Royal Air Force Museum London

The Royal Air Force Museum London is located on the former Hendon Aerodrome. It includes five hangars showing the history of aviation and the Royal Air Force, it is part of the Royal Air Force Museum. There is another site at Royal Air Force Museum Cosford at RAF Cosford in Shropshire; the Museum site at Colindale was once part of the RAF Hendon station and prior to that, one of the first civilian airfields, acquired by Claude Grahame-White in 1911. In 1914, the aerodrome was requisitioned for Home Defence during the First World War. Hendon became a Royal Naval Air Station. Operations ceased after the end of the Great War. From 1927 to 1939 Hendon housed No. 601 Squadron, nicknamed the'Millionaires' Squadron' due to the wealth and upper social class of its volunteers. In 1939, the outbreak of war saw Hendon once again become an operational RAF station, home to No. 24 Transport and Communications Squadron. RAF Hendon served as a fighter station during the Battle of Britain; the last flight to Hendon by a fixed-wing aircraft took place on 19 June 1968, when the last operational Blackburn Beverley was delivered to the Museum prior to its royal opening in 1972.

Soon afterwards, the runways were removed to make way for the Grahame Park Housing Estate. The official closure of RAF Hendon took place on 1 April 1987; the museum was opened at the Colindale London site on 15 November 1972 by Queen Elizabeth II. The hangars housed 36 aircraft at opening. Over the years, the collection increased, aircraft not on display at Hendon were stored or displayed at smaller local RAF station museums; the first director of the museum was Dr John Tanner, who retired in 1987. In 1988, Dr Michael A. Fopp was appointed director general of all three sites operated by the museum. Retired Air Vice-Marshal Peter Dye replaced Fopp as director general on 9 June 2010. In October 2014, it was announced; the Battle of Britain Museum was opened by Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother in November 1978. On 3 October 2016 the Battle of Britain Hall was permanently closed; the Hendon site has been expanded. For example, landscaping had taking place to illustrate what the former Hendon airfield was like, in what has become a urbanised area.

As of 2010, it had close to 100 aircraft, including the Avro Lancaster S-Sugar, which flew 137 sorties. It includes the only complete Hawker Typhoon. Added in 2018, as part of the RAF Centenary exhibitions, were a Westland Sea King helicopter, a Gnat fast jet trainer of the Red Arrows, a full-scale mock-up of the F-35 Lightning II stealth fighter; the Royal Air Force Museum is a National Museum, a Government non-departmental public body and a registered charity. The Royal Air Force Museum London is displayed over 6 hangars. Two exhibitions, RAF Stories and RAF First to the Future, opened in 2018 to commemorate the RAF centenary: RAF Stories, The First 100 years 1918-2018 of the RAF; this exhibition observes the RAF’s first 100 years, from its creation in 1918 as the world's first independent air force. It explores the different roles of the people of the RAF, alongside the changes in technology. Hangar 1 forms the main point of entry to the Museum. Known as the Grahame-White Factory shows the earliest days of flight on the site of The London Aerodrome, through to the formation of the independent Royal Air Force in 1918.

These hangars focus on the aircraft of the Cold War. It includes original Battle of Britain fighter aircraft: the Hawker Hurricane, Messerschmitt Bf 109 and Supermarine Spitfire. Battle of Britain: shows the German Junkers Ju 87 Stuka and Heinkel He 111 bombers which were types used during the Battle of Britain; the RAF from 1980 to the 21st century. The Museum contains a restaurant built within a 1930s mess store building. Next to it is a children's play area with mini RAF aircraft and buildings. A volunteer centre has been created within Building 69 a parachute packing RAF building; the Museum's archives, containing thousands of paper documents and photographs are situated on the top floor of Hangars 3/4/5. Hendon Aerodrome List of aerospace museums Official website RAF Museum Photo website Photo galleries of aircraft at the RAF Museum and a virtual tour of RAF Cosford Images taken at RAF Museum London Unit History: RAF Hendon Marking 100 years in style: The RAF Museum’s Centenary Transformation Programme Final touches made to RAF Museum ahead of reopening Museum reports: RAF Museum Hendon on site at the royal air force museum hendon Funding will help Royal Air Force Museum celebrate First World War centenary RAF Museum Hendon Update December 2017 Flypast Spitfire Anniversary Issue - The Bomber-Hall - "On Target" RAF Museum looks to the future after revamp Visit to RAF Museum Archives and Library, Hendon "S-Sugar", the Oldest Surviving RAF Lancaster Heavy Bomber

Thana Bhawan

Thana Bhawan is a small town in Shamli district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is said. In the 18th century it was home to Hindu and Muslims families, it is situated on the Delhi-Saharanpur highway, around 120 kilometres from Delhi. Hindu and Muslim families reside in Thana Bhawan; the ancient Devi Bhawan Temple and other temples like Jassu Wala, Ashram Panchtirthi and Jahar Veer Goga Ji Maadhi are situated here. Every year a grand mela is organised in worship of Gogaji; the town is home to Maulana Ashraf his grave and his khanqah. Maulana Fateh Mohammed Sahab's house is situated in Thana Bhawan. There are five Inter colleges: Kisan Inter College, Divya Public School, Lala Lajpat Rai Inter College and Lala Lajpat Rai Kanya Inter College. Arpan Senior Secondary School, Alpine International School, Sanatan Dharm Higher Secondary School and Saraswati Public Junior High School are situated here. There is only one college, Chaudhary Atar Singh Degree College, affiliated to C. C. S. University, Meerut.

