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Rudolf Steiner

Rudolf Joseph Lorenz Steiner was an Austrian philosopher, social reformer, economist and claimed clairvoyant. Steiner gained initial recognition at the end of the nineteenth century as a literary critic and published philosophical works including The Philosophy of Freedom. At the beginning of the twentieth century he founded an esoteric spiritual movement, with roots in German idealist philosophy and theosophy. In the first, more philosophically oriented phase of this movement, Steiner attempted to find a synthesis between science and spirituality, his philosophical work of these years, which he termed "spiritual science", sought to apply the clarity of thinking characteristic of Western philosophy to spiritual questions, differentiating this approach from what he considered to be vaguer approaches to mysticism. In a second phase, beginning around 1907, he began working collaboratively in a variety of artistic media, including drama, the movement arts and architecture, culminating in the building of the Goetheanum, a cultural centre to house all the arts.

In the third phase of his work, beginning after World War I, Steiner worked to establish various practical endeavors, including Waldorf education, biodynamic agriculture, anthroposophical medicine. Steiner advocated a form of ethical individualism, to which he brought a more explicitly spiritual approach, he based his epistemology on Johann Wolfgang Goethe's world view, in which "Thinking… is no more and no less an organ of perception than the eye or ear. Just as the eye perceives colours and the ear sounds, so thinking perceives ideas." A consistent thread that runs from his earliest philosophical phase through his spiritual orientation is the goal of demonstrating that there are no essential limits to human knowledge. Steiner's father, Johann Steiner, left a position as a gamekeeper in the service of Count Hoyos in Geras, northeast Lower Austria to marry one of the Hoyos family's housemaids, Franziska Blie, a marriage for which the Count had refused his permission. Johann became a telegraph operator on the Southern Austrian Railway, at the time of Rudolf's birth was stationed in Murakirály in the Muraköz region of the Kingdom of Hungary, Austrian Empire.

In the first two years of Rudolf's life, the family moved twice, first to Mödling, near Vienna, through the promotion of his father to stationmaster, to Pottschach, located in the foothills of the eastern Austrian Alps in Lower Austria. Steiner entered the village school, but following a disagreement between his father and the schoolmaster, he was educated at home. In 1869, when Steiner was eight years old, the family moved to the village of Neudörfl and in October 1872 Steiner proceeded from the village school there to the realschule in Wiener Neustadt. In 1879, the family moved to Inzersdorf to enable Steiner to attend the Vienna Institute of Technology, where he enrolled in courses in mathematics, chemistry, botany and mineralogy and audited courses in literature and philosophy, on an academic scholarship from 1879 to 1883, at the end of which time he withdrew from the Institute without graduating. In 1882, one of Steiner's teachers, Karl Julius Schröer, suggested Steiner's name to Joseph Kürschner, chief editor of a new edition of Goethe's works, who asked Steiner to become the edition's natural science editor, a astonishing opportunity for a young student without any form of academic credentials or previous publications.

Before attending the Vienna Institute of Technology, Steiner had studied Kant and Schelling. When he was nine years old, Steiner believed that he saw the spirit of an aunt who had died in a far-off town asking him to help her at a time when neither he nor his family knew of the woman's death. Steiner related that as a child he felt "that one must carry the knowledge of the spiritual world within oneself after the fashion of geometry... one is permitted to know something which the mind alone, through its own power, experiences. In this feeling I found the justification for the spiritual world that I experienced... I confirmed for myself by means of geometry the feeling that I must speak of a world'which is not seen'."Steiner believed that at the age of 15 he had gained a complete understanding of the concept of time, which he considered to be the precondition of spiritual clairvoyance. At 21, on the train between his home village and Vienna, Steiner met an herb gatherer, Felix Kogutzki, who spoke about the spiritual world "as one who had his own experience therein".

Kogutzki conveyed to Steiner a knowledge of nature, non-academic and spiritual. In 1888, as a result of his work for the Kürschner edition of Goethe's works, Steiner was invited to work as an editor at the Goethe archives in Weimar. Steiner remained with the archive until 1896; as well as the introductions for and commentaries to four volumes of Goethe's scientific writings, Steiner wrote two books about Goethe's philosophy: The Theory of Knowledge Implicit in Goethe's World-Conception, which Steiner regarded as the epistemological foundation and justification for his work, Goethe's Conception of the World. During this time he collaborated in complete editions of the works of Arthur Schopenhauer and the writer Jean Paul and wrote numerous articles for various journals. In 1891, Steiner received a doctorate in philosophy at the University of Rostock, for his dissertation discussing Fichte's concept of the ego, submitted to Heinrich von Stein, whose Seven Books of Plat

