdles Marcel SchelbertHeat — 51.20s Men's Decathlon Philipp HuberFinal Result — 7743 points Men's 50 km Walk Pascal Charrière — 4:10:20 Women's 400 metres Corinne SimasotchiHeat — 53.69 Women's 10,000 metres Daria NauerQualification — 33:56.95 Ursula JeitzinerQualification — did not finish Women's 400m Hurdles Michele SchenkQualification — 55.70 Semifinals — 55.96 Martina StoopQualification — 56.32 Women's High Jump Sieglinde CaduschQualification — 1.85m Women's Heptathlon Patricia NadlerFinal Result — 5803 points Women's Marathon Franziska Rochat-Moser — 2:34.48 Nelly Glauser — 2:37.19 Men's Individual Time Trial Tony RomingerFinal — 1:06:05 Alex ZülleFinal — 1:06:33 Women's Individual Road Race Barbara HeebFinal — 02:37:06 Yvonne SchnorfFinal — 02:37:06 Diana RastFinal — 02:37:06 Women's Individual Time Trial Diana RastFinal — 39:28 Men's Points Race Bruno RisiFinal — 8 points Men's Cross Country Thomas FrischknechtFinal — 2:20:14 Beat WabelFinal — 2:32:17 Women's Cross Country Daniela GassmannFinal — 1:59.11 Silvia FürstFinal — 2:03.04 Five fencers, two men and three women, represented Switzerland in 1996.
Men's épéeNic Bürgin Olivier JacquetWomen's épéeGianna Hablützel-Bürki Michèle Wolf Sandra KenelWomen's team épéeGianna Hablützel-Bürki, Michèle Wolf, Sandra Kenel Men's Competition Philipp Wäffler → 29th place Women's 50m Freestyle Dominique Diezi Heat — 26.57 Women's 100m Freestyle Sandrine Paquier Heat — 58.38 Women's 400m Freestyle Chantal Strasser Heat — 4:24.49 Women's 4 × 100 m Freestyle Relay Dominique Diezi, Nicole Zahnd, Lara Preacco, Sandrine Paquier Heat — 3:53.30 Women's 4 × 200 m Freestyle Relay Sandrine Paquier, Dominique Diezi, Nicole Zahnd, Chantal Strasser Heat — 8:21.55 Men's Singles Competition Marc Rosset First round — Defeated Hicham Arazi 6-2 6-3 Second round — Defeated Frederik Fetterlein 7-6 7-5 Third round — Lost to Renzo Furlan 0-6 2-4 retiredWomen's Singles Competition Martina Hingis First round — Defeated Joelle Schad 6-0 6-1 Second round — Lost to Ai Sugiyama 4-6 4-6 Patty Schnyder First round — Lost to Conchita Martínez 1-6 2-6
Lake Lanier is a reservoir in the northern portion of the U. S. state of Georgia. It was created by the completion of Buford Dam on the Chattahoochee River in 1956, is fed by the waters of the Chestatee River; the lake encompasses 38,000 acres or 59 square miles of water, 692 miles of shoreline at normal level, a "full summer pool" of 1,071 feet above mean sea level. Named for American poet Sidney Lanier, it was built and is operated by the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers for flood control and water supplies, it is patrolled by the Georgia Department of Natural Resources, as well as local law enforcement. The states of Georgia and Florida all have rights to the water of the reservoir, as it feeds rivers going through those areas; the Corps of Engineers has responsibilities to regulate flow for water use. In addition, it has to ensure that water is available to fulfill such federal mandates as under the Endangered Species Act, to support downstream species; the rapid suburbanization of the Atlanta region, in particular, has increased water consumption by private homeowners for lawns and gardens.
