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Rugby School

Rugby School is an independent co-educational day and boarding school in Rugby, England. Founded in 1567 as a free grammar school for local boys, it is one of the oldest independent schools in Britain. Up to 1667, the school remained in comparative obscurity, its re-establishment by Thomas Arnold during his time as Headmaster, from 1828 to 1841, was seen as the forerunner of the Victorian public school. It is one of the original seven Great Nine Public Schools defined by the Clarendon Commission of 1864. Rugby School was the birthplace of Rugby football. In 1845, a committee of Rugby schoolboys, William Delafield Arnold, W. W. Shirley and Frederick Hutchins, wrote the "Laws of Football as Played At Rugby School", the first published set of laws for any code of football; as the nature of the school shifted, a new school – Lawrence Sheriff Grammar School – was founded in 1878 to continue Lawrence Sheriff's original intentions. Rugby expanded further in the 20th century and new buildings were built inspired by the Edwardian Era.

The Temple Speech Room, named after former headmaster and Archbishop of Canterbury Frederick Temple is now used for whole-School assemblies, speech days, musicals – and BBC Mastermind. Between the wars, the Memorial Chapel, the Music Schools and a new Sanatorium appeared. In 1975 two girls were admitted into the sixth form, the first girls’ house opened 3 years followed by three more. In 1992, the first 13-year-old girls arrived, in 1995 Rugby had its first-ever Head Girl, Louise Woolcock, who appeared on the front page of The Times. In September 2003 a last girls’ house was added. Today, total enrolment of day pupils, from forms 4 to 12, numbers around 800. Rugby School was founded in 1567 as a provision in the will of Lawrence Sheriff, who had made his fortune supplying groceries to Queen Elizabeth I of England. Since Lawrence Sheriff lived in Rugby and the neighbouring Brownsover, the school was intended to be a free grammar school for the boys of those towns. Up to 1667, the school remained in comparative obscurity.

Its history during that trying period is characterised by a series of lawsuits between the Howkins family, who tried to defeat the intentions of the testator, the masters and trustees, who tried to carry them out. A final decision was handed down in 1667, confirming the findings of a commission in favour of the trust, henceforth the school maintained a steady growth. "Floreat Rugbeia" is the traditional school song. Pupils beginning Rugby in the F Block study various subjects. In a pupil's second year, they do nine subjects which are for their GCSEs, this is the same for the D Block; the school provides standard A-levels in 29 subjects. Students at this stage have the choice of taking three or four subjects and are offered the opportunity to take an extended project; the Governing Body provides financial benefits with school fees to families unable to afford them. Parents of pupils who are given a Scholarship are capable of obtaining a 10% fee deduction, although more than one scholarship can be awarded to one student.

It was no longer desirable to have only local boys attending and the nature of the school shifted, so a new school – Lawrence Sheriff Grammar School – was founded in 1878 to continue Lawrence Sheriff's original intentions. The core of the school was completed in 1815 and is built around the Old Quad, with its Georgian architecture. Notable rooms are the Upper Bench, the Old Hall of School House, the Old Big School. Thomas Hughes once carved his name on the hands of the school clock, situated on a tower above the Old Quad; the polychromatic school chapel, new quadrangle, Temple Reading Room, Macready Theatre and Gymnasium were designed by well-known Victorian Gothic revival architect William Butterfield in 1875, the smaller Memorial Chapel was dedicated in 1922. By the twentieth century Rugby expanded and new buildings were built inspired by this Edwardian Era; the Temple Speech Room, named after former headmaster and Archbishop of Canterbury Frederick Temple and now used for whole-School assemblies, speech days, musicals – and BBC Mastermind.

Oak-panelled walls boast the portraits of illustrious alumni, including Neville Chamberlain holding his piece of paper. Between the wars, the Memorial Chapel, the Music Schools and a new Sanatorium appeared. In 2005, Rugby School was one of fifty of the country's leading independent schools found guilty of running an illegal price-fixing cartel allowing them to drive up fees for thousands of parents; each school was required to pay a nominal penalty of £10,000 and all agreed to make ex-gratia payments totalling three million pounds into a trust designed to benefit pupils who attended the schools during the period in respect of which fee information was shared. However, Mrs Jean Scott, the head of the Independent Schools Council, said that independent schools had always been exempt from anti-cartel rules applied to business, were following a long-established procedure in sharing the information with each other, that they were unaware of the change to the law, she wrote to John Vickers, the OFT director-general, saying, "They are not a group of businessmen meeting behind closed doors to fix the price of their products to the disadvantage of the consumer.

