Crown Melbourne is a casino and resort located on the south bank of the Yarra River, in Melbourne, Australia. Crown Casino is a unit of Crown Limited, the first casino of the now-international Crown brand. Having opened in 1994 on the north bank of the Yarra, Crown Melbourne relocated and re–opened on the south bank of the Yarra, in 1997, it remains one of the central features of the Southbank precinct of the Melbourne central business district. The entire complex has a space of 510,000 m²—the equivalent to two city blocks—making it the largest casino complex in the Southern Hemisphere and one of the largest in the world; the complex hosts four hotels, Crown Towers, Crown Promenade, Crown Metropol, with a fourth hotel approved for construction, expected to commence in 2018. The casino is accessible by tram routes 12, 58, 96, 109 which all pass near Southern Cross railway station and the Melbourne City Centre. Crown's casino complex opened on 8 May 1997, after moving from a temporary location that opened on 30 June 1994 on the north bank of the Yarra.
It is one of the central features of the Southbank area in the central business district and the Crown Towers fronts onto the waterfront as part of Southbank Promenade. Children under the age of 18 are permitted into the entertainment and shopping section of complex, but not into the gaming area or areas serving alcohol; the entire complex has a space of 510,000 m², making it the largest casino complex in the Southern Hemisphere and one of the largest in the world. Crown Casino opened in 1994 at the World Trade Centre on the north bank of the Yarra River; this location was a temporary, training, setup while construction of the proper complex occurred. The Casino complex opened in its proper planned location at Southbank in 1997. Actress Rachel Griffiths infamously ran through the casino topless on its opening night, it is open 24 hours a day, seven days a week except on Christmas Day, Good Friday and Anzac Day when it is closed from 4 a.m. to midday. It was founded and run by Lloyd Williams until the Packer takeover by PBL in 1999.
Crown Casino has a licence for 2,500 poker machines. Amongst other games, Crown provides the six main casino games of blackjack, pai gow, poker and roulette and it was the first to introduce an electronic version of roulette known as Rapid Roulette. There is Bigwheel, the electronic Vegas Star Roulette and Rapid Baccarat. All lower denomination blackjack tables only offer a proprietary variant of the game called BlackJack Plus, described as "the worst game of blackjack in Australia"; this variation enormously increases the house advantage from around 0.5% in the higher denomination tables, to around 5%, making its odds comparable to double-zero roulette. As well as three card poker on the main gaming floor, Crown has offers varieties of poker including Texas hold'em; the Crown Poker Room encompasses a large separate space in the Crown basement. The Crown is one of the major centres for competitive poker in the Asia-Pacific region, it annually hosts the Aussie Millions the Southern Hemisphere's richest poker event.
Starting in 2013, it became home to the World Series of Poker Asia-Pacific, the latest expansion of the World Series of Poker. Crown Casino has 3,500 poker machines on the casino floor, with values ranging from one cent to one dollar, as well as a few two- and five-dollar machines in the VIP areas. Slot machines at Crown are made by Aristocrat, Ainsworth Gaming Technology, IGT, Konami and SHFL entertainment/Shuffle Master and WMS Gaming, the latter using Shuffle Master machines; the regulator overseeing the casino's activities, to whom grievances can be addressed, is the Victorian Commission for Gambling Regulation. The VCGR monitors the casino's operations to ensure Crown conforms to Victorian gambling laws. Crown has been charged and fined for minor breaches of the Casino Control Act 1991; the commission has an office located on site, staffed around the clock. The Crown Entertainment Complex has a rewards program where members earn points on every dollar spent at most outlets within the Crown complex.
There are several nightclubs and restaurants as well as "PLAYTIME Crown", an electronic games arcade, laser tag game and bowling alley. Restaurants include: Notable features of the casino include its entrance, pyrotechnic towers running the length of the Casino promenade; the casino is home to a number of luxury brand stores including: Crown has three hotel towers, a fourth which has received planning approval: Crown Towers: a skyscraper comprising a five-star luxury hotel located within the Crown Entertainment Complex. It houses 481 villas over 38 floors. Located on the banks of the Yarra River it overlooks the city centre, Kings Domain, Port Phillip and Docklands. Crown Metropol: reputedly Australia's largest hotel by number of rooms; this five-star hotel houses 658 rooms across 28 floors. Crown Promenade: a 465-room, 4.5-star hotel on 23 floors. It is located on the block behind Crown Towers and is connected to the main complex by a pedestrian overpass, it houses Australia's only purpose built hotel conference facility the'Crown Conference Centre'.
