Roy Kelton Orbison was an American singer and musician known for his impassioned singing style, complex song structures, dark, emotional ballads. Many critics described his music as operatic, nicknaming him "the Caruso of Rock" and "the Big O". While most male rock-and-roll performers in the 1950s and 1960s projected a defiant masculinity, many of Orbison's songs conveyed vulnerability, he performed wearing black clothes to match his dyed black hair and dark sunglasses. Orbison began singing in a country-and-western band in high school, he was signed by Sam Phillips, of Sun Records, in 1956, but his greatest success came with Monument Records. From 1960 to 1966, 22 of his singles reached the Billboard Top 40, he wrote or co-wrote all that rose to the Top 10, including "Only the Lonely", "Running Scared", "Crying", "In Dreams", "Oh, Pretty Woman". Soon afterward, he was struck by a number of personal tragedies. In the 1980s, Orbison experienced a resurgence in popularity following the success of several cover versions of his songs.
In 1988, he co-founded the Traveling Wilburys, a rock supergroup, with George Harrison, Bob Dylan, Tom Petty, Jeff Lynne. Orbison died of a heart attack in December 1988 at the age of 52. One month Orbison's song "You Got It", co-written with Lynne and Petty, was released as a solo single and became his first hit to reach the U. S. Top 10 in nearly 25 years. Orbison's honors include inductions into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1987, the Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame in the same year, the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1989, the Musicians Hall of Fame and Museum in 2014. Rolling Stone placed him at number 37 on their list of the "Greatest Artists of All Time" and number 13 on their list of the "100 Greatest Singers of All Time'. In 2002, Billboard magazine listed Orbison at number 74 in the Top 600 recording artists. Orbison was born in Vernon, the middle son of Orbie Lee Orbison, an oil well driller and car mechanic, Nadine Vesta Shults, a nurse. After the Great Depression, the family moved to Fort Worth in 1942 to find work in the aircraft factories.
Orbison’s direct paternal ancestor was Thomas Orbison from Lurgan, County Armagh, Ireland, who settled in Pennsylvania Colony in the mid-18th century. Roy attended Denver Avenue Elementary School until a polio scare prompted the family to return to Vernon, in 1946, to Wink, Texas. Orbison described life in Wink as "football, oil fields, oil and sand" and expressed relief that he was able to leave the desolate town. All the Orbison children had poor eyesight, he was self-conscious about his appearance and began dyeing his nearly-white hair black when he was still young. He was quiet, self-effacing, remarkably polite and obliging, he was always keen to sing, however. He considered his voice not great. On Roy's sixth birthday, his father gave him a guitar, he recalled that by the age of seven, "I was finished, you know, for anything else". His major musical influence as a youth was country music, he was moved by Lefty Frizzell's singing, with its slurred syllables.. He enjoyed Hank Williams and Jimmie Rodgers.
One of the first musicians he heard in person was Ernest Tubb, playing on the back of a truck in Fort Worth. In West Texas, he was exposed to many forms of music: "sepia", Tex-Mex, the orchestral arrangements of Mantovani, cajun; the cajun favorite "Jole Blon" was one of the first songs. At the age of eight, he began singing on a local radio show. By the late 1940s, he was the show's host. In high school and some friends formed a band, the Wink Westerners, they played country standards and Glenn Miller songs at local honky-tonks and had a weekly radio show on KERB in Kermit. When they were offered $400 to play at a dance, Orbison realized. After graduating from Wink High School, he enrolled at North Texas State College in Denton, planning to study geology so that he could secure work in the oil fields if music did not pay; when he heard that his schoolmate Pat Boone had signed a record deal, it further strengthened his resolve to become a professional musician. While at North Texas State College, Roy heard a song called "Ooby Dooby", composed by Dick Penner and Wade Moore, after his first year of college, he returned to Wink with "Ooby Dooby" in hand and continued performing with the Wink Westerners.
Orbison enrolled in Odessa Junior College. As two members of the band quit, two new members were added, the group won a talent contest and obtained their own television show on KMID-TV in Midland, Texas; the Wink Westerners kept performing on local TV, played dances on the weekends, attended college during the day. While living in Odessa, Orbison saw a performance by Elvis Presley. Johnny Cash toured the area in 1955 and 1956, appearing on the same local TV show as the Wink Westerners, suggested that Orbison approach Sam Phillips at Sun Records. Orbison did so and was told, "Johnny Cash doesn't run my record company!" The success of their KMID television show got them another show on KOSA-TV, they changed their name to the Teen Kings. Due to the rejection from Sam Phillips, the Teen Kings recorded "Ooby Dooby" in 1956 for the Odessa-based Je–Wel label. After the local record store owner Poppa Holifield played it for him over the telephone, Sam Phillips
Alastair David Lyons CBE is a British businessman. He served as the chairman of the Admiral Group from 2000 to 2017, Serco from 2010 to 2015, he has served as the chairman of Welsh Water since July 2016. He became Chairman of Harworth Group on 7 March 2018. Alastair Lyons was born on 18 October 1953, he was educated at the Whitgift School, he graduated from Trinity College, where he earned an MA in Economics. Lyons began his career at PricewaterhouseCoopers in 1974, he worked at N M Rothschild & Sons in 1979, followed by H. P. Bulmer until 1989, Asda until 1991. Lyons served as the chairman of the Admiral Group from 2000 to April 2017, he was the chairman of Serco from 2010 to 2015. He has been the deputy chairman of Bovis Homes since 2008. In July 2016, he succeeded Robert Ayling as the chairman of Welsh Water, he commenced his role as the new chairman of Harworth Group on 7 March 2018. Lyons married Judith Shauneen Rhodes in 1980, they have a son and two daughters
Arshad al-Salihi is an Iraqi Turkmen politician, a member of Iraq Parliament since 2010 and leader of the Iraqi Turkmen Front since May 2011. Salihi was born in Musalla district of Kirkuk city in 1959, he has completed secondary education in Kirkuk. He entered the Faculty of Science of Baghdad University in 1978. After secondary school, Salihi began participating in Turkmen national political activities, for this he was arrested by Baath government in 1979 and spent nine years in Abu Ghraib Prison as a political prisoner, his elder brother was executed by Baath regime and his family was expelled to the southern parts of Iraq. After the fall of the Saddam Hussain regime, he became the Musalla agent of the Iraqi Turkmen Front in 2003. After 2004 he served as Syria representative of the Iraqi Turkmen Front for 4 years. In 2008 Iraqi Turkmen Congress, he was elected as the ITF head of the Kirkuk city, he has been elected to the Iraqi Parliament from Kirkuk city at parliamentary elections of 2010. In 2011 Salihi's home was damaged by a mortor attack, in 2013 he survived an attempted assassination.
On May 2011, he became the President of the Iraqi Turkmen Front. In 2014 he is deputy chairman of the party. In 2014, Salihi was elected as chairman of the Iraq parliamentary Human Rights Committee