The Royal Arsenal, Woolwich carried out armaments manufacture, ammunition proofing, explosives research for the British armed forces at a site on the south bank of the River Thames in Woolwich in south-east London, United Kingdom. It was known as the Woolwich Warren, having begun on land used as a domestic warren in the grounds of a Tudor house, Tower Place. Much of the initial history of the site is linked with that of the Board of Ordnance, which purchased the Warren in the late 17th century in order to expand an earlier base at Gun Wharf in Woolwich Dockyard. Over the next two centuries, as operations grew and innovations were pursued, the site expanded massively. Thereafter its operations were scaled down. Today the area, so long a secret enclave, is open to the public and is being redeveloped for housing and community use; the Royal Arsenal had its origins in a domestic warren at Tower Place in Old Woolwich. Tower Place was a Tudor mansion built in the 1540s for Martin Bowes, a wealthy goldsmith and merchant Lord Mayor of London.
The house with its octagonal tower stood nearby Gun Wharf. After the Dockyard moved west in the 1540s, Gun Wharf was acquired by the Board of Ordnance and used for gun storage. In 1651, the owners of Tower Place gave the board permission to prove its guns on the warren that formed part of their land; that same year the first proof butts were built under the board's direction. In 1667, in response to the raid on the Medway, a gun battery was built in the grounds of the house, designed to defend London in the event of a similar raid on the Thames; the following year, Tower Place was acquired by Sir William Pritchard who promptly entered into negotiations to sell it to the Board of Ordnance. The board at the time declared the site to be "a convenient place for building a storehouse for powder and other stores of war, for room for the proof of guns"; the first Storekeeper, Captain Francis Cheeseman, was appointed in 1670 by Warrant of the Master-General of the Ordnance. In 1682 what had till been the board's main proving ground was closed and its staff and activities were promptly moved to Tower Place.
That year ten thousand cannonballs were sent to Woolwich from the Tower. In 1688 it was ordered that'all guns and stores now at Deptford, be removed to Woolwich, from henceforth new ordnance and carriages be laid there'. No manufacturing took place at this stage, except for the periodical production of fireworks for state celebrations. In due course, the site as a whole became known as The Warren; the Board of Ordnance was both a civil and a military office of State, independent of the Army, overseen by a high-ranking official, the Master-General of the Ordnance. Both branches and military, were represented at the Warren. For most of its history, the civil establishment of the Warren/Arsenal consisted of the following four departments: The Storekeeper's Department The Royal Laboratory The Royal Brass Foundry The Royal Carriage Department In addition, proving ranges were maintained by the Board of Ordnance and its successors to test guns beyond their normal operational limits and for experimenting with new types of ammunition.
First and foremost, the Warren was established as an Ordnance storage depot. As at the board's other depots, the site was overseen by an official called the storekeeper, provided with an official residence in Tower Place itself; the Storekeeper not only controlled the receipt and issue of all the items that were stored on the site. He was assisted by a clerk of clerk of the survey and other administrative staff. To begin with much of the Warren was preserved as open space with cannons stored in the open air and guns proved on ranges to the east. Gunpowder was stored in a converted dovecote initially. An ammunition laboratory was set up at the Warren in 1695, overseen by the Comptroller of Fireworks. Manufacture of ammunition had taken place within a Great Barn on the tilt-yard at Greenwich Palace. In 1696 Laboratory Square was built to house its o
Kettrichhof transmitter is a facility for FM- and TV-broadcasting at Kettrichhof, a village, part of Lemberg, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It is located at an elevation of 436 m a.s.l. The antenna support is a guyed mast of latticed steel with a square cross section, built in 1985 and was 210 m tall; when new antennas were added in 2007, the height of the mast was increased to 236 m. Reception of its signals is possible in an area spanning from the Eifel to Karlsruhe and Pforzheim and in elevated locations on the Swabian Alb. On 4 December 2007, the TV transmitter was switched over to DVB-T, DAB+ transmissions from Kettrichhof started on 9 September 2015. List of tallest structures in Germany
Claridge Icon is the tallest building in Ottawa, Canada under construction. It is located at Preston Street in Little Italy; the 45-story condominium tower is the tallest building built in Ottawa-Gatineau since 1978 and the tallest in Ottawa city proper since 1971. The building was built by Claridge Homes. Early during construction in March 2016, a worker was struck and killed by a 12 metres chunk of ice that fell from the side of the construction pit; this resulted in charges against the developer and main contractor. Construction work was halted again in March 2018 when a worker fell 3 metres from a platform and suffered a head injury; the condo units range in size from 610 to 6,000 square feet. Its amenities include a fitness centre, yoga studio, movie theatre, party rooms, indoor pool and sauna, boardroom, 24 hour concierge, guest suites, ground-level retail stores. List of tallest buildings in Ottawa–Gatineau Architecture of Ottawa
Television consumption is a major part of media consumption in Western culture. Similar to other high-consumption way of life, television watching is prompted by a quest for pleasure, "anesthesia." Extreme dependence on television is an addiction to the prepackaged forms through which pleasure and anesthesia can be conveniently attained. In the US, there is an estimated 119.9 million TV households in the TV season 2018/19. In 2017 alone, an average U. S. consumer spent 238 minutes daily watching TV. According to a Nielsen report, United States adults are watching five hours and four minutes of television per day on average. Older people watch more, younger people less, both with a seasonal pattern that peaks in the winter months. While overall media consumption continues to rise, live TV consumption was on the decline in 2016. In 2009 the numbers were lower but still amounted to 9 years in front of the screen for an average 65-year-old American. Given the 30% of local TV news broadcast time devoted to advertising, this results in 2 million TV commercials seen by the average person by age 65.