One Queensbridge: an approved mixed-use supertall skyscraper, which will become the tallest building in Australia. The plans include a six-star hotel of 388 rooms within the ninety-storey building. Construction is expected to commence in 2018. Notable guests at the Crown Towers, Crown Metropol and Crown Promenade Hotels have included Tom
HSV (TV station)
HSV is a television station in Melbourne. It is part of the Seven Network, one of the three main commercial television networks in Australia, its first and oldest station, having been launched in time for the 1956 Summer Olympic Games in Melbourne. HSV-7 is the home of the AFL coverage; the HSV building is the network's operations hub, where the Master Control Room is located for all metropolitan and regional feeds to be controlled. Programming line-up, advertisement output, feed switching, time zone monitoring and national transmission output are delivered here. All Seven Network owned and operated studios have their LIVE signals relayed here ATN's output is fed to HSV and transmitted via satellite or fibre optic to the towers around metropolitan Sydney. In 2020 however, this function will transfer to a new play-out centre in Sydney as part of a joint venture with the Nine Network. HSV-7 began test transmissions in July 1956, the first 7 station in Australia and the first TV station in Melbourne, commencing broadcasting on 4 November, soon after the Commonwealth Government started issuing television licences.
In the opening ceremony, Eric Pearce declared: "We dedicate this station to the full service of the community. To Australian life – the happy families in the homes – we promise to serve you faithfully and well". HSV-7 and rival station GTV-9 were formed in time to broadcast the Melbourne Olympics, while Sydney stations TCN-9 and ATN-7 in Sydney relayed the Melbourne coverage. HSV-7 was owned by The Herald and Weekly Times Ltd, owners of The Herald and The Sun; these two newspapers gave rise to the call sign HSV. In March 1960, the station converted an old cinema in Fitzroy into the southern hemisphere's first remote studio equipped with RCA TRT video tape recorders and vision mixing equipment, as well as major stage and artist areas and audience seating, it was connected to the station's main Dorcas Street studios by multiple microwave links. The studios were opened with a major live show featuring the US entertainer Bob Crosby and his band and the British comedian Jimmy Edwards, among others.
The station began to identify as Channel Seven in the late 1960s, since the early 1970s has used the national Seven Network logos, has followed the network's on-air presentation and programming. In 1979, Fairfax bought a substantial share of HSV-7 after many failed bids for the entire station. In December 1986, the station was purchased in its entirety by Rupert Murdoch's News Limited. In February 1987 HSV-7 was sold back to Fairfax, along with Brisbane station BTQ-7; as a result of the payback, HSV's unique faces - sports program World of Sport, newsreader Mal Walden and its Hello Melbourne campaign, Australia's contribution to the Hello News campaigns -were all pulled out, by 1987 its rights to Australian rules football telecasts were taken by the ABC's state station ABV-2. Walden moved to Ten as a result of this. In late 1987, the government introduced cross-media ownership laws which forced Fairfax to choose between its print and broadcast operations, it chose print, HSV-7 was sold to Christopher Skase's Qintex, which owned Seven stations in Sydney and Perth.
Skase himself pledged to revitalize the channel and its programs after years of ratings losses against Ten and Nine, as well as ABC and SBS, to bring it back to its place among Melbourne viewers. In 1990, Qintex was sent into damage control after Skase escaped extradition proceedings, the Seven Network became a discreet company. Entrepreneur Kerry Stokes bought the network in 1995. In November 2011, the station celebrated 55 years on air in Melbourne. At 9 am on Tuesday 10 December 2013, HSV-7 closed its analogue signal as part of the final phase of the national switchover to digital only transmissions; the event was marked on-screen with a special five-minute retrospective of the station's local and networked programming during its 57 years on air. HSV's production studios and headquarters were located at the Dorcas Street Studios in South Melbourne. HSV remained at the Dorcas Street Studios until March 2002 when news, current affairs and sport shows were moved to a new headquarters at Docklands.
