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RuaidrĂ­ Ua Conchobair

Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair was King of Connacht from 1156 to 1186, High King of Ireland from 1166 to 1193. He was the last High King of Ireland before the Norman invasion. Ruaidrí was one of over twenty sons of King Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair, he and his sister Mór were Tairrdelbach's only children from his third wife, Cailech Dé Ní hEidin of Aidhne. Ruaidrí was not a favourite of his father, his brother Conchobar Ua Conchobair being Tairrdelbach's tánaiste and designated heir. In 1136, he and his brother Aedh took advantage of a low in Tairrdelbach's fortunes to stage a rebellion. Aedh was blinded by Conchobar on Tairrdelbach's orders but Ruaidrí was protected by the Archbishop of Connacht, Muireadhach Ua Dubhthaigh. In 1143, he staged another rebellion, he was arrested by Tighearnán Ua Ruairc. Ruaidhri, was taken by Toirdhealbhach Ua Conchobhair, in violation of laity and clergy and protection; these were the sureties: Muireadhach Ua Dubhthaigh, with the clergy and laity of Connacht. The clergy of Connacht, with Muireadhach Ua Dubhthaigh, fasted at Rath-Brenainn, to get their guarantee, but it was not observed for them.

After a year's imprisonment, Archbishop of Armagh Gilla Meic Liac mac Diarmata sought his release by April 1144, along with his confederates Domnall Ua Flaithbertaig and Cathal Ua Conchobair. However, Tairrdelbach only acquiesced upon the assassination of Conchobar in Mide that year. Tairrdelbach now chose another son, Donnell Mor Mideach Ua Conchobair, as tánaiste, but Ruaidrí improved his status with raids against Tighearnán Ua Ruairc in 1146 and capturing and killing Tairrdelbach's nephew and opponent, Domnall Ua Conchobar, in 1150. Donnell Mór Mideach began to lose favour in 1147 and his fate was sealed when he was arrested in 1151, making solid Ruadrí's claim as his father's heir. In that year Ruadrí raided Thomond, where Tairrdelbach won a great victory at the Battle of Móin Mór. In 1152, Muirchertach Mac Lochlainn travelled into compelling hostages of Tairrdelbach. "They divided Meath into two parts on this occasion. On this occasion Dearbhforgaill, daughter of Murchadh Ua Maeleachlainn, wife of Tighearnan Ua Ruairc, was brought away by the King of Leinster".

Ruaidrí remained active in suppressing the Ua Briain's of Munster, burning Croome, dividing Munster in half, expelling Toirrdelbach mac Diarmata into Ailech. This gave reason for Mac Lochlainn to travel south with an army in 1153. Tairrdelbach was beaten off by Mac Lochlainn, leaving Ruaidhri and his men exposed at Fordruim,: Ruaidhri, son of Toirdhealbhach, the battalion of West Connacht, the recruits of Sil-Muireadhaigh, came to Fordruim; the Ua Conchobair's brought "the fleets of Dun-Gaillmhe, of Conmhaicne-mara, of the men of Umhall, of Ui-Amhalghadha, Ui-Fiachrach" north and defeated Mac Lochlainn at Inis Eoghain, but the latter was strong on land, forcing them to respond to incursions in east Connacht and Breifne, along with attempted settlements in Mide in 1155. The latter led to "The castle of Cuileanntrach burned and demolished by Ruaidhri." Tairrdelbach died at his capital of County Galway. Ruaidri became king of Connacht "without any opposition" As a precaution, he arrested three of his twenty-two brothers, "Brian Breifneach, Brian Luighneach, Muircheartach Muimhneach" to prevent them from usurping him.

