The Karolinska Institute is a research-led medical university in Solna within the Stockholm urban area of Sweden. It covers areas such as biochemistry, pharmacology, anatomy and medical microbiology, among others, it is recognised as Sweden's best university and one of the largest, most prestigious medical universities in the world. It is the highest ranked in all Scandinavia; the Nobel Assembly at the Karolinska Institute awards the Nobel Prize in Medicine. The assembly consists of fifty professors from various medical disciplines at the university; the current rector of Karolinska Institute is Ole Petter Ottersen, who took office in August 2017. The Karolinska Institute was founded in 1810 on the island of Kungsholmen on the west side of Stockholm. A second campus was established more in Flemingsberg, south of Stockholm; the Karolinska Institute is ranked among the top medical universities internationally in a number of ranking tables. The Karolinska Institute is Sweden's third oldest medical school, after Uppsala University and Lund University.
It is one of Sweden's largest centres for training and research, accounting for 30% of the medical training and more than 40% of all academic medical and life science research conducted in Sweden. The Karolinska University Hospital, located in Solna and Huddinge, is associated with the university as a research and teaching hospital. Together they form an academic health science centre. While most of the medical programs are taught in Swedish, the bulk of the Ph. D. projects are conducted in English. The institute's name is a reference to the Caroleans; the Karolinska Institute was founded by King Karl XIII on 13 December 1810 as an "academy for the training of skilled army surgeons" after one in three soldiers wounded in the Finnish War against Russia died in field hospitals. Indeed, a report of the time came to the conclusion that "the medical skills of the army barber-surgeons are manifestly inadequate, so Sweden needs to train surgeons in order to better prepare the country for future wars."
Just one year in 1811, the Karolinska Institute was granted license to train not only surgeons but medical practitioners in general. As one of KI's first professors, Jöns Jacob Berzelius laid the foundations of the newly inaugurated institute's scientific orientation, which in 1816 is granted the name Carolinska Institutet; this name, didn't make an impact at the time and so was expanded to Carolinska Medico Chirurgiska institutet, which proved more popular when preceded by the epithet Kongliga, as introduced in 1822. This original institute was situated in the Royal Bakery on Riddarholmen and within a just a couple of years had grown to encompass four professorships in anatomy, natural history and pharmacy, theoretical medicine and practical medicine. At around the same time Anders Johan Hagströmer, a professor of anatomy and surgery from the Collegium Medicum, was appointed the institute's first inspector, a post equivalent to today's president. In the same year, the institute moved to the old Glasbruk quarter on Norr Mälarstrand, beside what is now the City Hall.
The move across the waters of Riddarfjärden was accomplished with the help of barges, one of, said to have capsized, consigning parts of Hagströmer's collection of preparations to the lake bed. Despite this his library survives intact and today forms part of the KI-Swedish Society of Medicine museum at the institute's Hagströmer Library. In 1861 the institute reached a significant milestone in being awarded the right to confer its own degrees. This, in turn, led to an increase in the size of the student body, necessitating the demolition of the old building on the Glasbruk plot and its replacement with a new, larger one; this new institute building was built in stages during the 1880s and into the first decade of the 20th century. Although it had gained the right to confer general degrees, KI wasn't licensed to confer medical degrees until 1874. Though the institute could run courses in medicine, the right to confer medical degrees was exclusively that of Uppsala University. Following on from this change in the institute's status the first doctoral thesis was defended at KI by Alfred Levertin, on the subject of "Om Torpa Källa".
Just shortly thereafter the Medical Students' Union was formed. The next decade was one of firsts. By 1880 the Karolinska Institute had started to accept women and so it was in 1884 that Karolina Widerström became the first woman to obtain a bachelor's degree in medicine from the institute. Anna Stecksén became the first woman to obtain a doctorate from the university. Just five years following the death of Alfred Nobel in 1895, the Karolinska Institute received the right to select the recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Since this assignment has given the Karolinska Institute a broad contact network in the field of medical science. Indeed, over the years, five of the institute's own researchers have been awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. By 1930 the Swedish parliament had decided that a new teaching hospital was needed and
Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan
Gymnastik- och idrottshögskolan in Stockholm is a Swedish institution offering higher education in the fields of teaching profession in Physical Education, Sports coaching and Preventive health. The school offers both courses, it was founded as the Royal Central Gymnastics Institute in 1813 by Per Henrik Ling. Official website The Swedish School of Sport and Health Sciences
Konstfack, or University of Arts and Design, is a university college for higher education in the area of art and design in Stockholm, Sweden. Konstfack has had several different names since it was founded in 1844 by the ethnologist and artist Nils Månsson Mandelgren as a part-time art school for artisans, under the name "Söndags-Rit-skola för Handtverkare"; the school was taken over by Svenska Slöjdföreningen the next year and renamed Svenska Slöjdföreningens skola. In 1857, the first two female students were accepted, the following year female students were invited to apply, it became a state school and was renamed Slöjdskolan i Stockholm in 1859. From 1945 it was known as Konstfackskolan, when the institution was divided into the departments devoted to distinct disciplines that remain today: Textile, Decorative art, Ceramics and Interior Design and Advertising and Printing; the school obtained official status and had a two-year day school and a three-year arts and craft evening school. To this was added a two-year higher Arts and Crafts school and a three-year Art Teacher institute.
