Royal Danish Theatre
The Royal Danish Theatre is both the national Danish performing arts institution and a name used to refer to its old purpose-built venue from 1874 located on Kongens Nytorv in Copenhagen. The theatre was founded in 1748, first serving as the theatre of the king, the theatre presents opera, the Royal Danish Ballet, classical music concerts, and drama in several locations. The Old Stage is the original Royal Danish Theatre built in 1874, the Copenhagen Opera House, built in 2004. Stærekassen is an Art Deco theatre adjacent to the main theatre and it is used for drama productions. Royal Danish Playhouse is a venue for theatre with three stages, inaugurated in 2008
Ballet Master is the term used for an employee of a ballet company who is responsible for the level of competence of the dancers in their company. In modern times, ballet masters are generally charged with teaching the daily company ballet class, the artistic director of a ballet company, whether a male or female, may be called its ballet master. Historic use of marking in job titles in ballet is being supplanted by gender-neutral language job titles regardless of an employees gender identity or expression. His duties included creating ballets, dances in operas, commissioning music and it was this head ballet master who had the responsibility of the artistic directorship of a particular group of dancers or of a theatre. Jean-Baptiste Landé, Ballet master in Russia from 1733–1747, he is known as the parent of the Russian Mariinsky Ballet. Jean-Georges Noverre, Ballet master of the Stuttgart Ballet from 1760–1767, of the Wiener Hofoper in Vienna from 1768–1775, between 1758 and 1760 he published his Lettres sur la danse et les ballets.
He is generally considered the creator of ballet daction, a precursor of the ballet of the 19th century. Louis Gallodier, Ballet master in Sweden from 1773–1803, he is known as the parent of the Royal Swedish Ballet, after Noverre he defended the ballet daction in the early 19th century. Salvatore Viganò, Ballet master of the Wiener Hofoper from 1799-1803, Ballet master of La Scala Theatre Ballet in Milan from 1811-1821. He is considered the father of a new kind of performance called coreodramma, filippo Taglioni, Ballet master of the Royal Swedish Ballet in Stockholm from 1803–1804 and 1817-1818. Born and trained as a dancer in his native Italy, he is today as the Father of Romantic Ballet. Also a great choreographer and teacher, he was instrumental in the training of his daughter, Jean Coralli, Ballet master of the Ballet du Théâtre de lAcadémie Royale de Musique from 1831-1850 who was born Jean Coralli Perecini in Paris of Bolognese parents. Joseph Mazilier born Giulio Mazarini, Ballet master of the Paris Opera Ballet from 1853-1859, Ballet master of the Théatre Royal de la Monnaie in Brussels from 1866-1867.
His creations witnessed the switch of the European center of dance from Paris to Saint Petersburg with the end of the Second Empire, august Bournonville, Ballet master of the Royal Danish Ballet from 1828 to 1879 and the most prolific choreographer Denmark has ever known. Paul Taglioni, Deuxieme Maître de Ballet of the Ballet of Her Majestys Theatre from 1847–1848, Maître de Ballet en Chef of the Court Opera Ballet in Berlin from 1852-1866. Jules Perrot, Maître de Ballet en Chef of the Ballet of Her Majestys Theatre from 1843-1848, Maître de Ballet en Chef to the St. Petersburg Imperial Theatres from 1849 to 1859. Christian Johansson, Coaching ballet master/master teacher for the Russian Imperial Ballet 1880 to 1900, marius Petipa, Maître de Ballet of the St. Petersburg Imperial Theatres from 1871 to 1903, Deuxieme Maître de Ballet from 1862-1871. Lev Ivanov, Deuxieme Maître de Ballet of the St. Petersburg Imperial Theatres from 1885 to 1901, enrico Cecchetti, Ballet master for the celebrated Ballets Russes 1910
The term Danish Realm refers to the relationship between Denmark proper, the Faroe Islands and Greenland—three countries constituting the Kingdom of Denmark. The legal nature of the Kingdom of Denmark is fundamentally one of a sovereign state. The Faroe Islands and Greenland have been part of the Crown of Denmark since 1397 when the Kalmar Union was ratified, legal matters in The Danish Realm are subject to the Danish Constitution. Beginning in 1953, state law issues within The Danish Realm has been governed by The Unity of the Realm, a less formal name for The Unity of the Realm is the Commonwealth of the Realm. In 1978, The Unity of The Realm was for the first time referred to as rigsfællesskabet. The name caught on and since the 1990s, both The Unity of The Realm and The Danish Realm itself has increasingly been referred to as simply rigsfællesskabet in daily parlance. The Danish Constitution stipulates that the foreign and security interests for all parts of the Danish Realm are the responsibility of the Danish government, the Faroes received home rule in 1948 and Greenland did so in 1979.
