DVD is a digital optical disc storage format invented and developed by Philips, Sony and Panasonic in 1995. The medium can store any kind of data and is widely used for software. DVDs offer higher capacity than compact discs while having the same dimensions. Pre-recorded DVDs are mass-produced using molding machines that physically stamp data onto the DVD, such discs are a form of DVD-ROM because data can only be read and not written or erased. Blank recordable DVD discs can be recorded using a DVD recorder. Rewritable DVDs can be recorded and erased many times, DVDs containing other types of information may be referred to as DVD data discs. The OED states that in 1995, The companies said the name of the format will simply be DVD. Toshiba had been using the name ‘digital video disk’, but that was switched to ‘digital versatile disk’ after computer companies complained that it left out their applications, Digital versatile disc is the explanation provided in a DVD Forum Primer from 2000 and in the DVD Forums mission statement.
There were several formats developed for recording video on optical discs before the DVD, Optical recording technology was invented by David Paul Gregg and James Russell in 1958 and first patented in 1961. A consumer optical disc data format known as LaserDisc was developed in the United States and it used much larger discs than the formats. CD Video used analog video encoding on optical discs matching the established standard 120 mm size of audio CDs, Video CD became one of the first formats for distributing digitally encoded films in this format, in 1993. In the same year, two new optical disc formats were being developed. By the time of the launches for both formats in January 1995, the MMCD nomenclature had been dropped, and Philips and Sony were referring to their format as Digital Video Disc. Representatives from the SD camp asked IBM for advice on the system to use for their disc. Alan E. Bell, a researcher from IBMs Almaden Research Center, got that request and this group was referred to as the Technical Working Group, or TWG.
On August 14,1995, an ad hoc group formed from five computer companies issued a release stating that they would only accept a single format. The TWG voted to both formats unless the two camps agreed on a single, converged standard. They recruited Lou Gerstner, president of IBM, to pressure the executives of the warring factions, as a result, the DVD specification provided a storage capacity of 4.7 GB for a single-layered, single-sided disc and 8.5 GB for a dual-layered, single-sided disc
Atlanta is the capital of and the most populous city in the U. S. state of Georgia, with an estimated 2015 population of 463,878. Atlanta is the cultural and economic center of the Atlanta metropolitan area, home to 5,710,795 people, Atlanta is the county seat of Fulton County, and a small portion of the city extends eastward into DeKalb County. In 1837, Atlanta was founded at the intersection of two lines, and the city rose from the ashes of the American Civil War to become a national center of commerce. Atlantas economy is considered diverse, with dominant sectors that include logistics and business services, media operations, Atlanta has topographic features that include rolling hills and dense tree coverage. Revitalization of Atlantas neighborhoods, initially spurred by the 1996 Olympics in Atlanta, has intensified in the 21st century, altering the demographics, politics. Prior to the arrival of European settlers in north Georgia, Creek Indians inhabited the area, standing Peachtree, a Creek village located where Peachtree Creek flows into the Chattahoochee River, was the closest Indian settlement to what is now Atlanta.
As part of the removal of Native Americans from northern Georgia from 1802 to 1825, the Creek ceded the area in 1821. In 1836, the Georgia General Assembly voted to build the Western, the initial route was to run southward from Chattanooga to a terminus east of the Chattahoochee River, which would be linked to Savannah. After engineers surveyed various possible locations for the terminus, the zero milepost was driven into the ground in what is now Five Points. A year later, the area around the milepost had developed into a settlement, first known as Terminus, and as Thrasherville after a merchant who built homes. By 1842, the town had six buildings and 30 residents and was renamed Marthasville to honor the Governors daughter, later, J. Edgar Thomson, Chief Engineer of the Georgia Railroad, suggested the town be renamed Atlantica-Pacifica, which was shortened to Atlanta. The residents approved, and the town was incorporated as Atlanta on December 29,1847, by 1860, Atlantas population had grown to 9,554.
During the American Civil War, the nexus of multiple railroads in Atlanta made the city a hub for the distribution of military supplies, in 1864, the Union Army moved southward following the capture of Chattanooga and began its invasion of north Georgia. On the next day, Mayor James Calhoun surrendered Atlanta to the Union Army, on November 11,1864, Sherman prepared for the Union Armys March to the Sea by ordering Atlanta to be burned to the ground, sparing only the citys churches and hospitals. After the Civil War ended in 1865, Atlanta was gradually rebuilt, due to the citys superior rail transportation network, the state capital was moved from Milledgeville to Atlanta in 1868. In the 1880 Census, Atlanta surpassed Savannah as Georgias largest city, by 1885, the founding of the Georgia School of Technology and the citys black colleges had established Atlanta as a center for higher education. In 1895, Atlanta hosted the Cotton States and International Exposition, during the first decades of the 20th century, Atlanta experienced a period of unprecedented growth.
