Royal Albert Hall

The Royal Albert Hall is a concert hall on the northern edge of South Kensington, London. One of the United Kingdom's most treasured and distinctive buildings, it is held in trust for the nation and managed by a registered charity, it can seat 5,272. Since the hall's opening by Queen Victoria in 1871, the world's leading artists from many performance genres have appeared on its stage, it is the venue for some of the most notable events in British culture, in particular the Proms concerts, which have been held there every summer since 1941. It is host to more than 390 shows in the main auditorium annually, including classical and pop concerts, opera, film screenings with live orchestral accompaniment, awards ceremonies and community events, charity performances and banquets. A further 400 events are held each year in the non-auditorium spaces; the hall was supposed to have been called the Central Hall of Arts and Sciences, but the name was changed to the Royal Albert Hall of Arts and Sciences by Queen Victoria upon laying the Hall's foundation stone in 1867, in memory of her husband, Prince Albert, who had died six years earlier.

It forms the practical part of a memorial to the Prince Consort. In 1851 the Great Exhibition, organised by Prince Albert, the Prince Consort, was held in Hyde Park, London; the Exhibition was a success and led Prince Albert to propose the creation of a permanent series of facilities for the benefit of the public, which came to be known as Albertopolis. The Exhibition's Royal Commission bought its grounds on the advice of the Prince. Progress on the scheme was slow, in 1861 Prince Albert died, without having seen his ideas come to fruition. However, a memorial was proposed with a Great Hall opposite; the proposal was approved, the site was purchased with some of the profits from the Exhibition. Once the remaining funds had been raised, in April 1867 Queen Victoria signed the Royal Charter of the Corporation of the Hall of Arts and Sciences, to operate the Hall and on 20 May, she laid the foundation stone; the Hall was designed by civil engineers Captain Francis Fowke and Major-General Henry Y. D. Scott of the Royal Engineers and built by Lucas Brothers.

The designers were influenced by ancient amphitheatres but had been exposed to the ideas of Gottfried Semper while he was working at the South Kensington Museum. The opened Cirque d'Hiver in Paris was seen in the contemporary press as the design to outdo; the Hall was constructed of Fareham Red brick, with terra cotta block decoration made by Gibbs and Canning Limited of Tamworth. The dome was glazed. There was a trial assembly made of the dome's iron framework in Manchester; when the time came for the supporting structure to be removed from the dome after reassembly in situ, only volunteers remained on-site in case the structure collapsed. It did drop – but only by five-sixteenths of an inch; the Hall was scheduled to be completed by Christmas Day 1870, the Queen visited a few weeks beforehand to inspect. The official opening ceremony of the Hall was on 29 March 1871. A welcoming speech was given by Edward, the Prince of Wales because Queen Victoria was too overcome to speak. In the concert that followed, the Hall's acoustic problems became apparent.

Engineers first attempted to solve the strong echo by suspending a canvas awning below the dome. This helped and sheltered concert-goers from the sun, but the problem was not solved: it used to be jokingly said the Hall was "the only place where a British composer could be sure of hearing his work twice". In July 1871, French organist Camille Saint-Saëns performed Church Scene from Faust by Charles Gounod. Lit by gas, the Hall contained a special system where its thousands of gas jets were lit within ten seconds. Though it was demonstrated as early as 1873 in the Hall, full electric lighting was not installed until 1888. During an early trial when a partial installation was made, one disgruntled patron wrote to The Times, declaring it to be "a ghastly and unpleasant innovation". In May 1877, Richard Wagner himself conducted the first half of each of the eight concerts which made up the Grand Wagner Festival. After his turn with the baton, he handed it over to conductor Hans Richter and sat in a large armchair on the corner of the stage for the rest of each concert.