In 2005, the Faroes received a self-government arrangement, and in 2009 Greenland received self rule, the Danish Realms unique state of internal affairs is acted out in the principle of The Unity of the Realm. This principle is derived from Article 1 of the Danish Constitution which specifies that constitutional law applies equally to all areas of the Danish Realm, the Constitutional Act specifies that sovereignty is to continue to be exclusively with the authorities of the Realm. The language of Denmark is Danish, and the Danish state authorities are based in Denmark, the Kingdom of Denmarks parliament, with its 179 members, is located in the capital, Copenhagen. Two of the members are elected in each of Greenland and the Faroe Islands. The Government ministries are located in Copenhagen, as is the highest court, in principle, the Danish Realm constitutes a unified sovereign state, with equal status between its constituent parts. Devolution differs from federalism in that the powers of the subnational authority ultimately reside in central government.
The Self-Government Arrangements devolves political competence and responsibility from the Danish political authorities to the Faroese, the Faroese and Greenlandic authorities administer the tasks taken over from the state, enact legislation in these specific fields and have the economic responsibility for solving these tasks. The Danish government provides a grant to the Faroese and the Greenlandic authorities to cover the costs of these devolved areas. The 1948 Home Rule Act of the Faroe Islands sets out the terms of Faroese home rule, the Act states. the Faroe Islands shall constitute a self-governing community within the State of Denmark. It establishes the government of the Faroe Islands and the Faroese parliament. The Faroe Islands were previously administered as a Danish county, the Home Rule Act abolished the post of Amtmand and these powers were expanded in a 2005 Act, which named the Faroese home government as an equal partner with the Danish government
The Romantic ballet is defined primarily by an era in ballet in which the ideas of Romanticism in art and literature influenced the creation of ballets. The era occurred during the early to mid 19th century primarily at the Théâtre de lAcadémie Royale de Musique of the Paris Opera Ballet, the Romantic ballet had no immediate end, but rather a slow decline. Arthur Saint-Léons 1870 ballet Coppélia is considered to be the last work of the Romantic Ballet, during this era, the development of pointework, although still at a fairly basic stage, profoundly affected peoples perception of the ballerina. Many lithographs of the show her virtually floating, poised only on the tip of a toe. This idea of weightlessness was capitalised on in such as La Sylphide and Giselle. The invention of gas lighting enabled gradual changes and enhanced the mysteriousness of many ballets with its softer gleam, illusion became more diverse with wires and trap doors being widely used. The Romantic era marked the rise of the ballerina as a part of ballet.
Marie Taglioni became the prototypical Romantic ballerina, praised highly for her lyricism, the movement style for Romantic ballerinas was characterized by soft, rounded arms and a forward tilt in the upper body. This gave the woman a flowery, willowy look, leg movements became more elaborate due to the new tutu length and rising standards of technical proficiency. Important Romantic ballerinas included Marie Taglioni, Carlotta Grisi, Lucille Grahn, Fanny Cerrito, and Fanny Elssler. The plots of many ballets were dominated by spirit women—sylphs and ghosts, the costume for the Romantic ballerina was the romantic tutu. This was a full, multi-layered skirt made of tulle, the ballerina wore a white bodice with the tutu. In the second acts of Romantic ballets, representing the spiritual realm, the dancers wore pointe shoes to give the effect of floating. However, sometimes they decided to throw in extra sharp, sassy movements to portray the concept or intent, often using high kicks. Romantic ballet owed much to the new developments in theatre effects, candles had been previously used to light theatres, but gas lighting allowed for dimming effects and other subtleties.
