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Run batted in

A run batted in, plural runs batted in, is a statistic in baseball and softball that credits a batter for making a play that allows a run to be scored. For example, if the batter bats a base hit another player on a higher base can head home to score a run, the batter gets credited with batting in that run. Before the 1920 Major League Baseball season, runs batted in were not an official baseball statistic; the RBI statistic was tabulated—unofficially—from 1907 through 1919 by baseball writer Ernie Lanigan, according to the Society for American Baseball Research. Common nicknames for an RBI include "ribby", "rib", "ribeye"; the plural of RBI is "RBIs", although some commentators use "RBI" as both singular and plural, as it can stand for "runs batted in". The 2018 edition of the Official Baseball Rules of Major League Baseball, Rule 9.04 Runs Batted In, reads: A run batted in is a statistic credited to a batter whose action at bat causes one or more runs to score, as set forth in this Rule 9.04.

The official scorer shall credit the batter with a run batted in for every run that scores unaided by an error and as part of a play begun by the batter's safe hit, sacrifice bunt, sacrifice fly, infield out or fielder's choice, unless Rule 9.04 applies. The official scorer shall not credit a run batted in when the batter grounds into a force double play or a reverse-force double play; the official scorer's judgment must determine whether a run batted in shall be credited for a run that scores when a fielder holds the ball or throws to a wrong base. Ordinarily, if the runner keeps going, the official scorer should credit a run batted in. From 1980 to 1988, the game-winning RBI was an additional statistic used in MLB; the perceived significance of the RBI is displayed by the fact that it is one of the three categories that compose the triple crown. In addition, career RBIs are cited in debates over who should be elected to the Hall of Fame. However, critics within the field of sabermetrics, argue that RBIs measure the quality of the lineup more than it does the player himself.

This is because an RBI can only be credited to a player if one or more batters preceding him in the batting order have reached base. This implies that better offensive teams —and therefore, the teams in which the most players get on base— tend to produce hitters with higher RBI totals than equivalent hitters on lesser-hitting teams. Totals are current through July 29, 2019. Active players are in bold. Hank Aaron – 2,297 Babe Ruth – 2,214 Alex Rodríguez – 2,086 Albert Pujols – 2,075 Cap Anson - 2,075 Barry Bonds – 1,996 Lou Gehrig – 1,995 Stan Musial – 1,951 Ty Cobb – 1,944 Jimmie Foxx – 1,922 Eddie Murray – 1,917 Willie Mays - 1,903 Hack Wilson – 191 Lou Gehrig – 185 Hank Greenberg – 183 Jimmie Foxx – 175 Lou Gehrig – 173 12 RBIsJim Bottomley Mark Whiten 11 RBIsWilbert Robinson Tony Lazzeri Phil Weintraub 10 RBIsBy 11 MLB players, most Mark Reynolds on July 7, 2018 Fernando Tatís – 8 Ed Cartwright – 7 Alex Rodriguez – 7 David Freese – 21 Scott Spiezio – 19 Sandy Alomar – 19 David Ortiz – 19 List of Major League Baseball runs batted in records

Melaleuca decussata

Melaleuca decussata known as cross-leaf honey-myrtle or totem poles, is a plant in the myrtle family, Myrtaceae native to South Australia and both native and naturalised in Victoria. It is an adaptable shrub, grown in many parts of Australia for its attractive foliage but is regarded as an environmental weed in parts of Victoria. Melaleuca decussata is a densely branched shrub growing to a width of 3 m; the leaves are arranged in alternating pairs at right angles to the ones above and below so that the leaves are in 4 rows along the stems. The leaves are 4.5–15 mm long, 0.5–3 mm wide, narrow elliptic or narrow egg-shaped tapering to a point and concave in cross section. They have prominent oil glands on their lower surface; the flowers are a shade of pink or purple but fade to white. They are arranged in spikes on the ends of branches which continue to grow after flowering and on the sides of the branches; the spikes have between 6 and 22 individual flowers. The petals fall off as the flower ages.

The stamens are arranged in five bundles around the flowers with 12 to 26 stamens in each bundle. The flowering season is from August to May but flowers appear from November to February in the species' native range; the fruit which follow are woody capsules, characteristically fused together at their bases and sunken in the stem. Melaleuca decussata was first formally described by Robert Brown in 1812 in the second edition of Hortus Kewensis from material collected from the southern coastal region of Australia; the specific epithet refers to the decussate arrangement of the leaves. Melaleuca decussata occurs between coastal areas of South Australia and the centre of eastern Victoria; this species has been declared an environmental weed in the Geelong area, the catchments of the Broken and Goulburn rivers and in the Wimmera bioregion. It is a garden escape which becomes naturalised in grassy woodland, it is believed to be a threat to several natural vegetation associations and forms dense stands in native pastures.

