In several cultures, a middle name is a portion of a personal name, written between the person's given name and their surname. A person may be given a middle name regardless of whether it's necessary to distinguish them from other people with the same given name and surname. In cultures where a given name is expected to precede the surname, additional names are to be placed after the given name and before the surname, thus called middle names. In English-speaking American culture, that term is applied to names occupying that position if the bearer would insist that that name is being mistakenly called a "middle name", is actually: part of a two-word given name, a maiden name, a patronymic, a baptismal name, or a maternal surname. In the United States, such names are referred to as middle names. In the U. S. the "middle name" is abbreviated to the middle initial or omitted in everyday use. An individual may have none. In the United Kingdom, for comparison, she would be referred to as either Mary Bianchi, M. L. Bianchi or Mary Lee Bianchi, or she may choose Lee Bianchi, informally there may be familiar shortenings.
It is debatable how long multiple given names have existed in English-speaking countries, but it is certain that among royalty and aristocracy the practice existed by the late 17th century, as exemplified in the name of the Stuart pretender James Francis Edward Stuart. Despite their long existence in North America, the phrase "middle name" was not recorded until 1835, in the periodical Harvardiana; the use of multiple middle names has been somewhat impeded by the increased use of computer databases that allow for only a single middle name or more a middle initial in storing personal records preventing people with multiple middle names from being listed in such databases under their full name. This is worsened by longer compound names, like María del Pilar Pereyra or María de las Nieves García; the abbreviation "N. M. N." or "N. M. I.", with or without periods, is sometimes used in formal documents in the United States, where a middle initial or name is expected but the person does not have one.
The middle name can be a maiden name. Since 1905, "middle name" has developed a figurative usage meaning a notable or outstanding attribute of a person, as in the phrase "discretion is my middle name." In countries that speak English—such as Australia, Ireland, New Zealand, the United States, the United Kingdom—the forename of a relative is sometimes used as one's middle name to honor familial heritage. In many cases in the United States, however, a person's middle name has little or no lineage-related context, is used instead to honor close family friends or notable public figures. In the United States, those who choose to be known by their middle name may abbreviate their first name as an initial, e.g. J. Edgar Hoover. Others omit the first name, like Woodrow Wilson. A rare case of an individual being given only an initial as a middle name, with the initial not explicitly standing for anything, was Harry S. Truman. More than two given names are common. In England, they are traditionally more common among the "upper classes" and "middle classes".
Examples are J. R. R. Tolkien, J. B. Priestley, C. S. Lewis, T. S. Eliot. Middle names can be used as first names. Major examples are Paul McCartney, Mitt Romney, Dakota Fanning, Stephen Curry, Elle Fanning, Sylvester Stallone, Jonathan Demme, Jason Witten, Riley Keough, Reese Witherspoon, Hayley Orrantia, Brad Pitt, Ashton Kutcher, Meghan Markle, Scott Chandler, Nomar Garciaparra, Bill Mumy, Roger Waters, Carl Lewis and Jim Acosta. Traditionally, Chinese names consisted of three characters—the surname, followed by a two-character given name, not separated into a first and middle name in usage. Two-character given names follow a naming tradition in which the first character of the given name indicates the person's generation in his/her family. For example, the Yongzheng Emperor of the Qing dynasty has the given name Yinzhen while his brothers' names all begin with the character "Yin", his sons' and nephews' given names all begin with the character Hong. Traditionally, the list of generational names may be decided many generations in advance by the ancestors.
In such naming systems, the de facto given name is the last character of a person's full name. If, the case most of the time, sometimes the person's given name is the middle character and not the last. A three-character name is both patriarchal and hierarchical, as it would inform of a person's belonging and rank within a family. During the One-child Policy, there was no need for a generation name as there was only one child in each generation. Many names in Mainland China were shortened to two-characters during this time, there are many adults with shorter names remnant from this era; this would not
Mga Nagbabagang Bulaklak
Mga Nagbabagang Bulaklak is a 2011 Philippine drama series broadcast by TV5 on March 21, 2011. Starring Sheryl Cruz, Ruffa Gutierrez, Arci Munoz, Carla Humphries, Valerie Concepcion and the Star Factor finalist Ritz Azul and is directed by Jon Red. TV5's second teledrama offering, Mga Nagbabagang Bulaklak is a controversial show by Benedict Migue that displays events within and outside of the broadcast industry on television. Rosal Flores is a former dancer, apprehensive of her daughters’ involvement in show business, she knows the dangers of the industry. Her daughters Dahlia and Daisy repeat Rosal's experiences as the story unfolds. Dahlia and Daisy get enmeshed in show business in their pursuit of their dream to become successful dancers/actors. Sheryl Cruz as Rosal Flores Carla Humphries as Camella / Ivy Amor / Irish Valerie Concepcion as Violet Alindogan Ruffa Gutierrez as Orchidia Ortega a.k.a. Ms. O Arci Munoz as Dahlia Flores / Carnation Ritz Azul as Daisy Flores Christine Young as Lily Richard Gomez as Apollo Ortega a.k.a.