The main production studios in Dorcas Street were sold off to Global Television in 2007, while the former offices and news studios were demolished in 2009. The Seven Network now chooses to hire studios facilities for its Melbourne-based entertainment and reality programmes. Docklands Studios Melbourne and Global Television is home to shows such as Dancing with the Stars and the quiz show The Chase Australia; the new facilities, known as Broadcast Centre Melbourne or BCM, are located near the Marvel Stadium in Docklands. On 11 March 2002, the first Seven News Melbourne bulletin, fronted by Peter Mitchell, was broadcast from these offices for the first time; the centre consists of three studios: a theatre studio, a product studio and a news studio that opens onto the newsroom. The offices are used as the transmission control centre for Seven's owned-and-operated stations in Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaide and regional areas of Queensland. 200 full-time employees work in the building with an additional 100 hired casual or part-time.
In 2005, BCM experienced a major power failure which resu
GTV (Australian TV station)
GTV is a commercial television station in Melbourne, owned by the Nine Network. The station is based at a new high-tech, purpose-built studio at 717 Bourke Street, Docklands. GTV-9 was amongst the first television stations to begin regular transmission in Australia. Test transmissions began on 27 September 1956, introduced by former 3DB radio announcer Geoff Corke, based at the Mt Dandenong transmitter, as the studios in Richmond were not yet ready; the station covered the 1956 Summer Olympics. The 1956 Carols By the Davis Cup tennis as part of its test transmissions; the station was opened on 19 January 1957 by Victorian Governor Sir Dallas Brooks from the studios in Bendigo Street, Richmond. A clip from the ceremony has featured in a number of GTV-9 retrospectives, in which the Governor advises viewers that if they did not like the programs, they could just turn off; the Richmond building, bearing the name Television City, had been converted from a Heinz tinned food factory occupied in the past by the Wertheim Piano Company.
A cornerstone, now visible from the staff canteen courtyard, was laid when construction of the Piano factory began. Eric Pearce was appointed senior newsreader in the late 1960s, after having been the first newsreader at rival station HSV-7, he held that position for twenty years. In 1957, GTV-9's first large-scale production was the nightly variety show In Melbourne Tonight, hosted by Graham Kennedy. Kennedy was a radio announcer at 3UZ in Melbourne before being'discovered' by GTV-9 producer Norm Spencer, when appearing on a GTV-9 telethon. Bert Newton moved from HSV-7 to join Kennedy. IMT continued for thirteen years, it set a precedent for a number of subsequent live variety programmes from the station. Ownership has changed over the decades; the station was first licensed to the General Television Corporation Ltd. a consortium of two newspapers, The Argus and The Age, together with cinema chains Hoyts, Greater Union, Sir Arthur Warner's Electronic Industries, JC William's Theatres, Cinesound Productions, radio stations 3XY, 3UZ, 3KZ.
In early 1957 The Argus was acquired by The Herald and Weekly Times Ltd, the paper was closed on the same day that GTV-9 opened. The Herald in turn sold its interests in the station to Electronic Industries acquired by UK television manufacturer Pye, in 1960; because of the restriction on foreign ownership of television stations, GTV-9 was sold to Frank Packer's Australian Consolidated Press, which owned TCN-9 in Sydney, resulting in the formation of the country's first commercially owned television network. Prior to this GTV-9 was affiliated with ATN-7 in Sydney. Son Clyde Packer ran the network for some time, until a falling out led to a handover to younger son Kerry Packer. In the 1980s the network was sold to Alan Bond, but bought back at a much lower price. Following the death of Kerry Packer, his son James Packer progressively sold down his stake in the network. Along with most Australian TV stations, GTV-9 commenced colour test transmissions in October, 1974; the official changeover took place at 12.00am on Saturday 1 March 1975.
In 1976, GTV-9 became the first Australian television station to commence permanent 24-hour transmission. In 2001 the station commenced digital television broadcasting, in line with most other metropolitan stations. GTV-9 continued broadcasting in analogue on VHF9, with a digital simulcast on VHF8. In 2010 it was announced to public and staff, that after 54 years at Bendigo Street, GTV-9 would move day-to-day operations including News and commercial sales to 717 Bourke Street, Docklands. On 25 October 2010, it was announced that GTV-9 would begin producing larger scale studio productions, such as The Footy Show, Hey Hey its Saturday, Millionaire Hotseat from the new Docklands Studios Melbourne. On 28 February 2011, GTV-9 broadcast its final live program – the 6pm edition of Nine News – from the Richmond Television City studios, the following day began broadcasting news bulletins from 717 Bourke Street. While their new fiber link to their transmission site was being completed, a temporary DVB-S2 link was put up on Optus D1, which ceased at the end of the year.