Combined with the effects of the Romantic tutu, ballerinas posing en pointe, and the use of wires to make dancers fly, directors used gas lighting to create supernatural spectacles on stage
Styled as the father of American ballet, he co-founded the New York City Ballet and remained its Artistic Director for more than 35 years. He was a known for his musicality, he expressed music with dance. Balanchine was invited to America in 1933 by an arts patron named Lincoln Kirstein. Along with Kirstein, Balanchine co-founded the New York City Ballet, the rest of Balanchines Georgian side of the family comprised largely artists and soldiers. Little is known of Balanchines Russian, maternal side and his mother, Melitons second wife, Maria Nikolayevna Vasilyeva, was fond of ballet and viewed it as a form of social advancement from her lower reaches of the St. Petersburg society. She was eleven years younger than Meliton and rumored to have been his former housekeeper, as a child, Balanchine was not particularly interested in ballet, but his mother insisted that young Giorgi audition with his sister Tamara, who shared her mothers interest in the art. Georges brother Andria Balanchivadze instead followed his fathers love for music, tamaras career, on the other hand, was cut short by her death in unknown circumstances as she was trying to escape on a train from besieged Leningrad to Georgia.
After graduating in 1921, Balanchine enrolled in the Petrograd Conservatory while working in the corps de ballet at the State Academic Theater for Opera and his studies at the conservatory included advanced piano, music theory, counterpoint and composition. Balanchine graduated from the conservatory during 1923, and danced as a member of the corps until 1924, while still in his teens, Balanchine choreographed his first work, a pas de deux named La Nuit. This was followed by duet, with the dancers in bare feet rather than ballet shoes. During 1923, with dancers, Balanchine formed a small ensemble. At this time, the impresario Sergei Diaghilev invited Balanchine to join the Ballets Russes as a choreographer, Diaghilev soon promoted Balanchine to ballet master of the company and encouraged his choreography. Between 1924 and Diaghilevs death in 1929, Balanchine created nine ballets and he described it as the turning point in my life. Apollo is regarded as the original neoclassical ballet, apollo brought the male dancer to the forefront, giving him two solos within the ballet.
Apollo is known for its minimalism, utilizing simple costumes and sets and this allowed the audience not to be distracted from the movement. Balanchine considered music to be the influence on choreography, as opposed to the narrative. Suffering a serious injury, Balanchine had to limit his dancing. After Diaghilevs death, the Ballets Russes went bankrupt, to earn money, Balanchine began to stage dances for Charles B
Ludvig Gade born in was a Danish dancer and mime. Ludvig Gade was Director of Royal Danish Ballet 1877–1890, Gade came early into the Royal Danish Theater school. He stood as a child on stage for the first time in 1836 in Hermann von Unna. His tall and powerful figure meant, howeverthat it was not as a dancer he should be known and it was the character roles, ranging from the deepest tragic to the comic boldly, that was his strength. His roles include corporal Nouveau Bellman, King Svend in Valdemar, Knight Mogens in A Folk Tale servant of Mountain Ground, in addition to his position as a dancer in ballet staff, he had other tasks at the theater. In season 1,857 /1858, he was appointed as a director for the opera. After Bournonvilles death in 1879, he took over the leadership of the Danish ballet and he retired from the Royal Danish Theatre at the end of the season in 1889 /1,890, but performed a few times as a guest of Harald Wartooths role in Valkyrie. Gade became Knight of Dannebrog in 1886 and is buried in Assistants Cemetery, there is a painting of him by COJ Lund at the Royal Theatre as well as a woodcut of O.
Andersen modelled after Lunds photograph
Copenhagen, Danish, København, Hafnia) is the capital and most populous city of Denmark. Copenhagen has an population of 1,280,371. The Copenhagen metropolitan area has just over 2 million inhabitants, the city is situated on the eastern coast of the island of Zealand, another small portion of the city is located on Amager, and is separated from Malmö, Sweden, by the strait of Øresund. The Øresund Bridge connects the two cities by rail and road, originally a Viking fishing village founded in the 10th century, Copenhagen became the capital of Denmark in the early 15th century. Beginning in the 17th century it consolidated its position as a centre of power with its institutions, defences. After suffering from the effects of plague and fire in the 18th century and this included construction of the prestigious district of Frederiksstaden and founding of such cultural institutions as the Royal Theatre and the Royal Academy of Fine Arts. Later, following the Second World War, the Finger Plan fostered the development of housing, since the turn of the 21st century, Copenhagen has seen strong urban and cultural development, facilitated by investment in its institutions and infrastructure.