In three decades time, Atlantas population tripled as the city expanded to include nearby streetcar suburbs
Rumpelstiltskin is a fairy tale popularly associated with Germany. The tale was one collected by the Brothers Grimm in the 1812 edition of Childrens, according to researchers at Durham University and the Universidade Nova de Lisboa, the story originated around 4,000 years ago. In order to make himself appear superior, a miller lies to the king, telling him that his daughter can spin straw into gold. The king calls for the girl, shuts her in a room filled with straw and a spinning wheel. When she has given up all hope, an imp-like creature appears in the room, when next morning the king takes the girl to a larger room filled with straw to repeat the feat, the imp spins in return for the girls ring. He extracts from her a promise that she give him her firstborn child. The king keeps his promise to marry the millers daughter, but when their first child is born, the imp returns to claim his payment, Now give me what you promised. She offers him all the wealth she has to keep the child and he finally consents to give up his claim to the child if she can guess his name within three days.
Her many guesses fail, but before the night, she wanders into the woods searching for him and comes across his remote mountain cottage and watches, unseen, as he hops about his fire. In his songs lyrics, tonight tonight, my plans I make, tomorrow tomorrow, the queen will never win the game, for Rumpelstiltskin is my name, he reveals his name. Some versions have the imp limiting the number of daily guesses to three and hence the number of guesses allowed to a maximum of nine. When the imp comes to the queen on the day, after first feigning ignorance, she reveals his name, Rumpelstiltskin. In the 1812 edition of the Brothers Grimm tales, Rumpelstiltskin ran away angrily, Other versions have Rumpelstiltskin driving his right foot so far into the ground that he creates a chasm and falls into it, never to be seen again. In the oral version originally collected by the Brothers Grimm, Rumpelstiltskin flies out of the window on a cooking ladle, all these tales are Aarne–Thompson type 500, The Name of the Helper.
Another of the Grimms tales revolves about a girl trapped by false claims about her spinning abilities, the three women who assist that girl do not demand her firstborn, but instead ask that she invite them to her wedding and say that they are relatives of hers. She complies, and when the three appear at the wedding, amazing the king with their ugliness, they tell the king that their various deformities are the result of their years of spinning, the horrified king decrees that the bride will spin no more. In contrast to Rumpelstiltskins self-seeking, these helpers ask only the payment of extending their benevolence to the heroine, and ensure that she will not need their help again. In one Italian variant, the girl must discover their names, as with Rumpelstiltskin, but not for the reason, she must use their names to invite them
In 1998 it became a subsidiary of Amazon Inc, who were able to use it as an advertising resource for selling DVDs and videotapes. As of January 2017, IMDb has approximately 4.1 million titles and 7.7 million personalities in its database, the site enables registered users to submit new material and edits to existing entries. Although all data is checked before going live, the system has open to abuse. The site featured message boards which stimulate regular debates and dialogue among authenticated users, IMDb shutdown the message boards permanently on February 20,2017. Anyone with a connection can read the movie and talent pages of IMDb. A registration process is however, to contribute info to the site. A registered user chooses a name for themselves, and is given a profile page. These badges range from total contributions made, to independent categories such as photos, bios, if a registered user or visitor happens to be in the entertainment industry, and has an IMDb page, that user/visitor can add photos to that page by enrolling in IMDbPRO.
Actors and industry executives can post their own resume and this fee enrolls them in a membership called IMDbPro. PRO can be accessed by anyone willing to pay the fee, which is $19.99 USD per month, or if paid annually, $149.99, which comes to approximately $12.50 per month USD. Membership enables a user to access the rank order of each industry personality, as well as agent contact information for any actor, director etc. that has an IMDb page. Enrolling in PRO for industry personnel, enables those members the ability to upload a head shot to open their page, as well as the ability to upload hundreds of photos to accompany their page. Anyone can register as a user, and contribute to the site as well as enjoy its content, however those users enrolled in PRO have greater access and privileges. IMDb originated with a Usenet posting by British film fan and computer programmer Col Needham entitled Those Eyes, others with similar interests soon responded with additions or different lists of their own.
