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Metro Manila Dream Plan

The Metro Manila Dream Plan, formally titled the Roadmap for Transport Infrastructure Development for Metro Manila and Its Surrounding Areas, refers to an integrated plan for improving the transport system in Metro Manila, with the hope of turning it into a focal point for addressing Metro Manila's interlinked problems in the areas of transportation, land use, environment. Consisting of a list of short term priority projects and medium to long term projects lasting up to 2030, the Dream Plan was created on the basis of recommendations from a study conducted by the Japan International Cooperation Agency and was approved the National Economic and Development Authority Board in June 2014; the roadmap is thus sometimes referred to as the "JICA Dream Plan", or the "NEDA Dream Plan". The Dream Plan identified three interrelated problems development in Metro Manila would have to address: Traffic congestion, Land use the lack of affordable housing and the presence of slum/squatter areas, Environmental risks to urban settlements in areas prone to natural disasters such as floods, typhoons, etc.

The Dream Plan identifies three core philosophies: sector integration. Sector integration refers to an approach that views various problematic aspects of Metro Manila's urban development as interrelated, addressing them as such; the plan identifies critical sectors as traffic flow, settlement in hazardous areas, overpopulation, thus it seeks integrated approaches for "accomodat people in need of affordable housing free from hazard risks and traffic congestion."Spatial integration refers to an approach that expands the search for solutions to Metro Manila's problems to integrate areas outside its current boundaries - looking towards creating new centers of urban growth and linking them efficiently, allowing for the management of population growth and urban expansion in a sustainable manner. The dream plan seeks to create new growth areas in Central Luzon, with the new Clark Green City at its core, CALABARZON, with the Batangas and Lucena port areas as core focal points. Institutional integration, refers to the need for strengthen and coordinate actions among local government units and regions.

The Dream Plan expresses its goals in terms of five key problems which it aims to definitively address, which it calls "5 Nos": No Traffic Congestion. A significant philosophical approach of the Dream Plan is to redirect the Manila-centered spatial orientation of the metropolitan area and turn it into a network of planned urban centers arranged on a north–south axis; this hopes to correct the current radial pattern of metropolitan development, which encourages settlement in the high flood-risk zones on the east and west and in the high quake-risk zones on the east of the present metropolis. This means Restricting further urban expansion in the Marikina Valley, defining the mountains of Rizal and the shore of Laguna de Bay as an eco-zone on the east side of the Greater Capital Region. All this would have to be connected via efficient transport backbones - envisioned by the dream plan as a "ladder form" structure, which would overlay high capacity expressway and railway networks over the existing radial-circumferential highway system of the current metropolitan area.

This strategy expands the metropolitan area into what the plan refers to as a "Greater Capital Region", which would incorporate the present National Capital Region, Region III, Region IV-A. Instead of being centered on the City of Manila, the Dream Plan proposes that the new system move towards new centers of economic growth connected via an efficient high capacity high quality transport backbone; this would be defined by five growth center clusters: The existing Metro Manila cluster, a North Regional Growth Center based on gateway sea and airports in Region III, a South Regional Growth Center based on gateway seaports in Region IV-A, a two sub-regional growth centers to the immediate north and immediate south of the Manila cluster, respectively. The Metro Manila cluster would be formed by the existing NCR, plus nearby urban centers such as Antipolo and Imus. Efforts in this particular cluster would focus on inner city redevelopment or revitalization, the rehabilitation of disaster prone areas.

The North Regional Growth Center cluster would be formed by the Subic-Clark-Tarlac urban areas to the west, secondarily by urban centers of Cabanatuan and Gapan to the east. Development in this cluster would be centered on the new Clark Green City, the gateway seaport at Subic, the Clark airport. Additional urban centers identified in this cluster include Tarlac City in Tarlac, San Fernando and Lubao in Pampanga and Gapan in Nueva Ecija; the South Regional Growth Center cluster would be formed by the urban centers of Batangas City and Lucena. Development in this cluster would be centered on gateway seaports at Lucena. Additional urban centers identified in this cluster include Lipa and Tanauan in Batangas, Tayabas in Quezon; the North Sub-regional Growth Center cluster would be form

