The Royal Festival Hall is a 2,900-seat concert and talks venue within Southbank Centre in London. It is situated on the South Bank of the River Thames, not far from Hungerford Bridge, in the London Borough of Lambeth, it is a Grade. The London Philharmonic Orchestra, the Philharmonia Orchestra and the Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment are resident in the hall; the hall was built as part of the Festival of Britain for London County Council, was opened on 3 May 1951. When the LCC's successor, the Greater London Council, was abolished in 1986, the Festival Hall was taken over by the Arts Council, managed together with the Queen Elizabeth Hall and Purcell Room and the Hayward Gallery becoming an independent arts organisation, now known as the Southbank Centre, in April 1998; the complex includes several reception rooms and restaurants, the Clore Ballroom, accommodating up to 440 for a seated dinner. A large head and shoulders bust of Nelson Mandela stands on the walkway between the hall and Hungerford Bridge approach viaduct.
Made in glass-fibre it was vandalised until re-cast in bronze. The complex's variety of open spaces and foyers are popular for work-related meetings; the closest tube stations are Waterloo and, across the river via the Jubilee Bridges and Charing Cross. The Festival Hall project was led by London County Council’s chief architect, Robert Matthew, who gathered around him a young team of talented designers including Leslie Martin, to lead the project with Edwin Williams and Peter Moro, along with the furniture designer Robin Day and his wife, the textile designer Lucienne Day; the acoustical consultant was Hope Bagenal. Martin was 39 at the time, taken with the Nordic activities of Alvar Aalto and Gunnar Asplund; the figure who drove the project forward was Herbert Morrison, the Labour Party politician. He it was who had insisted that Matthew had Martin as his deputy architect, treating the Festival Hall as a special project. A 1948 sketch by Martin shows the design of the concert hall as the egg in a box.
But the strength of the design was the arrangement of interior space: the central staircase has a ceremonial feel and moves elegantly through the different levels of light and air. They were concerned that whilst the scale of the project demanded a monumental building, it should not ape the triumphal classicism of many earlier public buildings; the wide open foyers, with bars and restaurants, were intended to be meeting places for all: there were to be no separate bars for different classes of patron. Because these public spaces were built around the auditorium, they had the effect of insulating the Hall from the noise of the adjacent railway bridge. To quote Leslie Martin, "The suspended auditorium provides the building with its major attributes: the great sense of space, opened out within the building, the flowing circulation from the symmetrically placed staircases and galleries that became known as the ‘egg in the box’."The hall they built used modernism's favourite material, reinforced concrete, alongside more luxurious elements including beautiful woods and Derbyshire fossilised limestone.
The exterior of the building was bright white, intended to contrast with the blackened city surrounding it. Large areas of glass on its façade meant that light coursed throughout the interior, at night, the glass let the light from inside flood out onto the river, in contrast to the darkness which befell the rest of London after dusk; the hall seated 2,901. The cantilevered boxes are described as looking like drawers pulled out in a hurried burglary, but none has a compromised sightline; the ceiling was wilfully sculptural, a conceit at the edge of building technology and, as it turns out, way beyond the contemporary understanding of acoustics. Robin Day, who designed the furniture for the auditorium, used a articulated structure in his designs of bent plywood and steel; the original building had lushly planted roof terraces. The foundation stone was laid in 1949 by Prime Minister Clement Attlee on the site of the former Lion Brewery, built in 1837; the building was constructed by Holland, Hannen & Cubitts at a cost of £2 million and opened on 3 May 1951 with a gala concert attended by King George Vl and Queen Elizabeth, conducted by Sir Malcolm Sargent and Sir Adrian Boult.
The first general manager was T. E. Bean, who had managed the Hallé Orchestra. "I was overwhelmed by a shock of breathless delight at the beauty of the interior. It felt as if I had been transported far into the future and that I was on another planet," said journalist Bernard Levin of his first impressions of the building; the 7,866 pipe organ was built during 1950–1954 by Harrison & Harrison in Durham, to the specification of the London County Council's consultant, Ralph Downes, who supervised the tonal finishing. It was designed as a well-balanced classical instrument embracing a number of rich and varied ensembles which alone or in combination could equal the dynamic scale of any orchestra or choral grouping, in addition to coping with the entire solo repertoire; the design principles enshrined in its construction gave rise to a whole new school of organ building, known as the English Organ Reform Movement
This article refers to crime in the U. S. state of Louisiana. According to the Louisiana Uniform Crime reporting program, there were 193,902 crimes reported in Louisiana in 2012. All categories of crime decreased in 2012 except for robbery, which saw a 4.6 % increase. Louisiana's overall crime rate, at 4,037.5, ranked fourth among U. S. states in 2012. Among the ten largest cities in Louisiana, the town of Alexandria had the highest crime rate at 9,174.6 crimes per 100,000 people. Property crimes represented 88% of all reported criminal acts in 2012. There were 162,936 property crimes committed in Louisiana that year. Property crimes include larceny/theft and motor vehicle theft; the rate for property crimes in 2012 stood at 3,540.6, a 3.9% decrease from 2011. Police reported 15,740 aggravated assaults for a rate of 342.0. This marked a 14.8% drop in the aggravated assault rate from 2011. Louisiana ranked eighth in the aggravated assault rate among U. S. states in 2012. In addition, 1,158 incidents of forcible rape were recorded by police in 2012 for a rate of 25.2.
