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Royal Plaza (Bangkok)

The Royal Plaza, or formally Dusit Palace Plaza, known among Thais as Equestrian Statue Plaza, is an important public square in the palace and government quarter of Bangkok, the capital of Thailand. It is located in front of Ananta Samakhom Throne Hall in Dusit Palace, Dusit District, the former reception hall of the palace where King Chulalongkorn once lived, was used as the first parliament building. At the center of the plaza is the Equestrian statue of King Chulalongkorn, the "Great beloved king"; the square is about 500 metres long and 150 metres wide. The Royal Plaza forms the northeastern end of Ratchadamnoen Avenue that presents a 1.5-km long vista towards it and links the plaza with the Sanam Luang and the Grand Palace in Bangkok's old town. Next to the plaza is Suan Amporn Park, the venue of the annual Red Cross Fair. On the northern corner of the square is Amphorn Sathan Residential Hall, the primary residence of current King Vajiralongkorn, on its southwestern edge is Paruskavan Palace which hosts the headquarters of National Intelligence Agency and Metropolitan Police Bureau.

To its south is the headquarters of the Royal Thai Army's 1st army region. Dusit Zoo is located near the plaza, it is used for rallies and ceremonies, for instance students of Chulalongkorn University traditionally celebrate their graduation on this square. The Equestrian Statue of King Chulalongkorn the Great was erected in 1908 two years before his death from a fund raised by the Thai people; the statue was cast in Paris by a French craftsman well known at that time. The remainder of the fund was spent by King Rama VI on the establishment of Chulalongkorn University, named after the eponymous king. On 24 June 1932, the plaza and the throne hall witnessed one of the most important events in Thai history as the People's Party staged a bloodless revolution that transformed the country from absolute monarchy to democratic constitutional monarchy; the plaza was the rally site for People's Party supporters demanding the constitution. The first permanent constitution was ceremoniously granted in the Ananta Samakhom Throne Hall on 10 December 1932.

The plaza has been used for rallies organised by the government or palace as well as civil protests throughout the Thai history. On 6 October 1976, the day of Thammasat University massacre, some 30,000 adherents of the right-wing Village Scouts movement rallied here, calling to "Kill the communists, kill the three leftist ministers, defend nation—religion—monarchy", until they were dispersed by Crown Prince Vajiralongkorn after the military had seized power; the Royal Plaza was one of the sites of the May 1992 mass protests against a purportedly illegitimate government, that led into the violent "Black May" unrest. In February 2006 tens of thousands supporters of the People's Alliance for Democracy gathered to protest against Prime minister Thaksin Shinawatra. In June of the same year, up to a million Thai subjects assembled here to celebrate the diamond throne jubilee of King Bhumibol Adulyadej. A brass plaque, 30 centimeters in diameter, commemorating the Siamese revolution of 1932 was embedded in the pavement next to the statue.

It was removed during the dictatorial rule of Prime minister Sarit Thanarat, but reinstated. Under the military rule of Prayut Chan-o-cha, it disappeared again in April 2017 and was replaced by a plaque that highlights the importance of the monarchy without any reference to the revolution or constitution; the government refused any explanation for this exchange. Dusit Palace Equestrian statue of King Chulalongkorn

Florentine tower of Buire

The Florentine Tower of Buire, located in the commune of Buire in the Aisne department in Picardy in northern France, is a former 45.76 meter tallsignal box. Since November 6, 1995, it has been classified as a monument historique, it is the work of French architect Gustave Umbdenstock and the engineer Raoul Dautry employed by the Compagnie des chemins de fer du Nord. The decision to build the tower was made following the development of the railway station of Hirson, due to the development of the local mining and metallurgical industry, became the second most important French rail junction in the early twentieth century, it was built in 1920-1921, in reinforced concrete, based on the traditional brick Art déco style of northern belfries. The tower has six floors: Ground floor: cable entry 1st floor: store 2nd floor: unassigned 3rd floor: small workshop 4th floor: sanitation 5th floor: room containing relays 6th floor: control room with the optical panel of the Mors railroad switch; the top of the tower was equipped with each 3.20 meters in diameter.

The name Florentine is explained by reference to typical buildings of Florence or the fact that the contractor who built the Tower of Lens was Florentine. The tower has been unused since 1944

Broadbridge Heath

Broadbridge Heath is a village and civil parish in the Horsham district of West Sussex, England. It is about two miles west from the historic centre of Horsham; the population of Broadbridge Heath has increased in the first two decades of the twenty-first century because of large scale housing development. The earliest evidence of human activity in what is now Broadbridge Heath dates to the Mesolithic period, in the form of flint implements found in the Wickhurst Green area. Evidence of settlement in the parish includes several Iron Age roundhouses; the land now occupied by Broadbridge Heath was a detached portion of the parish of Sullington, part of a mediaeval system of transhumance whereby villagers from downland villages would drive their livestock into the Low Weald to graze on acorns and beech mast. A manor at Broadbridge was occupied by Roger Covert in the 1290s; the village began as a scattered group of houses around an unenclosed common before the 19th century, by 1844 there were about twelve houses and an inn.

