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Rules of water polo

The rules of water polo are the rules and regulations which cover the play, procedure and officiating of water polo. These rules are similar throughout the world, although slight variations do occur regionally and depending on the governing body. Governing bodies of water polo include FINA, the international governing organisation for the rules. Note: Rules below reflect the latest FINA Water Polo Rules. Senior games consist of seven players from each team that are allowed in the playing area of the pool during game play. FINA reduced the number of players in U20 competitions that they sanction to six in 2014. If a player commits an exclusion foul that team will play with one player fewer until the player is allowed to re-enter. If a player commits a violent act, such as striking a player the referee may signal a brutality foul, in which case that team is required to play with one fewer player in the water for 4 minutes, besides the culprit being ejected. Plus, the culprit may not be allowed to compete in a given number of future games depending on the governing body.

Players may be substituted in and out after goals, during timeouts, between quarters, after injuries. During game play, players exit in the corner of the pool, or in front of their goal; when play is stopped, they may exit anywhere. If at any time during play a team has more players in the pool than they are allowed, a penalty is given to the opposing team. If a team starts with less than six outfield players, the referee may yellow card the coach for allowing it to happen and give a major foul to the opposition on 6 metres, if the 6th player joins the game illegally. A variation is Beach water polo, which has four players including the goal keeper, a smaller field, some other differing rules; the two opposing teams must wear caps which contrast: with both goalkeeper cap color, with the other team's cap color and with the ball color. In practice, one team wears dark caps and the other white. Teams may choose to wear different cap colors. For instance, Australia's women's water polo team. For NFHS, CWPA, NCAA rules the home team is dark and the away team is white.

The water polo cap is used to protect the players' heads and ears, the numbers on them make them identifiable from afar by the referee. Both goalies wear red striped caps; the first choice goalkeeper is marked "1" with the reserve being marked "13" or "1A". The game is divided into four periods. There is no overtime in international water polo, games proceed to a shootout if a victor is required. At the collegiate level there are two straight 3-minute periods. Lower levels of play have different overtime rules depending on the organization; the game clock is stopped. As a result, the average quarter lasts around 12 minutes of real time. A team may not have possession of the ball for longer than 30 seconds without shooting for the goal unless an opponent commits an ejection foul. After 30 seconds, possession passes to the other team, the shot-clock is reset; the clock is reset for 30 seconds after a goal or neutral throw, or penalty in which possession is exchanged. However, if a team shoots the ball within the allotted time, regains control of the ball, the shot clock is reset to 20 seconds.

It is reset for 20 seconds after a major foul, corner throw, or rebound from a penalty throw if the attacking team retain possession. The presence of a shot-clock leads one of the key concepts in water polo: you do not need the ball, it will come back to you, eg after a goal, failed goal attempt, or at the end of the shot-clock period. So, it is not necessary to try to take the ball in an over-aggressive manner. You lose a player and they gain more time. So the art of defence is to slow down the play and wait for the ball. Dimensions of the water polo pool are not fixed and can vary between 20×10 and 30×20 meters, therefore short course pools can be used. Minimum water depth must be least 1.8 meters, but this is not the case due to nature of the pool. The goals are 90 centimeters high; the middle of the pool is designated by a white line. Before 2005, the pool was divided by 4 meter lines; this has been merged into one 5 meter line since the 2005–2006 season, and'6 meter' line since the 2019-2020 season.

The 6 meter line is marked by a yellow line. It was brought in by FINA in 2019, relates to the method of taking a free throw after an ordinary or exclusion foul. The'5 meter' line is whe

Crane Township, Paulding County, Ohio

Crane Township is one of the twelve townships of Paulding County, United States. The 2000 census found 1,530 people in the township, 1,314 of whom lived in the unincorporated portions of the township. Located in the northern part of the county, it borders the following townships: Mark Township, Defiance County - north Delaware Township, Defiance County - northeast corner Emerald Township - east Jackson Township - southeast corner Paulding Township - south Harrison Township - southwest corner Carryall Township - west Hicksville Township, Defiance County - northwest cornerThe village of Cecil is located in northeastern Crane Township. Crane Township was named for a pioneer settler. Statewide, the only other Crane Township is located in Wyandot County; the township is governed by a three-member board of trustees, who are elected in November of odd-numbered years to a four-year term beginning on the following January 1. Two are elected in the year after the presidential election and one is elected in the year before it.