Wagner's wife Cosima, the daughter of Hungarian virtuoso pianist and composer Franz Liszt, was among the audience. The Wine Society was founded at the Hall on 4 August 1874, after large quantities of cask wine were found in the cellars. A series of lunches were held to publicise the wines, General Henry Scott proposed a co-operative company to buy and sell wines. In 1906 Elsie Fogerty founded the Central School of Speech and Drama at the Hall, using its West Theatre, now the Elgar Room as the School's theatre; the School moved to Swiss Cottage in north London in 1957. Whilst the School was based at the Royal Albert Hall students who graduated from its classes included Judi Dench, Vanessa Redgrave, Lynn Redgrave, Harold Pinter, Laurence Olivier and Peggy Ashcroft. In 1911 Russian pianist and composer Sergei Rachmaninoff performed as a part of the London Ballad Concert; the recital included his'Prelude


Arsenio is an Italian and Spanish version of the male given name Arsenius. It may refer to: Arsenio Balisacan, Filipino economist Arsénio Bano, East Timorese politician Arsenio Benítez, Paraguayan footballer Arsenio Chaparro Cardoso, Colombian racing cyclist Arsenio Chirinos, Venezuelan cyclist Arsenio Climaco, Filipino politician Arsenio Corsellas, Spanish voice actor Arsenio Cruz Herrera, Filipino politician Arsénio Duarte, Portuguese footballer Arsenio da Trigolo, Italian Roman Catholic priest Arsenio Erico, Paraguayan footballer Arsenio Farell, Mexican lawyer and politician Arsenio Fernández de Mesa, Spanish politician Arsenio Frugoni, Italian medieval historian Arsenio González, Spanish cyclist Arsenio Halfhuid, Dutch footballer Arsenio Hall, American entertainer Arsenio Iglesias, Spanish footballer Arsenio Jazmin, Filipino sprinter Arsenio Lacson, Filipino journalist and politician Arsenio Laurel, race car driver Arsenio Linares y Pombo, Spanish military officer and government official Arsenio Luzardo, Uruguayan footballer Arsenio López, Puerto Rican swimmer Arsenio Martínez Campos, Spanish officer Arsénio Nunes, Portuguese footballer Arsénio Pompílio Pompeu de Carpo, Portuguese slave trader Arsenio Rodríguez, Cuban musician Arsenio Snijders, Dutch footballer Arsenio Valpoort, Dutch footballer E. Arsenio Manuel, Philippine historian and anthropologist All pages with titles containing Arsenio Arsenio, 1997 American television series Arsenios Autoreianos, Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople Linda Arsenio, American actress and model Raúl Arsenio Oviedo, town in Paraguay Sant'Arsenio, town in Italy

Stepps railway station

Stepps railway station serves the small town of Stepps, North Lanarkshire, Scotland. The railway station is located on the Cumbernauld Line, 5¼ miles north east of Glasgow Queen Street and is managed by Abellio ScotRail; the station is sited on the former Garnkirk and Glasgow Railway, which opened back to 1831 and formed part of the Caledonian Railway main line from Glasgow Buchanan Street. A station at Stepps was opened on this line sometime around 1843/4, closed by the British Railways on 5 November 1962; the present station was opened by British Rail with financial support from Strathclyde Passenger Transport Executive on 15 May 1989. Electrification was established in 2014 with services from Springburn being extended to Cumbernauld. Monday to Saturday, there is a half-hourly EMU service to Glasgow Queen Street Low Level and Dalmuir westbound and Cumbernauld eastbound along with an hourly diesel service between Queen Street High Level and Falkirk Grahamston. Electric services reverse at Springburn to access the North Clyde Line following the inauguration of electrification between Springburn & Cumbernauld on 18 May 2014, but the service to/from Falkirk remains diesel operated at present.

On Sundays there is an hourly service to Cumbernauld. From December 2018, a new half hourly Glasgow - Edinburgh via Cumbernauld and Falkirk Grahamston service will start, replacing the hourly DMU service and take over the existing EMU service between Springburn and Cumbernauld; the new service will use new Class 385 EMUs. The station is not staffed. There is a ticket machine on the westbound platform, but not on the eastbound platform. A new 48 space car park was opened on the former site of St Joseph's Hall