In 2012, no new programming has been produced out of the new studios. The network opted to move its host Tracy Grimshaw to TCN-9 in Sydney. In May, 2012, a lower powered permanent backup DVB-S2 link for their transmission site was re-established on Optus D1, which requires at least a two-metre solid receiving dish. Locally produced programs with GTV-9 Melbourne. Nine News Melbourne Nine Afternoon News Melbourne Nine News: First at Five Nine's National Newsbreak Nine News Victoria Kids' WB Australia TAC Cup Future Stars The AFL Sunday Footy Show Footy Classified The Footy Show *previously filmed in Studio 9 Millionaire Hot Seat *previously filmed in Studio 9 The Block House Husbands Postcards Carols by Candlelight The Logies 2010s Underbelly A Current Affair This Is Your Life The Million Dollar Drop Between the Lines Ben Elton Live From Planet Earth 2000s 20 to 1 (2005–
Southbank is an inner urban neighbourhood of Melbourne, Australia, 1 km south of the Melbourne central business district. Its local government area are the cities of Port Phillip. At the 2016 Census, Southbank had a population of 18,709, its southernmost area is considered part of the central business district of the city. Southbank is bordered to the north by the Yarra River, to the east by St Kilda Road. Southbank's southern and western borders are bounded by Dorcas Street, Kings Way, the West Gate Freeway and Montague Street. Southbank was an industrial area and part of South Melbourne, it was transformed into a densely populated district of high rise apartment and office buildings beginning in the early 1990s, as part of an urban renewal program. With the exceptions of the cultural precinct along St Kilda Road, few buildings built before this time were spared by redevelopment. Today, Southbank is dominated by high-rise development, it is one of the primary business centres in Greater Melbourne, being the headquarters of Treasury Wine Estates, Crown Limited, Incitec Pivot, The Herald & Weekly Times, as well as regional offices of many major corporations, in a cluster of towers with over 340,000 square metres of office space in 2008.
It is one of the most densely populated areas of Melbourne, with a large cluster of apartment towers, including Australia's tallest tower measured to its highest floor, the Eureka Tower. Southbank Promenade and Southgate Restaurant and Shopping Precinct, on the southern bank of the Yarra River, extending to Crown Casino, is one of Melbourne's major entertainment precincts. Southgate's landmark Ophelia sculpture by Deborah Halpern has been used to represent Melbourne in tourism campaigns. Before European settlement, the area now called South Melbourne was a series of low lying swamps inhabited by Aboriginal tribes. From European settlement the area, now Southbank consisted of some old factories and wharves built between the 1860s–1920s when the area was part of the first port of Melbourne, it had several bridges connecting it to the city, the first being the original Princes Bridge and the Sandridge Bridge, part of the Port Melbourne railway line from 1888 to 1987. The Arts Centre precinct opened in the 1980s on former parkland, once used as an amusement park and featured the Southgate Fountain.
The area was the subject of urban renewal in early 1990s. In part, this was aimed at stimulating development in a period when Melbourne was experiencing an acute economic downturn during the global recession on 1991–92. Denton Corker Marshall designed and oversaw the original Southbank Promenade in 1990, which paved the way for development of apartments. Southgate, Sheraton Towers and new tall office buildings for The Herald & Weekly Times Ltd and IBM were built along with an award-winning pedestrian footbridge at about the same time in late 1992, combined with a new Sunday arts and crafts market, attracted locals and tourists to the area. At the eastern end of the area is the Victorian Arts Centre. Since the pylon underneath the award-winning Southbank Pedestrian Bridge has been utilised and is now home to Ponyfish Island. Further buildings including the Esso headquarters were built between 1992 and 1995. Development expanded along the Yarra River westward, with the Melbourne Convention & Exhibition Centre in 1996 and Crown Casino in 1997, stimulating the first residential towers.