There is an elected township fiscal officer, who serves a four-year term beginning on April 1 of the year after the election, held in November of the year before the presidential election. Vacancies in the fiscal officership or on the board of trustees are filled by the remaining trustees. County website


Buprestis is a genus of beetles in the family Buprestidae, the jewel beetles. As of 2011 there were 78 described species distributed across most of the world's ecozones except parts of Africa and Antarctica. Species include: Buprestis adjecta Buprestis aetnensis Baviera & Sparacio, 2002 Buprestis alemanica Buprestis apicipennis Reitter, 1898 Buprestis apricans Herbst, 1801 Buprestis atlas Szallies, 1994 Buprestis auratostriata Buprestis aurora Bellamy, 2011 Buprestis aurulenta Linnaeus, 1767 Buprestis bergevini Théry, 1911 Buprestis bertheloti Laporte & Gory, 1837 Buprestis bilyi Novak & Kubá, 1993 Buprestis biplagiata Waterhouse, 1882 Buprestis carabuho Westcott, 1998 Buprestis catoxantha Gory, 1840 Buprestis concinna Buprestis confluenta Say, 1823 Buprestis connexa Horn, 1875 Buprestis consularis Gory, 1841 Buprestis costipennis Buprestis cubensis Fisher, 1925 Buprestis cupressi Germar, 1817 Buprestis cuprostriata Buprestis dalmatina Mannerheim, 1837 Buprestis decemspilota Hope, 1831 Buprestis decipiens Fisher, 1925 Buprestis decora Fabricius, 1775 Buprestis deleta Buprestis douei Lucas, 1846 Buprestis dumonti Buprestis esakii Kurosawa, 1954 Buprestis fairmairei Théry, 1911 Buprestis fasciata Fabricius, 1787 Buprestis flavoangulata Buprestis florissantensis Wickham, 1914 Buprestis fremontiae Burke, 1924 Buprestis gibbsii Buprestis gracilis Buprestis griseomicans Buprestis guttatipennis Abeille de Perrin, 1900 Buprestis haardti Théry, 1934 Buprestis haemorrhoidalis Herbst, 1780 Buprestis hauboldi Buprestis hauseri Obenberger, 1928 Buprestis heydeni Buprestis hilaris Klug, 1829 Buprestis hispaniolae Fisher, 1940 Buprestis humeralis Klug, 1829 Buprestis intricata Casey, 1909 Buprestis kashimirensis Beeson, 1919 Buprestis kruegeri Buprestis kudiensis Cockerell, 1926 Buprestis laeviventris Buprestis langii Mannerheim, 1843 Buprestis lebisi Descarpentries, 1956 Buprestis lineata Fabricius, 1781 Buprestis lyrata Casey, 1909 Buprestis maculativentris Say, 1825 Buprestis maculipennis Gory, 1841 Buprestis magica Laporte & Gory, 1837 Buprestis margineaurata Weidlich, 1987 Buprestis maura Olivier, 1790 Buprestis megistrache Cockerell, 1926 Buprestis metallescens Abeille de Perrin, 1891 Buprestis meyeri Heyden, 1858 Buprestis mirabilis Kurosawa, 1969 Buprestis novemmaculata Linnaeus, 1767 Buprestis nutalli Kirby, 1837 Buprestis octoguttata Linnaeus, 1758 Buprestis panamensis Théry, 1923 Buprestis parmaculativentris Knull, 1958 Buprestis picta Waterhouse, 1882 Buprestis piliventris Waterhouse, 1882 Buprestis pongraczi Weidlich, 1987 Buprestis pristina Buprestis prospera Casey, 1909 Buprestis redempta Buprestis rufipes Olivier, 1790 Buprestis rustica Linnaeus, 1758 Buprestis rusticana Buprestis salisburyensis Herbst, 1801 Buprestis salomonii Buprestis samanthae Buprestis sanguinea Fabricius, 1798 Buprestis saxigena Scudder, 1879 Buprestis scudderi Wickham, 1914 Buprestis senecta Heyden, 1858 Buprestis seorsus Buprestis sepulta Scudder, 1879 Buprestis seyfriedi Buprestis splendens Fabricius, 1775 Buprestis sterbai Obenberger, 1943 Buprestis striata Fabricius, 1775 Buprestis strigosa Gebler, 1830 Buprestis subornata Buprestis sulcicollis Buprestis tertiaria Scudder, 1879 Buprestis tincta Buprestis tradita Heyden, 1859 Buprestis transversepicta Kerremans, 1897 Buprestis ventralis Waterhouse, 1882 Buprestis viridistriatus Buprestis viridisuturalis Nicolay & Weiss, 1918 Buprestis zayasi Fisher, 1953