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Mya Sein

Daw Mya Sein is a Burmese author and historian. She led the Burma Women's Council, served as a representative of Asia for the League of Nations in 1931, as a representative at the Geneva Women's Conference. Mya Sein was born in British Burma, she is the youngest child of three of May Oung, a legal scholar who served Minister of Home Affairs of British Burma, his wife Thein Mya, a great-granddaughter of Htaw Lay, Governor of Dala. She attended St. Mary's SPG High School, she was ranked as the fifth best high school student in the whole country in 1919. She continuing educated at Rangoon College, she was awarded Jardin Prize, she graduated from Rangoon University in 1927 and continuing educated in Oxford University in 1928. Mya Sein is the first Burmese woman to graduate from Oxford University in the late 1930. From 1931 to 1933, She served as a representative of Asia for the League of Nations, representative of Geneva Women Conference and representative to the Burma Round Table Conference in London.

From 1939 to 1942, She served as a representative member of the Burmese-Chinese Peace and chairwoman of the Yangon Education Board. From 1950 to 1960, Mya Sein was political science at Rangoon University. After her retirement, she became a visiting professor of Burmese history and culture at Columbia University in New York; as a prolific writer, Mya Sein penned many articles on Burma in international publications, notably penning the "Administration of Burma" in 1938, "Burma" in 1944 and "The Future of Burma" in 1944. Administration of Burma Burma The Future of Burma Mya Sein was married to ICS U Shwe Baw in 1933 and divorce in 1954, she had one son and one daughter, Mya Baw and Mya Thandar, she died in 10 November 1988 at the age of 84

The Lost Shoe

The Lost Shoe is a 1923 German silent fantasy film directed by Ludwig Berger and starring Helga Thomas, Paul Hartmann and Mady Christians. Its plot is loosely based on that of Cinderella; the film premiered on 5 December 1923 at the Ufa-Palast am Zoo in Berlin. It was produced by Decla-Bioscop, by part of the large UFA conglomerate; the film's sets were designed by the art director Rudolf Bamberger. Helga Thomas as Marie Paul Hartmann as Anselm Franz Frida Richard as Patin Hermann Thimig as Baron Steiß-Steßling Lucie Höflich as Countess Benrat Mady Christians as Violante Olga Tschechowa as Estella Max Gülstorff as Baron von Cucoli Gertrud Eysoldt as Rauerin Leonhard Haskel as Prince Habakuk XXVI Werner Hollmann as Count Ekelmann Georg John as Jon Emilie Kurz as Princess Alloysia Paula Conrada Schlenther as Princess Anastasia Arnold Korff Hardt, Ursula. From Caligari to California: Erich Pommer's life in the International Film Wars. Berghahn Books, 1996; the Lost Shoe on IMDb

Hancock County, Iowa

Hancock County is a county in the U. S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 11,341; the county seat is Garner. The county was founded on January 15, 1851 and named in honor of John Hancock, a leader of the Continental Congress during the American Revolution. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 573 square miles, of which 571 square miles is land and 2.0 square miles is water. U. S. Highway 18 U. S. Highway 69 Iowa Highway 17 Winnebago County Cerro Gordo County Wright County Kossuth County Hancock county was established as a result of an election on June 28, 1858. At the time two townships and Madison, were established. Soon after a courthouse was built in Garner, Iowa that continues to be the county seat; the 2010 census recorded a population of 11,341 in the county, with a population density of 19.8578/sq mi. There were 5,330 housing units; as of the census of 2000, there were 12,100 people, 4,795 households, 3,375 families residing in the county. The population density was 21 people per square mile.

There were 5,164 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 97.70% White, 0.09% Black or African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.38% from other races, 0.40% from two or more races. 2.49 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 4,795 households out of which 32.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.90% were married couples living together, 6.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.60% were non-families. 26.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.01. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.50% under the age of 18, 6.60% from 18 to 24, 25.50% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, 17.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 96.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,703, the median income for a family was $44,248. Males had a median income of $29,452 versus $20,376 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,957. About 5.20% of families and 6.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.90% of those under age 18 and 6.90% of those age 65 or over. As of December 2008, the unemployment rate in Hancock County was 9.1%, a sharp rise from 4.0% in December 2007. In 2016 the unemployment rate dropped back to 2.2%. Duncan Hayfield Hutchins Miller Stilson Hancock County is divided into sixteen townships: The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Hancock County.† county seat Hancock County Courthouse National Register of Historic Places listings in Hancock County, Iowa Hancock County, Iowa Official website