In 2001, the boutique "Melburnian" apartments, designed by Bates Smart, were one of the first to be aimed at the owner occupier market and included the most expensive penthouse sold in Melbourne at the time. Clarendon Towers attracted the owner occupiers. Beginning with Southbank Towers in 1997, Central Equity began a swathe of apartment towers. In 2002 the neighbouring Yarra's Edge precinct of the new Melbourne Docklands began to kick off; the arts precinct was extended with the construction of the award-winning buildings for the Australian Centre for Contemporary Art in 2002 and the Victorian College of the Arts school of drama. At around the same time a new headquarters for the State Emergency Service was built. Central Equity continued construction of several blocks of apartment buildings on much of the Southbank land, which it had acquired including Riverside Place, The Summit, Victoria Tower, Melbourne Tower and City Tower. Central Equity apartments are aimed at both the owner occupier and rental market with management provided by Melbourne Inner City Management, a owned subsidiary of Central Equity.
With a boom in apartment building and the success of the Melburnian, the areas closer to the river began to attract developers. The 91 floor Eureka Tower was begun in 2002, aimed at being the tallest residential tower in the world and was completed in 2006; as part of the initial construction of Southgate, St Johns Lutheran Church relocated from the land, now the site of the Herald Sun building a few metres up City Road, to 20 City Road, serves the Southbank community as a church and spiritual centre. The Church can be accessed either from the Southgate Shopping complex; the Queensbridge Precinct began development in 2005 with Freshwater Place. A plaza linked to the north bank and Flinders Street railway station via a pedestrian and cycle path developed from the Sandridge Bridge; the disused bridge was opened to the public on 12 March 2006, just in time for the 2006 Commonwealth Games. The Northbank promenade was completed in 2006 to link the sections. An increasing number of corporations began opening their offices in Southbank.
PricewaterhouseCoopers relocated their office from Spring Street to Freshwater Place in 2005. Other names on the list include Fuj
The Western Bulldogs is a professional Australian rules football club that competes in the Australian Football League, the sport's premier competition. Founded in 1877 in Footscray, an inner-western suburb of Melbourne, the club won nine premierships in the Victorian Football Association before gaining entry to the Victorian Football League in 1925; the club has won two VFL/AFL premierships, in 1954 and 2016, was runner up in 1961. The Western Bulldogs' home guernsey features two thick horizontal hoops—one red and one white—on a royal blue background; the club's headquarters and training facilities are located in Footscray at Whitten Oval, nicknamed "The Kennel", its original home ground. The club draws much of its supporter base from Melbourne's traditionally working class western region, plays its home matches at Docklands Stadium in the Docklands area in the city's inner-west. In 1996, the club changed its name from the "Footscray Football Club" to its nickname, the "Western Bulldogs". Newspapers record Australian rules football being played in the Melbourne suburb of Footscray in the mid-1870s, during which time a local junior football club was formed.
In 1880, the club changed its name to the Prince Imperials in honour of Napoléon, Prince Imperial, the heir to French throne, who had died in battle. The club reverted to Footscray a few years later. In 1886, Footscray gained admission to the Victorian Football Association after amalgamating with the Footscray Cricket Club to form a senior football club; the club tended occupying the lower rungs of the VFA ladder. The club began to improve after the VFL breakaway of 1896, finishing on top of the VFA ladder in 1898, 1899 and 1900; as no finals were played, Footscray were declared premiers. The club played in and won its first finals match in 1903, against Richmond, the minor premiers, but lost the follow-up finals match to North Melbourne. After losing to West Melbourne in the 1906 VFA Grand Final, the club won its first premiership by defeating Brunswick in 1908. Another premiership followed in 1913; the club entered two years of recess during World War I and returned in 1918. Still rebuilding, the club won the wooden spoon.
From bottom to top in one year, 1919 saw the club win the premiership, again in 1920. The club went back-to-back in 1923 and 1924; the 1924 premiership would be Footscray's last in the VFA. After the 1924 season, the club challenged the premiers of the VFL, Essendon, to a charity match, otherwise known as the Championship of Victoria, for the benefit of opera singer Dame Nellie Melba's Limbless Soldiers' Appeal. Footscray recorded an upset victory; the win was a significant factor in Footscray gaining admission to the VFL. In 1919, there were nine clubs competing in the VFL, due to the return of all the foundation teams plus Richmond after World War I, as well as University Football Club deciding not to rejoin the VFL; this caused one team to be idle every Saturday and the VFL was keen to do away with this bye each week. On the night of 9 January 1925, a committee meeting of the VFL, chaired by Reg Hunt of Carlton, decided to expand the league from nine clubs to twelve, it was decided in the meeting to admit Footscray, along with two other VFA clubs and North Melbourne.
