Ruth Aiko Asawa was an American sculptor. Known in San Francisco as the lady, her work is included in the art collections of the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum. She was a force behind the creation of the San Francisco School of the Arts. Ruth Asawa was born in 1926 in Norwalk, one of seven children and her father operated a truck farm until the Japanese American internment during World War II. The family lived in the center at the Santa Anita racetrack for much of 1942. Asawas younger sister, was visiting family in Japan while the family was interned, Nancy was forced to stay in Japan for the duration of the war. Her father, Umakichi Asawa, was arrested by FBI agents in February 1942, for six months following, the Asawa family did not know if he was alive or dead. Asawa did not see her father for six years, following her graduation from the internment centers high school, she attended Milwaukee State Teachers College, intending to become an art teacher. Unable to get hired for the requisite practice teaching to complete her degree, the summer before her final year in Milwaukee, Asawa traveled to Mexico with her older sister Lois.
Awawa attended an art class at the Universidad de Mexico with Cuban refugee, friend of Josef Albers, Porset told Asawa about the Black Mountain College. From 1946 to 1949, she studied at Black Mountain College with Josef Albers, Asawa learned to use commonplace materials from Albers, and she began experimenting with wire using a variety of techniques. Like all Black Mountain College students, Asawa took courses across a variety of different art forms, according to Asawa, the dance courses she took with Merce Cunningham were especially inspirational. Asawa married architect Albert Lanier in July 1949, the couple had six children, Aiko, Adam and Paul. Asawa died of natural causes on August 5,2013, at her San Francisco, California, in the 1950s, Asawa experimented with crocheted wire sculptures of abstract forms that appear as three-dimensional line drawings. She learned the technique while in Toluca, where villagers used a similar technique to make baskets from galvanized wire. She explained, I was interested in it because of the economy of a line, making something in space, enclosing it without blocking it out.
I realized that if I was going to make these forms, in 1962, Asawa began experimenting with tied wire sculptures of images rooted in nature and abstraction. Ruth was ahead of her time in understanding how sculptures could function to define and interpret space, said Daniell Cornell and this aspect of her work anticipates much of the installation work that has come to dominate contemporary art
Aisha Tyler is an American talk show host, comedian, producer and director. She is known for portraying Andrea Marino in the first season of Ghost Whisperer, voicing Lana Kane in Archer and she is a co-host of CBSs The Talk, and the current host of Whose Line is it Anyway. Tyler was born in San Francisco, the daughter of Robin Gregory, a teacher, and James Tyler, the family spent one year in Ethiopia, and spent time living in an Ashram in the US. Her parents amicably divorced when she was 10 and she was raised by her father while her sister was raised by their mother. She pursued an early interest in comedy at McAteer High School in San Francisco, Tyler attended high school with Sam Rockwell, and Margaret Cho. She had a crush on Rockwell, and followed him into acting class one day, leading to her interest in improv, Tyler graduated from Dartmouth College in 1992. She was a member of The Tabard, a co-ed fraternity, at Dartmouth, she co-founded and sang in the Dartmouth Rockapellas, an all-female a cappella group devoted to spreading social awareness through song.
After briefly working for a San Francisco advertising firm, she toured the country pursuing a career before moving to Los Angeles in 1996. Tyler has devoted a significant amount of her time to independent projects, including a role in the play Moose Mating and she wrote and starred in the independent short film The Whipper. Moving into acting, Tyler featured in Friends as Dr. Charlie Wheeler and Ross girlfriend and she filmed her own sitcom pilot for CBS, which was not picked up. In 2007, she filmed the thriller Death Sentence and the crime drama Black Water Transit and she continues to appear on television, with appearances on Boston Legal, Reno 911. The Boondocks, and as a guest film critic on several episodes of At the Movies with Ebert & Roeper, Tyler has moved into print media as a regular contributor to Glamour and Entertainment Weekly magazines. Her first book, Swerve, A Guide to the Sweet Life for Postmodern Girls, was released in January 2004, Tyler plays on the World Poker Tour in the Hollywood Home games for the Futures Without Violence charity.