During droughts of the 21st century, Lake Lanier reached record lows, regional actions have been needed to reduce area water usage. The lake is in Hall, Dawson and Lumpkin counties, split about 60%, 30%, 5%, 4%, 1% filling the valley into numerous small arms and fingers; the former thalweg of the Chestatee and the Chattahoochee south of it form the county line between Hall and a corner of Gwinnett to the east, Dawson and Forsyth counties to the west. One of the main purposes of the lake is flood control of the Chattahoochee River downstream protecting metro Atlanta. Since the construction of Buford Dam, there have been only three major flooding events on the downstream section; the most severe flooding event was following a two-year drought. The lake's original purposes were to provide hydroelectricity and flood control of the Chattahoochee River, water supply for the city of Atlanta; the $1 billion project was approved, with ground breaking in 1950. 700 families were moved from the area after their properties were bought by the USCOE, in order to flood the area and create the lake.
A stretch of Georgia Highway 53 had to be abandoned. Gainesville's Looper Speedway was condemned and abandoned. More than $2 million had been spent by the Corps on preliminary construction when the House Committee on Appropriations refused to provide more funds in June 1951. During that summer Atlanta mayor William Hartsfield traveled to Washington numerous times pressing southern Democratic Senators Richard Russell, Jr. and Walter F. George to restore funding to ensure Atlanta's water supply during droughts. Hartsfield returned to Washington in 1955 to lobby for $11 million more for the dam, which had a target date of 1956, again stressing the importance of an adequate water supply for his growing city. Congress approved the funds, the dam was completed and opened on schedule. Lake Lanier began filling in 1956, in 1957, 20 miles downstream, Morgan Falls Dam was raised to regulate the flow from Buford Dam and regulate the flow of water to Atlanta. In early fall of 1958, the region had two solid months of drought, which would have left the Chattahoochee and its tributaries nearly dry, if not for the construction of Buford Dam and the reserve of Lake Lanier.
Since the 1990s, the Corps of Engineers, Florida and Alabama have all been fighting for use of the water held in Lake Lanier. Federal law mandates that when a river flows between two or more states, each state has a right to an equal share of the water. Additionally, laws such as the Endangered Species Act require that water be available to preserve and support the threatened or endangered species that live in or around Chattahoochee River and Apalachicola Bay. Pertinent information on the reservoir, power plant, etc. can be found on the Mobile District Corps of Engineers web site. Historic operational information on lake elevations, discharges and power generation for all the Corps projects on the ACF are available. In June 2006, the USACE revealed that the new lake gauge at the dam, replaced in December 2005, was not properly calibrated, yielding a lake level reading nearly two feet higher than the actual level; because of this, nearly twenty-two billion U. S gallons of excess water had been released.
This was above the planned excess releases to support the successful spawning of gulf sturgeon in the Apalachicola River and to protect several species of oysters in Apalachicola Bay from excessive saltwater intrusion. Georgia Governor Sonny Perdue said that the Corps had created a "manmade drought", because most of the state was having dry conditions; this came at a time when outdoor water-use restrictions were being put in place by local governments. The high rate of suburban growth in the area resulted in a high rate of water consumption to care for the many lawns which had replaced forests; because of the error in managing Lake Lanier, the governor's office declared a drought and enacted a ban on outdoor water use from 10AM to 4PM, in addition to the permanent weekly odd/even address system. Other local counties imposed further restrictions or total bans, based on each water system's conditions. Outdoor watering was banned as the state suffered its worst drought in its recorded history. On October 16, 2007, Governor Perdue gave the USACE until the evening of October 17 to come up with a plan for the continued release of water for Florida wildlife.