On learning of Tairrdelbach's death, Mac Lochlainn assumed the High-Kingship and began a war of attrition in Leinster and Osraige, using their regional allies against one another. Over the winter of 1156–57 he positioned a fleet on the River Shannon in anticipation of an attack from Aileach, yet Mac Lochlinn imposed his own client king in Mide, took hostages from Dermot MacMurrough, evicted the kings of Loígis, Uí Failghe and Osraige, all of whom fled to Connacht. He subdued all Munster and captured Luimneach. Forced to attack or lose face, Ruaidrí responded by plundering and burning areas around Strabane and Derry. While Mac Lochlinn was returning home to counter him, Ruaidrí entered Munster and overturned Mac Lochlinn's political settlement; the last of Ruaidrí's descendants to hold the kingship of Connacht, Aedh mac Ruaidri Ua Conchobair, died in 1233. The Annals of Connacht give the following reason for this: Aed mac Ruaidri had been five years King of Connacht, as the poet said:'Aed mac Ruaidri of the swift onslaught, five years his rule over the province, till he fell— a loss on every frontier— by the hand of Fedlimid.'

Here ends the rule of the children of Ruaidri O Conchobair, King of Ireland. For the Pope offered him the title to Ireland for himself and his seed for and six wives, if he would renounce the sin of adultery henceforth.

Ukrainian Catholic Archiepiscopal Exarchate of Donetsk

The Ukrainian Catholic Archiepiscopal Exarchate of Donetsk is one of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church's five Archiepiscopal Exarchate in Eastern Ukraine. The current, first, archiepiscopal exarch is Bishop Stepan Meniok, C. Ss. R.. Its cathedral episcopal see, it was established on 11 January 2002 as the Archiepiscopal Exarchate of Donets’k – Kharkiv, on territory split off from the Archiepiscopal Exarchate of Kyiv – Vyshhorod. On 2 April 2014 the Exarchate was renamed as Ukrainian Catholic Archiepiscopal Exarchate of Donetsk, having lost territory to establish the Ukrainian Catholic Archiepiscopal Exarchate of Kharkiv. Archiepiscopal Exarch of Donetsk–Kharkiv Stepan Meniok, Titular Bishop of Acarassus Auxiliary Bishop Wasyl Ihor Medwit, Basilian Order of Saint Josaphat, emeritus. SS. R. with incumbent biography links Profile at

Merrill College

Merrill College is a residential college at the University of California, Santa Cruz. The theme of the college, the name of its freshman core course, is "cultural identities and global consciousness." Merrill is located at the far northeastern corner of the University of California, Santa Cruz campus, east of Crown College and north of Cowell and Stevenson colleges. The college sits at the top of a hill and can only be reached by steep access roads and pedestrian paths; the grounds cover nine acres of land covered by tall redwood trees. Merrill was founded in 1968 as the fourth college at UCSC; the college takes its name from Charles E. Merrill Jr. former Headmaster of the Commonwealth School in Boston. In 1968, Merrill was the chairman of the Charles E. Merrill Trust, named for his father, Charles E. Merrill, Sr. the founder of Merrill Lynch. It was in this year that the Trust elected to donate funds for the construction of the hitherto-named College Four at Santa Cruz; the first three colleges at UCSC all had identified academic specialties before their founding: Cowell in the humanities, Stevenson in the social sciences, Crown in the natural sciences.

However, Merrill allowed its early faculty and students to determine its theme. The college intended to focus on international studies, but an early shift towards global poverty led to its eventual emphasis on the developing countries and their cultures, as well as the impact of the United States in the developing world. With a progressive theme, Merrill attracted liberal and radical faculty and students, it offered ethnic studies classes as well as student housing with ethnic studies emphases, attracted progressive visitors, including Herbert Marcuse in 1975. Merrill gained a reputation as a campus center of openness and acceptance for gays and lesbians. In 2003, as part of a campus-wide food service consolidation program, the Merrill dining hall closed and was converted into a multi-use space, called the Merrill Cultural Center. In 2006, the History Department, many affiliated faculty, left their longtime home at Merrill for the new Humanities Building next to Cowell College; the San Francisco architectural firm Campbell and Wong designed the buildings at Merrill College.