She made a guest appearance on Kanye Wests single Slow Jamz, Tyler appeared in a nude pictorial, along with other celebrities, in the May 2006 issue of Allure. The annual Nude Issue raises money to combat skin cancer, in May 2009, it was announced that ABC had given Tyler her own talk show pilot, The Aisha Tyler Show. In early May 2010, she presented the Welcome to the Beta video for Halo and she voiced a minor character in the game. In 2009, she began her starring role voicing Lana Kane in the FX series Archer, in August 2010, Tyler began appearing in a recurring guest spot on The Stephanie Miller Show. The segment is named Tuesdays With Tyler, Tyler appears either in studio or via the phone when she is not otherwise committed to one of her acting roles
California is the most populous state in the United States and the third most extensive by area. Located on the western coast of the U. S, California is bordered by the other U. S. states of Oregon and Arizona and shares an international border with the Mexican state of Baja California. Los Angeles is Californias most populous city, and the second largest after New York City. The Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nations second- and fifth-most populous urban regions, California has the nations most populous county, Los Angeles County, and its largest county by area, San Bernardino County. The Central Valley, an agricultural area, dominates the states center. What is now California was first settled by various Native American tribes before being explored by a number of European expeditions during the 16th and 17th centuries, the Spanish Empire claimed it as part of Alta California in their New Spain colony. The area became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its war for independence.
The western portion of Alta California was organized as the State of California, the California Gold Rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic changes, with large-scale emigration from the east and abroad with an accompanying economic boom. If it were a country, California would be the 6th largest economy in the world, fifty-eight percent of the states economy is centered on finance, real estate services and professional, scientific and technical business services. Although it accounts for only 1.5 percent of the states economy, the story of Calafia is recorded in a 1510 work The Adventures of Esplandián, written as a sequel to Amadis de Gaula by Spanish adventure writer Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo. The kingdom of Queen Calafia, according to Montalvo, was said to be a land inhabited by griffins and other strange beasts. This conventional wisdom that California was an island, with maps drawn to reflect this belief, shortened forms of the states name include CA, Cal. Calif. and US-CA.
Settled by successive waves of arrivals during the last 10,000 years, various estimates of the native population range from 100,000 to 300,000. The Indigenous peoples of California included more than 70 distinct groups of Native Americans, ranging from large, settled populations living on the coast to groups in the interior. California groups were diverse in their organization with bands, villages. Trade and military alliances fostered many social and economic relationships among the diverse groups, the first European effort to explore the coast as far north as the Russian River was a Spanish sailing expedition, led by Portuguese captain Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, in 1542. Some 37 years English explorer Francis Drake explored and claimed a portion of the California coast in 1579. Spanish traders made unintended visits with the Manila galleons on their trips from the Philippines beginning in 1565
Abraham Lincoln High School (San Francisco)
Abraham Lincoln High School is a California Distinguished and fully accredited comprehensive public high school located in the Sunset District of San Francisco, California. The school is named after the 16th President of the United States Abraham Lincoln, the building is portrayed as Elmore Junior High School in the British/American cartoon show The Amazing World Of Gumball. Abraham Lincoln High School was established on Tuesday, August 27,1940, accepting approximately 950 students under Lincolns first principal and its opening and dedication ceremony was held on September 22,1940. Additions such as the North and South Gymnasiums, the auditorium, the first Star Trek convention was held at Lincoln in 1975. In the center of the Sunset District, Abraham Lincoln High School occupies four blocks demarcated by the intersections of Quintara Street and Santiago Street and 22nd Avenue, the bungalow replacement will result in a new 18-classroom CHPS-Designed building. Abraham Lincoln High School is a school along with Lowell High School.
The north wing to the campus has been constructed to alleviate crowding, Lincoln allows students to leave campus during lunch with an unrestricted open campus lunch policy. Abraham Lincoln High School, unlike alternative schools such as Lowell, for the 2006–2007 school year, Lincoln was the most competitive district high school in demand with 3,430 applicants, or 74% of all applicants. The school colors are red and gold, and its mascot is the Mustang, a feral horse that embodies the attributes of hardiness, speed. The school hymn was written by a Lincoln graduate, Patricia Cutler Aversano, in 1943, the lyrics to the hymn are, High on a hilltop, mid sand and sea, Abraham Lincoln, we will honor thee forever. Thy sons and daughters, however long the trail, Always will remember thee, Lincoln has a football tradition with Washington High School in San Francisco called the Bell Game. It is a game where the winning school receives the prized bell. Spirit week is an important time at Lincoln High School and it takes place the week of the Bell Game vs.
