Russell Albion Meyer was an American film director, screenwriter, film editor and photographer. Meyer is known for writing and directing a series of successful sexploitation films that featured campy humor, sly satire and large-breasted women, such as Faster, Pussycat! Kill! Kill! Russ Meyer was born in San Leandro, the son of Lydia Lucinda and William Arthur Meyer, an Oakland police officer, his parents were both of German descent. Meyer's parents divorced soon after he was born, Meyer was to have no contact with his father during his life; when he was 14 years old, his mother pawned. He made a number of amateur films at the age of 15, served during World War II as a U. S. Army combat cameraman for the 166th Signal Photo Company attaining the rank of staff sergeant. In the Army, Meyer forged his strongest friendships, he would ask many of his fellow combat cameramen to work on his films. Much of Meyer's work during World War II can be seen in the film Patton. On his return to civilian life, he was unable to secure cinematography work in Hollywood due to a lack of industry connections.
He made industrial films, freelanced as a still photographer for mainstream films, became a well known glamour photographer whose work included some of the initial shoots for Hugh Hefner's Playboy magazine. Meyer would go on to shoot three Playboy centerfolds during the magazine's early years, including one of his then-wife Eve Meyer in 1955, he shot a pictorial of then-wife Edy Williams in March 1973. Meyer was the cinematographer for the 1950 Pete DeCenzie film French Peep Show, the 1954 Samuel Newman production, The Desperate Women, among the few Hollywood films to depict a women dying from an illegal abortion in pre–Roe v. Wade America, the original version of, believed lost, his first feature, the naughty comedy The Immoral Mr. Teas, cost $24,000 to produce and grossed more than $1 million on the independent/exploitation circuit, ensconcing Meyer as "King of the Nudies." It is considered one of the first nudie cuties. Russ Meyer was a true auteur who wrote, edited and distributed all his own films.
He was able to finance each new film from the proceeds of the earlier ones, became wealthy in the process. Meyer followed Teas with some shorts, This Is My Body and The Naked Camera made a second nudie cutie and the Handyman; this starred Meyer's wife Eve and Anthony-James Ryan, both of whom would be crucial to the production of Meyer's films. His next features were Wild Gals of the Naked West. Reception to the latter indicated the market for nudie cuties was drying up, so Meyer decided to change, he did a documentary, Europe in the Raw, tried a comedy, Heavenly Bodies!. He directed a version of Fanny Hill in Europe. Meyer had a career change with 1964's Lorna which saw the ever-economical director revert to black-and-white, he followed this with three other similar films, would call this his "Gothic" period: Mudhoney and Faster, Pussycat! Kill! Kill!. Lorna was successful commercially, making a million dollars. Mudhoney was more ambitious, based on a novel, did not perform as well. Motorpsycho, about three men terrorising the countryside, was a big hit—so much so Meyer decided to make a film about three bad girls, Faster Pussycat.
Faster, Pussycat! Kill! Kill! was commercially underwhelming but would be reclaimed as a cult classic. It has a following all over the world and has inspired countless imitations, music videos and tributes. Meyer made the popular mockumentary Mondo Topless with the remnants of his production company's assets and made two mildly successful color melodramas: Common Law Cabin and Good Morning... and Goodbye!. Meyer made headlines once again in 1968 with the controversial Vixen!. Although its lesbian overtones are tame by today's standards, the film—envisaged by Meyer and longtime producer Jim Ryan as a reaction to provocative European art films—grossed millions on a five-figure budget and captured the zeitgeist just as The Immoral Mr. Teas had a decade earlier, he followed it with Finders Keepers, Lovers Weepers!, Cherry, Harry & Raquel!, which utilized long montages of the California landscape and Uschi Digard dancing in the desert as the film's "lost soul." These plot devices were necessitated after lead actress Linda Ashton left the shoot early, forcing Meyer to compensate for 20 minutes of unshot footage.
