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Royal Canadian Mint

The Royal Canadian Mint is a Crown corporation, operating under the Royal Canadian Mint Act. The shares of the Mint are held in trust for the Crown in right of Canada; the Mint produces all of Canada's circulation coins, manufactures circulation coins on behalf of other nations. The Mint designs and manufactures precious and base metal collector coins, it further offers silver refinery and assay services. The Mint serves the public's interest but is mandated to operate "in anticipation of profit". Like private-sector companies, the Mint has a board of directors consisting of a chair, the president and CEO of the Mint, eight other directors. Traditionally, the President of the Royal Canadian Mint is known as the Master of the Mint; the president is Marie Lemay, appointed to the position in 2018. The Board of Directors, through the Chair, is accountable to the Minister of Finance; the Minister serves as the link between the Mint and Parliament. The Mint was named one of "Canada's Top 100 Employers" by Mediacorp Canada Inc. from 2007 to 2010.

In March 2012 the Canadian Government decided to cease the production of pennies. The final penny was minted at the RCM's Winnipeg, Manitoba plant on the morning of May 4, 2012. In April 2012, the Mint announced it was developing MintChip, a digital currency to allow anonymous transactions backed by the Government of Canada and denominated in a variety of currencies. For the first fifty years of Canadian coinage, the coins were struck at the Royal Mint in London, though some were struck at the private Heaton Mint in Birmingham, England; as Canada emerged as a nation in its own right, its need for coinage increased. As a result, a branch of the Royal Mint was authorized to be built in Ottawa in 1901 after being first proposed in 1890. During a short ceremony, Lord Grey and his wife, Lady Grey, activated the presses for the Canadian Mint on January 2, 1908 opening the Ottawa branch of the Royal Mint; when the facility first opened, it had 61 employees. Three years the Mint began refining gold by electrolysis in its assay department.

This method proved to be too time-consuming and in 1915 the Mint introduced a new chlorination process developed in Australia to reduce processing times and increase the Mint's gold refining capacity. Since the Mint's refinery has undergone several changes and expansions. Today's process is a combination of electrolysis. Over the years the Mint had used different processes to recover and sell the silver found in unrefined gold, but, in 2006, the Mint opened a new, state-of-the-art silver refinery that allowed it to refine silver; the silver is first upgraded in an oxygen converter and refined by electrolysis. It wasn't until the Great Depression that the Ottawa Mint negotiated its independence from the British Royal Mint. In 1931, the Ottawa Mint was renamed the Royal Canadian Mint and began reporting to the Department of Finance. Although the Mint continued to rely on the Royal Mint to produce the master tools required for the creation of its punches and dies, the Mint was under Canadian control.

In 1969, the Government of Canada reorganized the Mint as a Crown corporation. As such, the Mint was no longer a branch of the Department of Finance, it would operate like a corporation with its own Board of Directors and increased decision-making powers. In 1979, the Royal Canadian Mint building in Ottawa was designated a National Historic Site, on the grounds the building is representative of the federal government's approach to using the Tudor Gothic architectural style to create a distinctive identity in Canada's capital, of the patriation of control over Canada's currency from Britain; the Mint's facility in Ottawa is responsible for producing collector and commemorative coins, bullion in the form of coins, bars and grain, medals and medallions. This is where the master tooling is done to create the dies that strike coin designs for both circulation and commemorative issues; the Mint's gold and silver refineries and assay labs are in Ottawa, as is a full-time Advanced Engineering Research team dedicated to R+D projects.

The last surviving member of the Mint's original staff was Owen Toller. He retired as an Administrative Officer, he retired after 45 years of service on January 6, 1953. Mr. Toller died in November 1987 at the age of 102. In November 1960 the Master of the Mint, N. A. Parker, advised the Minister of Finance; the Ottawa facility had reached capacity, the Philadelphia Mint was producing a large number of Canadian 10¢ coins and all numismatic coins were being produced in Hull, Quebec. It was recognized the Mint required an additional facility. In 1963 and 1964, the government discussed the possibility of building a facility that would be functional within two years. Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson suggested building the facility in Ontario. A 1968 study showed; when the Royal Canadian Mint became a Crown corporation in 1969, many believed a decision would be reached. But although funds had been allocated for a new facility, no real planning had begun. Emphasis was made on finding space in Ottawa, it was decided the Royal Canadian Mint would keep the historic building and have a new facility for manufacturing circulation coins.

The federal government of the time, led by Pierre Trudeau, decided to decentralize many public services

Alexz Johnson

Alexzandra Spencer "Alexz" Johnson is a Canadian singer-songwriter, record producer and philanthropist. Her debut album Voodoo was independently released in 2010, followed by the demo release of The Basement Recordings in 2011, with its sequel, The Basement Recordings II, EP Skipping Stone in 2012; the Basement Recordings III was released in 2013. A follow-up extended play Heart followed in 2014. Johnson's third studio album A Stranger Time was released in 2017, she announced in late 2019 an upcoming fourth studio album, in the mastering phase. She is best known for her roles as Jude Harrison in the CTV series Instant Star, as Annie Thelen in the Disney Channel series So Weird, as Erin Ulmer in the 2006 horror film Final Destination 3, she was nominated three times for a Gemini Award for Best Performance in a Children's or Youth Program or Series, winning the award in 2008. Johnson was raised in nearby Coquitlam, she is of Swedish and English descent. The sixth of ten children, Johnson says her family embraced the arts and being creative.