The city is the cultural and governmental centre of Denmark, Copenhagens economy has seen rapid developments in the service sector, especially through initiatives in information technology and clean technology. Since the completion of the Øresund Bridge, Copenhagen has become integrated with the Swedish province of Scania and its largest city, Malmö. With a number of connecting the various districts, the cityscape is characterized by parks, promenades. Copenhagen is home to the University of Copenhagen, the Technical University of Denmark, the University of Copenhagen, founded in 1479, is the oldest university in Denmark. Copenhagen is home to the FC København and Brøndby football clubs, the annual Copenhagen Marathon was established in 1980. Copenhagen is one of the most bicycle-friendly cities in the world, the Copenhagen Metro serves central Copenhagen while the Copenhagen S-train network connects central Copenhagen to its outlying boroughs. Serving roughly 2 million passengers a month, Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup, is the largest airport in the Nordic countries, the name of the city reflects its origin as a harbour and a place of commerce.
The original designation, from which the contemporary Danish name derives, was Køpmannæhafn, meaning merchants harbour, the literal English translation would be Chapmans haven. The English name for the city was adapted from its Low German name, the abbreviations Kbh. or Kbhvn are often used in Danish for København, and kbh. for københavnsk. The chemical element hafnium is named for Copenhagen, where it was discovered, the bacterium Hafnia is named after Copenhagen, Vagn Møller of the State Serum Institute in Copenhagen named it in 1954. Excavations in Pilestræde have led to the discovery of a well from the late 12th century, the remains of an ancient church, with graves dating to the 11th century, have been unearthed near where Strøget meets Rådhuspladsen
Kongens Nytorv is a public square in Copenhagen, centrally located at the end of the pedestrian street Strøget. The largest square of the city, it was out by Christian V in 1670 in connection with a major extension of the fortified city. Outside the gate, an undulating terrain extended towards the sea, as part of Christian IVs ambitious plans to strengthen Copenhagen as a regional centre, he wanted to double the area of the fortified city, he acquired 200 hectares of land outside Østerport in 1606. To protect the new city district, called New Copenhagen or Saint Annes Town, he started construction of a redoubt, Saint Annes Post, in 1627 a customs house was added at the site. According to a masterplan created by the fortification engineer Axel Urups. Shortly after Christian V was crowned in 1670, he decided to level and this decision was taken mainly for military reasons, its strategic location with almost the same distance to all points along the ramparts of the city making it well suited as a central alarm square.
In the same time, the square was to serve as a place royale with inspiration from France, land around the new square was distributed among interested wealthy citizens, including people from the new ranks. Buildings facing the square were required to be in at least two stories and meet certain standards, in 1688, a baroque garden complex with trees around a parterre and a gilded equestrian statue of Christian V in its centre, was inaugurated. In 1747 the entire square was rebuilt by Frederik V as a drill and ceremony ground for the Kings troops until 1908. The equestrian statue of Christian V was created by the French sculptor Abraham-César Lamoureux, dating from 1688, it is the oldest equestrian statue in Scandinavia. Originally made in gilded lead, it was recast in bronze 1939, at the foot of the plinth, Lamoureux placed four allegorical statues. This happened from 1939 to 1942 and the new cast was inaugurated on 22 May 1946, Krinsen is an old form of the Danish word Krans, meaning circle or wreath.