Most of the original structures were completed by 1970. The Crown-Merrill Apartments were added in 1986. Unlike the first colleges, Merrill does not consist of Bay Regionalist or Mediterranean buildings centered around formal quads. Instead, its structures present three key features: starkly modern and Scandinavian design, orientation around the redwood trees that once were the focal point of the site, playfully historical components such as the bridges to the residential towers, balconies with lattice railings, the bell tower above the dining hall; the college hosts a range of rust red and off-white residence halls. Merrill prominently features blue metal roofs for nearly every building, with the exception of the two main residence towers; the Merrill circle, at the top of a driveway off McLaughlin Drive, is the formal entrance to the college. The college office and the academic buildings, with faculty offices, seminar rooms, a lecture hall, are behind the circle. Just below the main Academic Building are three smaller buildings.

One contains the Charles E. Merrill Lounge, another is an annex of faculty offices and home to the Center for Justice and Community; the college activities office and Tacos Moreno, a small Mexican food chain based out of Watsonville, are in a small building at the center of the college, adjacent to a small courtyard in front of the former dining hall. Merrill has four primary residence halls. Lorde-Studds, Kochiyama and Gandhi-Kahlo House are in two large, five-story buildings that close a loose square with the dining hall and academic buildings. Two smaller houses, Chavez-Menchu and DuBois, are located to the East of the college circle and Ming Ong computer lab. Near the college are buildings housing the Lionel Cantú GLBTI Resource Center, KZSC radio, the campus Peace Corps office; the Crown-Merrill apartments are located across a ravine from the main college. Most Merrill freshmen reside with most sophomores in the college apartments. Upper-division students live off-campus. Beginning Spring of 2013, a major redesign of the Merrill quad and residence halls was underway.

The first stages of the construction involved the removal of dozens of redwood trees that had given the location is distinctively sylvan quality. Merrill remains a campus center for studies of cultural studies, its freshman core course includes readings by authors from Cuba, inner-city Los Angeles, most Darfur. In particular, it houses Latin American and Latino Studies. Both the LALS academic offices and the Casa Latina library and resource center are housed in the Merrill academic buildings. Merrill College houses the faculty and administrative offices of the Politics Department and the Legal Studies Program; the core course is called "Cultural Identities and Global Consciousness". It is one quarter long and students read around four novels memoirs, one of, replaced every year by a new one. Merrill has the only pottery co-op in the Santa Cruz colleges, it offers opportunities to volunteer in local elementary schools. Merrill is home to the Merrill Student Government: one of the most active student

Alex Proyas

Alexander Proyas is an Australian film director and producer. Proyas is best known for directing the films The Crow, Dark City, I, Robot and Gods of Egypt. Proyas was born in Egypt, to Egyptiotes parents, his father's family had lived in Egypt for many generations, his mother's family were Greeks from Cyprus. He moved to Sydney. At 17, he attended the Australian Film and Radio School, began directing music videos shortly after, he moved to Los Angeles in the United States to further his career, working on MTV music videos and TV commercials. Proyas' first feature film was the independent science fiction thriller Spirits of the Air, Gremlins of the Clouds, nominated for two Australian Film Institute awards in 1988, for costume design and production design and which won a Special Prize at the 1990 Yubari International Fantastic Film Festival. Next, Proyas directed the 1994 superhero fantasy thriller The Crow starring Brandon Lee. Lee was killed in an accident during filming, only eight days before the completion of the film on 31 March 1993.

After Lee's death and his producers decided to complete the film rewriting the script and using a stunt double and special effects to film the remaining scenes. The Crow was a box office and critical success. Proyas wrote and produced the 1998 science fiction thriller Dark City, which received positive critical reception and won several awards but was a commercial disappointment. In 2004, he directed I, Robot, a science fiction film suggested by the Isaac Asimov short story compilation I, Robot and was a box office success despite mixed reviews. Proyas' film, the thriller Knowing, began production in Melbourne in March 2008 and opened in North America in March 2009, his next project was meant to be an action-oriented adaptation of John Milton's 17th-century Christian epic poem Paradise Lost, starring Bradley Cooper. Both Proyas and Cooper were on hand to debut concept art at ComicCon 2011, but the project was cancelled over budgetary concerns related to the effects. Proyas worked with John Foxx on the creation of Parallel Lives, a joint project.