Deposits of Horsham Stone have long been quarried in the area and in 2016 one working quarry existed to west of the village. In spite of the enclosure of the heath in the 1850s, there was little further development until the late 1880s when land along the main Horsham to Five Oaks Road was offered for sale and a number of semi-detached houses were built there over the next 13 years. After the Second World War, the pace of development increased and large new housing estates were built to the south of the village. In August 1950 the Headquarters for Bomb Disposal Units, Royal Engineers moved to a site on Wickhurst Lane. In 1959 it was renamed the Joint Service Bomb Disposal School; the Bomb Disposal School moved out to Lodge Hill in 1966 and a supermarket and leisure centre were built on the vacant land in the 1980s. The opening of the A264 Broadbridge Heath by-pass in the 1970s reduced traffic congestion in the village. In 2013-16 a development of 1,500 houses was constructed to the south of the by-pass, under the name Wickhurst Green.

As part of this development, in March 2014, West Sussex County Council proposed a new'Quadrant' area south of the village, that would include a new leisure centre and other recreational services to serve Horsham but to be built in Broadbridge Heath. There are various retail and service outlets A village centre and social club home to Horsham Sea Cadets unit, T. S. Glory. A scout hall, home to several Scouting organisations, but used for charity and social functions. Several playground areas in Cook Way, Pelling Way, Findon Way, Charrington Way, the Village Centre Recreation Ground and the Village Green. In 1964, a sculpture of Jesus Christ, created by Edward Bainbridge Copnall was placed on the church. In December 2008 it was put in Horsham Museum, it has since been replaced with a glass cross. The Plymouth Brethren's Meeting Room. Shelley Primary School, located on Wickhurst Lane provides mainstream education for boys and girls aged between 4 and 11 years. Broadbridge Heath has a Non-League football club Broadbridge Heath F.

C. who play at the High Wood Hill Sports Centre The Bridge Leisure Centre consists of a full size running track, athletic facilities and football pitch as well as the District's Indoor bowls Centre. The Grenadian Olympic Team trained at the Centre in the weeks preceding the London 2012 Olympic Games, at which Kirani James won Grenada's first Olympic gold medal in the men's 400m. Horsham Amateur Operatic and Dramatic Society are based at The Bridge Leisure Centre. Broadbridge Heath has a cricket club whose teams play in the West Sussex Invitation Cricket League, they have a junior section. Linked with the cricket club is the Broadbridge Heath Stoolball Club. On the same site, Broadbridge Heath Tennis Club have two courts. All these three clubs are situated at the'Top Common' in the village; the village is situated at the junction of the A264 road. The village is served hourly by public transport by the Metrobus, Compass Travel, Sussex Coaches and Arriva bus companies; the nearest railway station is at Christ's Hospital.

The nearest airport is London Gatwick. The poet Percy Bysshe Shelley, was born at Field Place, which stands about 1 mile north of the village; the bestselling novelist Georgette Heyer lived at the Swan Ken, Broadbridge Heath, for several months in 1931

Johannes Martini (painter)

Johannes Martini was a German oil painter and graphic artist. Martini was born in Saxony, he was a student of Franz Skarbina at the Akademie der Künste of Berlin, he spent two years at the Académie Julian in Paris. Martini exhibited his work at the Great Art Exhibition in the Paris Salon, he participated in the jubilee exhibit for the 90th birthday of Luitpold of Bavaria, as well as the Annual Exhibition in Berlin's Glass Palace. Martini spent much of his life in Munich and lived in the city district of Schwabing, he had one son. Many of Martini's paintings are considered missing. A considerable part of his estate in the form of letters is dispersed among the private citizens of Munich. Martini was a member of the Munich art community, he was a member of the Reichsverband bildendener Künstler and had many contacts, including with the Krupp and Siemens families and the Vatican

Royal Welsh

The Royal Welsh is one of the new large infantry regiments of the British Army. After the restructuring and reorganisation of the army in 2006, the Royal Welsh is one of three regiments to trace its lineage and draw its recruits from Wales; the regiment's formation was announced on 16 December 2004 by Geoff Hoon and General Sir Mike Jackson as part of the restructuring of the infantry and it was formed on St David's Day, 1 March 2006. The Royal Welsh consisted of two Regular Army battalions, plus an Army Reserve battalion; the former regiments formed part of the battalion title: 1st Battalion, The Royal Welsh 2nd Battalion, The Royal Welsh The 1st battalion deployed to Afghanistan in October 2007, October 2009 and April 2012. In July 2007 the 2nd battalion deployed to Iraq and between 2009 and 2011 the battalion deployed companies to Afghanistan; the 2nd battalion merged with 1st battalion to form a single battalion, the 1st Battalion, The Royal Welsh on 2 April 2014. The 1st Battalion, The Royal Welsh is a Regular Army armoured infantry battalion based at Tidworth Camp.