Latch

A latch or catch is a type of mechanical fastener that joins two objects or surfaces while allowing for their regular separation. A latch engages another piece of hardware on the other mounting surface. Depending upon the type and design of the latch, this engaged bit of hardware may be known as a keeper or strike. A latch is not the same as the locking mechanism of a door or window, although they are found together in the same product. Latches range in complexity from flexible one-piece flat springs of metal or plastic, such as are used to keep blow molded plastic power tool cases closed, to multi-point cammed latches used to keep large doors closed. A single-throw bolt; the bolt can be engaged in its strike plate. The locking mechanism prevents the bolt from being retracted by force. Latch bolt An common latch type part of a lockset, it is a spring-loaded bolt with an angled edge; when the door is pushed closed, the angled edge of the latch bolt engages with the lip of the strike plate. Once the door is closed, the bolt automatically extends into the strike plate, holding the door closed.

The latch bolt is disengaged when the user turns the door handle, which via the lockset's mechanism, manually retracts the latch bolt, allowing the door to open. Deadlocking latch bolt is an elaboration on the latch bolt which includes a guardbolt to prevent “shimming” or “jimmying” of the latch bolt; when the door is closed, the latch bolt and guardbolt are retracted together, the door closes with the latch bolt entering the strike plate. The strike plate, holds the guardbolt in its depressed position: a mechanism within the lockset holds the latch bolt in the projected position; this arrangement prevents the latch bolt from being depressed through the use of a credit card or some other tool, which would lead to unauthorized entry. Draw Latch is a two part latch where one side has an arm that can clasp to the other half, as it closes the clasp pulls the two parts together. Used on tool boxes, chests and windows. Doesn't need to be closed to secure both halves. Spring bolt lock: A locking mechanism used with a latch bolt A slam latch uses a spring and is activated by the shutting or slamming of a door.

Like all latches, a slam latch. The slam latch derives its name from its ability to slam doors and drawers shut without damaging the latch. A slam latch is rugged and ideal for industrial and construction applications. A cam lock is a type of latch consisting of a cam; the base is where the key or tool is used to rotate the cam, what does the latching. Cams can offset. Found on garage cabinets, file cabinets, tool chests, other locations where privacy and security is needed. A Norfolk latch is a type of latch incorporating a simple thumb-actuated lever and used to hold wooden gates and doors closed. In a Norfolk latch, the handle is fitted to a backplate independently of the thumb piece. Introduced around 1800–1820, Norfolk latches, originating in the English county of the same name, differ from the older Suffolk latch, which lacked a back plate to which the thumbpiece is attached. A Suffolk latch is a type of latch incorporating a simple thumb-actuated lever and used to hold wooden gates and doors closed.

The Suffolk latch originated in the English county of Suffolk in the 16th century and stayed in common use until the 19th century. They have come back into favour on garden gates and sheds, they were common from the 17th century to around 1825, their lack of a back plate made them different from the and neighbouring Norfolk latch. Both the Suffolk latch and Norfolk latch are thought to have been named by architectural draughtsman William Twopenny. Many of these plates found their way into other parts of the world. A crossbar, sometimes called a bolt, is a primitive fastener consisting of a post barring a door. Crossbars were common, simple fasteners consisting of a plank or beam mounted to one side of a door by a set of cleats; the board could be slid past the frame to block the door. Alternatively, the bar can be a separate piece, placed into open cleats or hooks, extending across the frame on both sides; the effect of this device is the opposite of the crash bar in that its operation is to permit the door to be opened inward rather than outward.

On a set of double doors, the same principle needn't extend past the frame. The bar extends into another set of cleats on the other door such as to interfere with the door opening. A cabin hook is a hooked bar; the bar is attached permanently to a ring or staple, fixed with screws or nails to woodwork or a wall at the same level as the eye screw. The eye screw is screwed into the adjacent wall or onto the door itself. Used to hold a cupboard, door or gate open or shut. A cabin hook is used in many situations to hold a door open, like on ships to prevent doors from swinging and banging against other woodwork as the ship moves due to wave action; this usage spread to other domains, where a door was required to be held open or a self-closing device is used to close the door. Many buildings are built with fire-resistant doors to separate different parts of buildings and to allow people to be protected from fire and smoke; when using a cabin hook in such a situation, one should keep in mind that a fire-resistant door is an expensive and heavy i