In late 2012, it was revealed that Proyas was slated as director of the science fiction thriller film adaptation of the Daniel H. Wilson novel Amped. Proyas directed Gods of Egypt, starring Nikolaj Coster-Waldau, co-written by Matt Sazama and Burk Sharpless; the film was critically panned upon its release and bombed at the box office. Proyas has long been married to actor Cathy Linsley, who worked in the Art Department for Proyas’s first feature film, Spirits of the Air, Gremlins of the Clouds, she has worked in various capacities on short subjects and animations produced by or written by Proyas. Linsley was listed in the final credits of his film Knowing under the section "The producers wish to thank..." "Ricky's Hand" – Fad Gadget w/Salik Silverstein "Flicker" – Fetus Productions "In Your Eyes" – Dropbears "Kiss the Dirt" – INXS "Don't Dream It's Over" – Crowded House won the ARIA Award for Best Video in 1987 "Holiday" – The Other Ones "Rhythm of Love" – Yes "Better Be Home Soon" – Crowded House "Magic Touch" – Mike Oldfield "Bring Down the Moon" – Boy Meets Girl "Nineteen Forever" - Joe Jackson" "Mysteries of Love" – Alphaville "When We Dance" – Sting Alex Proyas on IMDb Alex Proyas on Facebook Alex Proyas Discusses Dark City Sequel at

Cookiecutter shark

The cookiecutter shark called the cigar shark, is a species of small squaliform shark in the family Dalatiidae. This shark occurs in warm, oceanic waters worldwide near islands, has been recorded as deep as 3.7 km. It migrates vertically up to 3 km every day, approaching the surface at dusk and descending with the dawn. Reaching only 42–56 cm in length, the cookiecutter shark has a long, cylindrical body with a short, blunt snout, large eyes, two tiny spineless dorsal fins, a large caudal fin, it is dark brown, with light-emitting photophores covering its underside except for a dark "collar" around its throat and gill slits. The name "cookiecutter shark" refers to its feeding habit of gouging round plugs, as if cut out with a cookie cutter, out of larger animals. Marks made by cookiecutter sharks have been found on a wide variety of marine mammals and fishes, as well as on submarines, undersea cables, human bodies, it consumes whole smaller prey such as squid. Cookiecutter sharks have adaptations for hovering in the water column and rely on stealth and subterfuge to capture more active prey.

Its dark collar seems to mimic the silhouette of a small fish, while the rest of its body blends into the downwelling light via its ventral photophores. When a would-be predator approaches the lure, the shark attaches itself using its suctorial lips and specialized pharynx and neatly excises a chunk of flesh using its bandsaw-like set of lower teeth; this species has been known to travel in schools. Though encountered because of its oceanic habitat, a handful of documented attacks on humans were caused by cookiecutter sharks; this diminutive shark is not regarded as dangerous. The International Union for Conservation of Nature has listed the cookiecutter shark under least concern, as it is distributed, has no commercial value, is not susceptible to fisheries. French naturalists Jean René Constant Quoy and Joseph Paul Gaimard described the cookiecutter shark during the 1817–1820 exploratory voyage of the corvette Uranie under Louis de Freycinet, giving it the name Scymnus brasiliensis because the type specimen was caught off Brazil.

In 1824, their account was published as part of Voyage autour du monde...sur les corvettes de S. M. L'Uranie et la Physicienne, Louis de Freycinet's 13 volume report on the voyage. In 1865, American ichthyologist Theodore Nicholas Gill coined the new genus Isistius for this species, after Isis, the Egyptian goddess of light. One of the earliest accounts of the wounds left by the cookiecutter shark on various animals is in ancient Samoan legend, which held that atu entering Palauli Bay would leave behind pieces of their flesh as a sacrifice to Tautunu, the community chief. In centuries, various other explanations for the wounds were advanced, including lampreys and invertebrate parasites. In 1971, Everet Jones of the U. S. Bureau of Commercial Fisheries discovered the cigar shark, as it was generally known, was responsible. Shark expert Stewart Springer thus popularized the name "cookiecutter shark" for this species. Other common names used for this shark include luminous shark, smalltooth cookiecutter shark, smooth cookiecutter shark.