Washington High School. Various events occurring during Spirit Week include Battle of the Classes, Twin Day, Crazy Hair Day, Nerd Day, Polo/Hat/Tie Day, the school has its annual Brotherhood Sisterhood Assembly which is one of the most popular events that occur annually at Lincoln High. Various clubs put on acts, slide shows to show the diversity the school is made of, Lincoln hosts two seasonal festivals each year, Fall Fest and Spring Fest. The events are a chance for student clubs and organizations to raise money by selling food or providing entertainment, many cultural clubs sell food that is representative of the culture. The Turkey Day game is the city championship game held annually on Thanksgiving. Another two strong and acclaimed extracurricular activities are Fallfest and Springfest, two occasions when students can relax with a decreased schedule, 2006–2007,2343 students, M/F 2006–2007,126 Certificated Teachers, M/F Amy Alexander, Class of 1981
Multiracial is defined as made up of or relating to people of many races. Many terms exist for people of multiracial backgrounds. While some of the used in the past are considered insulting and offensive. Individuals of multiracial backgrounds make up a significant portion of the population in parts of the world. In North America, studies have found that the population is continuing to grow. Because of a decline in racism, multiracial people no longer feel the need to hide their heritage, in many countries of Latin America and the Caribbean, mixed-race people make up the majority of the population. While defining race is controversial, race remains a commonly used term for categorization, insofar as race is defined differently in different cultures, perceptions of multiraciality will naturally be subjective. Some percentage of people who look black will possess genetic markers indicating the majority of their recent ancestors were European. The revised OMB standards identify a minimum of five categories, Black or African American, American Indian and Alaska Native, Asian.
Perhaps the most significant change for Census 2000 was that respondents were given the option to one or more races on the questionnaire to indicate their racial identity. Census 2000 race data are shown for people who reported a race either alone or in combination with one or more other races, in the English-speaking world, many terms for people of various multiracial backgrounds exist, some of which are pejorative or are no longer used. Mulato and mestizo are used in Spanish, caboclo, cafuzo and mestiço in Portuguese and mulâtre and these terms are in certain contexts used in the English-speaking world. In Canada, the Métis are an ethnic group of mixed European and First Nation descent. Half-breed is a term that referred to people of partial Native American ancestry, it is now considered pejorative. Mestee, once used, is now used mostly for members of historically mixed-race groups, such as Louisiana Creoles, Redbones. In South Africa, and much of English-speaking southern Africa, the term Coloured was used to describe a mixed-race person, while the term is socially accepted, it is becoming an outdated due to its association with the apartheid era.
Charts and diagrams intended to explain the classifications were common, the well-known Casta paintings in Mexico and, to some extent, were illustrations of the different classifications. Most Brazilians of all groups are to some extent mixed-race according to genetic research
Balboa High School (California)
Balboa High School, colloquially known as Bal, is an American public high school located near the Excelsior District in the Mission Terrace neighborhood of San Francisco, California. Balboa serves grades nine through 12 as part of the San Francisco Unified School District, Balboa is a comprehensive school located in an urban working class district. It educates a greater proportion of the disadvantaged and minority students relative to other city high schools. Mirroring conditions in the areas it serves, the school has a marked by periods of violence, controversy. The school motto is First on the Pacific, the campus is the only historic landmark school in the district and the only one operating in the city. Following the dismissal of the faculty in 1999, it became the first school in northern California to embrace. It was the first in California to start a student health clinic. In response to the AIDS pandemic, it was the first school in California to distribute condoms to students. In the last decade, Balboa has experienced a turnaround and has improved its reputation, the school achieved placement on Newsweeks Americas Top Public High Schools list in 2007 and 2008.
Balboa High School is named for 16th-century Spanish explorer Vasco Núñez de Balboa, founded in 1928, campus construction was completed in 1931. Balboa is a preparatory high school with a rich history. In 1986, Balboa converted its metal shop into the first school-based health clinic in California, the clinic provides basic medical and mental health services. The clinic has improved access and the habits of a disadvantaged student population that might otherwise have no professional health assistance. In an effort to prevent the spread of AIDS, Balboa became the first school in California to distribute condoms to students in May 1992. This program and the other family planning and sexually transmitted disease efforts have featured somewhat controversially in a number of research papers. Ultimately one cadet was rendered partially deaf from a punctured eardrum, the resulting litigation from this incident exposed a culture and history of JROTC hazing at Balboa and several other SFUSD schools extending back to the 1980s.