Mr. A Phillip Salvador as Zeus Montemayor a.k.a. Mr. Z James Blanco as Eros Jay Aquitania as Hector Victor Basa as Marco Montemayor Allan Paule as Artemio Flores Jean Saburit as Mrs. Montemayor Mel Martinez as Magnolia Rufa Mi as Makahiya Luningning as Frida Milagring as Pia Mariposa as Ness Jon Avila as Boris Delgado Rosanna Roces as Daffodil Gabo Clint as Ulyses Edward James Baviera as Dyaggo The official theme song of Mga Nagbabagang Bulaklak is "Init sa Magdamag", performed by Marvin Ong and Maffy Soler, it was performed by Nonoy Zuniga. The duets were popularized by Sharon Cuneta. Kenya - 2012 - KTN Kenya Vietnam - TodayTV VTC7 - September 9, 2013/SNTV SCTV6 - April 25, 2014 List of programs broadcast by TV5 List of programs aired by TV5 Mga Nagbabagang Bulaklak on IMDb
A beauty pageant or beauty contest is a competition that has traditionally focused on judging and ranking the physical attributes of the contestants, although most contests have evolved to incorporate personality traits, intelligence and answers to judges' questions as judged criteria. The term refers to contests for women such as the Big Four international beauty pageants; the organizers of each pageant may determine the rules of the competition, including the age range of contestants. The rules may require the contestants to be unmarried, be "virtuous", "amateur", available for promotions, besides other criteria, it may set the clothing standards in which contestants will be judged, including the type of swimsuit. Beauty pageants are multi-tiered, with local competitions feeding into the larger competitions. For example, the international pageants have thousands of local competitions. Child beauty pageants focus on beauty, sportswear modelling and personal interviews. Adult and teen pageants focus on makeup and gowns, swimsuit modelling, personal interviews.
A winner of a beauty contest is called a beauty queen. The rankings of the contestants are referred to as placements. Possible awards of beauty contests include titles, tiaras or crowns, scepters, savings bonds and cash prizes; however and teen pageants have been moving more towards judging speaking. Some pageants award college scholarships, to multiple runners-up. European festivals dating to the medieval era provide the most direct lineage for beauty pageants. For example, English May Day celebrations always involved the selection of a May Queen. In the United States, the May Day tradition of selecting a woman to serve as a symbol of bounty and community ideals continued, as young beautiful women participated in public celebrations. A beauty pageant was held during the Eglinton Tournament of 1839, organized by Archibald Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton, as part of a re-enactment of a medieval joust, held in Scotland; the pageant was won by Georgiana Seymour, Duchess of Somerset, the wife of Edward Seymour, 12th Duke of Somerset, sister of Caroline Norton, she was proclaimed as the "Queen of Beauty".
Entrepreneur Phineas Taylor Barnum staged the first modern American pageant in 1854, but his beauty contest was closed down after public protest. Beauty contests became more popular in the 1880s. In 1888, the title of'beauty queen' was awarded to an 18-year-old Creole contestant at a pageant in Spa, Belgium. All participants had to supply a photograph and a short description of themselves to be eligible to enter and a final selection of 21 was judged by a formal panel; such events were not regarded as respectable. Beauty contests came to be considered more respectable with the first modern "Miss America" contest held in 1921; the oldest pageant still in operation today is the Miss America pageant, organized in 1921 by a local businessman as a means to entice tourists to Atlantic City, New Jersey. The pageant hosted the winners of local newspaper beauty contests in the "Inter-City Beauty" Contest, attended by over one hundred thousand people. Sixteen-year-old Margaret Gorman of Washington, D. C. was crowned Miss America 1921, having won both the popularity and beauty contests, was awarded $100.
