The term Danish Realm refers to the relationship between Denmark proper, the Faroe Islands and Greenland—three countries constituting the Kingdom of Denmark. The legal nature of the Kingdom of Denmark is fundamentally one of a sovereign state. The Faroe Islands and Greenland have been part of the Crown of Denmark since 1397 when the Kalmar Union was ratified, legal matters in The Danish Realm are subject to the Danish Constitution. Beginning in 1953, state law issues within The Danish Realm has been governed by The Unity of the Realm, a less formal name for The Unity of the Realm is the Commonwealth of the Realm. In 1978, The Unity of The Realm was for the first time referred to as rigsfællesskabet. The name caught on and since the 1990s, both The Unity of The Realm and The Danish Realm itself has increasingly been referred to as simply rigsfællesskabet in daily parlance. The Danish Constitution stipulates that the foreign and security interests for all parts of the Danish Realm are the responsibility of the Danish government, the Faroes received home rule in 1948 and Greenland did so in 1979.
In 2005, the Faroes received a self-government arrangement, and in 2009 Greenland received self rule, the Danish Realms unique state of internal affairs is acted out in the principle of The Unity of the Realm. This principle is derived from Article 1 of the Danish Constitution which specifies that constitutional law applies equally to all areas of the Danish Realm, the Constitutional Act specifies that sovereignty is to continue to be exclusively with the authorities of the Realm. The language of Denmark is Danish, and the Danish state authorities are based in Denmark, the Kingdom of Denmarks parliament, with its 179 members, is located in the capital, Copenhagen. Two of the members are elected in each of Greenland and the Faroe Islands. The Government ministries are located in Copenhagen, as is the highest court, in principle, the Danish Realm constitutes a unified sovereign state, with equal status between its constituent parts. Devolution differs from federalism in that the powers of the subnational authority ultimately reside in central government.
The Self-Government Arrangements devolves political competence and responsibility from the Danish political authorities to the Faroese, the Faroese and Greenlandic authorities administer the tasks taken over from the state, enact legislation in these specific fields and have the economic responsibility for solving these tasks. The Danish government provides a grant to the Faroese and the Greenlandic authorities to cover the costs of these devolved areas. The 1948 Home Rule Act of the Faroe Islands sets out the terms of Faroese home rule, the Act states. the Faroe Islands shall constitute a self-governing community within the State of Denmark. It establishes the government of the Faroe Islands and the Faroese parliament. The Faroe Islands were previously administered as a Danish county, the Home Rule Act abolished the post of Amtmand and these powers were expanded in a 2005 Act, which named the Faroese home government as an equal partner with the Danish government
City Hall Square, Copenhagen
The City Hall Square is a public square in the centre of Copenhagen, located in front of the Copenhagen City Hall. Its large size, its location and its affiliation with the city hall make it a popular venue for a variety of events. It is often used as a point for measuring distances from Copenhagen. Opposite Strøget, Vesterbrogade extends into the Vesterbro district and crosses the border to Frederiksberg, andersens Boulevard, Copenhagens most heavily congested street, and Vester Voldgade pass the square on either side of the city hall. Apart from the City Hall, notable buildings around the square include Politikens Hus, the headquarters of national daily newspaper Politiken, and Industriens Hus, the City Hall Square is located at the site of Copenhagens old hay market and the Western City Gate with surrounding fortifications. Vilhelm Klein designed a building for the first exhibition which was built at the corner of Vesterbro Passage which was built from 1870 to 1872. The four-winged, two-storey building was built in red brick to a design which was inspired by Italian Renaissance architecture, in 1879 the centre of the complex was re-built into a large domed exhibition hall.
On 1 January 1888 the hay market moved to a new location outside Kødbyen, the site is still named Halmtorvet after it. The main venue of the Nordic Exhibition of 1888 was a timber structure topped by a huge dome with a flag pole at its top. Its architect was the young and unknown Martin Nyrop who was to design the new city hall. In the 1880s, plans were conceived to build a new city hall on the grounds, and in 1888, an architecture competition was held in early 1889. Apart from Nyrop, who won the competition, Vilhelm Dahlerup, on 28 July 1894, the foundation stone was laid. When it was inaugurated in 1905, the square in front of it one of the most central. The square was redesigned in 1995 and 1996 by KHR Architects, the intersecting street leading from Vesterbrogade to Strøget was removed, uniting the two sides of the square. A bus hub was built on the side of the square. In 2010, work began on a new station on the site, requiring a major reorganisation of the site. The Dragon Fountain, depicting a bull and a dragon in combat, designed by Thorvald Bindesbøll and Joakim Skovgaard, out was inaugurated in 1904.