This controversy has been cited by JROTC opponents in efforts to eliminate the program at all SFUSD schools, in 1996, frustrated by high turnover and low performance on the part of the educational staff, the SFUSD dismissed the entire faculty. During the 1999–2000 academic year, Balboa shifted its academic program to the concept of Small Learning Communities and these communities would form a school within a school in an effort to turn around past poor academic performance
Rhode Island School of Design
Rhode Island School of Design is a fine arts and design college located in Providence, in the U. S. state of Rhode Island. Founded in 1877, it is located at the base of College Hill, the two institutions share social and community resources and offer joint courses. Applicants to RISD are required to complete RISDs two-drawing hometest and it includes, on the Fall 2015 term, about 470 faculty and curators, and 400 staff members. About 2,014 undergraduates and 467 graduate students enroll from all over the United States and 57 other countries and it offers 16 undergraduate majors and 17 graduate majors. RISD is a member of the Association of Independent Colleges of Art and Design and it maintains over 80,000 works of art in the RISD Museum. The Centennial Women were a group formed to raise funds for a separate Womens Pavilion showcasing womens work at the 1876 Centennial Exposition, the Rhode Island Centennial Women submitted their newspaper, Herald of the Century, to this Womens Pavilions library.
At the end of the Worlds Fair, the RI Centennial Women had $1,675 left over, the school was incorporated in March 1877 and opened its doors the following fall at the Hoppin Homestead in downtown Providence, RI. Metcalf directed the school until her death in 1895 and her daughter, Eliza Greene Metcalf Radeke, took over until her death in 1931. The Rhode Island General Assembly ratified An Act to Incorporate the Rhode Island School of Design on March 22,1877, the systematic training of students in the practice of Art, in order that they may understand its principles, give instruction to others, or become artists. The general advancement of public Art Education, by the exhibition of works of Art and of Art school studies, Architecture – B. F. A. /B. Arch, M. Arch Ceramics – B. F. A. Interior Architecture – M. A. Department of Interior Architecture, Degree in Interior Studies, teaching & Learning in Art & Design – M. F. A. RISD is annually ranked as the top art and design school in the United States, U. S.
News & World Report ranked RISD first amongst Fine Arts programs, above Yale University and the School of the Art Institute of Chicago. In 2015 and 2016, RISD has been ranked 3rd by the QS World University Rankings amongst Art & Design programs. Within subdivisions of Fine Arts, the school was ranked 1st in graphic design and industrial design, 2nd in painting and its undergraduate architecture program ranked 7 in DesignIntelligences ranking of the Top Architecture Schools in the US for 2017. Concentrations at RISD do not confer a degree, they act like minors at other education institutions, Philosophy, Social Sciences English Art History Liberal Arts The RISD Museum houses a collection of fine and decorative art objects. The first public galleries opened in 1893, founded in 1878, the RISD Library is one of the oldest independent art college libraries in the country. Its more than 145,000 volumes and 380 periodical subscriptions offer unusual depth and richness in the areas of architecture, design, the collection provides strong historical and contemporary perspectives, and materials in landscape architecture, ceramics and jewelry support upper-level research.
The library is noted for its artist’s book collection, its rare books
Lowell High School (San Francisco)
Lowell High School is a public magnet school in San Francisco, California. The school opened in 1856 as the Union Grammar School and attained its current name in 1896, Lowell moved to its current location in the Merced Manor neighborhood in 1962. Run by the San Francisco Unified School District, Lowell is open to all San Francisco residents, admission is contingent on submission of an application and based primarily on evaluation of test scores and prior academic record. Lowell contains a wide-ranging and rigorous curriculum and is noted for its academic excellence, the school has been named a California Distinguished School seven times and a National Blue Ribbon School four times. Lowell is currently ranked 52nd by U. S. News & World Report in its Best High Schools in America for 2015, Lowell was ranked 49th by Newsweeks Americas Best High Schools 2012 list and 66th by Newsweeks 2013 list. Lowell High School began in 1856 as the Union Grammar School, in 1894, the school was renamed to honor the distinguished poet James Russell Lowell, chiefly by Pelham W.