It was given the status of a högskola in 1978. From 1993 it was called just Konstfack, the short form of the name used colloquially. Long located on Norrmalm, between Klara kyrka and Hötorget, the school was in 1959 moved to a new building on Valhallavägen with well-equipped workshops, designed by architects Gösta Åberg and Tage Hertzell. In 2004, it once again moved to the former headquarters of LM Ericsson at Telefonplan in Stockholm Municipality; the 20,300-square metre interior of the old factory building was redesigned by among others architect Gert Wingårdh. Following the standards of the Bologna process, Konstfack offers bachelor's degree programmes, master's degree programmes. There are Art Education programmes; the 2-year Animation education existed between 1996 and 2005. There are seven Bachelor's Programmes: Ceramics and Glass Fine Art Graphic Design and Illustration Industrial Design Interior Architecture and Furniture Design Textiles Metal DesignThe Undergraduate Program is conducted in Swedish.
There are five Master's Programmes: Craft Design Fine Art, Visual Communication Visual Culture and LearningOne goal of Konstfack's two-year Graduate Programmes is to attract both Swedish and international students, the education is held in English. There is a doctoral program given in collaboration with Royal Institute of Technology: Art and Design Konstfack has four departments: Craft, Interior architecture and Visual communications, Fine Art and Department of Visual Arts and Sloyd Education; the third year of the bachelor's program and the second year of the master's includes a degree project, ten weeks at BFA-level and twenty at MFA-level, ending with a public examination and, if the student passes the examination, an exhibition for all graduating students: the Spring Exhibition. The annual exhibition takes place at Konstfack during two weeks in May, with around 150 exhibiting students, attracts thousands of visitors. Link to the official website for the Spring Exhibition 2015. A selection of some distinguished former students at the different departments at Konstfack:Graphic Design & Illustration: Carl Johan De Geer, Lasse Åberg, Brita Granström, Lotta Kühlhorn, Lars Hall, Oskar Korsár, Tuulikki Pietilä, RBG6, REALA, Stina Wirsén, Ana Biscaia.
Interior Architecture & Furniture Design: Claesson Koivisto Rune, Gunilla Allard, Jonas Bohlin, Mats Theselius, Stefan Borselius, Thomas Bernstrand, Greta Magnusson-Grossman. Industrial Design: A & E Design, Katja Pettersson, Veryday, No Picnic, Transformator Design. Fine Arts: Stig Lindberg, Annika von Hausswolff, Carl Milles, Dorinel Marc, Johanna Billing, Maria Miesenberger, Miriam Bäckström, Caroline Schlyter. Ceramics & Glass: Bertil Vallien, Per B. Sundberg, Zandra Ahl, Christian Pontus Andersson. Art Education: Cecilia Torudd, Elsa Beskow, Gert Z Nordström, Jan Stenmark, Jockum Nordström. Textiles: Astrid Sampe, Hans Krondahl, Mah-Jong. Metal Design: Vivianna Torun Bülow-Hübe, Gunnar Cyrén. Valand School of Fine Arts Royal University College of Fine Arts, Stockholm Official website The Spring Exhibition 2007 The website for the Spring Exhibition 2007; the Spring Exhibition 2008 The website for the Spring Exhibition 2008. The Spring Exhibition 2009 The website for the Master Spring Exhibition 2009.