The cookiecutter shark has an cigar-shaped body with a short, bulbously rounded snout. The nostrils have a short flap of skin in front; the large, green eyes are placed forward on the head, though not so that binocular vision is extensive. Behind the eyes are large spiracles, positioned on the upper surface of the head; the mouth is short, forming a nearly transverse line, is surrounded by enlarged, suctorial lips. About 30–37 tooth rows are in the upper jaw and 25–31 tooth rows are in the lower jaw, increasing with body size; the upper and lower teeth are different. The lower teeth are smooth-edged, but much larger and knife-like, with their bases interlocking to form a single saw-like cutting edge; the five pairs of gill slits are small. The pectoral fins are short and trapezoidal in shape. Two spineless dorsal fins are placed far back on the body, the first originating just ahead of the pelvic fins and the second located just behind; the second dorsal fin is larger than the first, the pelvic fins are larger than either.

The anal fin is absent. The caudal fin is broad, with the lower lobe as large as the upper, which has a prominent ventral notch; the dermal denticles flattened, with a slight central concavity and raised corners. The cookiecutter shark is chocolate brown in color, becoming subtly lighter below, a dark "collar" wraps around the gill region; the fins have translucent margins, except for the caudal fin. Complex, light-producing organs called photophores densely cover the entire underside, except for the collar, produce a vivid green glow; the maximum recorded length for this species is 56 cm for females. Inhabiting all of the world's major tropical and warm-temperate oceanic basins, the cookiecutter shark is most common between the latitudes of 20°N and 20°S, where the surface water temperature is 18–26 °C. In the Atlantic, it has been reported off the Bahamas and southern Brazil in the west, Cape Verde, Guinea to Sierra Leone, southern Angola, South Africa in the east, Ascension Island in the south.

In the Indo-Pacific region, it has been caught from Mauritius to New Guinea and New Zealand, including Tasmania a

Wes Harrison

Wesley Bryon Harrison, better known as Wes Harrison and nicknamed Mr. Sound Effects, was an American comedian and voice actor, notable for his ability to create realistic sound effects using only his voice and a Shure 530 Slendyne microphone. Harrison had a comic style reminiscent of Red Skelton. Harrison was born in Spartanburg, South Carolina in January 1925. In 1941 Harrison was working as a counselor at a YMCA Boy's Camp on the Chesapeake Bay. While there, he installed a public address system to summon stray campers; this sound system was equipped with three horn loudspeakers. Here he began his first experiments with vocal sound effects. A short time Harrison was drafted into the Navy. During this time, he worked in special services entertaining the troops, here developed an act which led to his winning five consecutive Horace Heidt Programs. After World War II, he studied electrical engineering; the Korean War broke out and he was called back into the Navy. Altogether, he spent eight years in the Navy.

Returning to civilian life, he won. He was on the original Major Bowes Amateur Hour back in the 1940s. Ted Mack sent him on his way into show business. From that time on, things started snow-balling for Harrison, he appeared on the Ed Sullivan, Jack Paar, Garry Moore, Mike Douglas, Dean Martin, Roger Miller, the Merv Griffin shows, filled a complete schedule of nightclub work. During his career, Harrison contributed sound effects to many films such as Peter Pan, 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea and the Tom and Jerry cartoon series. Harrison resided in Des Plaines and flew his own plane, he continued to make public appearances in life appearing at hunting and fishing expos around the country. He died in July 2019 at the age of 94, was interred at Dallas–Fort Worth National Cemetery. "You Won't Believe Your Ears" LP Liner Notes "The One and Only" LP Liner Notes "Producing Great Sound For Video" - by Jay Rose Wes Harrison - Fun With Sounds You Won't Believe Your Ears The One and the Only Track "TNT" by Ronnie Rice - Refried Rice Canadian Titanic Society for "Whistles" on "CTS's" 20.75ft "Titanic" model/float for "in-door" exhibit!

Wes Harrison Official website