It comes under 12th Armoured Infantry Brigade with HQ at Bulford Camp in Wiltshire. The 3rd Battalion, The Royal Welsh is an Army Reserve light infantry battalion based at Maindy Barracks in Cardiff, with company locations in Swansea, Pontypridd and Colwyn Bay. Paired with 1st Battalion The Royal Welsh, it comes under 12th Armoured Infantry Brigade; the Regimental Museum of The Royal Welsh is at Brecon. Meanwhile Firing Line: Cardiff Castle Museum of the Welsh Soldier is based at Cardiff Castle The regiment's cap badge is a representation of the Prince of Wales's feathers, while the hackle of the Royal Welch Fusiliers is worn by all NCOs and Other Ranks. HM The Queen is the new regiment's Colonel-in-Chief; the regiment includes a goat, presented by the monarch. Lance Corporal William Windsor retired on 20 May 2009; the Regimental Band of The Royal Welsh is an all-brass band within the British Army. Formed of 30 soldiers who are all members of the Army Reserve, it can provide a marching band, a concert band or a fanfare team.

In October 2009, due to £54m of Ministry of Defence budget cuts affecting front line services including the war in Afghanistan, all bookings from end of October 2009 until April 2010 were cancelled. This covered the Autumn Rugby Union Internationals and Remembrance Day. Band members without pay. Regimental Colonels have been as follows: 2011–2016: Brigadier Philip M. L. Napier, OBE 2016–Present: Maj-Gen James Swift, OBE The regiment has received the Freedom of several locations throughout its history. 25 September 2010: Blackwood. 19 February 2011: Blaenau Gwent. 30 August 2008: Bridgend. 25 April 2009: Caernarfon. 26 September 2010: Caerphilly. 2008: Carmarthenshire. 25 April 2009: Ceredigion. 20 September 2010: Conwy. 13 June 2011: Denbighshire. 24 April 2009: Flintshire. 4 March 2011: Monmouthshire. 15 September 2018: Pembroke. 2010: Rhondda Cynon Taf. 5 June 2010: Torfaen. 21 February 2009: Vale of Glamorgan. Canada – Royal 22e Régiment Canada – The Ontario Regiment AustraliaThe Royal New South Wales Regiment South Africa – 121 South African Infantry Battalion South Africa – The Pretoria Regiment Pakistan – 4th Battalion, The Baloch Regiment Pakistan – 3rd Battalion, The Frontier Force Regiment Malaysia – 4th Battalion, The Royal Malay Regiment The Royal Welsh - British Army The Royal Welsh Website The Regimental Museum of The Royal Welsh The Regimental Band & Corps of Drums of The Royal Welsh - Official Website

IBM Kanji System

The IBM Kanji System was announced in 1971 to support Japanese language processing on the IBM System/360 computers. It was enhanced by the support of IBM System/34, IBM 5550 and DOS/V; the IBM Kanji System became available in a series of staged announcements. Its initial technical demonstration was done at Expo'70 in Osaka, an official announcement was made in 1971, including: IBM 2245 Kanji Printer IBM 5924 Kanji Keypunch IBM System/360-System/370 OS/VS1 & DOS/VSE Programming supportThe Kanji Keypunch was able to punch up to 2950 kinds of Kanji characters, using the left hand to select one of the 15 shift keys and the right hand to select one of the 240 Kanji characters for each shift; until that time, only English alphanumeric and Japanese half-width Katakana characters were processed on IBM mainframes. The IBM Kanji System thus established the basis for handling up to about 10,000 Japanese characters used in the daily life; the IBM Kanji System was further enhanced in September 1979 to include:Hardware Offline input/output IBM 5924 T01 Kanji Keypunch - RPQ Online terminals IBM 3270 Subsystem IBM 3274 model 52C Control Unit with Kanji processing functions IBM 3278 model 52 Display IBM 3273 model 52 Inkjet Printer Online printer IBM 3800-2 Printing SubsystemKanji support software Operating Systems OS/VS1 DOS/VSE IBM 8100 DPPX Development Languages COBOL PL/I DBCS support IMS CICS Utility programsThe IBM Kanji System was planned and implemented by Double-byte Technical Coordination Organization and development departments in IBM Fujisawa Laboratory, assisted by IBM Endicott Lab, Poughkeepsie Lab, Kingston Lab, Santa Teresa Lab, Hursley Lab, Boeblingen Lab and other locations as well as related vendors.

These announcements were followed by other announcements: IBM System/34 Kanji System, using IBM 5250 display IBM 3273-053 Kanji Printer IBM 3200 Kanji Printer IBM 3270 emulation and IBM 5250 emulation by the Japanese PCs: IBM 5550 DOS/V At the time of its development, Japan's major mainframe companies were developing their own Japanese processing systems independently and at the same time cooperating to establish a Japanese character code industry standard. Some of these systems are: JEF by Fujitsu JIPS by NEC KEIS by Hitachi Similar supports became available for Korean, Chinese (both in Traditional and Simplified forms. Japanese language Kanji DBCS CJK characters List of IBM products IBM 2245 IBM 5924