It was opened with the objective of providing higher education to the town's people so that they could study in their own town. As of 2001, Thana Bhawan had a population of 31,183. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Thana Bhawan has an average literacy rate of 47%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 54%, female literacy is 39%. In Thana Bhawan, 18% of the population is under 6 years of age. Thana Bhawan is a UP State Assembly constituency itself, with nearly 240,000 voters. Ashraf Ali Thanvi was an Indian Islamic scholar of the Deobandi movement, he wrote more than a thousand books during his life. Shaukat Thanvi, whose family came from Thana Bhawan, was a Pakistani journalist, columnist, short story writer, playwright and poet, he received the Tamgha-e-Imtiaz Award in 1963 from the President of Pakistan. Shamli Ashraf Ali Thanvi Thanvi District Muzaffarnagar Muzaffarnagar CENSUS 2001

Riviera Theatre (North Tonawanda, New York)

The Riviera Theatre is listed on the National and New York State Register of Historic Places. The theatre is a historic, 1140 seat entertainment venue in New York; the theatre hosts a multitude of performing arts events per year, including live concerts, dance shows, movies. The Riviera's “Mighty Wurlitzer” theatre organ has been restored, is continually maintained by volunteers, is famed as being one of two original Wurlitzer demonstrator organs, which the company would use to show off to potential clients in the height of the silent film era. A local landmark and movie house, the theatre was constructed in 1926 to much fanfare, was named "The New Rivera." The first films shown were Upstage starring The Mona Lisa. The Wurlitzer Theatre organ installed in the theatre: Opus 1524 was shipped from the nearby Wurlitzer Organ Factory on November 19, 1926. Listed as a Model 235 Special, the organ differed from a standard 3 manual 11 rank Model 235, by substituting an Oboe Horn rank of pipes from the standard Salicional pipes found on this model.

Other differences included the omission of the standard remote Piano, a 5 H. P. blower instead of the 7-1/2 H. P; the console was painted and decorated to harmonize with the theatre's interior, by Wurlitzer's Band Organ Artist. The theatre was a popular vaudeville venue. During the Depression, the theatre was purchased by the Shea's Theater company. At the end of the silent movie era in the 1930s, the Wurlitzer Theatre organ went into disuse and disrepair and was not heard again until 1944, when it was refurbished; the Riviera was sold to Dipson Theatres and to MDA Associates. The theatre changed hands many more times since then. In the early 1970s, The Niagara Frontier Theater Organ Society made an offer to purchase the Wurlitzer organ for a substantial amount, along with the provision the instrument must remain in the theatre; this offer was accepted, the NFTOS owned the organ and assured its future. The club enhanced the theatre itself with the purchase of a huge crystal chandelier that graced the Genesee Theatre in Buffalo.

Installed in the Riviera's main dome in January 1974, the chandelier measured 10 feet in diameter, 14 feet high, contained 15,000 French crystals and had 3 circuits of 35 bulbs each. A smaller chandelier that came from the Park Lane Restaurant of Buffalo was installed in the Riviera's outer lobby at the same time. Added to the stage equipment was a scenic backdrop donated from a Bradford Theatre. A historic grand piano was acquired from the same theatre at the same time; the building was added to the National Register of Historic Places in April 1980. Changing economics threatened to shutter or destroy the theatre on numerous occasions, but it is now a great source of community pride for residents of the Tonawandas. Rumor has it that at one point in the 1980s Buffalo-born singer Rick James tried to purchase the theatre for a recording studio. In 1988, the theatre was purchased by the NFTOS, now named the Riviera Theatre and Organ Preservation Society, Inc. a 5013 non-profit volunteer organization.

The theatre was painstakingly restored by volunteers donating thousands of hours of labor and has been continuously operated by RTOPS since under the direction of different managers. The Riviera is most notable for its Mighty Wurlitzer Theatre organ, produced in North Tonawanda, once the home of the Rudolph Wurlitzer Company. In 2008, the organ was re-voiced and restored to nearly original condition, providing a new symphonic sound for concerts and events; the Riviera's Mighty Wurlitzer has provided more entertainment in its original setting than most other Theatre organs, nationwide. Many top name artists, in this country, have performed here in hundreds of concerts over the past 35 years; the Riviera's organ is acclaimed internationally by artist appearances from Europe, Australia and South America. Several popular organists played their ‘first’ public concert at the Riviera Theatre; the organ has been televised on several occasions, several commercial recordings have been made on it. In 2014, the theatre's marquee was restored and modernized by Flexlume Sign Corp. and Wagner Signs.

This included restoring the original paint colors and flashing lights. In place of the plexiglass letter board, two LED video screens now display upcoming events, the content of, created by the Riviera's design specialist, to imitate the grid and original metal lettering on the board. In 2015, like most movie theaters, the Riviera was forced to upgrade to a Digital Cinema system in order to continue to play films, as 35mm films were phased out; this was made possible by generous community donations. The theatre's new digital cinema system boasts optimum cinema picture quality and will continue to carry the Riviera's rich movie history for years to come. Plans are now underway for a capital campaign, 23,000sq.ft. Expansion of the theatre to include new production and patron spaces, new larger bathroom facilities, an elevator to the balcony level, as well as expanded lobby and concession facilities; the $6.1M expansion will include a meeting space and black box theatre performance space to incubate arts groups from around the area.

The Riviera Theater is a not-for-profit organization whose mission is to preserve and maintain the Historic Riviera Theatre and the Mighty Wurlitzer Organ and to promote the performing arts. Support from the community and patrons is appreciated and necessary in order for the theater to remain a thriving, regional cultural destination for generations to come; the Riviera Theatre is owned and operated by the Riviera Theatre & Organ