Royal Military College, Sandhurst

The Royal Military College, founded in 1801 and established in 1802 at Great Marlow and High Wycombe in Buckinghamshire, but moved in October 1812 to Sandhurst, was a British Army military academy for training infantry and cavalry officers of the British and Indian Armies. The RMC was reorganised at the outbreak of the Second World War, but some of its units remained operational at Sandhurst and Aldershot. In 1947, the Royal Military College was merged with the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, to form the present-day all-purpose Royal Military Academy Sandhurst; the Royal Military College was conceived by Colonel John Le Marchant, whose scheme for establishing schools for the military instruction of officers at High Wycombe and Great Marlow first met strong resistance on the grounds of cost. However, in 1801 Parliament voted a grant of £30,000 for it, in 1802 Le Marchant, appointed as the first Lieutenant Governor of the College, opened its Junior Department at a large house in West Street, Great Marlow, to train gentleman cadets for the infantry and cavalry regiments of the British Army and for the presidency armies of British India.

1802 was the same year as the founding of the French Army's Saint-Cyr and of West Point in the United States. General Sir William Harcourt was appointed as the first Governor of the Royal Military College at Great Marlow and continued in post until 1811. In 1799, a school for staff officers had been established at High Wycombe, in 1801 this became the Senior Department of the Military College. In 1812, the College's Junior Department moved from Great Marlow into purpose-built buildings at Sandhurst designed by James Wyatt, was soon joined there by the Senior Department, migrating from High Wycombe. In 1858 this became the Staff College. On the outbreak of the Second World War, many of the cadets and staff of the Royal Military College were mobilised for active service, but the buildings at Sandhurst remained the home of the RMC's 161 Infantry Officer Cadet Training Unit. In 1942, this unit moved to Mons Barracks and for the rest of the war the Sandhurst campus was used as a Royal Armoured Corps Officer Cadet Training Unit.

In 1947, a new Royal Military Academy Sandhurst was formed on the site of the Royal Military College, merging the Royal Military Academy and the Royal Military College, with the objective of providing officer training for all arms and services. See List of Governors and Commandants of SandhurstThe Royal Military College was led by a Governor, a figurehead non-resident, a Lieutenant Governor, who had actual day-to-day command of the college, a Commandant, the officer in charge of the cadets. In 1812, the posts of Lieutenant Governor and Commandant were merged into the role of Commandant. In 1888 the two remaining senior posts and Commandant, were merged into the single appointment of Governor and Commandant, which in 1902 was retitled as "Commandant". See Category:Graduates of the Royal Military College, SandhurstThe most notable cadets of RMC Sandhurst include: Sir William Denison, Governor of New South Wales Field Marshal Prince Edward of Saxe-Weimar Field Marshal Frederick Roberts, 1st Earl Roberts Frederick Stanley, 16th Earl of Derby, Governor General of Canada King Alfonso XII of Spain Field Marshal Herbert Plumer, 1st Viscount Plumer John Hope, 1st Marquess of Linlithgow, Governor-General of Australia Ronald Munro Ferguson, 1st Viscount Novar, Governor-General of Australia Field Marshal Viscount Allenby Sir Charles Fergusson, 7th Baronet, Governor-General of New Zealand Field Marshal Earl Haig Sir Winston Churchill Prince Alexander of Teck the Earl of Athlone, Governor-General of the Union of South Africa and Governor General of Canada Field Marshal Earl Wavell, Viceroy of India Field Marshal Viscount Montgomery of Alamein Sir Oswald Mosley Field Marshal Kodandera Madappa Cariappa, First native-Indian full General of the Indian Army Field Marshal Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester, Governor General of Australia Field Marshal Ayub Khan, President of Pakistan Ian Fleming, creator of James Bond David Niven, novelist Brigadier John Amadu Bangura, CBE, Governor-General of Sierra Leone

South Eighth Street station

South Eighth Street known as South Seventh Street on early timetables, was a train station along the Bushwick Branch of the Long Island Rail Road. South Eighth Street was built in September 1868 and opened on November 4, 1868; as the city of Brooklyn wouldn't allow steam trains west of Bushwick, horses pulled the cars individually through the streets to South Eighth Street. In July 1869 the station must have been adequate for two or three trains, for, in a letter of complaint, we read: "...the intersection of South Eighth Street and Kent Avenue is reason of the frogs and switches and the crossing rails of the South Side RR. The company has abolished the sidewalk and occupy the space with trucks and wagons unloading directly into their depot." In April 1872, the depot was enlarged by an extension of the roadbed on heavy framework resting on piles to the bulkhead line of the river, nearly 100 feet in length, giving standing for several additional cars. In a description of the waterfront in 1872 it is read: "The South Side Railroad depot is deserving of mention.

Early in summer a covered depot to shelter the cars has just been completed. This rests upon piles and extends over the ferry piers."South Eighth Street was abandoned on February 29, 1876, with the last train leaving on February 26. All rails were removed during May 1876. Part of the old depot buildings were still standing in 1922. Bushwick Branch Long Island Rail Road


Whenuakura is a farming community on State Highway 3 east of Patea, at the southern end of Taranaki on the North Island of New Zealand. The boundary between the Taranaki and Wellington provinces runs through Whenuakura. There is Whenuakura Hall. Whenuakura is bounded by the Patea and Whenuakura rivers; the population of the Whenuakura statistical area was 1,065 in the 2013 Census, an increase of 66 from 2006. The statistical area covers a large area to the northeast of Patea and not just the Whenuakura locality; the New Zealand golfer Michael Campbell, winner of the 2005 US Open, descends from these iwi. He spent his early childhood at Whenuakura and learned to play golf at the Patea Golf Club about 8 km to the west. Whenuakura Pā near the Whenuakura River bridge is the pā marae of the Kairakau and Pamatangi hapū. Families at this pā descend from Ngati Ruanui or Ngāti Hine. All descend from Aotea waka; the pā includes the Matangirei meeting house. Whenuakura School is a coeducational contributing primary school with a decile rating of 4 and a roll of 33.

The school celebrated 125 years of education in the district in 2002