Ames, a member of the school board and ardent admirer of James Russell Lowell. The school relocated in January 1913 to a block on Hayes Street between Ashbury and Masonic. Lowell remained there for 50 years and established its position as the college preparatory high school. In 1952, the school sought a new location near Lake Merced and moved there in 1962, U. S. Supreme Court Justice Stephen Breyer visited. 2009 Lowell ranked 3rd internationally in AP exam scores,2010 Because of state class-time requirements, modular schedule abandoned in favor of mod/block schedule. School day lengthened to eight hours and twenty three minutes, Lowell ranked 2nd internationally in AP exam scores. San Francisco Unified School District and the 1983 Consent Decree settlement, in 1994, a group of Chinese-American community activists organized a lawsuit to challenge the 1983 Consent Decree race-based admissions policies used by SFUSD for its public schools. Critics of the diversity index created by Ho v. San Francisco Unified School District point out that many schools, as a result, these policies may be challenged at the community and local levels as well instead of just at the judicial level by filing a lawsuit.
Lowell is located north of Lake Merced, south of San Franciscos Parkside District, the school spans several blocks between Sylvan Ave. in the west and 25th Ave. in the east, and Eucalyptus Drive in the north to Winston Drive in the south. The school is accessible via the San Francisco Municipal Railway K, M,57,18,23,28, 28R, the campus is located next to Lakeshore Elementary School, a public school, and St. Stephen School, a private K-8 school. Lowell is one of the two schools in the San Francisco Unified School District that is permitted to admit only students who meet special admission requirements. The Lowell admission process is based on a combination of standardized test scores, GPA, a writing sample, Lowell High School is ranked 3rd in terms of test scores among the Top 10 Public Schools in California, behind Gretchen Whitney High School and Oxford Academy. Lowell was named a California Distinguished School in 1986,1990,1992,1994,2001, and 2009 as well as a National Blue Ribbon School in 1982,1994,2001, and 2012
Civic Center, San Francisco
It has two large plazas and a number of buildings in classical architectural style. The Bill Graham Civic Auditorium, the United Nations Charter was signed in the War Memorial Veterans Buildings Herbst Theatre in 1945 and it is where the 1951 Treaty of San Francisco was signed. The San Francisco Civic Center was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1987, the Civic Center is bounded by Market Street on the south, Franklin Street on the west, Turk Street on the north, and Leavenworth and Seventh streets on the east. The Civic Center was built in the early 20th century after a city hall was destroyed in the 1906 earthquake. Although the noted architect and urban planner Daniel Burnham had provided the city plans for a neo-classical Civic Center shortly before the 1906 earthquake. A temporary city hall was put up on Market Street, but planning for a permanent structure. The current civic center was planned by a group of local architects, the current City Hall was completed in 1915, in time for the Panama-Pacific Exposition.
The War Memorial Opera House and its twin, the War Memorial Veterans Building, the Main Library. During World War II, Army barracks and Victory gardens were constructed in the plaza in front of City Hall. The Louise M. Davies Symphony Hall and Harold L. Zellerbach Rehearsal Hall were added in 1980, the 1990s saw the construction of a new Main Library with the conversion of the old Main Library building into the Asian Art Museum, and the removal of all public benches. In 1998, the city officially renamed part of the plaza the Joseph L. Alioto Performing Arts Piazza after the former mayor. Its central location, vast open space, and the collection of government buildings have made and it has been the scene of massive anti-war protests and rallies since the Korean War. It was the scene of major moments of the Gay Rights Movement, activist Harvey Milk held rallies and gave speeches there. After his assassination on November 27,1978, a candlelight vigil was held there. Later, it was the scene of the White Night Riots in response to the lenient sentencing of Dan White, Civic Center was the center point of the Gay Marriage activism, as Mayor Gavin Newsom married couples there.
The centerpiece of the Civic Center is the City Hall, which heads the complex, the section of the street in front of the building was renamed for Dr. Carlton B. Goodlett, a local African American activist, across the street on McAllister Street is the headquarters of the Supreme Court of California. Across from that building is the Asian Art Museum, opened in 2004 in the building of the San Francisco Library which is now in a newer building constructed in 1995
Indigenous peoples of the Americas
The indigenous peoples of the Americas are the pre-Columbian peoples of the Americas and their descendants. The term Amerindian is used in Quebec, the Guianas, Indigenous peoples of the United States are commonly known as Native Americans or American Indians, and Alaska Natives. Application of the term Indian originated with Christopher Columbus, who, in his search for Asia, the Americas came to be known as the West Indies, a name still used to refer to the islands of the Caribbean Sea. This led to the blanket term Indies and Indians for the indigenous inhabitants, although some indigenous peoples of the Americas were traditionally hunter-gatherers—and many, especially in the Amazon basin, still are—many groups practiced aquaculture and agriculture. The impact of their agricultural endowment to the world is a testament to their time, although some societies depended heavily on agriculture, others practiced a mix of farming and gathering. In some regions the indigenous peoples created monumental architecture, large-scale organized cities, chiefdoms and empires.