The Spring Exhibition 2010 The website for the Spring Exhibition 2010. The Spring Exhibition 2011 The website for the Spring Exhibition 2011; the Spring Exhibition 2012 The website for the Spring Exhibi
Academy of Fine Arts, Umeå
The Academy of Fine Arts at Umeå University is a Swedish art school. It was founded in 1987 in a former factory by the river of Uman; every year 12 new students are accepted to the school, a total of 60 students study at the Academy. The school is part of the Umeå Arts Campus. Royal University College of Fine Arts Umeå University Umeå Institute of Design Umeå Institute of Technology Umeå School of Architecture Umeå School of Business
Södertörn University is a public university located in Flemingsberg, located in Huddinge Municipality, the larger area called Södertörn, in Stockholm County, Sweden. In 2013, it had about 13 000 full-time students; the campus area in Flemingsberg hosts the main campus of SH, several departments of the Karolinska Institutet, the School of Technology and health of the Royal Institute of Technology. The Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, is located there. Södertörn University was established as a university college in 1996 following a parliamentary decision in 1995; the expansion of higher education in the southern parts of Stockholm had been investigated for a long time. The background was that the transition to higher education was low in the southern parts of Stockholm, unemployment was high and segregation problems tended to be large. Stockholm University did not consider it appropriate to increase the number of students of Stockholm University and a university in Södertörn should be independent and not part of the University of Stockholm.
Karolinska Institutet had relocated their dental education to Flemingsberg. KTH and Stockholm University had facilities in Flemingsberg and Novum Research Park was under construction. At the university's inception in 1996, there were around 1,000 students. SH had facilities in Södertälje and Haninge; the pro-vice chancellor of Stockholm University was vice-chancellor of Södertörn University, but on 1 January 1997, Per Thullberg was appointed vice-chancellor and SH attained the right to award their own degrees. In 2002 the main building Moas båge was inaugurated in Flemingsberg; the building received the Concrete Products Outdoor Environment Prize in 2003. With the new facilities the teacher education program was moved from Södertälje to Flemingsberg. In spring 2006, the university's board operations decided to move from campus Haninge to campus Flemingsberg by autumn 2008 and phase out the Södertälje campus where teaching had been discontinued. Södertörn University applied to the government to become a university in 2002.
The application has not yet been processed. In 2004 Södertörn University applied together with Karolinska Institutet and KTH for approval to create a university network at Södertörn University based on the same model as the University of Oxford in the UK. In May 2006, a updated version of the university application was submitted to the government, including changes implemented since 2002. 1 July 2010, the Swedish Higher Education Authority granted Södertörn University the right to award doctoral degrees in the areas of Historical Studies and Cultural Theory, Environmental Studies and Politics and the Organisation of Society. At the end of 2013 Södertörn University was awarded the task of providing the basic training programme for the police, it will run as contract education and will cover five semesters of full-time studies, including a six-month traineeship at a police authority. The first 180 police cadets started their education at Södertörn University in January 2015. In 2013 Södertörn University had 12 578 students.
Södertörn University has four academic schools: Department of Historical and Contemporary Studies Department of Culture and Education Department of Natural Sciences and Environmental Studies School of Social Sciences Subjects at the university: Södertörn University carries out research in the humanities, social sciences, environment and educational science. The primary purpose of the research centres is to bring academic added value by focusing on scientifically interesting fields that lie at the intersections of traditional disciplines; this way the university wishes to create a creative meeting place for staff and students. Centre for Baltic and East European Studies The Academy of Public Administration Centre for Studies in Practical Knowledge ENTER forum for research on entrepreneurship The Institute of Contemporary History The Stockholm Centre on Health of Societies in Transition Maritime Archaeological Research Institute at Södertörn University The Södertörn University Library building was designed by Christer Malmström Arkitektkontor AB, has received one of Sweden's most prestigious prizes for architecture, the Kasper Salin-prize.
The 11 000 square metre building contains the library's collection, examination rooms, study areas and has 700 study spaces. The library was opened 2004. 1 January 1997 – 31 December 2002: Per Thullberg 2003–30 June 2010: Ingela Josefson 1 July 2010-30 June 2016: Moira von Wright 1 July 2016-: Gustav Amberg Ebba Witt-Brattström, Professor of Literature Sara Danius, Professor of Aesthetics Aris Fioretos, Professor of Aesthetics Kodjo Akolor Mohamed Said Kristian Gidlund Anna-Karin Hatt List of colleges and universities in Sweden
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College
Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College is a private Swedish institution for higher education and research. The university college has departments for education in nursing, social work, church music and psychotherapy as well as research within the field of social science, welfare rights, health care science and ethics, palliative care, diaconal research and worklife ethics and psychotherapy research; the aims of the research programme are in line with the university college's diaconal history. In 1851, the first nurse training course in Sweden was launched by Marie Cederschiöld under the auspices of Ersta diakoni; the first oriented programme at national level began at the turn of the last century in the form of diaconal training at the Stora Sköndal Foundation. Today Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College is owned by Ersta diakoni, Stora Sköndal Foundation and Bräcke diakoni, divided into three campuses located in Södermalm, Stora Sköndal, south of Stockholm and Hisingen, Gothenburg; the historical background has resulted in human health and vulnerability being the focus of study and explains how research fields have developed and given the university its specific profile.