The forcible rape rate decreased 8.8% from 2011. Louisiana ranked 37th in the rate of forcible rape among U. S. states in 2012. Despite a 2.8% decrease in its murder rate for 2012, Louisiana had the highest murder rate among U. S. states at 10.8 homicides per 100,000 people. The total number of homicides perpetrated in Louisiana in 2012 were 495, a decrease of 11 murders from 2011. Firearms accounted for 81 % of all homicides. With 193 homicides, New Orleans had the highest total number of murders for any city in Louisiana. Two police officers were murdered in the line of duty in 2012. Louisiana had the highest incarceration rate among U. S. states in 2013 for the 16th consecutive year. In 2012, Louisiana's prison population stood at 41,248, a 3.9% increase from 2011, for an incarceration rate of 893 prisoners per 100,000 people. Louisiana experienced the highest per capita murder rate among all U. S. states according to The 2018 FBI Uniform Crime Report. Louisiana averaged 13.7 murders per 100,000, compared to the U.
S. average of 6.6 murders per 100,000 from 1989- 2014. Crime totals by offense in the state of Louisiana from 1995 through 2011 as recorded by the FBI's Uniform Crime Reports. In 2018, New Orleans had 146 murders, the lowest annual murder rate since 1971. Other violent crimes in 2018 experienced a drop from previous years. New Orleans had the highest murder rate of any major American city in 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 and 2011 as well. In 2011, there were 15,134 crimes committed in Baton Rouge, including 64 murders, 51 forcible rapes, 12,666 property crimes; the murder rate in Baton Rouge for 2011 was the 8th highest in the nation among large cities at 27.6 per 100,000. Baton Rouge had the 25th highest violent crime rate in the U. S. in 2011 with a rate of 1,065.7 violent crimes per 100,000, surpassing New Orleans at 792 per 100,000. The Baton Rouge Police Department employs 789 police personnel. Capital punishment is applied in Louisiana. Executions are carried out by lethal injection at the Louisiana State Penitentiary and the Louisiana Correctional Institute for Women at St. Gabriel.
The first recorded execution in Louisiana occurred on September 24, 1722, when an unnamed man was hanged for theft. The most recent execution took place on January 7, 2010 when Gerald J. Bordelon was put to death for the murder of his stepdaughter, Courtney Leblanc, it was the first execution in Louisiana since 2002. On June 29, 1972, the U. S. Supreme Court issued a ruling in Furman v. Georgia, which halted capital punishment in the United States. Prior to this moratorium, Louisiana had not carried out an execution since Jesse James Ferguson was put to death in 1961. Capital punishment was reinstated in Louisiana in 1976 following the U. S. Supreme Court decision in Gregg v. Georgia; the first execution to occur in the state following the lifting of the moratorium was on December 14, 1983, when Robert W. Williams was electrocuted. In total, Louisiana has executed 660 people. Eight convicted death row inmates have been exonerated in Louisiana since 1976. Ronald Dominique - A Louisiana serial killer with at least 23 victims.
Sean Vincent Gillis - Serial killer of eight women. Derrick Todd Lee - Nicknamed the "Baton Rouge Serial Killer", he has been linked to seven murders. John Allen Muhammad - Born in Baton Rouge, the "Beltway Sniper" killed ten people around the Washington D. C. area during the Beltway sniper attacks. Muhammad and his accomplice, Lee Boyd Malvo, are linked to shootings outside of Washington D. C. including two in Louisiana. Elmo Patrick Sonnier - Convicted murderer and rapist who became the inspiration for Sister Helen Prejean's best-selling book Dead Man Walking. Robert Lee Willie - Convicted murderer and rapist who became the inspiration for Sister Helen Prejean's book Dead Man Walking. Sean Penn's physical appearance in the film was based on that of Willie. Angola 3 - The Angola 3 refers to 3 inmates, Robert Hillary King, Albert Woodfox and Herman Wallace, who were placed into solitary confinement at Angola after the death of a prison guard, Brent Miller, their case led to several high-profile documentaries and legal interest concerning solitary confinement.