Wang Xufeng

Wang Xufeng is an influential Chinese writer and tea expert. She is a recipient of one of the most prestigious literary prizes in China, the Mao Dun Literature Prize. Wang's ancestral hometown was in Jiangsu Province. Wang was born in Pinghu, Zhejiang Province in February 1955, she studied at the Department of History, Hangzhou University between 1978 and 1982. After graduation, Wang taught at Hangzhou 14th Middle School, she worked in a Hangzhou local factory manufacturing radio technology. Wang is a researcher at China Tea Museum, a professor at Zhejiang Forestry University, vice president of the Zhejiang Writers Association. Wang's most famous work is Three Trilogies of Teamen, for which she won the 5th Mao Dun Literature Prize. 《茶人三部曲》 《南方有嘉木》 《不夜之候》 《筑草为城》Wang has done many studies on tea and tea culture, such as: 《茶文化通论》 Wang Xufeng's biography and works Wang Xufeng's blog Wang Xufeng's blog at Zhejiang BlogNet

Johnny Hekker

Johnny Robert Hekker is an American football punter for the Los Angeles Rams of the National Football League. He played college football at Oregon State, he was signed by the Rams as an undrafted free agent in 2012. Hekker is a four-time First Team four-time Pro-Bowler, he holds the NFL record for longest punt in Super Bowl history, with a 65-yarder that he delivered in Super Bowl LIII. Hekker attended Bothell High School in Bothell and graduated in 2008, he was the starting quarterback of the Cougars football team during his senior year, leading them to a State Championship game, which they lost. He briefly played basketball for the school in his senior year. Hekker played for the Oregon State Beavers football team. In 2008, Hekker was named the Sun Bowl Special Teams MVP after averaging 45 yards on 10 punts, including boots of 57 and 52 yards in the fourth quarter of a 3–0 win for the Beavers over the Pitt Panthers, he was a four-year starter and finished his college career as one of Oregon State's most prolific punters.

As a Beaver, he set a single-game school record with a 52.5 average against the Utah Utes in 2011. Hekker ranked third-best in career-punt yardage in school history with a solid 41.3 yards average per punt. In 2011, he earned College Football Performance Award Punter of the Week and was named to the Ray Guy Award Watch List – given annually to the nation's best punter. In 2009, he was semi-finalist for the Phil Steele All-Pac-10 Second Team; as a senior, Hekker recorded a total of 52 career punts over 50 yards, including 17 when he had six different games with at least one punt of 60+ yards. Hekker earned Pac-12 Conference Honorable Mention with 87 career punts downed inside the 20-yard line in 2011, he had at least one punt of 50+ yards in every game but one in 2010. Hekker had several memorable kicks as a Beaver. One was the second-longest punt in school history; the punt went for 74 yards in 2010 against USC. Another was a negative-yardage punt. For three years, Hekker worked as the holder on placekicks.