After the unexpected success of Columbia Pictures' low-budget Easy Rider, impressed by Meyer's frugality and profitability, 20th Century Fox signed him to produce and direct a proposed sequel to Valley of the Dolls in 1969, fulfilling his longstanding ambition to direct for a major Hollywood studio. What appeared was Beyond the Valley of the Dolls, scripted by film critic Roger Ebert; the film bears no relation to the novel or film adaptation's continuity, a development necessitated when Jacqueline Susann sued the studio after several drafts of the initial Susann-penned script were rejected. Many critics perceive the film as the greatest expression of his intentionally vapid surrealism—Meyer went so far as to refer to it as his definitive work in several interviews. Others, such as Variety, saw it "as funny as a burning orphanage and a treat for the retarded
Nuriye Gülmen is a Turkish academician and activist. While working for Selçuk University within the scope of the Faculty Member Training Program, Gülmen was appointed to the Eskişehir Osmangazi University. There, she was a research assistant at the Department of Comparative Literature, she won a lawsuit filed against the university's management for not renewing her contract and started to work at Selçuk University. One day after her appointment, she was expelled from the university following the 2016 Turkish coup d'état attempt, after which a state of emergency was declared; as a result Gülmen faced allegations and was accused of being a member of the "Fethullahçı Terrorist Organization / Parallel State Structure". On 9 November 2016, in front of the Human Rights Monument on Yüksel Street in Ankara, she started a movement with the motto'I Want My Job Back' to return to her lost job. Gülmen was detained dozens of times during the protests, she went on a hunger strike with her fellow teacher Semih Özakça.
During this period, Gülmen's weight fell from 59 kilos to 34 kilos and she ended the hunger strike on 26 January 2018 after the OHAL Commission rejected the objection regarding the issuance of the Decree Law. CNN International named Nuriye Gülmen among the eight leading women of 2016. On 22 June 2017, Nuriye Gülmen and Semih Özakça applied to the Constitutional Court of Turkey with the request for lifting their detention, as they had started to suffer from health issues due to the hunger strike. On 28 June, the Constitutional Court unanimously rejected the application by Özakça. In its response, the Court stated that "there was no situation requiring an immediate injunction to terminate the applicants' detention as there was not any threat available to pose a danger to their lives, their material or moral integrity". In addition, Gülmen and Özakça's health conditions since the day they were brought to prison was monitored b physicians, attempts to refer to them to a hospital for further control was rejected by Gülmen and Özakça, yet measures were taken for emergencies and treatment at the prison's hospital.
At the sixth hearing of the case, Nuriye Gülmen was sentenced to six years and three months in prison for "membership of an armed terrorist organization", but was subsequently released from prison. Gülmen, together with Semih Özakça, applied to the European Court of Human Rights on 29 June 2017, demanding that they be released due to their health problems as a result of a hunger strike and adding that detention conditions worsened their health. On 2 August 2017, the European Court of Human Rights dismissed the application, submitted as a precautionary measure by Gülmen and Özakça's lawyers; the ECHR ruled in its rejection that "in the light of the medical reports and other information submitted to the court, the fact that Özakça and Gülmen were detained at the Sincan State Hospital did not constitute a real and immediate danger to the applicants' life." The court invited Gülmen and Özakça to end the hunger strike.Şebnem Korur Fincancı, who participated in the examination and medical documentation process as a single physician and presented a 32-page report, reacted by explaining what happened during the examination and certification process on her twitter account and criticized the lack of reference to this medical document in making the decision: "All doctors say there is a life-threatening need for care, but they respond they can be kept unattended in the prison hospital.
On top of that, lawyers call on people who are mentally competent to end the hunger strike and they say, "The state takes good care of you". There is a lot of detail, but so I think it can show how the whole process is loaded with human rights violations. There is no single reference to a total of 32-page examination, medical documentation, scientific opinions with many scientifically tortured diagnoses." Following the decree law numbered 679 was issued as a result of the state of emergency declared after the July 15 coup attempt, Nuriye Gülmen started a protest in front of the Human Rights Monument on Yüksel Street in Ankara, demanding the following: End the state of emergency. Let the revolutionary democratic public laborers, who were fired and dismissed, be returned to work. Arbitrary and unlawful dismissal should be stopped. Restore the staff assurance for 13 thousand ÖYP research assistants. Science cannot be made without job security, we want job security for all education and science workers.
On 25 May 2017, Interior Minister Süleyman Soylu claimed that Nuriye Gülmen and Semih Özakça were "members of the DHKP-C terrorist organization" and that their actions were supported by this organization and that they had a direct link to DHKP-C. Following Soylu's claim, lawyer Selçuk Kozağaçlı published Nuriye Gülmen and Semih Özakça's criminal record which showed that they had no connection to any terrorist organizations. On top of that, the Ministry of Interior Research and Studies Center published a 54-page booklet titled "The Unending Scenario of a Terrorist Organization, Nuriye Gülmen and Semih Özakça Truth"; the booklet claimed that 12 lawsuits were filed against Nuriye Gülmen, all of these cases were related to the terrorist organization, one of them resulted in conviction and was pending the Supreme Court's decision. The Cumhuriyet newspaper claimed that the booklet had contained evidence for other cases that had not yet been finalized and were still pending before the Supreme Court.