In May 1920, promoter C. E. Barfield of Galveston, Texas organized a new event known as "Splash Day" on the island; the event featured a "Bathing Girl Revue" competition as the centerpiece of its attractions. The event was the kick-off of the summer tourist season in the city and was carried forward annually; the event became known outside of Texas and, beginning in 1926, the world's first international contest was added, known as the International Pageant of Pulchritude. This contest is said to have served as a model for modern pageants, it featured contestants from England, Russia and many other nations and the title awarded at the time was known as "Miss Universe". The event was discontinued in the United States in 1932 because of the Depression; the popularity of the Miss America pageant prompted other organizations to establish similar contests in the 1950s and beyond. Some were significant; the Miss World contest started in 1951, Miss Universe started in 1952 as did Miss USA. Miss International started in 1960.
Miss Asia Pacific International started in 1968. The Miss Black America contest started in 1968 in response to the exclusion of African American women from the Miss America pageant; the Miss Universe Organization started the Miss Teen USA in 1983 for the 14-19 age group. Miss Earth started in 2001, which channels the beauty pageant entertainment industry as an effective tool to promote the preservation of the environment; these contests continue to this day. The requirement for contestants to wear a swimsuit was a controversial aspect of the various competitions; the controversy was heightened with the increasing popularity of the bikini after its introduction in 1946. The bikini was banned for the Miss America contest in 1947 because of Roman Catholic protesters; when the Miss World contest started in 1951, there was an outcry when the winner was crowned in a bikini. Pope Pius XII condemned the crowning as sinful, countries with religious traditions threatened to withdraw delegates; the bikini was banned for other contests.
It was not until the late 1990s that they became permitted again, but still generated controversy when finals were held in countries where bikinis were disapproved. For example, in 2003, Vida Samadzai from Afghanistan caused
Glamorosa is a Philippine drama series which tackles love, medical cosmetology and perfection offered by TV5 and airs Mondays to Fridays after Wil Time Bigtime. The series is all about the world of cosmetic surgery and the glamorous lifestyle of the two cosmetic surgeons competing for love and success in an industry masked by beauty and marred by intrigues and lies; the series was led by Alice Dixson. It is the 2nd Primetime Anniversary Offering of TV5; the Primetime Series has been part of the Top 10 Primetime Programs in the NUTAM Ratings. Vengeance puzzled the life of Paulina after, her father was brutally killed on that day. She planned a revenge plot to Dra. Claudia Herrera, the main root of her miserable life and the root to her rivalry to Natalia. Natalia, Claudia's daughter, was trapped to a perfectionist mother, her mother never felt that she'd live up to her pressures her every time. One day, she met Karl on an incident. Meanwhile, Paulina started her revenge, she asked Karl to seduce Natalia.
After a long courting and the pressure Natalia was experiencing to her mother, she decided to live with Karl and make their family. Karl had fallen in love to Natalia. Paulina used Claudia to bring back the same with Claudia; when Natalia was set to labour, she suffered car accident with Karl. Claudia kept the new-born baby to her driver and bodyguard, while Karl had suffered amnesia. Paulina used this incident to take away the love of Karl to Natalia, she used that incident to blackmail Claudia to support Karl's hospital needs that made Claudia to give her millions. Paulina used the money to go abroad and start her business along with Karl and the baby, given by Oscar, she didn't know that it wasn't Karl and Natalia's daughter because Oscar gave his own daughter for the hospital needs it was needed to support its life. Because of what had happened, Natalia chose to study abroad and erase all the things from her past, including her heartbreak and the death of her child. After more than 2 years, TV5 continues the primetime domination with award-winning actors and actresses.
The series brings back two of the Philippine Award Winning Actress, Lorna Tolentino and the Grand-Slam Best Actress and the Philippine Timeless Beauty Alice Dixson. Both have worked in the 1988 film, Nagbabagang Luha directed by Ishmael Bernal. Lorna Tolentino was last seen in the critically acclaimed Primetime Television Series of ABS-CBN, Minsan Lang Kita Iibigin. In this series, she will be working with her fellow co-actors from that series, Tonton Gutierrez and Ronaldo Valdez; this marks her first Primetime Soap for TV5 and her 2nd time to work with Alice Dixson after the previous television series in 2004, Hanggang Kailan aired on rival station GMA 7. The primetime series is the 2nd anniversary initial offering, of the network to its viewers, it brings the network's homegrown talent, Ritz Azul, after her first primetime series, Mga Nagbabagang Bulaklak. The series brings Gloria Diaz, Lotlot de Leon with Celeste Legaspi; the series started production on October 4, 2011. Dra. Natalia Herrera- Marciano - A wealthy and successful cosmetic surgeon with a heart hardened by betrayal and tragedy brought about by the loss of her child and the man she loves.