In 2012, Hekker was signed as an undrafted free agent with the St. Louis Rams. In Week 2, Hekker was nominated for Pepsi NFL Rookie of the Week after recording 3 punts, 165 yards, a 48.7 net punt average, with the longest punt being 66 yards. In Week 4 against the Seattle Seahawks, Hekker threw a 2-yard touchdown pass to wide receiver Danny Amendola on a fake field goal, he became the first Rams punter to throw a touchdown pass since the AFL-NFL merger. In Week 5 against the Arizona Cardinals, he set a Rams franchise record with a gross punting average of 56.9 in one game, beating the old mark of 56.0 set by Donnie Jones on three other occasions. He recorded 7 punts for 398 yards in the game, placing three of his punts inside the opponent's 20-yard line, he had two punts of 60 plus yards. In doing so, he stopped Patrick Peterson from returning a punt for a touchdown against St. Louis, as he did in both rivalry games last season. Hekker was again nominated for Pepsi NFL Rookie of the Week. In Week 10 against the San Francisco 49ers, Hekker converted on two fake punt passes for 40 yards, while having 4 punts with a 31-yard average and placing one of his punts inside the opponent's 20-yard line in a 24-all draw.

The first of the two passes was an audible called by Hekker himself after gunner Rodney McLeod was left uncovered. Hekker was again nominated for Pepsi NFL Rookie of the Week. Overall, in the 2012 season, Hekker had 82 punts for 3,756 net yards for a 45.8 average. On December 29, 2013, Hekker broke the single season record for net punt yards held by Andy Lee in 2006 for the San Francisco 49ers. Overall, in the 2013 season, Hekker had 78 punts for 3,609 net yards for a 46.27 average. On October 19, 2014, Hekker threw a pass to running back Benny Cunningham on a fake punt with 1:14 left in a game against the Seattle Seahawks. On December 5, 2014, Hekker agreed to a six-year, $18 million contract extension with the St. Louis Rams, $9 million of, guaranteed. Hekker's deal is the largest contract given to a punter. Overall, in the 2014 season, Hekker finished with 80 punts for 3,721 net yards for a 46.51 average. On December 27, 2015, early in the second quarter of a game between the St. Louis Rams and Seattle Seahawks, Hekker was penalized 15 yards for unnecessary roughness for shoving Cliff Avril after a 45-yard punt.

In the game, Hekker dropped to the ground when he thought Michael Bennett was going to hit him as retaliation. Bennett said that Hekker acted "like a little girl" in a post game interview. In the 2015 season, Hekker again led the league in net punting average and was named as an All-Pro by the Associated Press for the second time. In 2016, Hekker set NFL records for punts downed inside the 20, had only one touchback, broke his own record for net punting yardage; some speculated. Hekker was named to his third First-team All-Pro. Overall, in the 2016 season, Hekker finished with 98 punts for 4,680 net yards for a 47.76 average. On September 11, 2017, Hekker signed a two-year contract extension with the Rams through the 2022 season. In a Week 2 game against the Washington Redskins, Hekker recorded a 28-yard pass to Josh Reynolds on a successful fake punt. On December 19, 2017, Hekker was named to his fourth Pro Bowl. Overall, in the 2017 season, Hekker finished with 65 punts for 3,113 net yards for a 47.89 average.

The Rams made the playoffs. In his playoff debut, Hekker had five punts for 218 net yards for a 43.6 average in the 26–13 loss to the Atlanta Falc

Mass Giorgini

Massimiliano Adelmo "Mass" Giorgini is an Italian-American bassist and record producer, who rose to fame when several of the bands he produced experienced huge gains in popularity during the pop-punk boom on the mid-‘90s. Among these bands was Giorgini's own Squirtgun, which received minor MTV rotation and several soundtrack appearances in major films in the 1990s. Mass Giorgini is the son of renowned Italian artist Aldo Giorgini. Giorgini has played bass guitar and tenor saxophones, sung backing vocals for a number of punk rock bands including Screeching Weasel, Common Rider, Rattail Grenadier, The Mopes and the Man, Torture the Artist, Sweet Black And Blue; as a composer, Giorgini has written songs for his band Squirtgun, but in addition has lent writing assistance to several bands he has produced. His songwriting work appears in the films Mallrats and Bubble Boy; as a producer, he has worked in conjunction with leading punk rock figures such as Billie Joe Armstrong of Green Day and Kris Roe of the Ataris, produced music by bands such as Rise Against, Anti-Flag, Alkaline Trio.