An average child in the US will see 20,000 of 30-second TV commercials per year. The time spent watching commercials is reduced when watching recorded TV, it has been surmised that due to media multitasking, TV commercials are ignored. With the growing effect of streaming sites and online television, there is an upward trend towards OTT streaming sites, which causes a disruptive effect on cable television. In 2013, 63% of the households in the United States have been using a video streaming and delivery service, 22% of those households watch Netflix every week of the year. In English Canada, Netflix is owned by 25% of households, that increases to 33% for households with teens. Having the ability to watch commercial-free episodes at any given time and however and wherever the consumer desires, Netflix is shifting the way viewers consume television to a more digitalized, online manner. Binge-watching can be defined as: "the experience of watching multiple episodes of a program in a single sitting."
This phenomenon originated in the Digital Age when streaming videos became accessible due to the advancement in technology and the low costs of unlimited bandwidth. Binge-watching has initiated the notion that by using this style of consumption, viewers have a greater understanding and knowledge of the show and character development, versus viewers who don't binge-watch; this overall greater understanding of the viewer has caused program executives and scholars to create a deeper understanding of uses and gratifications to continue to motivate consumers to use this style of viewing. In the summer of 2013, all the episodes to Season 4 of Arrested Development was released on Netflix, 10% of their viewers watched the entire season in 24 hours; when House of Cards and Orange Is the New Black released full seasons at a time in 2013 on Netflix, high percentage of viewers watched back-to-back episodes and finished the seasons within days. Though these series are all different genres, the truth of binge-watching remains constant widespread.
Across cultures, television consumption has been associated to cause an overweight, inactive lifestyle among high school student across The United States. From a sample of over 15,000 high school students, 43% of those students exceeded 2 hours a day of television viewing on a regular school day. Overall, 31% of the sample did not participate in daily physical activity, 11% were overweight, 76% ate an insufficient amount of servings of fruit and vegetables. Watching television for 2 hours a day was correlated to being overweight and sedentary for White male and females, as well as Hispanic females. Among Black males, the amount of television consumption was associated with an increase on physical activity. There was no correlation for Hispanic males. In a study of 1,452 high school students, there was an association between what type of television was consumed and the effects each genre had on the body image of an adolescent, it was found that time watching Soap opera had a direct correlation with a drive to thinness in both genders, the drive for muscularity in boys.
Entertainment, social learning, escape from negative effect are seen as the three main components of television usage, other than entertainment, the components have a significant correlations to negative outcomes for both males and females. This study suggests that the correlation between negative body images among adolescents and television consumption is based on the types of content and motives for watching, not the total amount; as research has suggested, the majority of public knowledge about crime and justice is learned from the media. Since the study did not factor in the difference in types of crime and investigation shows, the study could not include insight on what type of crime show caused what behaviour/attitude. However, it concluded that regular consumption of various crime shows is not related to perceived police effectiveness and punishment-type attitudes, but is related to the viewers overall fear of crime; the amount of time spent viewing these shows had no correlation to perceived police effectiveness, punitive attitudes, or fear of crime.
In 2014, counting all four possible "screens" and taking into account time-shifted TV, the worldwide consumption had risen by 7 minutes over 2013. Slight decreases in North America and Asia were more than compensated by increases in Latin America and Africa; the most popular genre worldwide, accordin
James Hickman is a male English former competitive swimmer. Hickman represented Great Britain in the Olympics, FINA world championships and European championships, England in the Commonwealth Games, he became a world champion five times on the 200 m butterfly in short course, twice world record holder, Commonwealth Champion and four times European Champion. He announced his retirement from the sport in 2004. During that year he reached the semi-final of the 100 m butterfly in the 2004 Athens Olympics, finishing with a time of 53.10 seconds. He reached the semi-final in the 2000 Sydney Olympics finishing 6th, his best appearance in an Olympic final came in the 1996 Atlanta Games, where he placed 7th in the 200 m butterfly. At the ASA National British Championships he won the 100 metres butterfly title five times in 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001 and 2002 and the 200 metres butterfly title three times in 1994, 1998 and 1999. Hickman owns a television and radio production company called Made in Manchester Productions.