She is the daughter of Claudia Herrera, a well-known name in the world of beauty industry to cosmetic surgery. She will know that Paulina, her mortal enemy is her half-sister. Dra. Paulina Valdez-Marciano - An up-and-coming cosmetic surgeon and the rival to Natalia, her dark past done by Manolo and Claudia pursued her dream of vengeance that caused her rival in love and beauty to Natalia. Vengeance lead her to do everything to be more glamorous than her rival. In the end she will be left dying of knowing the truth that her real father, the main cause of her revenge is no other than Manolo. Giselle Herrera Marciano - A young girl in search of her true identity, she remains hopeful despite the constant jeers she receives from everyone because of the ugly scar on her face. She will grow up as a daughter of Oscar and Miranda. All of her trials and difficulties given by her ugly face will be wipen off by the surgery made by Paulina, not knowing that all of these are trap. In the end she will know all the truth about her identity and will switch life and fate to Adriana who will experience all of sufferings made by an ugly face.
Dra. Claudia Montesilva-Herrera - A perfectionist and unloving mother of Natalia, she is considered as the country's pioneer in the beauty industry. Always the perfectionist, she never felt that Natalia would live up to her expectations, so this gives rise to constant tension between mother and daughter, she had a dark past with the reason why she don't love her daughter. She and Manolo killed Roger Valdez, titular father of Paulina and it is because of an incident that happened on their mansion, she kept Natalia's child to her bodyguard, Oscar to protect the name she had when Natalia accidentally laboured the child on a car accident. Tatiana Herrera - A gold digger spinster and sister of Manolo Herrera, she went to New York to have there her career as a singer. She returned to the Herrera's mansion, she is Claudia's major rival to the wealth of the Herrera's. Don Manolo Herrera / Lolo Rambo - A mysterious old man in the Home for the Aged, he is Claudia's lost husband who hides his identity brought by the things f
Habang Kapiling Ka
Habang Kapiling Ka is a Philippine television drama romance series broadcast by GMA Network. Directed by Maryo J. de los Reyes, it stars Angelika dela Cruz. It premiered on November 4, 2002 on the network's Telebabad line up replacing Ikaw Lang Ang Mamahalin; the series concluded on October 2003 with a total of 248 episodes. It was replaced by Twin Hearts in its timeslot. Lead castAngelika dela Cruz as Erica Malvarosa Victor Neri as Julius JavellanaSupporting castAlbert Martinez as Alejandro Javellana Snooky Serna as Olivia Malvarosa Tonton Gutierrez as Marius Malvarosa / Xandro / Kenji Ogata Richard Gutierrez as Basilio Malvarosa Chynna Ortaleza as Donna Javellana-Capistrano Toni Gonzaga as Emillie Capistrano-Bravo Railey Valeroso as Pierre Paolo Capistrano-Bravo Chin Chin Gutierrez as Helga Lamermoore Ruffa Gutierrez as Venus Paraiso Alma Moreno as Salve Capistrano Zoren Legaspi as Jonas Capistrano Amy Perez as Divine Ogata Yul Servo as Nonoy Bautista Jaime Fabregas as Fausto Bravo Aleck Bovick as Liway Tootsie Guevara as Bunny BravoGuest castDivine Tetay Patricia Ismael Long Mejia as Badong Jake Roxas as Ludwig Hans Montenegro as Lino Nonie Buencamino as Javier Camille Roxas as Medea Andrea del Rosario as Nanette Lloyd Samartino as Milton Sheree Bautista as Magnolia Rosette Cancino as young Emilie Cheng Luciano as young Erika Johnjohn Castro as young Julius Lorenzo Hemulgada as young Pierre Paolo Kitchie Nadal as Kimmie Manny Pacquiao as himself Jinkee Pacquiao as herself 2003 Best Drama Actress winner — Snooky Serna at PMPC Star Awards for TV 2003 Best Drama series nominee at PMPC Star Awards for TV 2003 Best Drama Actress nominee Angelika dela Cruz at PMPC Star Awards for TV Habang Kapiling Ka on IMDb
ABS-CBN Corporation known as ABS-CBN, is a Filipino media and entertainment group based in Quezon City, Philippines. It is the Philippines' largest entertainment and media conglomerate in terms of revenue, operating income, net income, equity, market capitalization, number of employees. ABS-CBN was formed by the merger of Chronicle Broadcasting Network. ABS was founded in 1946 by American electronics engineer James Lindenberg as Bolinao Electronics Corporation. In 1952, BEC was renamed Alto Broadcasting System, after Judge Antonio Quirino — brother of President Elpidio Quirino, who purchased the company; the company that would be merged with ABS to form ABS-CBN was founded in 1956 as Chronicle Broadcasting Network by newspaper mogul Eugenio Lopez, Sr. and his brother Fernando Lopez, the Vice President of the Philippines. The two companies were merged and incorporated as ABS-CBN Broadcasting Corporation on 1 February 1967, renamed ABS-CBN Corporation in 2010 to reflect the company's diversification.