Department of diaconal studies, church music and theology Department of social sciences Department of health care sciences Institute for commissioned education Institute for organisational and worklife ethics Library Official website for Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College
Sweden the Kingdom of Sweden, is a Scandinavian Nordic country in Northern Europe. It borders Norway to the west and north and Finland to the east, is connected to Denmark in the southwest by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund, a strait at the Swedish-Danish border. At 450,295 square kilometres, Sweden is the largest country in Northern Europe, the third-largest country in the European Union and the fifth largest country in Europe by area. Sweden has a total population of 10.2 million. It has a low population density of 22 inhabitants per square kilometre; the highest concentration is in the southern half of the country. Germanic peoples have inhabited Sweden since prehistoric times, emerging into history as the Geats and Swedes and constituting the sea peoples known as the Norsemen. Southern Sweden is predominantly agricultural, while the north is forested. Sweden is part of the geographical area of Fennoscandia; the climate is in general mild for its northerly latitude due to significant maritime influence, that in spite of this still retains warm continental summers.
Today, the sovereign state of Sweden is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy, with a monarch as head of state, like its neighbour Norway. The capital city is Stockholm, the most populous city in the country. Legislative power is vested in the 349-member unicameral Riksdag. Executive power is exercised by the government chaired by the prime minister. Sweden is a unitary state divided into 21 counties and 290 municipalities. An independent Swedish state emerged during the early 12th century. After the Black Death in the middle of the 14th century killed about a third of the Scandinavian population, the Hanseatic League threatened Scandinavia's culture and languages; this led to the forming of the Scandinavian Kalmar Union in 1397, which Sweden left in 1523. When Sweden became involved in the Thirty Years War on the Reformist side, an expansion of its territories began and the Swedish Empire was formed; this became one of the great powers of Europe until the early 18th century. Swedish territories outside the Scandinavian Peninsula were lost during the 18th and 19th centuries, ending with the annexation of present-day Finland by Russia in 1809.
The last war in which Sweden was directly involved was in 1814, when Norway was militarily forced into personal union. Since Sweden has been at peace, maintaining an official policy of neutrality in foreign affairs; the union with Norway was peacefully dissolved in 1905. Sweden was formally neutral through both world wars and the Cold War, albeit Sweden has since 2009 moved towards cooperation with NATO. After the end of the Cold War, Sweden joined the European Union on 1 January 1995, but declined NATO membership, as well as Eurozone membership following a referendum, it is a member of the United Nations, the Nordic Council, the Council of Europe, the World Trade Organization and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Sweden maintains a Nordic social welfare system that provides universal health care and tertiary education for its citizens, it has the world's eleventh-highest per capita income and ranks in numerous metrics of national performance, including quality of life, education, protection of civil liberties, economic competitiveness, equality and human development.
The name Sweden was loaned from Dutch in the 17th century to refer to Sweden as an emerging great power. Before Sweden's imperial expansion, Early Modern English used Swedeland. Sweden is derived through back-formation from Old English Swēoþēod, which meant "people of the Swedes"; this word is derived from Sweon/Sweonas. The Swedish name Sverige means "realm of the Swedes", excluding the Geats in Götaland. Variations of the name Sweden are used in most languages, with the exception of Danish and Norwegian using Sverige, Faroese Svøríki, Icelandic Svíþjóð, the more notable exception of some Finnic languages where Ruotsi and Rootsi are used, names considered as referring to the people from the coastal areas of Roslagen, who were known as the Rus', through them etymologically related to the English name for Russia; the etymology of Swedes, thus Sweden, is not agreed upon but may derive from Proto-Germanic Swihoniz meaning "one's own", referring to one's own Germanic tribe. Sweden's prehistory begins in the Allerød oscillation, a warm period around 12,000 BC, with Late Palaeolithic reindeer-hunting camps of the Bromme culture at the edge of the ice in what is now the country's southernmost province, Scania.
This period was characterised by small bands of hunter-gatherer-fishers using flint technology. Sweden is first described in a written source in Germania by Tacitus in 98 AD. In Germania 44 and 45 he mentions the Swedes as a powerful tribe with ships that had a prow at each end. Which kings ruled these Suiones is unknown, but Norse mythology presents a long line of legendary and semi-legendary kings going back to the last centuries BC; as for literacy in Sweden itself, the runic script was in use among the south Scandinavian elite by at least the 2nd century AD, but all that has come down to the present from the Roman Period is curt inscriptions on artefacts of male names, demonstrating th