Senator Johnny Isakson s
Georgia (U.S. state)
Georgia is a state in the Southeastern United States. It began as a British colony in 1733, the last and southernmost of the original Thirteen Colonies to be established. Named after King George II of Great Britain, the Province of Georgia covered the area from South Carolina south to Spanish Florida and west to French Louisiana at the Mississippi River. Georgia was the fourth state to ratify the United States Constitution, on January 2, 1788. In 1802–1804, western Georgia was split to the Mississippi Territory, which split to form Alabama with part of former West Florida in 1819. Georgia declared its secession from the Union on January 19, 1861, was one of the original seven Confederate states, it was the last state to be restored to the Union, on July 15, 1870. Georgia is the 8th most populous of the 50 United States. From 2007 to 2008, 14 of Georgia's counties ranked among the nation's 100 fastest-growing, second only to Texas. Georgia is known as the Empire State of the South. Atlanta, the state's capital and most populous city, has been named a global city.
Atlanta's metropolitan area contains about 55% of the population of the entire state. Georgia is bordered to the north by Tennessee and North Carolina, to the northeast by South Carolina, to the southeast by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by Florida, to the west by Alabama; the state's northernmost part is in the Blue Ridge Mountains, part of the Appalachian Mountains system. The Piedmont extends through the central part of the state from the foothills of the Blue Ridge to the Fall Line, where the rivers cascade down in elevation to the coastal plain of the state's southern part. Georgia's highest point is Brasstown Bald at 4,784 feet above sea level. Of the states east of the Mississippi River, Georgia is the largest in land area. Before settlement by Europeans, Georgia was inhabited by the mound building cultures; the British colony of Georgia was founded by James Oglethorpe on February 12, 1733. The colony was administered by the Trustees for the Establishment of the Colony of Georgia in America under a charter issued by King George II.
The Trustees implemented an elaborate plan for the colony's settlement, known as the Oglethorpe Plan, which envisioned an agrarian society of yeoman farmers and prohibited slavery. The colony was invaded by the Spanish during the War of Jenkins' Ear. In 1752, after the government failed to renew subsidies that had helped support the colony, the Trustees turned over control to the crown. Georgia became a crown colony, with a governor appointed by the king; the Province of Georgia was one of the Thirteen Colonies that revolted against British rule in the American Revolution by signing the 1776 Declaration of Independence. The State of Georgia's first constitution was ratified in February 1777. Georgia was the 10th state to ratify the Articles of Confederation on July 24, 1778, was the 4th state to ratify the United States Constitution on January 2, 1788. In 1829, gold was discovered in the North Georgia mountains leading to the Georgia Gold Rush and establishment of a federal mint in Dahlonega, which continued in operation until 1861.
The resulting influx of white settlers put pressure on the government to take land from the Cherokee Nation. In 1830, President Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act, sending many eastern Native American nations to reservations in present-day Oklahoma, including all of Georgia's tribes. Despite the Supreme Court's ruling in Worcester v. Georgia that U. S. states were not permitted to redraw Indian boundaries, President Jackson and the state of Georgia ignored the ruling. In 1838, his successor, Martin Van Buren, dispatched federal troops to gather the tribes and deport them west of the Mississippi; this forced relocation, known as the Trail of Tears, led to the death of over 4,000 Cherokees. In early 1861, Georgia became a major theater of the Civil War. Major battles took place at Chickamauga, Kennesaw Mountain, Atlanta. In December 1864, a large swath of the state from Atlanta to Savannah was destroyed during General William Tecumseh Sherman's March to the Sea. 18,253 Georgian soldiers died in service one of every five who served.
In 1870, following the Reconstruction Era, Georgia became the last Confederate state to be restored to the Union. With white Democrats having regained power in the state legislature, they passed a poll tax in 1877, which disenfranchised many poor blacks and whites, preventing them from registering. In 1908, the state established a white primary, they constituted 46.7% of the state's population in 1900, but the proportion of Georgia's population, African American dropped thereafter to 28% due to tens of thousands leaving the state during the Great Migration. According to the Equal Justice Institute's 2015 report on lynching in the United States, Georgia had 531 deaths, the second-highest total of these extralegal executions of any state in the South; the overwhelming number of victims were male. Political disfranchisement persisted through the mid-1960s, until after Congress passed the Voting Rights Act of 1965. An Atlanta-born Baptist minister, part of the educated middle class that had developed in Atlanta's African-American community, Martin Luther King, Jr. emerged as a national leader in the civil rights movement.