The Weather Girl is perched high on the Richs building on the corner of Rådhuspladsen and Vesterbrogade, one sculpture rotates to the front, depicting the girl with her bicycle
Conservative People's Party (Denmark)
The Conservative Peoples Party, known as the Conservatives is a conservative political party in Denmark. The party is a member of the European Peoples Party and International Democrat Union, the party was founded 1916 based mostly on its predecessor, Højre, but on the Free Conservatives and a moderate faction of the liberal party Venstre. The party has participated in coalition governments, but only one Prime Minister of Denmark, Poul Schlüter, has come from this party. The student branch is Conservative Students, likewise an independent organisation, from the 2001 parliament elections until 2011, the Conservative Peoples Party was the junior partner in a coalition government led by Venstre. The Conservative Peoples Party is currently led by Søren Pape Poulsen, In the 2004 European parliament elections, the member is currently Bendt Bendtsen, who is a member of the EPP Group in the European Parliament. In the 2014 European elections, the party garnered 9. 1% of the national vote, the Conservatives remain committed to a centre-right alliance, working most closely with the liberal Venstre and somewhat less closely with the right-wing populist Danish Peoples Party.
The Conservatives did cooperate with the Social Liberal Party during its time in power in the 1980s, young Conservatives Conservative Students John Christmas Møller - Wartime resistance figure. In 1989, Hedegaard became first spokesperson for the Conservative Peoples Party, but left politics for journalism in 1990
The S-train is a type of hybrid urban-suburban rail serving a metropolitan region. Some of the larger S-train systems provide service similar to transit systems. There is no definition of an S-train system. S-trains are, where they exist, the most local type of railway stopping at all existing stations inside and they are slower than mainline railways but usually serve as fast crosstown services within the city. Most S-train systems are built on older local railways, or in some cases parallel to an existing dual track railway. Most use existing local mainline railway trackage, but a few branches can be purpose built S-train lines, S-trains typically use overhead lines or a third rail for traction power. In Hamburg the S-trains use both the methods, depending on which line is powered. Busy S-train corridors sometimes have sections of exclusive trackage of their own, a good example of this is the part of Berlins S-Bahn, which is regarded as a tourist attraction and has a special name, Berliner Stadtbahn.
However, in more lightly used sections outside the city center, the S-trains stop at all stations, while other mainline trains only stop at the largest stations. S-trains are generally service the hinterland of a city, rather than connecting different cities. The S-Bahn Mitteldeutschland constitutes the main railway system for Leipzig but connects to Halle. The Rostock S-Bahn is an example of a smaller S-Bahn system, many of the larger S-train systems have central sections that individual suburban branches feed into, creating high frequency corridors. For instance, on weekdays, the section of the Copenhagen S-train has five services connecting to. Further out from the parts of a city the individual services branch off into lines with distances between stations can exceed 5 km, similar to commuter rail. This allows the S-train to serve a dual purpose, local transport within a city center. The rolling stock used in S-Trains reflect its hybrid purpose. The interior is designed for short journeys with provision for standing passengers but may have space allocated to larger.