Many parts of the Americas are still populated by peoples, some countries have sizable populations, especially Belize, Chile, Greenland, Mexico. At least a different indigenous languages are spoken in the Americas. Some, such as the Quechuan languages, Guaraní, Mayan languages, many maintain aspects of indigenous cultural practices to varying degrees, including religion, social organization, and subsistence practices. Like most cultures, over time, cultures specific to many indigenous peoples have evolved to incorporate traditional aspects, some indigenous peoples still live in relative isolation from Western culture and a few are still counted as uncontacted peoples. The specifics of Paleo-Indian migration to and throughout the Americas, including the dates and routes traveled, are the subject of ongoing research. According to archaeological and genetic evidence and South America were the last continents in the world with human habitation. During the Wisconsin glaciation, 50–17,000 years ago, falling sea levels allowed people to move across the bridge of Beringia that joined Siberia to northwest North America.
Alaska was a glacial refugium because it had low snowfall, allowing a small population to exist, the Laurentide Ice Sheet covered most of North America, blocking nomadic inhabitants and confining them to Alaska for thousands of years. Indigenous genetic studies suggest that the first inhabitants of the Americas share a single population, one that developed in isolation. The isolation of these peoples in Beringia might have lasted 10–20,000 years, around 16,500 years ago, the glaciers began melting, allowing people to move south and east into Canada and beyond. These people are believed to have followed herds of now-extinct Pleistocene megafauna along ice-free corridors that stretched between the Laurentide and Cordilleran Ice Sheets. Another route proposed involves migration - either on foot or using primitive boats - along the Pacific Northwest coast to the south, archeological evidence of the latter would have been covered by the sea level rise of more than 120 meters since the last ice age
It began airing on Fox on June 11,2002, and ended on April 7,2016. It started off as an addition to the Idols format based on the British series Pop Idol, the concept of the series involves discovering recording stars from unsigned singing talents, with the winner determined by the viewers in America through telephones, and SMS text voting. American Idol employed a panel of judges who critiqued the contestants performances, the original judges were record producer and music manager Randy Jackson, pop singer and choreographer Paula Abdul and music executive and manager Simon Cowell. The judging panel for the final consisted of country singer Keith Urban and actress Jennifer Lopez. The first season was hosted by radio personality Ryan Seacrest and comedian Brian Dunkleman, the success of American Idol has been described as unparalleled in broadcasting history. The series was said by a rival TV executive to be the most impactful show in the history of television. It became a springboard for launching the career of many artists as bona fide stars.
The series concluded after 15 seasons, American Idol was based on the British show Pop Idol created by Simon Fuller, which was in turn inspired by the New Zealand television singing competition Popstars. Television producer Nigel Lythgoe saw a version in Australia and helped bring it over to Britain, Fuller was inspired by the idea from Popstars of employing a panel of judges to select singers in audition. He added elements, such as telephone voting by the viewing public. The show debuted in Britain in 2001 with Lythgoe as showrunner—the executive producer and production leader—and Simon Cowell as one of the judges, it was quite successful with the viewing public. In 2001, Cowell, and TV producer Simon Jones attempted to sell the Pop Idol format to the United States, but the idea was initially met with poor responses from the Fox television network. However, Rupert Murdoch, head of Foxs parent company, was persuaded to buy the series by his daughter, Elisabeth. The show was renamed American Idol, The Search for a Superstar, Cowell was initially offered the job as showrunner but turned down the offer, Lythgoe took over that position.
Much to Cowells surprise, it one of the biggest shows of the summer. The show grew into a phenomenon largely due to its personal engagement of the contestants, thereby prompting viewers to vote, by 2004, it had become the most-watched show on U. S. television, a position it held for seven consecutive seasons. However, after a few years of declining ratings, the network announced that the fifteenth season would be its last. A fourth judge, radio DJ Stryker, was originally chosen, the show decided to continue with the three judges format until season eight