Royal Adelaide Hospital

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Royal Adelaide Hospital
NRAH latest.jpg
LocationAdelaide, South Australia, Australia
Care systemPublic Medicare (AU)
Hospital typeGeneral, Teaching
Affiliated universityUniversity of Adelaide
Emergency departmentYes
FoundedNRAH opened on September 2017 and at the same time the older one closed
ListsHospitals in Australia

The Royal Adelaide Hospital (RAH) is South Australia's largest hospital. The RAH provides tertiary health care services for South Australia and provides secondary care clinical services to residents of Adelaide's city centre and inner suburbs.

New hospital[edit]


Completed in 2017, the new Royal Adelaide Hospital (nRAH) is located on a 10 hectares (25 acres) site within the Adelaide Park Lands, on the north side of North Terrace, west of Morphett Street,[1] it cost more than A$2 billion to construct, making it one of the most expensive buildings ever built.[2] 6,000 staff are expected to work at the hospital,[1] and all rooms are single patient suites with private bathroom facilities. There are 40 operating theatres, each measuring 65m2;[3] the nRAH will also be Australia's most technologically advanced hospital, with a fleet of automated robotic vehicles to help move supplies, meals and equipment around the hospital, and a tailor made patient electronic medical record (EMR). [4]

The hospital has been designed with a target of 50% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions compared to equivalent hospitals. A co-generation system uses waste heat from energy generators for the domestic hot water system. Orientation of the buildings is optimised to minimise solar thermal loads, with extensive daylight penetration to reduce artificial lighting requirements. Rainwater and stormwater harvesting is used to offset potable water requirements, along with extensive use of water sensitive landscaping and a water efficient thermal plant.[4]


The new RAH forms an integral part of Adelaide's new biomedical precinct, Adelaide BioMed City. Other recently completed facilities include the South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute (SAHMRI), the University of Adelaide Health and Medical Sciences building, the University of South Australia's Health Innovation Building, and Flinders University's John Chalmers Centre for Transforming Healthcare, including a Proton Therapy Unit.[5][6] There are plans for the New Women's and Children's Hospital to be co-located at this site.[citation needed]

The new RAH opened on 4 September 2017 and the Emergency Department opened on 5 September;[7] the Dental Hospital has relocated to the new Hospital.[8]


Original hospital[edit]

Royal Adelaide Hospital
Royal Adelaide Hospital, Adelaide.jpg
LocationAdelaide, South Australia, Australia
Coordinates34°55′12″S 138°36′33″E / 34.9199°S 138.6091°E / -34.9199; 138.6091Coordinates: 34°55′12″S 138°36′33″E / 34.9199°S 138.6091°E / -34.9199; 138.6091
Hospital typeTeaching
Affiliated universityUniversity of Adelaide
Emergency departmentYes
ListsHospitals in Australia
The East Wing of the old RAH

The Adelaide Hospital was founded in the Adelaide Park Lands on the north side of North Terrace between Frome Road and the Adelaide Botanic Gardens in 1856,[10] and was officially proclaimed "Royal" on 2 November 1939;[11] it was adjacent to both the University of Adelaide and the University of South Australia. Its campus was also home to the University of Adelaide's Medical School, the Hanson Institute and SA Pathology.

Special facilities[edit]

These facilities related to the old (pre-2017) establishment:

  • C-Max (private medical research company)[citation needed]
  • The Department of Radiation Oncology contains 5 bunkers containing Varian linear accelerators.[citation needed]
  • The Burns Unit (the only international Burns Unit to be verified by the American Burn Association).[citation needed]
  • The Royal Adelaide Hospital is the only provider of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in South Australia.[12] Its Hyperbaric Medical Unit (HMU) has been in operation since 1985 and has been in its current location since 2001;[12][13] the principal treatment equipment is a pair of twin-lock, multiplace hyperbaric chambers. One of these chambers was the first rectangular steel chamber in Australia;[14][15] the HMU co-ordinates the Divers Emergency Service (DES), a telephone-based consultation service for diving-related matters within Australia, the Southern Pacific and Southeast Asia.[16]

Lot Fourteen[edit]

The old Hospital site, known as Lot Fourteen, is being developed into a new "innovation hub", incorporating a hub of work spaces, a new Australian National Aboriginal Art and Culture Gallery along with a contemporary art space, a centre for tourism, hospitality and food studies, and temporary accommodation for visiting entrepreneurs, researchers and scientists.[17]

In June 2019, Adelaide City Council raised concerns about the proposed exemption from paying rates by businesses on the site, after RenewalSA had announced plans for a proposed 250-room hotel at the site.[18]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b HOME | SA Health Partnership
  2. ^ Campbell-Dollaghan, Kelsey (5 December 2014). "Australia Has Two Of The Most Expensive Buildings Ever Built". Gizmodo Australia. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
  3. ^ New Royal Adelaide Hospital, CPB Contractors
  4. ^ a b "New Royal Adelaide Hospital". DesignInc. Retrieved 16 July 2016.
  5. ^ "Adelaide BioMed City". Archived from the original on 7 August 2016. Retrieved 17 July 2016.
  6. ^ "South Australian Health and Biomedical Precinct". Archived from the original on 7 July 2014.
  7. ^ Hospital land may be turned into gardens, Sydney Morning Herald, 11 June 2007, Accessed 13/6/7.
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 September 2017. Retrieved 4 September 2017.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^
  10. ^ "Royal Adelaide Hospital". The Advertiser (Adelaide). South Australia. 18 July 1939. p. 16. Retrieved 3 September 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
  11. ^ ""Royal Adelaide Hospital" Now". The News. XXXIII, (5, 078). South Australia. 2 November 1939. p. 9. Retrieved 3 September 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
  12. ^ a b "Hyperbaric Medicine Unit". Archived from the original on 11 April 2013. Retrieved 3 April 2013.
  13. ^ Acott, C (1992). "Clinical review Royal Adelaide Hospital hyperbaric medicine unit 1990". Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society. 22 (1). Retrieved 3 April 2013.
  14. ^ "Divers Emergency Service". Archived from the original on 11 March 2004. Retrieved 3 April 2013.
  15. ^ Williamson, JA (1994). "Royal Adelaide Hospital Hyperbaric Medicine Unit: A progress report". Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society. 24 (1). Retrieved 3 April 2013.
  16. ^ "Hyperbaric Medicine Unit". Royal Adelaide Hospital. Archived from the original on 11 April 2013. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
  17. ^ "Lot Fourteen". RenewalSA. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
  18. ^ Richards, Stephanie (12 June 2019). "Council concern over rates-free hotel at Lot Fourteen". InDaily. Retrieved 13 June 2019.

External links[edit]