Willesden Junction station

Willesden Junction is a National Rail station in Harlesden, north-west London, UK. It is served by both London London Underground services; the station developed on three contiguous sites: the West Coast Main Line station was opened by the London & North Western Railway on 1 September 1866 to replace the London and Birmingham Railway's Willesden station of 1841, 0.5 miles to the northwest. Passenger services ended in 1962 when the platforms were removed during electrification of the WCML to allow the curvature of the tracks to be eased; the bridges for the North London Line were rebuilt. The High-Level station on the NLL was opened by the North London Railway in 1869 for two Richmond tracks and for two Shepherds Bush tracks, both crossing the WCML at right angles. In 1894 a new, combined High-Level station was built, with an island platform plus a third shorter platform for Earls Court trains together with a new station entrance building which still survives. By 1897 199 passenger and 47 goods trains passed through the High-Level station each day.

The'Willesden New Station' or Low-Level station on the Watford DC Line was opened in 1910 to the north of the main line with two outer through platforms and two inner bay platforms at the London end. The bay platforms were long enough for four-coach Bakerloo trains when such trains ran outside peak times, but were shortened in the 1960s when a new toilet block was installed. In 1896 staff totalled 271, including 58 signalmen and 58 shunters and yard foremen, they issued 1,006,886 tickets to passengers in 1896, up from 530,300 in 1886. Many of them were housed in what is now the Old Oak Lane conservation area, built by the LNWR in 1889 and which included an Institute, reading room and church; the main-line platforms were numbered from the south side followed by the high level platforms and the DC line platforms which thus had the highest numbers. The surviving platforms were re-numbered. In August 1858, a train driver - William Pine - was killed; the London to Rugby train was diverted onto the Kew line and struck the train that William Pine was driving.

A point man employed at the station - Henry Lamb - subsequently absconded. He was captured by the police a month in Hereford and charged with manslaughter. Pine was tried at the Central Criminal Court in October 1858 and he was found not guilty. On May 31st, 1873 a mutilated body of a man was found on the railway track near the station; the victim had been hit by Irish Mail train as it traveled from London to Rugby.. A fire broke out in the Kew and Richmond line ticket office during the morning of Saturday 4 April 1874; the fire gutted booking office and the adjoining rooms, at one point threatened to engulf the entire station. Rail traffic was delayed by two hours. In the evening of April 6 1892, the body of a woman was discovered in the ladies bathroom. Station porters were closing up the station; the victim died from razor wounds to the neck. On 22 June 1895, the axle of the London to Scotland express broke as it was leaving the station, blocking the line. No one was injured in the incident. In August 1903, a Congregational minister – the Rev. W. Horn – died in the station waiting room.

He collapsed after running to catch a train. On 11 November 1907, the London and North Western train from Mansion House ran into a stationary North London engine. Four railway men were injured. On 5 December 1910, a passenger train was in a rear-end collision with another at the station. Five people were killed and more than 40 were injured; the accident was due to a signaling error. On 16 March 1940, passengers were forced to walk 150 yards to the station, when their LMS line train from Clapham Junction derailed near the station. Two shunters working at Willesden Junction were fined in April 1941 for stealing goods while in transit on the railway. Over six hundred passengers were trapped on a Bakerloo line train held at a cutting near the station. On the evening of August 6 1952, a violent storm created a flood that prevented the train from moving. Passengers were trapped for four hours and were rescued by the local fire brigade. In March 1971, a petrol tanker containing 75 tons of paraffin derailed just outside the station.

It jumped the track. The derailment caused long delays on the Broad Street to Richmond line. On 6 October 1986 at 17:00 a class 313 train collided with the rear of a stationary Bakerloo line train on the up line to the east of the station between the Scrubbs Lane overbridge and Kensal Green tunnel. 23 of 25 passengers were injured, all but one were discharged from hospital during the same evening. There are no platforms on the West Coast Main Line, separated from the low-level station by the approach road to Willesden Depot which lies south-east of the station; the high-level station consists of an island platform rebuilt in 1956, with faces as platforms 4 and 5, which are at the level of Old Oak Lane to the west of the station, serving the NLL and the West London Line. Both platforms have been extended across the DC line to accommodate 4-coach class 378 trains; the HL station had a third platform on the eastern side, used by s

2007 ICC World Cricket League Division Three

The 2007 ICC World Cricket League Division Three was a cricket tournament played in Darwin, Australia between 27 May and 2 June 2007. The tournament formed part of the qualification structure for the 2011 World Cup as well as part of the wider ICC World Cricket League. At the end of the tournament, the teams were distributed in the divisions of the ICC World Cricket League as follows: 1st and 2nd place: 2007 Division Two 3rd and 4th place: 2009 Division Three 5th to 8th place: 2008 Division Four USA, Papua New Guinea and Uganda qualified due to their participation in the 2005 ICC Trophy; the other five teams are the next best qualifiers from their respective ICC Development Regions. USA were withdrawn from the tournament, with Argentina taking their place. 2009 ICC World Cricket League Division Three ICC World Cricket League Division 3 - Official Site ICC World Cricket League Divisions 1—5 Structure for 2006-2009 from ICC CricketEurope ICC World Cricket League Division 3 ICC World Cricket League Division 3 - Full Match Schedule