He set it up with Ashley Byrne in May 2005. The company made From Bomb to Boom for ITV1, Cartoon Kings presented by Sir David Jason for ITV1 and Another Fine Mess for BBC Radio 2, presented by Sir Norman Wisdom. Made in Manchester has been commissioned to make a religious documentary for BBC Radio 4, broadcast in early 2007, they have produced radio shows for BBC Radio Manchester in the Citizen Manchester Series, plus various other documentaries for the station. They have produced "Jah Wobble's Mystical Musical Tour" for the BBC World Service, "Salt'n' Pepa - Push it" for BBC Radio 1Xtra and "Brass Britain" and a documentary about the Beach Boys for BBC Radio 2. In 2008 Made in Manchester won the contract to deliver the PR and Communications for the FINA World Swimming Championships 2008 in the MEN Arena for which James was the Head of PR and Communications; the event was the first of its kind in a concert venue and won "Best Event Look" at the SportBusiness Awards 2008. He works for Speedo International as the Global Sports Marketing Manager and manages the international sponsorships for the brand.
He worked on London 2012 Olympics, 2013 FINA World Championships and 2014 Glasgow Commonwealth Games. Hickman attended the Victoria University of Manchester. Short Course World 200 m butterfly champion in 1997, 1999, 2000, 2002 and 2004 Commonwealth 200 m butterfly champion - 1998 Short Course World record holder, 100 and 200 butterfly from 1998 to 2001 European 200 m butterfly champion in 1999 and 2001 Great Britain Olympic team member in 1996, 2000 and 2004 List of Commonwealth Games medallists in swimming World record progression 100 metres butterfly World record progression 200 metres butterfly James Hickman's official website
Haft Tepe is an archaeological site situated in the Khuzestan Province in south-western Iran. At this site the remains of the Elamite city of Kabnak were discovered in 1908, excavations are still carried out; the city of Kabnak is mentioned as an important political centre during the reign of the Elamite king Tepti-Ahar, the last king of the Kidinuid dynasty ruling in the 15th century BC. He may have been buried in the city. After his death the centre of power returned to the old capital Susa, although there is no clear evidence that Kabnak held real power at all. Due to the turmoil of this era it is possible the construction of Kabnak was necessary after Tepti-Ahar lost control over Susa, however this theory has not been confirmed by solid proof; some centuries another city was built at the nearby site of Choqa Zanbil. Excavations at Haft Tepe revealed a large temple founded by Tepti-Ahar where the god Kirwashir was worshiped. Beneath the temple lay a subterranean funerary complex intended for the king and his family.
Skeletal remains were found in the tomb. Another large structure found at the site was the foundations of a ziggurat, along with courtyards and suites of rooms; the temple complex was decorated with bronze plates and wall paintings. Administrative texts belonging to the reigns of Tepti-Ahar and Inshushinak-zunkir-nappipir were found at the site; some clay statuettes of fertility goddesses have been unearthed at the site. The site is around 1.5 km by 800 meters made up of 14 mounds with the highest being 17 meters high. Haft Tepe was first surveyed by the French archaeologist Jacques de Morgan in 1908; the site was excavated in the period from 1965 to 1979 by a team from the University of Tehran, led by the Iranian archaeologist Ezzat Negahban. Since 2003 excavations have been carried out by a team of German-Iranian archaeologists, including the University of Mainz, University of Kiel and the Iranian Cultural Heritage Organization, headed by Behzad Mofidi in ten seasons through 2013. In the 2006 season a number of cuneiform administrative tablets were recovered and have now been published.
They are inventories. Cities of the ancient Near East Izzat Allāh Nigāhbān, Excavations at Haft Tepe, University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology, 1991, ISBN 0-934718-89-X P. Herrero, Tablettes administratives de Haft Tépé, Cahiers de la Délégation archéologique francaise en Iran, vol. 6, pp. 93–116, 1976 P. Herrero and J. J Glassner, Haft-Tépé: Choix de textes I, Iranica Antiqua, vol. 25, pp. 1–45, 1990 P. Herrero and J. J Glassner, Haft-Tépé: Choix de textes II, Iranica Antiqua, vol. 26, pp. 39–80, 1991 P. Herrero and J. J Glassner, Haft-Tépé: Choix de textes III, Iranica Antiqua, vol. 28, pp. 97–135, 1993 P. Herrero and J. J Glassner, Haft-Tépé: Choix de textes IV, Iranica Antiqua, vol. 31, pp. 51–82, 1996 E. Reiner, Inscription from a Royal Elamite Tomb, Archiv für Orientforschung, vol. 24, pp. 87–102, 1973 Livius.org: Photos of Haft Tepe Inscriptions Found in Haft Tepe Ready to be Decoded - 2006 Iranian, German archaeologists return to Haft-Tappeh - 2008 Archaeological Research at Haft Tappeh - University of Mainz