One brother is an actor and screenwriter, another brother does graphic design, her younger brother performs music, her brother Brendan is a singer-songwriter and music producer with whom she collaborates. From age three, Johnson sang for her large extended family. By age six, she was receiving vocal training, participating in festivals with her local youth choir by age seven, giving solo performances at school and community functions. At age nine, she had entered the P. N. E. Talent search, becoming a finalist, she participated in many talent contests and festivals, winning a National Anthem Contest at the age of 11, with her rendition of the Canadian National Anthem, "O Canada", heard on national television. This resulted in television interviews, as well as interest from management; that year, she was voted Best Anthem singer of the season by the Vancouver Sun. Locally, Johnson was referred to as the "West Coast Celine" and sang the Canadian National Anthem at games for the NHL's Vancouver Canucks and the NBA's Vancouver Grizzlies.

She performed at charity events and fairs around the province, in addition to the BC Summer Games recording their theme song, "Reach for the Stars". She went on to appear on the Variety Club show singing a duet with Bob McGrath, sang the first set of songs at the Molson Indy, entertained on New Year's Eve at Planet Hollywood at the age of 12. Although Johnson was only focused on a music career at the time, she decided to pursue a career in acting at the age of 11, where she "walked into an acting agency and told them wanted to sing", she landed auditions for commercials and a television pilot entitled "Most Talented Kids". in 1999. Johnson auditioned for the Disney Channel original series So Weird, casting for a lead actress who could sing for the final season of the show. At the age of 13, Johnson replaced the lead character in the Disney Channel series So Weird for the show's final season. Johnson portrayed the lead role of Annie Thelen, which combined her musical talents; the role featured her singing alongside Mackenzie Phillips.

She showed an interest in co-writing one of the songs for the show. On July 22, 2000, Johnson was featured in Billboard for the first time, she went on to be featured in sixteen different issues, her highest ranking was number two in "The Top 10 Favorite Artist Picks" for "The Most Popular New Talent on Broadband Talent Net" as of June 2, 2001 after 33 weeks on. Her song "Dream About You" charted six different times and came in at number one in "Radio Play Favorite Song Requests" for "The Most Listened-to New Tracks On Broadband Talent Net" on November 11, 2000, her song "Wishing On A Star" came in at number five in the same issue. "Sunshine Reigns" charted at number three on July 22, 2000. In the year 2000, a song performed by Johnson entitled "Everything" was featured in the Disney Channel Original Movie The Other Me, starring Andrew Lawrence. A full studio version of the song was never released. After the cancellation of So Weird, Johnson continued her interest in songwriting, co-writing with her brother Brendan Johnson.

Several labels offered her contracts, but she held off, wanting more creative control and a hand in the songwriting. In 2001 Johnson teamed up with the production/songwriting team of CJ Vanston, her song "Transparent Lies", was recorded for a compilation album titled Fill Your Head. The album was compiled featuring several different artists with songs using certain words in order to help students with their SAT scores, her work with Vanston and Elkins featured a more bubblegum pop sound than what she preferred and ended around 2003. Johnson continued to work with her brother Brendan recording their own music; these were the songs included on the demo CD sent to the executives of Instant Star with her audition tape. Throughout 2004, Johnson made various appearances on Canadian television series including The Chris Isaak Show, The Collector, Cold Squad. In 2005 she made guest appearances in the made-for-TV films including Reefer Madness: The Movie Musical, as well as the role of Angel DeSousa in the Lifetime original movie Selling Innocence.

In February 2004 Johnson sent in an audition tape to the producers of Degrassi: The Next Generation for their upcoming show Instant Star. They were looking for a Canadian teen actress/vocalist to play the lead role, Jude Harrison; the first audition tape Executive Producer Stephen Stohn received was Johnson's, he was convinced she was perfect for the role. After its first seas

2012 Palmer Cup

The 2012 Palmer Cup was held on 28–30 June 2012 at the Royal County Down Golf Club in Newcastle, County Down, Northern Ireland. Europe won 13½–10½; the United States led 10–6 at the start of the final day but Europe won 7 of the 8 singles matches and halved the other to win the match. On Thursday, there were four matches of four-ball in the morning, followed by four foursomes matches in the afternoon. Eight singles matches were played on Friday, eight more on Saturday. In all, 24 matches were played; each of the 24 matches was worth one point in the larger team competition. If a match was all square after the 18th hole, each side earned half a point toward their team total; the team that accumulated at least 12½ points won the competition. Eight college golfers from Europe and the United States participated in the event; the Michael Carter Award winners were Andrew Yun. Palmer Cup official site