It is an elliptical parterre surrounding the statue of Christian V, the ellipse was a favoured geometrical shape at the time, an obvious example bing the elliptical pattern in the paving around the Marcus Aurelius statue at Piazza del Campidoglio. Around the parterre, two rows of trees were planted, some of the trees were dug up and reused for the establishment of the avenue Østre Allé. New rows of elm trees were planted around the statue in 1855-56, in 2001,80 lime trees were planted as part of a major refurbishment of the square. On the square stands an old kiosk and telephone stand from 1913 and it is built in Baroque Revival style with a copper-clad roof and hand-carved ornamentation. It used to offer the first public telephonic connection in Copenhagen from where it was possible to every day except Sunday from 10 am to 8 pm. Today it houses a small café with outdoor service,1, Charlottenborg Palace Herdorffs House, at No
Antoine Bournonville was a French ballet dancer, singer and a choreographer, active in the Royal Swedish Ballet and the Royal Danish Ballet and eventually ballet master in the latter. He is considered to have played a role in the development of the ballet in Scandinavia. He was the father of August Bournonville, Bournonville was the son of the actors Louis-Amable Bournonville and Jeanne Evrard, born as the twin of his brother Guillame. Bournonville was premier dancer and ballet instructor at the Royal Swedish Opera in Stockholm until 1792, during his time in Sweden, he was described as beautiful as Apollo, His appearance was that of a true Apollo. On top of that he had a form of virtuosity in all kinds of dance and his favourite student and dancing partner in Sweden was Charlotte Slottsberg, with whom he made a successful pair in the ballets. Charlotte Slottsberg was said to have been infatuated by his beauty and he was active as an actor, a singer and a choreographer. During his stay in Sweden he wrote the ballets Les Meuniers provençaux and he left Sweden in 1792 after the assassination of king Gustav III of Sweden and was employed at the Royal Danish Ballet in Copenhagen in Denmark after a guest performance there.
His favourite dance partner in Denmark was Marie Christine Björn, in 1816–1823, he was the ballet master of the Royal Danish Ballet. Bournonville was married first to the Danish dancer Mariane Jenssen, second to his Swedish housekeeper Lovisa Sundberg, Svensk Uppslagsbok 1947 års utgåva Lars Löfgren, Svensk teater Nordisk familjebok
A principal dancer is a dancer at the highest rank within a professional dance company, particularly a ballet company. A principal may be male or female, the position is similar to that of soloist, principals are hired by a company to regularly perform not only solos, but pas de deux. It is a position in the company and the most prominent position a dancer can receive. The term is used mostly in ballet but can be used in forms as well. They are usually the star of the ballet, the term senior principal dancer is sometimes used as well. The terms prima ballerina or premier danseur have been used to similar levels of prominence in non Anglo-Saxon companies. In the Paris Opera Ballet, principal dancers receive the title of Danseur Étoile
Forty-eight of the fifty states and the federal district are contiguous and located in North America between Canada and Mexico. The state of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east, the state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean, the geography and wildlife of the country are extremely diverse. At 3.8 million square miles and with over 324 million people, the United States is the worlds third- or fourth-largest country by area, third-largest by land area. It is one of the worlds most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, paleo-Indians migrated from Asia to the North American mainland at least 15,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century, the United States emerged from 13 British colonies along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the following the Seven Years War led to the American Revolution. On July 4,1776, during the course of the American Revolutionary War, the war ended in 1783 with recognition of the independence of the United States by Great Britain, representing the first successful war of independence against a European power.
The current constitution was adopted in 1788, after the Articles of Confederation, the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, were ratified in 1791 and designed to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties. During the second half of the 19th century, the American Civil War led to the end of slavery in the country. By the end of century, the United States extended into the Pacific Ocean. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the status as a global military power. The end of the Cold War and the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the sole superpower. The U. S. is a member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States. The United States is a developed country, with the worlds largest economy by nominal GDP. It ranks highly in several measures of performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP. While the U. S. economy is considered post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge economy, the United States is a prominent political and cultural force internationally, and a leader in scientific research and technological innovations.
In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America after the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci
Vincenzo Galeotti was an Italian-born Danish dancer and ballet master, who was influential as the director of the Royal Danish Ballet from 1775 until his death. Born in Florence, Galeotti was trained as a dancer by Gasparo Angiolini and he performed in Milan and Venice, where he choreographed his first works, in London and again in Venice. In 1775, he was called to Copenhagen to assume the directorship of the Royal Danish Ballet and he remained there for the rest of his life, obtaining Danish citizenship and a lifetime directorship in 1781. Galeotti continued to perform in mime roles until 1812, in that year, very unusually for a performing artist, he was made a Knight of the Order of the Dannebrog. In 1814, he was awarded a titulary professorship. Galeotti was the teacher of the noted ballerina Anine Frølich, making her the star vehicle of his innovative choreography and they were romantically involved, but the relationship ended unhappily. Galeotti was an innovator of ballet in Scandinavia.
He created more than 50 works, often adapting French tragedies or moral dramas for ballet, dansk Biografisk Leksikon, Vincenzo Galeotti Danske Literaturpriser, Vincenzo Galleotti Vincenzo Galeotti at Find a Grave