Integration with other local transport for ticketing and easy interchange between lines or other system like metros is typical for S-trains
Skodsborg is a small town/suburb approx. 20 km. north of Copenhagen, the town has a population of 1,222 and lies in Rudersdal Kommune. The town is a town but doesnt have a marina. The town has good access from the Strandvej and from the houses along the shore. A wide beach allows easy access along the coast, the western side of Skodsborg borders the Jægersborg Dyrehave with miles of trails for hiking and cycling. The town is connected with the Oresundtrain and with buses to neighboring communities, meaning tranquility, was originally a large wooden house built in 1794 for the Norwegian civil servant Carsten Anker. In 1855, the house was acquired by Ludvig Grøn, owner of Det Grønske Handelshus, the house remained in the hands of his family until 1958. The current ahouse is from 1827 and it is now owned by ] and used as a conference centre. Flemming Østergaard, lives in Skodsborg Skodsborg Spa Hotel
Farum municipality was a municipality in the northeast of the island of Zealand in eastern Denmark. On January 1,2007 it merged with Værløse municipality to form the new Furesø municipality as a consequence of Denmarks Municipal Reform. The municipality had a population of 18,662, covered an area of 23 km², and was, according to size, the main town and the site of its municipal council was Farum. Other villages were Bregnerød and Stavnsholt, neighboring municipalities were Birkerød to the east, Allerød to the north, Stenløse to the southwest and Værløse to the south. The municipality Søllerød to the southeast was separated from Farum by the lake Furesø, most of Farums border to Værløse was made up by the lake Farum Sø, except for a short isthmus at Fiskebæk. Between the two lakes of Farum Sø and Furesø, along the isthmus, runs a north-south traffic corridor with motorway and this corridor effectively divides the former municipality in two sections, called Farum East and Farum West, which are only connected by bridges across the motorway.
In 1901 Farum had 1,200 inhabitants, in the early 1950s the population was ca. Through the 1960s and 1970s the community turned into a town due to its proximity to Copenhagen. By 1980 the population was over 16,000. in 1952 Farum, although the municipality consisted of only one parish, it was not affected by the municipal reform of 1970. The longtime mayor Peter Brixtofte was involved in a scandal that became the focus of national scrutiny in 2002. He was forced to resign after being implicated in a variety of corruption, Brixtoftes policy of forcing the unemployed to work in return for benefits was first controversial but has since become a nationwide rule. Another way of creating funds was to sell off public services, in June 2006 Brixtofte was sentenced to two years prison. After Brixtoftes economic schemes went bust, Farum had to raise its municipal tax drastically, the neighbouring municipality of Værløse protested against being merged with Farum, as the government had proposed. Other municipalities with greater economic difficulties protested against this, also, a newly closed air force air base was given to Furesø municipality to own and perhaps turn into a recreational area.
Farums last mayor was Lars Carpens who had replaced Brixtofte in 2002, Farum Furesø municipality Farum station Municipal statistics, NetBorger Kommunefakta, delivered from KMD aka Kommunedata
Copenhagen, Danish, København, Hafnia) is the capital and most populous city of Denmark. Copenhagen has an population of 1,280,371. The Copenhagen metropolitan area has just over 2 million inhabitants, the city is situated on the eastern coast of the island of Zealand, another small portion of the city is located on Amager, and is separated from Malmö, Sweden, by the strait of Øresund. The Øresund Bridge connects the two cities by rail and road, originally a Viking fishing village founded in the 10th century, Copenhagen became the capital of Denmark in the early 15th century. Beginning in the 17th century it consolidated its position as a centre of power with its institutions, defences. After suffering from the effects of plague and fire in the 18th century and this included construction of the prestigious district of Frederiksstaden and founding of such cultural institutions as the Royal Theatre and the Royal Academy of Fine Arts. Later, following the Second World War, the Finger Plan fostered the development of housing, since the turn of the 21st century, Copenhagen has seen strong urban and cultural development, facilitated by investment in its institutions and infrastructure.
The city is the cultural and governmental centre of Denmark, Copenhagens economy has seen rapid developments in the service sector, especially through initiatives in information technology and clean technology. Since the completion of the Øresund Bridge, Copenhagen has become integrated with the Swedish province of Scania and its largest city, Malmö. With a number of connecting the various districts, the cityscape is characterized by parks, promenades. Copenhagen is home to the University of Copenhagen, the Technical University of Denmark, the University of Copenhagen, founded in 1479, is the oldest university in Denmark. Copenhagen is home to the FC København and Brøndby football clubs, the annual Copenhagen Marathon was established in 1980. Copenhagen is one of the most bicycle-friendly cities in the world, the Copenhagen Metro serves central Copenhagen while the Copenhagen S-train network connects central Copenhagen to its outlying boroughs. Serving roughly 2 million passengers a month, Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup, is the largest airport in the Nordic countries, the name of the city reflects its origin as a harbour and a place of commerce.