Needham subsequently started an Actors List, while Dave Knight began a Directors List, and Andy Krieg took over THE LIST from Hank Driskill, which would be renamed the Actress List. Both lists had been restricted to people who were alive and working, the goal of the participants now was to make the lists as inclusive as possible. By late 1990, the lists included almost 10,000 movies and television series correlated with actors and actresses appearing therein. On October 17,1990, Needham developed and posted a collection of Unix shell scripts which could be used to search the four lists, at the time, it was known as the rec. arts. movies movie database
National Amusements, Inc. is an American privately owned theater company based in Dedham, United States. The company was founded in 1936, as the Northeast Theatre Corporation by Michael Redstone, National Amusements is now owned by Michael Redstones son, Sumner Redstone, who holds 80% of the company, and Sumners daughter, Shari Redstone, who owns the remaining 20%. Through National Amusements, the Redstones control both the CBS Corporation and Viacom through supervoting shares, National Amusements is equal partners in MovieTickets. com. At the end of 2008, the Redstones financial troubles started when billionaire Sumner Redstone had to dump $400 million of nonvoting shares and it was released that National Amusement planned to sell $390 million of notes in another attempt to refinance a large part of the companys bank owed debt. In October 2009, the news was released that National Amusement would be selling almost $1 billion of stock they own in CBS, National Amusements has sold 35 theaters to Rave Motion Pictures.
AMC Theatres Bow Tie Cinemas Cinemark Theatres Regal Entertainment Group Official website Showcase Cinemas website 2001 Box Office Magazine profile of the company Yahoo
Rumplestiltskin, known by his Storybrooke name Mr. Gold, is a fictional character in ABCs television series Once Upon a Time. He was the main antagonist of the fourth season and is portrayed by Robert Carlyle. He is known as the Dark One, the Beast and he is the true love of Belle, father to Baelfire/Neal Cassidy, and grandfather to Neal and Emma Swans biological son Henry. Rumplestiltskin was born to the infamous Black Fairy and a con man named Malcolm, the Black Fairy abandoned him without even giving him a name, out of her desire to choose power over love. Later, as a boy, Malcolm left him with two spinners, from whom he receives a magic bean to create a portal to another world. Malcom used the bean to take them to Neverland, though he forced Rumplestiltskin to be returned to the Enchanted Forest, Rumplestiltskin witnessed as his father transforms into Peter Pan. In his adult years, Rumplestiltskin became a spinner who deserted from the Ogre Wars, to the disgust of his wife Milah. Rumplestiltskin was tricked into becoming the Dark One, killing Milah and cutting off Killians hand and he prevented his son Baelfire from being forced to join the wars, though Bae wants rid of his powers, creating a portal to transport them to a world without magic.
Rumplestiltskin fears losing his powers, leaving Bae to cross over alone and he trains Zelena, the Wicked Witch of the West, until she becomes jealous of his continued teaching of her half-sister, the Evil Queen Regina, who he chooses to cast his curse. Soon afterwards, Prince Charming and Snow White use squid ink to immobilize, Regina enacts his curse, and he requests that she give him a place of comfort in the new world that they will be sent to. In Storybrooke, he is Mr. Gold, the owner of a pawn shop, like everyone else except Regina, he does not remember his true identity until Emma comes to town and tells him her name. He owns most of the town and he finds Regina a baby whom she names Henry, only for her to learn that he is Emma Swans biological son. He helps Emma become Sheriff, and offers his services to Mary Margaret Blanchard. Gold eventually creates a potion to leave and tracks Bae to Manhattan, learning he is Neal Cassidy, Gold begins to die after he is poisoned by Hook with Dreamshade and the group return to Storybrooke, where Mary Margaret heals him by reluctantly cursing Coras heart.
When Henry is kidnapped to Neverland, Gold travels with Emma, her parents, returning to Storybrooke, Pan attempts to kill his loved ones, though Gold uses his dagger to sacrifice both himself and his father. However, Pans curse is enacted, and when Regina destroys her curse to end Pans curse and Belle travel to Rumplestiltskins castle and are located to the Dark Ones vault where Neal resurrects Rumplestiltskin but kills himself. Before he dies, Rumplestiltskin merges Neals body with his own, when Snow White and Prince Charming enact a curse to stop Zelena, Mr. Gold is returned to Storybrooke under Zelenas control. Emma finds him, only to find that Neal is trapped within him, Neal asks for Emma to free Gold to defeat Zelena, though he will die, she reluctantly agrees
AllMovie is an online guide service website with information about films, television programs, and screen actors. As of 2013, AllMovie. com and the AllMovie consumer brand are owned by All Media Network, AllMovie was founded by popular-culture archivist Michael Erlewine, who founded AllMusic and AllGame. The AllMovie database was licensed to tens of thousands of distributors and retailers for point-of-sale systems, the AllMovie database is comprehensive, including basic product information and production credits, plot synopsis, professional reviews, relational links and more. AllMovie data was accessed on the web at the AllMovie. com website and it was available via the AMG LASSO media recognition service, which can automatically recognize DVDs. In late 2007, Macrovision acquired AMG for a reported $72 million, the AMG consumer facing web properties AllMusic. com, AllMovie. com and AllGame. com were sold by Rovi in August 2013 to All Media Network, LLC. The buyers include the founders of SideReel and Ackrell Capital investor Mike Ackrell.