Nuriye Gülmen Direniyor
Xylocopa rufitarsis, the red-leg carpenter bee, is a species of carpenter bee native to South Africa. It has been assigned to the subgenus Xylomelissa, it was seen to visit flowers of a wide range of plants, many of them Fabaceae such as Acacia karroo, Aspalathus linearis, A. spinescens, Calpurnia glabrata, Lebeckia multiflora, Lebeckia sericea and Tipuana tipu, but Agave sp. Anchusa capensis, Hermannia gariepina, Lobostemon trichotomus, Moraea cookii, Populus sp. Prenia pallens, Zygophyllum morgsana, Salvia dentata and other Lamiaceae. Nests of been found in Metalasia muricata, Psoralea aphylla and Pinus sp, they are parasitized by Anthrax badius
Operation Placid was a Rhodesian military operation in Zambia with clandestine assistance from the South African Air Force during the Rhodesian Bush War. The Rhodesian Air Force planned raids against a ZIPRA camps in Zambia on the northern Rhodesian border; the operation consisted of two raids on ZIPRA camps on 22 August 1979. The South African Air Force provided three Canberra bombers with crew for the operation which would include Rhodesian Air Force Canberra's and Hawker Hunter fighters; the aircraft of Operation Placid I departed at 09h15 from Fylde airbase, the Canberra's armed with two 1000lb and nine 500lb bombs for the targets in Zambia. During the operation the Zambian Air Force launched Shenyang F-6 fighters to intercept the operation but failed to intercept the formation. Operation Placid II took place on the same day at 15h40 and re-attacked the morning targets and again the Zambian Air Force launched Shenyang F-6 fighters to intercept the operation but failed. Lord, Dick. From Fledgling to Eagle.
The South African Airforce during the Border War. Solihull, England: Helion & Company. ISBN 9781908916624. Moorcraft, Paul; the Rhodesian War. A Military History. Barnsley, South Yorkshire: Pen & Sword Military. ISBN 9781848845220. Geldenhuys, Preller. Rhodesian Air Force Operations with Air Strike Log. Durban, South Africa: Just Done Productions Publishing. ISBN 978-1-920169-61-9
The Metropolitan Water District of Southern California is a regional wholesaler and the largest supplier of treated water in the United States. The name is shortened to "Met," "Metropolitan," or "MWD." It is a cooperative of fourteen cities, eleven municipal water districts, one county water authority, that provides water to 19 million people in a 5,200-square-mile service area. It was created by an act of the California Legislature in 1928 to build and operate the Colorado River Aqueduct. Metropolitan became the first contractor to the State Water Project in 1960. Metropolitan owns and operates an extensive range of capital facilities including the Colorado River Aqueduct which runs from an intake at Lake Havasu on the California-Arizona border to its endpoint at the Lake Mathews reservoir in Riverside County, it imports water supplies from northern California via the 444-mile California Aqueduct as a contractor to the State Water Project. In 1960, Metropolitan became the first contractor to the State Water Project.
Metropolitan's extensive water system includes three major reservoirs, six smaller reservoirs, 830 miles of large-scale pipes, about 400 connections to member agencies, 16 hydroelectric facilities and five water treatment plants. It serves parts of Los Angeles, San Diego, San Bernardino and Ventura counties; the district covers the coastal and most populated portions of Southern California. The Metropolitan headquarters is in downtown Los Angeles, adjacent to historic Union Station; the Metropolitan story dates back to the early 20th century, as Southern California cities were faced with a growing population and shrinking local groundwater supplies. The Metropolitan Water District of Southern California was established in 1928 under an act of the California Legislature to build and operate the 242-mile Colorado River Aqueduct that would bring water to southern coastal areas. Southland residents voted for a major bond in the depths of the Great Depression to fund the construction effort through the desert to deliver essential water supplies and generate badly needed jobs.