List of renamed places in Pakistan

Many traditional places, roads and buildings names were changed in Pakistan before and after the independence of the country. Here is a list of renamed places in Pakistan. Raj Shahi → Islamabad Shalkot → Quetta Mahmudpur → Lahore SagalaSialkot Nerunkot → Hyderabad Lyallpur → Faisalabad Nawabshah → Benazirabad Montgomery → Sahiwal Fort Sandeman → Zhob ShahenshahHussain Shah KhanpurGujranwala KhangarhJacobabad Salwankot→ Sialkot Campbellpur → Attock Pipri → Bin Qasim Hindu Bagh→ Muslim Bagh Ajodhan → Pakpattan Rowdayana → Swat PushkalavatiCharsadda Ram Bagh - Aaram Bagh Gandhi Garden - Karachi Zoological Garden Kirshan Nagar and Dev Samaj areas - Islam Pura Sant Nagar - Sunnat Nagar- Sandha. Shadman Chowk - Bhagat Singh Mayo School of Arts - National College of Arts Tempbell Street * Hameed Nizami Lawrence garden - Baghe Jinnah Montgomery Hall - Quaid-e-Azam Library Munto Park - Iqbal Park Race Course park - Jeelani Park Atmaram Street -Bagh-e-Zehra Street Barnes Street -Jamila Street Bonus Street -Fatima Jinnah Road Bunder Road -M. A. Jinnah Road Burnes Road -Mohammad Bin Qasim Road Clark Road -Shahrah-e-Iraq Clifton Road -Khayaban-e-Iqbal Commissariat Road- Kiyani Shaheed Road Connaught Road- Chaudhry Rehmat Ali Road Cowel Road -Sarmad Road Drigh Road -Shara-e-Faisal Elphinstone Street -Zaibunnisa Street Embankment Road- Nawab Mahabat Khan Road Frere Road- Shahrah-e-Liaquat Frere Street -Dr.

Daudpota Road Garden Road- Sir Aga Khan III Road Gizri Road -Chaudhry Khaliquzzaman Road Golf Club Road- McLallan Road Grant Road -Hasrat Mohani Road Harchandrai Road- Hussain Bhai Bandukwala Road & Siddiq Wahab Road Harris Road -Aga Khan Road Havelock Road -Aiwan-e-Sadr Road Hiradharam Road -Mohammad Ali Bogra Road Hira Lal Ganatra Road- Aslam Road Hospital Road -Rafiqui Shaheed Road Ingle Road- M. R. Kiyani Road Inverarity Road- Sarwar Shaheed Road Kattyan Road -Stock Exchange Road Kingsway -Shahrah-e-Kamal Ata Turk Kutchery Road - Dr. Ziauddin Ahmed Road Lawrence Road -Nishtar Road Lidbetter Road- Japani Road Mansfield Street -Syedna Burhanuddin Road McLeod Road- I. I. Chundrigar Road Napier Road -Shahrah-e-Altaf Hussain Napier Street -Mir Karamali Talpur Road Newnham Road -Fakhr Matri Road Princess Street- Chand Bibi Street Queens Road -Moulvi Tamizuddin Khan Road Queensway -Shahrah-e-Iraq Ramachandra Temple Road -Babar Street Rampart Road -Adamji Dawood Road Scandal Point Road- Club Road Solomon David Road -Suleman Dawood Road Somerset Street -Raja Ghazanfar Ali Khan Road Srichand Vishindas Road -Haji Kassim Sommra Street Tahilram K. Road -G.

Allana Road Udhavdas V. Street -Soomra Gali University Road - Jamiluddin Aali Victoria Road -Abdullah Haroon Road Vishwanath Patel Road- Aslam Road Wood Street -Talpur Road Grand Trunk Rd - Shahrah-e-Quaid-e-Azam Queen’s road - Fatima Jinnah Mayo Road - Allama Iqbal road Davis road - Sir Aga Khan road Empress Road - Shahrah-e-Abdul Hameed bin Badees Egerton Rd - Khalifa Shujauddin Rd Renaming of cities in India


Tirukazhukundram is a panchayat town and Taluk head of Tirukalukundram taluk in Chengalpattu district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is famous for a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. Tirukazhukundram's name is derived from kazhughu. At one time, two eagles soared above this Shiva hilltop temple every day at lunch time, the priest at the temple gave them food as a ritual. According to legend, these eagles were not ordinary eagles, but two rishis whom a curse had transformed into birds; the legend said that the eagles would stop coming to the temple during the Kali Yuga. The eagles have not been sighted in recent years, regarded as a sign that the Kali Yuga has begun. There is no Nandi on this hilltop temple of lord Shiva as it is believed that Nandi refused to step on this hill as it considered the whole of this hill as lord Shiva himself, hence stayed back on the ground level by the foothills; the prefix Tiru in Tirukazukundram means'holy' or'sacred' and is traditionally used in names of temple towns in all parts of Tamil Nadu.

In the 2011 India census, Tirukalukundram had a population of 29,391. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Tirukalukundram has an average literacy rate of 72%, lower than the national average of 74.04%: male literacy is 80%, female literacy is 65%. In Tirukalukundram, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. There are about 565 steps to reach this hilltop temple; the picture above is an another Shiva temple by name'Shri Tirupura Sundari' on the ground level. Thirukazhukundram is located on State Highway 58 between Madras and Thiruttani, 70 kilometres from Chennai and 15 kilometres from the tourist town of Mahabalipuram, it lies 10 kilometres from Old Mahabalipuram Road, 10 kilometres from East Coast Road, 15 kilometres from GST road. In the Tamil science fiction thriller film 2.0, the story takes place in Thirukazhukundram