All Media Network offices are located in San Francisco, AllMusic AllGame SideReel All Media Network Official website
Turner Broadcasting System
The company was founded in 1970, and merged with Time Warner on October 10,1996. It now operates as a unit of Time Warner. The companys assets include CNN, HLN, TBS, TNT, Cartoon Network, Adult Swim, the companys current chairman and CEO is John K. Martin. Across Interstate 75/85 from the Techwood campus is the home of Turners WTBS superstation. By careful programming acquisitions, Turner guided the station to success, during December 1976, WTCG originated the superstation concept, transmitting via satellite to cable systems. On December 17,1976 at 1,00 pm, WTCG Channel 17s signal was beamed via satellite to its four cable systems in Grand Island, Newport News, Troy and Newton, Kansas. All four cable systems started receiving the 1948 Dana Andrews - Cesar Romero film Deep Waters already in progress, the movie had started 30 minutes earlier. WTCG went from being a television station to a major TV network that every one of the 24,000 households outside of the 675,000 in Atlanta was receiving coast-to-coast.
WTCG became a so-called Superstation and created a precedent of todays basic cable television, HBO had gone to satellite transmissions to distribute its signal nationally in 1975, but that was a service cable subscribers were made to pay extra to receive. Ted Turners innovation signaled the start of the cable revolution. In 1979, the changed its name to Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. On June 1,1980, CNN was launched at 17,00 EST becoming the first 24-hour news cable channel, in 1981, Turner Broadcasting System acquired Brut Productions from Faberge Inc. In 1984, Turner initiated Cable Music Channel, his competition for WASECs MTV, the channel was short-lived, but helped influence the original format of VH1. In 1986, after an attempt to acquire CBS, Turner purchased the film studio MGM/UA Entertainment Co. from Kirk Kerkorian for $1.5 billion. Following the acquisition, Turner had a debt and sold parts of the acquisition. MGM/UA Entertainment was sold back to Kirk Kerkorian, the MGM/UA Studio lot in Culver City was sold to Lorimar/Telepictures.
Turner kept MGMs pre-May 1986 and pre-merger film and TV library Turner Entertainment Co. was founded on August 4,1986, on October 3,1988, the company launched Turner Network Television. Turner expanded its presence in movie production and distribution, first with the 1991 purchase of the Hanna-Barbera animation studio, on December 22,1993, Turner acquired Castle Rock Entertainment
Their first collection of folk tales and Household Tales, was published in 1812. The brothers spent their formative years in the German town of Hanau and their fathers death in 1796 caused great poverty for the family and affected the brothers for many years after. They both attended the University of Marburg where they developed a curiosity about German folklore, which grew into a dedication to collecting German folk tales. The rise of romanticism during the 19th century revived interest in folk stories. With the goal of researching a scholarly treatise on folk tales, between 1812 and 1857, their first collection was revised and republished many times, growing from 86 stories to more than 200. The popularity of the Grimms best folk tales has endured well, Jacob Ludwig Carl Grimm was born on 4 January 1785 and his brother Wilhelm Carl Grimm on 24 February 1786. They were the second- and third-eldest surviving siblings in a family of nine children, in 1791, the family moved to the countryside town of Steinau, when Philipp was employed there as district magistrate.
The family became prominent members of the community, residing in a home surrounded by fields. Biographer Jack Zipes writes that the brothers were happy in Steinau, the children were educated at home by private tutors, receiving strict instruction as Lutherans that instilled in both a lifelong religious faith. In 1796, Philipp Grimm died of pneumonia, plunging his family into poverty, Dorothea depended on financial support from her father and sister, first lady-in-waiting at the court of William I, Elector of Hesse. Jacob was the eldest living son, and he was forced at age 11 to assume adult responsibilities for the two years. The two boys adhered to the advice of their grandfather, who continually exhorted them to be industrious, the brothers left Steinau and their family in 1798 to attend the Friedrichsgymnasium in Kassel, which had been arranged and paid for by their aunt. By then, they were without a provider, forcing them to rely entirely on each other. The two brothers differed in temperament, Jacob was introspective and Wilhelm was outgoing, sharing a strong work ethic, they excelled in their studies.