Diane De Courcy

Diane De Courcy is a Canadian politician. She was a Parti Québécois member of the National Assembly of Quebec for the riding of Crémazie from 2012 to 2014, first elected in the 2012 election. Prior to entering the National Assembly, De Courcy was funding President of the Commission scolaire de Montreal for the Mouvement pour une école moderne et ouverte. Following the 2012 election, De Courcy entered Cabinet as Minister of Immigration and Cultural Communities and, most Minister Responsible for the Charter of the French Language. In this capacity, she has been a central figure in the debate surrounding Bill 14, a proposed piece of legislation that would amend the Charter of the French Language. De Courcy was defeated in the 2014 election, which saw the PQ reduced to 30 seats across the province and hold on to only 4 seats on the Island of Montreal. One possible reason for De Courcy's defeat in Crémazie was the backlash to the Quebec Charter of Values, unpopular among the large immigrant population in the riding

Custom car

A custom car is a passenger vehicle, either altered to improve its performance by altering or replacing the engine and transmission. A desire among some automotive enthusiasts in the United States is to push "styling and performance a step beyond the showroom floor - to craft an automobile of one's own." A custom car in British according to Collins English Dictionary is built to the buyer's own specifications. Although the two are related, custom cars are distinct from hot rods; the extent of this difference has been the subject of debate among customizers and rodders for decades. Additionally, a street rod can be considered a custom. Custom cars are not to be confused with coachbuilt automobiles rolling chassis fitted with luxury bodywork by specialty body builders. A development of hot rodding, the change in name corresponded to the change in the design of the cars being modified; the first hot rods were pre-World War II cars, with running boards and simple fenders over the wheels. Early model cars were modified by removing the running boards and either removing the fenders or replacing them with light cycle fenders.

Models had fender skirts installed. The "gow job" morphed into the hot rod in the early to middle 1950s. Typical of builds from before World War II were 1935 Ford wire wheels. Many cars were "hopped up" with engine modifications such as adding additional carburetors, high compression heads, dual exhausts. Engine swaps were done, with the objective of placing the most powerful engine in the lightest possible frame and body combination; the suspension was altered by lowering the rear end as much as possible using lowering blocks on the rear springs. Cars were given a rake job by either adding a dropped front axle or heating front coil springs to make the front end of the car much lower than the rear. Postwar, most rods would change from mechanical to hydraulic brakes and from bulb to sealed-beam headlights; the mid-1950s and early 1960s custom Deuce was fenderless and steeply chopped, all Ford. Reproduction spindles, brake drums, backing based on the 1937s remain available today. Aftermarket flatty heads were available from Barney Navarro, Vic Edelbrock, Offenhauser.

The first intake manifold. Front suspension hairpins were adapted from sprint cars, such as the Kurtis Krafts; the first Jimmy supercharger on a V8 may have been by Navarro in 1950. Much rods and customs swapped the old solid rear axle for an independent rear from Jaguar. Sometimes the grille of one make of car replaced another. In the 1950s and 1960s, the grille swap of choice was the 1953 DeSoto; the original hot rods were plainly painted like the Model A Fords from which they had been built up, only begun to take on colors, fancy orange-yellow flamed hoods or "candy-like" deep acrylic finishes in the various colors. With the change in automobile design to encase the wheels in fenders and to extend the hood to the full width of the car, the former practices were no longer possible. In addition, tremendous automotive advertising raised public interest in the new models in the 1950s. Thus, custom cars came into existence, swapping headlamp rings, bumpers, chrome side strips, taillights as well as frenching and tunnelling head- and taillights.

The bodies of the cars were changed by cutting through the sheet metal, removing bits to make the car lower, welding it back together, adding lead to make the resulting form smooth Chopping made the roof lower while sectioning made the body thinner from top to bottom. Channeling was cutting notches in the floorpan where the body touches the frame to lower the whole body. Fins were added from other cars, or made up from sheet steel. In the custom car culture, someone who changed the appearance without substantially improving the performance was looked down upon. Juxtapoz Magazine, founded by the artist Robert Williams, has covered Kustom Kulture art. Custom cars are distinct from cars in stock condition. Builders may adopt the visual and performance characteristics of some relevant modification styles, combine these as desired. There are now several different custom themes, including: Rat rod: imitates the "unfinished" and amateur-built appearance of hot rods of the 1930s, 1940s, 1950s Restomod - restored and modernized.