The post-World War II boom and 1950s dry spells prompted a huge expansion of the Metropolitan service area as new cities began seeking additional reliable water supplies. In 1960, along with 30 other public agencies, signed a long-term contract that made possible the construction of the State Water Project, including reservoirs, pumping plants and the 444-mile California Aqueduct, which serves urban and agricultural agencies from the San Francisco Bay to Southern California; as the largest of the now 29 agencies, Metropolitan contracts with the state Department of Water Resources, which owns and operates the State Water Project, for less than half of all supplies delivered to Metropolitan. Metropolitan is governed by a board of 38 directors whose powers and functions are specified in the 1927 authorization act; this board was in charge of issuing bonds and financing their repayment by selling water to member agencies. In the early years, revenue from water sales was too low, so Metropolitan collected taxes that ranged from 0.25 to 0.50 percent of assessed value.
Ninety percent of the cost of the aqueduct has been paid for by the taxpayers. In 1929 the district was set up with an area of 600 square miles and served a population of around 1,600,000 in 13 cities. During the aqueduct's first five years of service from 1941 to 1946 it delivered an average of about 27,000 acre feet of water, using less than 2% of its capacity. Only one pump at each lift, operating from one to six months out of the year, was needed to meet all the demands made on the system. At this time, due to availability of ground water, less than 10% of the Colorado River Aqueduct's capacity was used, only 178,000 acre feet of water; the San Diego County Water Authority joined Metropolitan as its first wholesale member agency in 1946. SDCWA was formed in 1944 to facilitate joining Metropolitan, received its first deliveries in 1947 and was buying half of Metropolitan's water by 1949; the SDCWA annexation broke two traditions at Metropolitan: Member agencies had been cities in the south coast basin.
The next "break" came in 1950. Since Pomona was a agricultural member agency at the time, Metropolitan was no longer selling water only for "domestic use".:13, 28–32 In 1952, Metropolitan began a 200 million dollar program to bring the Colorado River Aqueduct to its full capacity of 1,212,000 acre feet annually. The Colorado River Aqueduct added six pumps to the original three at each of its five pumping stations. CRA pumping expanded from about 16,500 acre feet of water in 1950 to about 1,029,000 acre feet by 1960. On August 9, 1962, the Metropolitan set an all-time delivery record of 1,316,000,000 gallons of water in just a 24-hour period. Metropolitan's additional supplies and easier rules of entry facilitated an expansion through annexation of large areas of low populations: The eight MWDs that joined from 1946 to 1955 added 200 percent to Metropolitan's service area but only 75 percent to Metropolitan's population served.:32 By 1965, Metropolitan had 13 cities and 13 municipal water districts as members.
Sanjay Gupta is an Indian filmmaker and screenwriter working in Bollywood industry. Gupta is known for his films such as Aatish, Kaabil, Shootout at Lokhandwala, Shootout at Wadala and Zinda, he has cast Sanjay Dutt and John Abraham in his movies. Gupta started his career with Aatish: Feel the Fire starring Aditya Pancholi and Sanjay Dutt, he went to write and direct films including Ram Shastra and Jung. The filming of Jung, lasted over two years.. While filming Kaante in the Los Angeles in 2001, the events of the 9/11 attack forced the film to relocate planned scenes from several areas that were considered sensitive. Commentators noted a similarity in Kaante to Quentin Tarantino's film Reservoir Dogs. Gupta said that he was inspired by a number of other films as well, including The Asphalt Jungle, The Killing, the film that inspired Reservoir Dogs, Ringo Lam's City on Fire. Gupta's Zinda has been described as an unofficial remake of the Korean film Oldboy, he produced the films Shootout at Lokhandwala, Dus Kahaniyaan, directed and co-produced Shootout at Wadala the sequel to Shootout at Lokhandwala.
On December 24, 2019, he makes an announcement on the acquisition of Yali Dream Creations' Rakshak. Gupta took to Twitter to share the details about the project which revolves around a “vigilante” superhero. “So proud and happy to announce that my company White Feather Films has acquired the rights for ‘RAKSHAK’ A thrilling graphic novel about a vigilante superhero. This is India’s first graphic novel to be made into a massive and ambitious feature film to be directed by me,” the director wrote alongside the covers of the four issues to the comics, he said he would be producing it under his company, White Feather Entertainment, along with co-producers, Asvin Srivatsangam and Vivek Rangachari from Yali Dream Works. Sanjay Gupta on IMDb