It grows in low nutrient soils subject to inundation. Melaleuca decussata is a hardy garden plant with attractive foliage, it will grow in most situations and has attractive mauve-coloured flowers, although they fade to white. It is not advisable to plant this species within 6 metres of a wastewater pipe because of its potential to cause damage

Quentin Elias

Quentin Elias was a French singer and model. Of Algerian heritage, he was the original lead singer of the French boy band Alliage with Steven Gunnell, Roman Lata Ares and Brian Torres from 1996 to 2000. After his departure from the group, he relocated to the United States where he developed a solo singing career singing in English and French, releasing a number of albums, EPs and singles through his company Quentin Elias Music and distribution by Electro Boy Inc Records, he worked as a model, acted in a number of feature films, television series and on stage and was featured in a number of advertisements. He took part in documentaries notably The Adonis Factor appearing on the documentary's promotional cover, he was active in body training, tattooing, in photography and in active blogging of his progress, all the while releasing more materials online. He was involved in solo adult appearances on the Randy Blue gay male site under the pseudonym Q, he made a comeback in France starting in 2011, appearing in a number of tours, made new releases for the French and European markets, including remakes of earlier Alliage hits and had a number of appearances on popular French reality television shows and on talk and entertainment shows talking candidly about his past.

On 25 February 2014, Elias died at his home in New York City. Quentin Akacha Elias was born in the small commune of Lozère, France to Algerian immigrants, he had one sister Nina. After attending some of his sister's dance classes, Elias became interested in performing and was enrolled in classes where he studied tap and modern jazz, he participated and competed in kick-boxing. After his father died in a car accident when Quentin was just 18, Elias left home and relocated to Paris, where he worked odd jobs while auditioning for singing and or dancing gigs. In 1996, Elias was selected as a member of Alliage and became its lead singer. Alliage was composed of Quentin, Steven Gunnell, Roman Lata Ares and Brian Torres and they recorded two albums, Alliage, l'album in 1997 and Musics in 1998; the group had many singles in France including six singles that charted in the Top 5. The band's most famous singles included "Baïla" in 1996, "Lucy", "Le temps qui court" and "Te garder près de moi" in 1997 and "Je sais" in 1998.

Alliage toured internationally, having additional success in other countries. However releases were lacklustre and Quentin left Alliage in 1999 to pursue a separate solo career; the band split up soon after in 2000. Starting from 1999, after having left Alliage, Elias pursued a solo musical career, he tried collaborating with the Nacash brothers. Disappointed, he on worked with Belgian producer Christian Moeyaert. In 2001, he won the European Diamond Award for "Best Male Promising Act" held on 17 November 2001 in Sportpaleis, Antwerp in Belgium, he relocated to New York City and began working with music producers such as Ernie Lake and Junior Vasquez. Shortly after the 9-11 attacks Elias was introduced to producer Nile Rodgers by publicist Catherine P. Saxton who invited Elias to perform with several celebrities on a charitable single cover of Sister Sledge's "We Are Family" with Rodgers and Spike Lee, he relocated to New York in 2002 and released the single "Always the Last to Say Goodbye", produced by Christian Moeyaert.

He performed at local gay venues and events such as Splash Bar, Tom of Finland events. Besides performing some original songs, Elias has recorded some covers, like Madonna's song "Holiday", "Shattered Dreams" by British pop group Johnny Hates Jazz. Continuing to perform and record, Elias released a maxi single "Serve It Up" in 2005 and a solo album “What If I?” In September 2005, he started his own corporation Quentin Elias Music, Inc.. After a return to French audiences after years of residing the States, he engaged in a comeback tour in 2011 and 2012, that included dates various European francophone venues under the title "Quentin Elias" promoting his new release and remakes of old hits. A year he returned with the Justify 2013 Tour. Elias appeared in two episodes of the television series Sex Chronicles, he was one of the featured subjects in the 2010 documentary'"The Adonis Factor" alongside models Clint Catalyst, Anderson Davis, Dakota Rivers, Christopher Saint and writer/actor Bruce Vilanch.

He made his theater debut starring in the role of Joe Kirwood in a production of "The Boulevard", a theater adaptation of the film "Sunset Blvd". The play had a limited run at a West Hollywood theater during the spring of 2010. In 2010, he played roles of a vampire in the film The Brides of Sodom, followed by small roles in the 2013 low-budget film comedy College Debts. and in He Who Finds a Wife 2: Thou Shall Not Covet. He took on small roles as the cell mate of Bernie Madoff in the 2011 low-budget film Madoff: Made Off with America and in the 2012 thriller Azienda. In September 2007, Elias appeared in an episode of MTV's, My Super Sweet 16 hired to perform at a Sweet Sixteen birthday event, he made a special appearance on an episode of the television series The Things We Do for Love. French television stations made a number of reports on his progress including the program Incroyables destins under the title "Boy bands: L'argent, la gloire, puis la chute" in 2008, the station TF1 in the series Je realise mon rêve in 2009 and NRJ 12 in the series Tellement Vrai in 2009In 2012, he returned to French television through a reality television show L'Île des vérités in its second season on television stati