The original designation, from which the contemporary Danish name derives, was Køpmannæhafn, meaning merchants harbour, the literal English translation would be Chapmans haven. The English name for the city was adapted from its Low German name, the abbreviations Kbh. or Kbhvn are often used in Danish for København, and kbh. for københavnsk. The chemical element hafnium is named for Copenhagen, where it was discovered, the bacterium Hafnia is named after Copenhagen, Vagn Møller of the State Serum Institute in Copenhagen named it in 1954. Excavations in Pilestræde have led to the discovery of a well from the late 12th century, the remains of an ancient church, with graves dating to the 11th century, have been unearthed near where Strøget meets Rådhuspladsen
A is a service on the S-train network in Copenhagen. It is one of the services on the network, running every 20 minutes from about 5,00 to 0,30 every day. It runs between Hundige and Hillerød, serving all stations on the part of the Køge radial. During daytime on weekdays, every second train continues from Hundige station to Solrød Strand station, on Friday and Saturday nights there is a 30 minutes service throughout the night. Before that time the most constant characteristic of service A was that it ran on the Klampenborg radial in the end of the system. Until 2007, separate service designations were used for trains that reinforced the basic service on the Køge radial in high-traffic periods. This was in part because they had their own stopping patterns, the first supplementary service was the rush-hour Ax which started running when the first phase of the Køge radial opened in 1972. It was upgraded to the daytime K service in 1992 and quickly renamed to A+ in 1993
Coast Line (Denmark)
The Coast Line is a regional railway line between Helsingør and Copenhagen in Denmark. It was opened in 1897, and it is today the busiest railway line in Denmark, the Coast Line, along with an extensive network of railways in Scania, are run by DSB Øresund, part of DSB. Its original terminus was Østerport Station, but when the station was connected with Copenhagen Central Station in 1917, when the Oresund Bridge opened in 2000, service extended to Malmö in Sweden, though the section between Copenhagen and Malmö is a separate railway, the Oresund Line. The railway services some well-known sights and locations such as Louisiana Museum of Modern Art in Humlebæk, Kronborg Castle in Elsinore, kystbanen is now an integrated part of the Oresundtrain network which serves southern Sweden. Plans for a railway between Copenhagen and Helsingør had been proposed since the childhood of railways, the North Line was built though Helsingør in 1864 and in 1863 the connection between Copenhagen and Klampenborg Station as a sort of daytrip and tourist route.
The Forestry Department didnt have any objections against the railway as long as not even a tree was cut down. A number of citizens were active in the debate about the choice of route, because of rules decided by the Ministry of War, the railway had to go in a large curve out over the lakes to Nørrebro and onwards towards the Øresund Coast at Hellerup. Hellerup station was built in the 1860s because it was where the North Line and the Klampenborg Line split, the stretch between Østerport and Hellerup was first taken into use with the opening of the Coast Line in 1897. Østerport was the terminus of the line, was originally called Kystbanestationen, Østerbro, København Ø. First 20 years the line between Copenhagen Central Station and Østerport was taken into use, and the Coast Line got its present form on 1 December 1917. In 2007 the Danish government in cooperation with Skånetrafiken announced a that they would make a bid for transportation companies to bid on taking over the Coast Line, several European operators most notably SJ, Connex, and DSBFirst.
DSBFirst won this bid due to their plan of introducing 7-Eleven to the majority of stations, keeping the current system of permanently staffed trains, and promising better scheduling. Moreover, there was a sense that it was convenient because DSB already had trains suited to operate under the two different volt systems used for railway electrification in Denmark and Sweden. Despite serving food and coffee for passengers on their first Monday of operation, for the next few months the trains had an average delay percentage of 10, causing outcry among frequent passengers and a massive drop in rating. As of June 2009, DSBFirst managed to regain much passenger support through fewer delayed trains due to a change in timetables and better education of the train managers. The unique feature of the Coast Line is that despite there is only between three and six minutes between each station, it has not been operated by S-trains. Today the main service on the line is Oresund trains that operate between Helsingør via Copenhagen and Copenhagen Airport to Malmö in Sweden and ER trains between Nivå and Kastrup, in rush hour, these trains are supplemented with higher speed commuter train operated with various stock.
The replacement of steam locomotive with diesel multiple units started in 1935, originally the Coast Line was operated by litra K and litra O steam engines and by litra S engines that were acquired in the 1920s