In Kassel, they became aware of their inferior social status relative to high-born students who received more attention. Still, each brother graduated at the head of his class, Jacob in 1803, after graduation from the Friedrichsgymnasium, the brothers attended the University of Marburg. The university was small with about 200 students and there they became aware that students of lower social status were not treated equally. They were disqualified from admission because of their standing and had to request dispensation to study law
Allyce Beasley is an American actress. She is known for her role as rhyming, love-struck receptionist Agnes DiPesto in the television series Moonlighting, from September 2000 to April 15,2007, she was the announcer on Playhouse Disney, a morning lineup of programming for toddlers on Disney Channel. She appeared briefly as a counselor in the Reese Witherspoon film comedy Legally Blonde and played Coachs daughter, Lisa Pantusso. Beasley was born Alice Tannenberg in Brooklyn, New York, the daughter of Harriet, a bookkeeper, and Marvin Tannenberg, Beasley was married to Christopher Sansocie from 1970 until their divorce in 1972. From 1985 until their divorce in 1988, she was married to actor Vincent Schiavelli, they had one son, in 1999, Beasley married for the third time to her current husband Jim Bosche. Beasley is a breast cancer survivor, Beasley has worked as a voice actress. On a computer game called Pacxon, she provides the voice of Clydes mom and she narrated for Playhouse Disney from 2000 until 2007.
During the summer of 2009, she was onstage in The Drowsy Chaperone at Gateway Playhouse on Long Island. She replaced Veanne Cox in the role of Mme, dindon in the Tony Award-winning revival of La Cage aux Folles on September 14,2010. A. As the World Turns Medium Gravity Bored To Death Gotham as Nurse Dorothy Duncan in S1. E11 Rogues Gallery Allyce Beasley at the Internet Movie Database Allyce Beasley at AllMovie
Camp is an aesthetic style and sensibility that regards something as appealing because of its bad taste and ironic value. Camp can be a social practice, for many it is considered a style and performance identity for several types of entertainment including film and pantomime. Where high art necessarily incorporates beauty and value, camp necessarily needs to be lively, Camp opposes satisfaction and seeks to challenge. Camp art is related to—and often confused with—kitsch, and things with camp appeal may be described as cheesy, American writer Susan Sontags essay Notes on Camp emphasized its key elements as, frivolity, naive middle-class pretentiousness, and shocking excess. Camp as an aesthetic has been popular from the 1960s to the present, Camp aesthetics were popularised by filmmakers George and Mike Kuchar, Jack Smith and his film Flaming Creatures, and John Waters, including the lasts Pink Flamingos and Polyester. Celebrities that are associated with camp personas include drag queens and performers such as Dame Edna Everage, Divine, RuPaul, Paul Lynde, and Liberace.
Camp was a part of the defense of popular culture in the 1960s and gained popularity in the 1980s with the widespread adoption of postmodern views on art. So as a noun, camp behaviour, mannerisms, et cetera, according to the dictionary, this sense is etymologically obscure. Camp in this sense has been suggested to derive from the French term se camper. Later, it evolved into a description of the aesthetic choices. Finally, it was made mainstream, and adjectivised, by Susan Sontag in a landmark essay, the rise of post-modernism made camp a common perspective on aesthetics, which was not identified with any specific group. The attitude originally was a factor in pre-Stonewall gay male communities. It originated from the acceptance of gayness as effeminacy, two key components of camp were originally feminine performances and drag. It was this version of the concept that was adopted by literary and art critics, moe Meyer still defines camp as queer parody. Television shows such as Are You Being Served, much of the cult following of camp today grew rapidly during the transition from black and white to color television in the early 1960s.
Network programming during that time was seeking entertainment content that would display the new medium with the use of bright colors, some of these shows were developed tongue-in-cheek by their producers. TV soap operas, especially those that air in primetime, are often considered camp, even the villains of shows as divergent as Batman and The Mod Squad were costumed as to take advantage of new colors and changing fashion styles, in ways that took advantage of camp. The over-the-top excess of Dynasty and Dallas were popular in the 1980s, mentos television commercials during the 1990s developed a cult following due to their camp Eurotrash humor