Safety and convenience upgrades, such as disc brakes, AC, etc. but can include fuel injection and overdrive upgrades, etc. Externally might resemble a stock car with period correct mods rather than customs. Street machines: Typically American cars with large-displacement engines modified for speed and appearance. Street rod - consist of period specific vehicles and components, or emulate visual characteristics of cars through the'40s vintage. There is a great deal of overlap here with hot rods. Paint was an important concern. Once bodywork was done, the cars were painted unusual colors. Transparent but wildly colored candy-apple paint, applied atop a metallic undercoat, metalflake paint, with aluminum glitter within candy-apple paint, appeared in the 1960s; these took many coats to produce a brilliant effect – whi

Embassy of Poland, Washington, D.C.

The Embassy of the Republic of Poland in Washington, D. C. is the diplomatic mission of the Republic of Poland to the United States of America. The chancery is located at 2640 16th Street NW, Washington, D. C. Piotr Wilczek is the current Ambassador; the Polish Embassy in Washington, D. C. was designed by the architect George Oakley Totten and was intended to be the city home of the U. S. Senator John B. Henderson. Completed early in 1910, the building was finished in a style reminiscent of seventeenth and eighteenth century French mansionettes, however, it incorporates major elements of English styling, such as the use of double-hung windows, limestone balconies and the addition of an elaborate iron and glass marquee over the front; the building was purchased on behalf of the government of the newly independent Polish nation in 1919 by the country's first ambassador to the United States, Prince Kazimierz Lubomirski. Since very few changes have been made and the building thus retains many of its outstanding period features.

In 1978 a team of specialists was brought from Poland to repair and renovate the ornate plaster and woodwork of the embassy's state rooms, returning the interior to its former grandeur and restoring its artistic integrity. In the embassy's main'salon' stands a large Steinway piano, still used to entertain guests at many of the embassy's events throughout the year; the instrument not only evokes memories of music played on it by outstanding musicians over the years, but, as a gift to the Embassy during World War II from Ignacy Jan Paderewski, is in itself a symbol of Polish patriotism. Paderewski played it during his last American tour, when he fell ill and had to cancel his concerts, he died soon after in 1941 and was buried in Arlington National Cemetery with the request that his body be returned to Poland'only when his country is independent once more'. This request was carried out in 1992 when he was exhumed from his grave in Arlington and reinterred in Warsaw's Powązki Cemetery. Throughout the embassy there is a large and varied array of both portraits and landscapes by a number of Polish artists of different eras.

Amongst these is an original oil on canvas portrait by Josef Grassi of Polish national hero Tadeusz Kościuszko, a Pole who after meeting with Benjamin Franklin in Paris proceeded to the United States to fight in the revolutionary war and who went on to design the fortifications at West Point. Kościuszko returned to Poland and devoted his life to achieving Polish freedom, it is to this end that he led the Kościuszko Uprising, which aimed to liberate Poland from the partitioning powers of Prussia and the Russian Empire. The Polish ambassador's residence in Washington, D. C. is located in the fashionable'Embassy Row' area of Washington, on Whitehaven Street, an address shared by the diplomatic missions of Italy and Denmark. Adjacent to the British Embassy and near to the Washington home of former U. S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, the house is considered one of the finest ambassadorial residences in the city. Bought by the Polish government in 2008 as part of a Polish Foreign Office policy to purchase "buildings befitting diplomacy," for a reported price of $9.55 million, the embassy is the home of Polish ambassador to the United States Piotr Wilczek.

The house, built in 1927, was the Washington residence of the late billionaire philanthropist, art collector, horse breeder Paul Mellon and his widow, Listerine heiress, Rachel Mellon. The house itself is of the late Georgian style, a form of architecture which experienced a popular revival in 1920s Washington, D. C. and in grand residential projects of the era. The residence features a small stone portico, a large garden, private driveway accessed through large wrought iron gates from Whitehaven Street, a modest conservatory and swimming pool to the rear. Additionally the Polish flag now flies in front of the property; the house is used as the Washington residence of the incumbent ambassador and his family. It provides an intimate and comfortable location for entertaining the embassy's many official guests as well as conducting embassy garden parties on state holidays and at various points throughout the year. There are other departments of the Polish embassy which are located in buildings other than the Chancery.

The economic section of the embassy, which deals with trade and business interests between Poland and the United States, is located at 1503 21st Street NW. The consular section of the embassy, which deals with visa and passport matters to both Polish citizens and foreign nationals wishing to visit or emigrate to Poland, is located at 2224 Wyoming Avenue NW. Poland – United States relations List of diplomatic missions of Poland Foreign relations of Poland Polish nationality law Embassy of the Republic of Poland in Washington, D. C. wikimapia