Footscray played their first VFL match against Fitzroy on Saturday 2 May at the Brunswick Street Oval in front of 28,000 spectators. Former Richmond star George Bayliss had the honour of kicking Footscray's first VFL goal, although they ended up losing by nine points against an experienced league side, they earned great respect. Future Brownlow medallist Allan Hopkins was regarded as Footscray's best player that day; the following week, playing their first VFL home game at the Western Oval against a strong South Melbourne team, the Tricolours recorded their first VFL victory by 10 points in front of 25,000 spectators with a strong team effort. Footscray adapted quickly to the standard of VFL football despite losing some of their VFA stars, by 1928 were a contender for the finals, missing only on percentage in 1931. Though they slipped to eleventh place in 1930, 1935 and 1937, in 1938 they became the first of the new clubs to reach the finals, they fell back drastically in 1939, but played better during the war-torn 1940s, winning their first nine games in 1946.
Between 1938 and 1951, Footscray failed to win any finals matches, losing all six of its semi-final appearances. In 1953, the club set a record by conceding only 959 points in the home-and-away season due to a powerful defence featuring Whitten, Dave Bryden, Wally Donald, Herb Henderson and Jim Gallagher. Footscray won its first semi-final, against Essendon, but lost the preliminary final to Geelong, a key factor being the absence of star full-forward Jack Collins, suspended for four matches at the end of the home-and-away season; the Bulldogs went into the 1954 VFL season as premiership contenders. However, the season did not start well with losses St Kilda and Richmond, both of which finished in the bottom four the previous season. In the following two matches, against South Melbourne and Carlton, the club returned to form with Jack Collins booting eight and nine goals to help propel the Bulldogs to victory. In Round 7 against Hawthorn at Glenferrie Oval, led by Don Ross after Whitten injured his shoulder, came from 23 points down at the last break to kick seven goals and win by nine points.
With Richmond upsetting Collingwood at Victoria Park that same day, the Bulldogs went to the top of the ladder, where they would stay until Round 11, when they lost to Collingwood by ten points in a top-of-the-ladder c
The Logie Awards are an annual institution that celebrate Australian television and organised by magazine TV Week, with the first ceremony in 1959. The Awards are presented in twenty categories representing both public and industry voted nominations, with the highest honour and most publicised award being the Gold Logie, awarded to the Most Popular Personality on Australian Television for the previous year; the event has been associated with TV and former radio personality Bert Newton, who has hosted the ceremony on the most occasions. Over the years, the Logies have been hosted in Sydney. From 2018, the Logie Awards moved the ceremony moved to new location on the Gold Queensland. Known from their inception as the "TV Week Awards", the awards were instigated by TV Week magazine with the first voting coupons provided in the magazine in late 1958, two years after the introduction of television in Australia; the first awards were presented on 15 January 1959 on an episode of In Melbourne Tonight.
Only Melbourne television personalities were nominated and awards were given in eight categories, including two for American programs. The most prestigious award in 1959 was Star of the Year presented to IMT host Graham Kennedy; the following year, Kennedy coined the name Logie Awards, to honour Scottish engineer, innovator after the contributor to the development of television as a practical medium, John Logie Baird. The Logie statuette was designed by Alec De Lacy, chief designer for Melbourne-based trophy makers KG Luke Ltd; the first Gold Logie, the equivalent of the Star of the Year Award, was presented to Graham Kennedy in 1960. The record for most wins goes to Ray Martin; the latest ceremony, the Logie Awards of 2018, were held on 1 July 2018, with the Gold Logie winner being Grant Denyer, who won for game show Family Feud. In 1960, the ceremony is coined "Logie Awards" to honour inventor John Logie Baird, by Graham Kennedy, after he won what was known as the "Star of the Year Award". In 1961, the awards ceremony was televised for the first time, with the ABC screening the first half hour of the awards in Sydney.
