SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Job Jaffré

Joseph-Marie Jaffré, better known as Job Jaffré, was a French journalist and Breton nationalist. He published under pseudonyms, most notably as Jos Pempoull. Jaffré was born in Morbihan, his journalistic work was associated with the promotion of Breton culture and language. He worked on Breton onomastics and toponymy, he became active in the Breton separatist movement. Working for the journal Nouvelliste de Lorient he created the "Celtic Circle of Lorient" and became active in the Breton National Party, he worked voluntarily for Loeiz Herrieu's Breton language literary magazine Dihunamb. During the German occupation, he became associated with collaborationism. After December 1940 he became one of the hosts of Radio Rennes Bretagne. In May 1941 he joined the journal of the Breton National Party, he became its editor in chief. Hervé Le Boterf in his book La Bretagne dans la guerre asserts that Jaffré made L'Heure Bretonne into something of a sensationalist publication, "under his leadership, the party's weekly adopted a popular novelistic style."

To bring about a new increased circulation for the newspaper, he emphasised gossip, lurid headlines and scandal stories. Under Jaffré, the journal published a number of articles supporting antisemitic acts under German occupation. Following the mass arrest of Jews in Paris known as the Vel' d'Hiv Roundup on 16 and 17 July 1942, L'Heure Bretonne published a front-page article entitled À la porte les juifs et les enjuivés under the signature "DR". In the same vein, Jaffré, under his pseudonym "Tug", published a denunciation of the bombings committed by the forces of "youtre-Atlantique", a wordplay on "outre-Atlantique" and "youtre", a derogatory term for "Jew". In the same year, he wrote that he expected a "reversal of alliance... when the Jewish problem has been eliminated". At the Liberation, he was jailed for 14 months, but he was released in December 1945 without any conviction. In 1955 he became a writer for La Liberté du Morbihan, which had replaced the defunct Nouvelliste de Lorient, he was responsible for overseeing the news section "Pays d' Auray".

One of his most popular contributions was the bilingual weekly column signed "Madedad". He contributed to the journal Breizh, published by Kendalc'h. Jaffré died in Auray. Yann Ar Baluc'henn. Arrangé par Daniel Doujet. Dastum, 1986. Le Breizh hor bro. 1955. Rédité en 2005, Toutes les Cultures de Bretagne, Ed. Skol Vreizh. Seigneurs et Seigneuries du Kemenet-Heboé, Dalc'homp Soñj, 1986. Secrets et Mystères de nos Kêr, édition Dalc'homp Soñj / Lorient. Etrezomp e brezhoneg, 1980–1981, édité par Emglev Bro an Orient, 2008. Recueil d'articles hebdomadaires du journal La Liberté du Morbihan

Albany adder

The Albany adder is a viper species. It was considered a subspecies of Bitis cornuta, its range is restricted to southern Cape Province in South Africa. Like all vipers, it is venomous, it is rare, had been thought extinct until four live specimens and one road kill were found in late 2016 or early 2017. Only 12 individuals have been identified since the species was discovered in 1937; this subspecies does not have the "horns" that are characteristic of the nominate race, B. c. cornuta, although it does have prominent bumps over the eyes. The coloration is brown to reddish brown, they may lack the distinctive pattern of the typical form; this is a small adder. Maximum recorded snout to vent length. Branch elevated B. c. albanica to species level: Bitis albanica. It is known as the Albany adder, eastern hornsman adder, or eastern many-horned adder, it is found in southern Cape Province in South Africa. The type locality is listed as "The Dene and from dry scrub districts near Grahamstown such as Brak Kloof, farm Springvale, Kleinpoort near Committees...

Eastern Cape Province, South Africa." List of viperine species and subspecies Viperinae by common name Viperinae by taxonomic synonyms