The common shares of ABS-CBN were first traded on the Philippine Stock Exchange in July 1992 under the ticker symbol ABS. The group owns and operates the ABS-CBN and ABS-CBN Sports+Action national television networks as well as the Radyo Patrol and My Only Radio regional radio networks; the ABS-CBN television network - in particular, is the largest contributor to the group's revenue, generating about 50 to 60 percent of the group's total annual revenue from selling airtime to advertisers. The remaining revenue is generated from consumer sales from ABS-CBN Global Ltd. which distributes international television channels such as The Filipino Channel and Myx TV and from pay TV and broadband internet provider Sky. Other companies which operate under the ABS-CBN group are motion picture company Star Cinema, music recording label Star Music, publishing firm ABS-CBN Publishing, pay TV content provider and distributor Creative Programs, talent agency Star Magic. Among the pay TV networks and channels under the ABS-CBN group are ABS-CBN HD, ABS-CBN News Channel, ABS-CBN Sports+Action HD, Cinema One, Jeepney TV, Metro Channel and Myx.
In recent years, ABS-CBN has ventured and diversified in other businesses such as over-the-top platform iWant, digital terrestrial television service ABS-CBN TV Plus, family entertainment center Kidzania Manila, home shopping network O Shopping. ABS-CBN is the principal owner of the ABS-CBN Philharmonic Orchestra; the nucleus of ABS-CBN Corporation began in 1946 with Bolinao Electronics Corporation. BEC was established by James Lindenberg, one of the founding fathers of Philippine television, an American electronics engineer who went into radio equipment assembly and radio broadcasting. At that time, the largest media company was Manila Broadcasting, with DZRH as the leading radio station. In 1949, James Lindenberg shifted Bolinao to radio broadcasting with DZBC and masterminded the introduction of television to the country in 1953. In 1951, Lindenberg partnered with Antonio Quirino, brother of then-Philippine President Elpidio Quirino, in order to try their hand at television broadcasting. In 1952, BEC was renamed as Alto Broadcasting System or ABS.
"Alto" was a contraction of Quirino's and his wife's first names and Aleli. Though they had little money and resources, ABS was able to put up its TV tower by July 1953 and import some 300 television sets; the initial test broadcasts began on September of the same year. The first full-blown broadcast, was on 23 October 1953, of a party in Tony Quirino's humble abode; the television station was known as DZAQ-TV. In turn, on 24 September 1956, the Chronicle Broadcasting Network was organized; the network, which focused only on radio broadcasting, was owned by Don Eugenio Lopez, Sr. and the then- Philippine Vice President Fernando Lopez, on launched its own TV station, DZXL-TV 9 in April 19, 1958. In 1957, Don Eugenio acquired ABS from Lindenberg. However, it was only on 1 February 1967, that the corporate name was changed to ABS-CBN Broadcasting Corporation to reflect the merger. Before, it was named ABS-CBN Broadcasting Corporation, the name was reverted to the precursor of the network, Bolinao Electronics Corporation or BEC, but the ABS-CBN brand was first used in 1961.
In 1958, the network's new headquarters at Roxas Boulevard were inaugurated, all radio and television operations were consolidated into its two buildings, the radio stations at the Chronicle Building at Aduana Street, Intramuros and the TV operations at the brand new Roxas Boulevard building in Pasay City. In the late 1950s, Don Eugenio's son, Geny Lopez saw the potential of TV and radio to reach and link Filipinos across the archipelago. By the mid-1960s, the ABS network was leading the radio industry, with stations like DZXL and DZAQ Radyo Patrol in the Manila area, which featured journalists like Ernie Baron, Bong Lapira, Orly Mercado, Joe Taruc, Mario Garcia, Jun Ricafrente, Bobby Guanzon, Rey Langit, various other stations nationwide. ABS made breakthroughs in the TV industry by achieving the country's first color TV broadcast, first satellite feed, first use of videotape, among others, it featured top shows such as Your Evening with Pilita and Tawag ng Tanghalan, the country's first comedy show Buhay Artista, first Philippine game show, What's My Living and the first noontime show Student Canteen, among others.
It was pioneering in marathon election coverage in 1967 when the TV & radio stations of the networ