Since 1990, he has operated Sonic Iguana Studios in Lafayette, Indiana. He has been involved in creating the recordings of many bands, his production work has taken him all over the globe, including production stints in Australia, Spain and the Cayman Islands, as well as in numerous states of the United States. Screeching Weasel- Ramones The Queers- Love Songs for the Retarded Screeching Weasel- Wiggle Smoking Popes- Get Fired Screeching Weasel- How to Make Enemies and Irritate People The Queers- Beat Off The Fighters - Breaking Bones for Laughs The Fighters / Winepress - The Rambling Boys of Pleasure The Queers- Move Back Home The Riverdales- The Riverdales Squirtgun- Squirtgun 88 Fingers Louie- Behind Bars The Crumbs- The Crumbs The Queers- A Day Late And A Dollar Short Cub- Box of Hair Screeching Weasel- Bark Like a Dog The Queers- Don't Back Down Beatnik Termites - Bubblecore The Riverdales- Storm the Streets Squirtgun- Another Sunny Afternoon Groovie Ghoulies- Re-Animation Festival The Huntingtons- Fun and Games Beatnik Termites - Pleasant Dreams The Queers- Punk Rock Confidential Parasites - Rat Ass Pie The Connie Dungs - Earthbound for the Holiday Groovie Ghoulies- Fun in the Dark The Lillingtons- Death By Television Dead Letter Dept.

- Forever In A Day Groovie Ghoulies- Travels with my Amp Anti-Flag- Underground Network Rise Against- The Unraveling Caulfield -... Sleep Tight, Ya Morons The Real Swinger - Back from Nowhere Ded Bugs - Planet of Blood Common Rider- This is Unity Music Justin Sane- Life and the Pursuit of Justice Groovie Ghoulies- Go! Stories Ben Weasel- Fidatevi The Queers- Pleasant Screams The Copyrights- We Didn't Come Here To Die The Methadones - Career Objective Groovie Ghoulies- Monster Club The Riverdales- Phase Three Squirtgun- Fade to Bright Teen Idols- Nothing to Prove Ded Bugs - Stop and Smell the Stinking Corpse Lilies Resident Genius/Howard Zinn- You Can't Blow Up A Social Relationship Los Pepiniyoz - Lluvia, Lluvia The Vacancy - Heart Attack The Queers- Munki Brain The Riptides - Hang Out The Queers - Grow Up Amuse - Tosche Station Lot Lizards Suckerbox - Suckerbox The Peacocks - Touch and Go Alkaline Trio - Remains Los Pepiniyoz - Carta a la Luna The Riptides - Mental Therapy Squirtgun- Broadcast 02.09.08 Root Hog- Root Hog Viernes13 - Rockaway Hits Karmella's Game - You'll Be Sorry Anti-Flag- The People or the Gun The Riptides - Tales From Planet Earth Torture the Artist - Torture the Artist Tungas - El Espíritu del Tiempo The Riptides - Tough Luck The Peacocks - After All Svetlanas - Svetlanas Squints - Taking Toll Horace Pinker - Local State Inertia Anti-Flag- The General Strike One Man Army - She's an Alarm Rise Against- Long Forgotten Songs: B-Sides & Covers 2000–2013 Anti-Flag- Document of Dissent The Copyrights- Report The Grow Ops - The Grow Ops Anti-Flag- American Spring Ducking Punches- Fizzy Brain The Riptides- Canadian Graffiti The Sweethearts- Traces of Time Ducking Punches- Alamort Giorgini is the son of artist Aldo Giorgini.

Prior to his career in music, Giorgini earned a degree in Psychology from Purdue University and began a course of graduate study in that same field. When his father became terminally ill with a form of brain cancer, Giorgini suspended his studies in order to care for his ailing father. Following his father's death, Giorgini abandoned his doctorate studies in psychology, dedicated himself to music. A pair of articles co-authored by Giorgini were published in respected psychology academic journals from Giorgini's period prior to his departure from the field. Giorgini returned to academics in the area of Spanish Literature, in which he earned both a Master's and Ph. D. degree from Purdue University in Cervantes Studies at the same university. He has published several articles in academic journals and chapters in book-length studies on literature and film. Most of his research has been on the investigation of encoded messages protesting the Inquisition written between the lines of the novel Don Quixote by Miguel de Cervantes.

In March 2014, Giorg