King joining with others to form the Southern Christian Leadership Conference in Atlanta in 1957 to provide political leadership for the Civil Rights Movement across the South. By the 1960s, the proportion of
Canoeing at the 1996 Summer Olympics
The canoeing competition at the 1996 Summer Olympics was composed of 16 events in two disciplines and sprint. Timing in 1/1000ths of a second began at these games for the sprint events. Slalom events took place at Ocoee Whitewater Center near Tennessee. Sprint events were held at Georgia. 1996 Summer Olympics official report Volume 3. Pp. 162–74. & "Olympic Medal Winners". International Olympic Committee. Retrieved 2006-12-20
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Sir Matthew Clive Pinsent, CBE is an English rower and broadcaster. During his rowing career, he won 10 world championship gold medals and four consecutive Olympic gold medals, of which three were with Sir Steve Redgrave. Since retiring, he has worked as a sports broadcaster with the BBC. Pinsent was born on 10 October 1970 in Holt, the son of Reverend Ewen Macpherson Pinsent, curate of St Andrew's parish church, his grandfather Clive Pinsent was a younger son of Sir Richard Pinsent, 1st Baronet, President of the Law Society between 1918 and 1919. Pinsent is directly descended from Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk and thus from King Edward I and William the Conqueror. Sir George Anson is an ancestor. Matthew Pinsent attended Aysgarth School in North Yorkshire, he began his international career at the World Rowing Junior Championships in 1987. He raced again in 1988. After finishing school, Pinsent studied Geography at Oxford. While a student, he competed in three Boat Races, winning in 1990 and 1991 but unsuccessful in 1993, having taken a year out in 1992 in order to concentrate on preparing for the Barcelona Olympics.
In 1990, while still at Oxford, he joined Steve Redgrave in the coxless pair at the World Rowing Championships, winning bronze. This was the beginning of a long partnership, the pair won at the World Championships in 1991, at the Olympic Games in 1992 and 1996. In 2000 he won Olympic gold again as part of a coxless four with Redgrave, James Cracknell and Tim Foster. In August 2000, the month prior to winning gold in Sydney, he took part in a 3-part BBC documentary entitled Gold Fever; this followed the coxless four team in the years leading up to the Olympics, including video diaries recording the highs and lows in the quest for what would be Pinsent's third consecutive gold. Pinsent and Cracknell formed a men's coxless pair and won the coxless and coxed pairs in the 2001 World Championships, the coxless pair in 2002. However, after a disappointing 2003 season that saw Pinsent's first World Championships defeat since 1990, he and Cracknell moved to the men's coxless four for 2004. At the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, Pinsent's fourth Olympic Games, Pinsent stroked the boat, with Cracknell, Ed Coode and Steve Williams.
In a close race with world champions Canada, they again won gold. Pinsent was elected to the International Olympic Committee's Athletes' Commission in 2001, replacing Jan Železný. In 2004, at the Athens Olympics, Pinsent failed to secure re-election to the post, being replaced by Železný; the 6 feet 5 inches, 17 stone Pinsent had at one time the largest lung capacity recorded for a sportsman at 8.5 litres. This has since been surpassed by fellow rower Pete Reed, measured at 9.38 litres. 2004 – Gold, Coxless Four 2000 – Gold, Coxless Four 1996 – Gold, Coxless Pair 1992 – Gold, Coxless Pair 2003 – 4th, Coxless Pair 2002 – Gold, Coxless Pair 2001 – Gold, Coxless Pair 2001 – Gold, Coxed Pair 1999 – Gold, Coxless Four 1998 – Gold, Coxless Four 1997 – Gold, Coxless Four 1995 – Gold, Coxless Pair 1994 – Gold, Coxless Pair 1993 – Gold, Coxless Pair 1991 – Gold, Coxless Pair 1990 – Bronze, Coxless Pair 1989 – Bronze, Coxed Four 1988 – Gold, Coxless Pair 1987 – 4th, Eight Pinsent announced his retirement from rowing on 30 November 2004, was made a Knight Bachelor in the New Year's Honours list announced on 31 December 2004.