The Beauceron is a herding dog breed falling into the herding category whose origins lie in the plains of Central France. The Beauceron is known as Berger de Beauce or Bas Rouge. A French herding breed known for centuries in western Europe, the Beauceron is noted as one of the breeds used to create the Doberman Pinscher. Although quite different in appearance, the Beauceron and the long-haired sheep dog, the Briard, stem from similar ancestral stock, sharing the trait of double dewclaws on the hind legs. Both were used to herd sheep and cattle. Like the Beauceron, the Briard is found throughout northern France, despite implications from its name did not come from the Brie region. In 1809, Abbé Rozier wrote an article on these French herding dogs, in which he described the differences in type and used the terms Berger de Brie and Berger de Beauce. In 1893, the veterinarian Paul Megnin differentiated between the long-haired Berger de la Brie and the short-haired Berger de Beauce, he defined the standard of the breed, with the assistance of M. Emmanuel Ball.
In 1922, the Club des Amis du Beauceron was formed under the guidance of Dr. Megnin. In 2008, the Beauceron made its debut in the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show. A versatile breed, the Bas Rouge is used to both guard and herd sheep and cattle, it was useful against wolves; the breed served in both world wars as messenger dog, supply transport dog, land mine detection dog, search dog, police dog and rescue dog. This breed weighs 30 to 45 kg; the Beauceron has a hard outer coat and a woolly undercoat that grows thick in cold weather if the dog sleeps outdoors. Its standard colouring is black and tan or grey and tan called harlequin. Other colours, such as the once prevalent tawny, grey or grey/black, are now banned by the breed standard; the merle coats should have more black than gray with no white. In the black and tan dogs the tan markings appear in two dots above the eyes, on the sides of the muzzle, fading off to the cheeks, but do not reach the underside of the ears. On the throat, under the tail and on the legs and the chest.
Tan markings on the chest should appear as two spots but a chest plate is acceptable. Ear cropping is no longer allowed in Europe. Although most breeds may or may not have dewclaws, an important feature of the Beauceron is the double dewclaw. In order to be shown, a beauceron must have double dewclaws that form well-separated "thumbs" with nails on each rear leg; when it comes to grooming, the Beauceron is an easy keeper thanks to his double coat. A bath every three to four months with a mild shampoo is all, needed. Brush his sleek coat with a natural bristle brush or rubber hound mitt several times a week to remove dead hair; the Beauceron sheds small amounts year-round and more in spring and fall. He will need more frequent brushing during seasonal shedding periods to control the amount of loose hair floating around your house; the Beauceron is a ring sport dog. This athletic and long-lived breed has been bred to be intelligent, calm and fearless. Adults are suspicious of strangers and are excellent natural guard dogs.
On the other hand, they take their cue from their handlers when it comes to greeting strangers, are neither sharp nor shy. They do best when raised within the family but they can sleep outside, the better to act as guards, they are eager can be trained to a high level. However, their physical and mental development is slow relative to other similar breeds: they are not mentally or physically mature until the age of about three years, so their training should not be rushed. Several five- or ten-minute play-training exercises per day in the early years can achieve better results than long or rigorous training sessions. Beaucerons can compete in dog agility trials, showmanship, flyball and herding events. Herding instincts and trainability can be measured at noncompetitive herding tests. Beaucerons exhibiting basic herding instincts can be trained to compete in herding trials, they are excellent rescue dogs. There is a Beauceron named Bosco in the film Marmaduke. A dog of the same breed is in the film Hotel for Dogs.
His name is Henry. A pack of hunting Beaucerons appeared in the 1988 movie The Bear. A Beauceron was seen in the film The Wild Child. Two Beauce Shepherds appear in the James Bond movie Moonraker. There was a Beauceron used extensively in the search and rescue efforts in the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center in New York City on September 11, 2001. There was a Beauceron in a brief scene in the Martin Scorsese directed film Gangs of New York. There was a Beacuron guard dog in the Marc Caro and Jean-Pierre Jeunet film The City of Lost Children. There was a Beauceron dog in a Soviet embassy scene in the 1990 Luc Besson film Nikita. A Beauceron was used in the detective series Les Rivières Pourpres, where a boy is training it to kill his brother. A pack of hunting Beaucerons is used in the 1988 "Jean-Jacques Annaud" family adventure movie "The Bear". Vous et votre beauceron, written by Pierre Boistel, published by Editions de l'Homme, January 8, 1991, ISBN 2-7619-0900-3, 166 pages Les Berger