In 1962, Australian variety presenter and actress Lorrae Desmond, best known for her role as Shirley Gilroy on A Country Practice was the first female star to win a Gold Logie, for her music variety program The Lorrae Desmond Show. In 1963, the planned televised ceremony was cancelled due to the host, Tony Hancock cancelling his trip to Australia. In 1968, there was no award for the Most Popular Female in Television. According to Bert Newton, hosting that year, "it appears no one was deemed worthy enough to receive it", he pleaded with the producers to never be put in that position again. In 1973, the media was invited for the first time to attend the Logies. In 1974, Number 96 star Pat McDonald became the first "soap star" actress to win the Gold Logie. In 1975, the Logie Awards are broadcast in colour for the first time. In 1976, the first and only fictional character to win a Logie was Norman Gunston, with the award being presented to portrayer Garry McDonald, who accepted the award in character.
In 1981, the Logie Awards returned to Sydney for the first time in 20 years and were broadcast for the first time on Network Ten In 1984, the Hall of Fame Logie was introduced by TV Week, awarded to recognise outstanding and continued contribution to television by an individual or program with the first induction being former conductor turned producer and television pioneer Hector Crawford. In 1988, Actress and future international pop star Kylie Minogue became the youngest person to win a Gold Logie for her role as Charlene Mitchell in Neighbours. In 1989, the Seven Network screens the Logie Awards for the first time. In 1997, Agro's Cartoon Connection won its seventh consecutive Logie Award for Most Popular Children's Program. In 2010, Ray Meagher became the oldest person to win an award, for his portrayal of Alf Stewart in Home and Away. In 2006, a new Logies category was introduced, named Graham Kennedy Award for Most Outstanding Newcomer, to honour Kennedy's career and legacy and to commemorate the 50th year of broadcasting of television in Australia.
In 2016, the Logies accepted nominations from locally produced digital content. In 2016, Waleed Aly became the first non-Caucasian person to win the Gold Logie. In 2017, TV Week announced that after 30 years, the awards ceremony will no longer be held in Melbourne, due to the withdrawal of financial support by the Victorian government; the Logie awards ceremony will be held at The Star Gold Coast on the Gold Coast, Queensland for four years, with support of the Queensland government. The prestigious Logie Hall of Fame was first introduced in 1984; the induction was a posthumous honour for TV cameraman Neil Davis, actor Maurie Fields, conservationist Steve Irwin, news anchor Brian Naylor and journalist Peter Harvey. In 2017, Kerri-Anne Kennerley was only the third woman to be inducted after Ruth Cracknell and Noni Hazlehurst, it has been criticised for its lack of women. Four Corners, Play School and Away and 60 Minutes are the only programs that have been inducted into the Hall of Fame. Voting for the Most Popular Logie categories is done using an online form, or by SMS voting for the final nominees.
Ten of the Logie Award categories are fan awards. In the past, the "Most Popular" Logies categories were voted by the readers of TV Week magazine using a coupon. SMS voting was introduced in 2006 for the Gold
Virtual International Authority File
The Virtual International Authority File is an international authority file. It is a joint project of several national libraries and operated by the Online Computer Library Center. Discussion about having a common international authority started in the late 1990s. After a series of failed attempts to come up with a unique common authority file, the new idea was to link existing national authorities; this would present all the benefits of a common file without requiring a large investment of time and expense in the process. The project was initiated by the US Library of Congress, the German National Library and the OCLC on August 6, 2003; the Bibliothèque nationale de France joined the project on October 5, 2007. The project transitioned to being a service of the OCLC on April 4, 2012; the aim is to link the national authority files to a single virtual authority file. In this file, identical records from the different data sets are linked together. A VIAF record receives a standard data number, contains the primary "see" and "see also" records from the original records, refers to the original authority records.
The data are available for research and data exchange and sharing. Reciprocal updating uses the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting protocol; the file numbers are being added to Wikipedia biographical articles and are incorporated into Wikidata. VIAF's clustering algorithm is run every month; as more data are added from participating libraries, clusters of authority records may coalesce or split, leading to some fluctuation in the VIAF identifier of certain authority records. Authority control Faceted Application of Subject Terminology Integrated Authority File International Standard Authority Data Number International Standard Name Identifier Wikipedia's authority control template for articles Official website VIAF at OCLC