He had been appointed a Member of the Order of the British Empire in 1993, raised to Commander in 2001. He was awarded the Thomas Keller Medal by the International Rowing Federation in 2005. Since retiring from rowing, Pinsent has worked for the BBC as a sports bulletin presenter and reporter, his assignments have included interviewing Dwain Chambers for Inside Sport, where Chambers confessed to taking drugs, visiting gymnastics training centre in China where he found evidence of children being beaten, leading to IOC President Jacques Rogge to order an inquiry. Pinsent has maintained his ties to rowing as an umpire or commentator of key events on the rowing calendar such as the Olympics, Henley Royal Regatta and The Boat Races, he umpired his first "Blue Boat" race in 2013. In June 2012, Pinsent rowed on the Gloriana as part of the royal pageant for the Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II, he appeared again on the Gloriana the following month, bearing the olympic torch as it crossed the river Thames.
Pinsent directed "Unbelievable - The Chad Le Clos Story", a documentary following Chad Le Clos and his family for 18 months in the run up to the 2016 Summer Olympics, first broadcast in July 2016. Pinsent is married to Demetra Koutsoukos, a businesswoman, former partner at McKinsey & Co, current CEO of the makeup brand Charlotte Tilbury Ltd; the couple met at Oxford. They have three children: twin boys and Lucas and a daughter, Eve. Mr Matthew Pinsent Mr Matthew Pinsent, MBE Mr Matthew Pinsent, CBE Sir Matthew Pinsent, CBE Pinsent, Matthew. A Lifetime
Thomas Lange is a German rower who won two gold and one bronze Olympic medals in the single sculls. Lange, along with Mahé Drysdale, Pertti Karppinen, Peter-Michael Kolbe, Ondřej Synek and Vyacheslav Ivanov, is the only rower to win medals in the single sculls in three different Olympics, his first international appearance was at the 1980 World Rowing Junior Championships, where he won the gold medal in the double sculls. He went on to win the singles title in the next two Junior World Championships, he first competed at the senior level in 1983, at the age of 19, won the double sculls at the World Rowing Championships with Uwe Heppner, which they repeated in 1985. Lange and Heppner would have been the favorites for the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, but East Germany chose to boycott the games. In 1986, Lange changed to the single sculls. However, illness prevented him from competing that year, he recovered by 1987 and won his first World Championship in the single sculls besting Pertti Karppinen and Peter-Michael Kolbe who between had won 10 of the previous 12 World and Olympic titles.
Lange repeated this feat by winning the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul. In 1989 he again won the World Championship. By that time East Germany was disintegrating and Lange began his studies as a medical doctor, his father was a member of the committed suicide. Despite his demanding schedule and the emotional angst of his country's disintegration, in 1990, with Stefan Ullrich, Lange won a silver medal in the double sculls at the world championships. In 1991, representing the unified Germany, Lange again won the world title in the single sculls. At the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona, Lange was a repeat winner in the single. For Lange, this was his fifth straight World Olympic victory in the single sculls. Lange would go on to take third at the 1993 World championships, take 1994 off to concentrate on his medical studies, finish out of the running in the 1995 World Championships, come back to claim a bronze medal at the 1996 Summer Olympics behind Switzerland's Xeno Müller and Canada's Derek Porter.
In October 1986, he was awarded a Patriotic Order of Merit in gold for his sporting success. In 1997, Lange was awarded the Thomas Keller Medal for outstanding career in rowing. Lange works a medical doctor in Ratzeburg