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Rugby union positions

In the game of rugby union, there are 15 players on each team, comprising eight forwards and seven backs. In addition, there may be up to eight replacement players "on the bench", numbered 16–23. Players are not restricted to a single position, although they specialise in just one or two that suit their skills and body types. Players that play multiple positions are called "utility players". Forwards compete for the ball in scrums and line-outs and are bigger and stronger than the backs. Props push in the scrums, while the hooker tries to secure the ball for their team by "hooking" it back with their heel; the hooker is the one, responsible for throwing the ball in at line-outs, where it is competed for by the locks, who are the tallest players on the team. The flankers and number eight are expected to be the first players to arrive at a breakdown and play an important role in securing possession of the ball for their team; the backs play behind the forwards and are more built and faster. Successful backs are skilful at kicking.

Full-backs need to be good defenders and kickers, have the ability to catch a kicked ball. The wingers are among the fastest players in a team and score many of the tries; the centres' key attacking roles are to break through the defensive line and link with wingers. The fly-half can be a good kicker and directs the back line; the scrum-half retrieves the ball from the forwards and needs a quick and accurate pass to get the ball to the backs. Early names, such as "three-quarters" and "outside-half" are sometimes used in the Northern Hemisphere, while in the Southern Hemisphere the fly-half and inside centre are colloquially called "first five-eighth" and "second five-eighth" while the scrum-half is known as the "half-back"; the scrum must consist of eight players from each team: the "front row", the "second row", a "back row". The players outside the scrum are called "the backs": scrum-half, fly-half, inside centre, outside centre, two wings, a fullback. There is a maximum of 15 players from each team allowed on a rugby field at any one time.

The players' positions at the start of the game are indicated by the numbers on the backs of their shirts, 1 to 15. The positions are divided into two main categories. In international matches, there are eight substitutes; the substitutes, numbered 16 to 23, can either take up the position of the player they replace or the on-field players can be shuffled to make room for this player in another position. The forwards among the substitutes will have lower numbers than the backs. There are no personal squad numbers and a versatile player's position and number may change from one game to the next. Players can change positions during the match. Different positions on the field suit certain skill sets and body types leading to players specialising in a limited number of positions; each position has certain roles to play on the field, although most have been established through convention rather than law. During general play, as long as they are not offside, the players may be positioned anywhere on the field.

It is during the set pieces. During early rugby union games there were only two positions; the attacking possibilities of playing close behind the scrimmage were recognised. The players who stationed themselves between the forwards and tends became known as "half-tends", it was observed that the players outside scrimmage were not limited to a defensive role, so the tends and half-tends were renamed "backs" and "half-backs". As the game became more sophisticated, the backs positioned at different depths behind the forwards, they were further differentiated into half-backs, three-quarter-backs, full-back. Specialised roles for the scrum evolved with "wing-forward" being employed to protect the half-back; the first international between England and Scotland was played in 1871 and consisted of 20 players on each side: thirteen forwards, three half-backs, one three-quarter and three full-backs. The player numbers were reduced to fifteen in 1877. Numbers were added to the backs of players' jerseys in the 1920s as a way for coaches and selectors to rate individual players.

The various positions have changed names over time and many are known by different names in different countries. Players in the flanker positions were known as "wing forwards", while in the backs, "centre three-quarter" and "wing three-quarter" were used to describe the outside centre and wing The names used by World Rugby tend to reflect Northern Hemisphere usage although fly-half is still known as "outside-half" or "stand-off" in Britain, "outhalf" in Ireland. In New Zealand, the scrum-half is still referred to as the "half-back", the fly-half is referred to as the "first five-eighth", the inside centre is called the "second five-eighth" and the outside centre is known as "centre". In America and Canada the number 8 is known as "8-man". C

St Dyfnog's Church, Llanrhaeadr

The Church of St Dyfnog, Llanrhaeadr-yng-Nghinmeirch, Wales, is a parish church dating from the 13th century. The church is most famous for its Tree of Jesse window which dates from 1533; the church is a Grade I listed building. The first mentions of the church occur in the Norwich Taxatio Ecclesiastica of 1254 and the Lincolnshire Taxatio of 1291; the South chamber and the door of the tower may both date from this time. The "particularly fine enriched roofs" are dating from re-modellings in the 15th and 16th centuries; the Jesse window, the church's most famous feature, dates from 1533. The window is reputed to have been removed and buried during the English Civil war to protect it from destruction, it was re-instated in 1661. The church suffered at the hands of Victorian restorers; the church remains an active parish church within the Mission Area of Denbigh. The church is constructed of limestone rubble with sandstone dressings and slate roofs, it has a South chamber and a four-storey tower. The architectural historian Edward Hubbard notes the style as Perpendicular, with the possible exception of the tower door.

The interior contains a "wonderfully complete" Tree of Jesse window, described by Cadw as "the apogee of the early Tudor North Wales school of glazing". The window, showing Jesus's descent from Jesse, has been called "the finest Glass window in all Wales, exceeded by few in England"; the church contains a number of significant monuments to local grandees including those of Watkin Edwards Wynne and Maurice Jones, the latter "large and Baroque, reclining bewigged effigy". There is a rare carved pelican, dated 1792, shown feeding its young with its blood; the church is a Grade I listed building, the listing recording it as "an exceptionally fine late medieval church the famous Jesse window". Hubbard, Edward. Clwyd: Denbighshire and Flintshire; the Buildings of Wales. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-09627-5

Bruce Darnell

Bruce Darnell is an American model and choreographer based in Germany. Darnell grew up in Colorado. After studying sociology, he enlisted in the U. S. Army and served six years as a paratrooper in the 82nd Airborne Division. In 1983 he began his career as a model in Germany. During the following years he modeled for Kenzo, Issey Miyake, Hermès and Calvin Klein in Paris, Milan and New York. Darnell has worked since 1990 as a choreographer and coached models for the catwalk, he attained public fame in Germany when he took part in 2006 in the ProSieben show Germany's Next Topmodel as a juror. In connection with advertisements for this show he became famous for his American accent and his effeminacy, he has become famous for his mistakes in spoken German, most notably "das ist der Wahrheit", which he has since taken as a trademark expression. He has appeared in television advertisements for C&A and O2. From February to March 2008 he hosted his own fashion-themed television show, called Bruce, on Das Erste, but the show received poor ratings and was canceled after the initial run's 20 episodes.

While Darnell does not appear in Germany's Next Topmodel anymore, he is still a coach on the Swiss edition of the show as well as being a judge on Das Supertalent, the German incarnation of the Got Talent franchise. In 2011, he was a judge on Deutschland sucht den Superstar along with Cascada singer Natalie Horler and Dieter Bohlen. Bruce Darnell at the Internet Movie Database Official website Website of the TV show Bruce