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Fayzabad, Badakhshan

Fayzabad is a city in northeast Afghanistan, with a population of about 30,000 people. It serves as largest city of Badakhshan Province, it is situated in Fayzabad District and is at an altitude of 1,200 m.. Fayzabad is the main administrative center of the Pamir region; the Kokcha River runs alongside the city. The Fayzabad Airport is located next to the city; the Afghan Air Force has access to the airport. The city was called Jauz Gun until 1680 because of the number of nuts in the area; the name was changed to Faizabad, which can be translated as "abode of divine bounty and charity", when the robe of Muhammed was delivered to the city. Tradition states that it was brought here by Muhammad Shaykh Ziya and Shaykh Niyaz after Wais Quran brought it to Balkh. At that time the city replaced Munjan as the capital of Badakhshan. In 1768, Ahmad Durrani took the robe to Kandahar, established the Mosque of the Cloak of the Prophet Mohammed there in 1695; the Sáhibzádas of Samarkand removed the relic of the prophet from the capital in 1734.

His clothing which came from the Turkish Campaign, was taken by Temorlane to Samarkand. Whilst the relic was being conveyed to India it was captured by Mír Yár Beg who deposited it at Fayzabad. Many visitors used to come to a shrine erected in the city; the Khoja community of Badakhshán were made attendants at the shrine. There are seven historical forts around the city, several of which are in ruins; these forts were built to help defend the roads leading in and out. In 1979 the town became a hotbed of guerrilla groups. Fayzabad became a base for the Soviet garrison. Many NGOs who work in the Badakhshan province have placed their headquarters in the new part of the city. Near the city Germany is leading the Provincial Reconstruction Team. Danish and Czech teams had been a part of the PRT but the Czechs left in 2007 and the Danes in 2008; the camp is based at an old Soviet airstrip. The city is located on the right bank of the Kokcha River near where the river exits from a gorge and before it reaches a large open plain.

Fayzabad has a hot summer Mediterranean continental climate. It has cold, moderately wet winters. Precipitation falls in spring and winter. Fayzabad has been isolated from other parts of the country because of the lack of paved roads. There are two active bazaars in the city where items as diverse as cotton, cotton cloth and goods, sugar, tea and cutlery are traded, it has been two years since the asphalted ring road of Afghanistan reached Fayzabad. The cost of the road connecting Fayzabad with Taloqan and Kunduz was about $US 200 million, paid for by USAID. Several varieties of cash crops are grown in the vicinity including barley and rice and there are a number of gardens and orchards. There has been some success in panning for gold in the vicinity, beryl can be found and there is a salt mine located nearby; the city has a handicraft industry producing woolen goods and there are flour and rice mills. There is a working power station in the city and there is considerable potential for expansion of hydroelectric power.

The majority of the inhabitants are Tajiks, while there are minority communities of Pashtuns, Uzbeks and Turkmens. Eleven languages are spoken in the city, including Dari, Munji, Ishkashimi, Sarikoli, Rushani and Turkmen. There are a number of shrines of historical importance in the city; the city has several schools including an all-girls school. There is a government hospital in the province. There are a number of commercial guesthouses in the city, Qasre Kokcha Hotel is the best among them which has security, central heating system and internet. There is a guest house called Lapis Lazuli for expatriates. 2002 Hindu Kush earthquakes Faizabad Airport, Badakhshan Province on YouTube

Genie Montalvo

Genie Montalvo is a Puerto Rican actress, director and author. She was born in San Juan, November 25, 1951, she starred in Melinda Lopez's How Do You Spell Hope with the Underground Railway Theater at the Kennedy Center in Washington D. C. and in the award-winning The Order of Things in Boston for Playwrites Theater Company. Her stage credits include Hecuba of the Trojan women, she has received critical acclaim for her Bernarda Alba by Federico García Lorca performed in Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic, Boston. Among her film credits are Carlos Fuentes' The Hydra Head, PBS' production of Destinos, a lead part in a film on Diabetes produced by the University of Massachusetts Boston, she has appeared in multiple Telemundo and WAPA-TV daytime dramas including Tres Destinos, Pacto de Amor and Karina Montaner among others. She received the "Best Actress of the Year Award" given by the Theater Critics Association of Puerto Rico for her lead role in El Lado Obscuro del Espejo in 1993, she can be seen soon, in the made-for-TV movie Indigo produced by Von Marie Mendez.

Genie directed Lorca's Blood Wedding in the Park Festival in Boston and el Primer Tagazo at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, Boston. As a producer, Genie presented the only public appearance of Ray Charles in concert in Puerto Rico and directed Ricky Martin as Jesus in The Passion and Death of Christ. Among her other credits, Genie was Extra Casting Coordinator for The Blue Diner. Genie participated in the First Orlando Latino Film Festival in October 2007 as a speaker on “Acting in Films", she has just finished the first of a series of memoirs. The Memoir, Cruzar el Charco, is being adapted into a screenplay. Montalvo is married to Christian Berrios, has four grandsons, she is a legal and medical interpreter, aiding Hispanic people in Massachusetts where she resides. "Genie Montalvo Production". NewEnglandFilm.com. Archived from the original on March 7, 2012. Retrieved July 24, 2010

Chalk Circle (Canadian band)

Chalk Circle was a Canadian alternative rock band formed in 1982 in Newcastle, Ontario. The band consisted of lead singer and guitarist Chris Tait, bassist Brad Hopkins, keyboardist Tad Winklarz and drummer Derrick Murphy. Formed in Newcastle, Ontario and Tait were paired with Terry Miller and Stani Veselinovic in 1982 as "The Casualties"; the band changed its name to "The Reactors" and to "New Addition" in 1984, settled on the name Chalk Circle. The band recorded a demo single "The World" on cassette and played the Toronto area, subsequently winning the CASBY Award for Most Promising Non-Recording Group in 1985. After signing to Duke Street Records in Toronto, their 1986 debut release was a six-song EP called The Great Lake. Produced by Chris Wardman, it was recorded at Manta Sound in Toronto and Quest Recording Studio in Oshawa; the lead single "April Fool" became a Top 10 single in Canada, along with another single "Me, Myself and I". The band produced videos for both tracks which were featured on MuchMusic, the EP went on to become Duke Street's biggest seller at that time.

Their second release was a full-length album entitled Mending Wall released in 1987, with the inspiration for the title coming from Robert Frost's famous poem. Recorded on digital equipment, the crisp sounding album featured another Top 10 Canadian single "This Mourning", a blistering commentary about nuclear politics in the'ray gun' era of the late 1980s; the album would be reissued with a cover version of T-Rex's "20th Century Boy", which became a Top 10 Canadian single. The band's final album was 1989's As the Crow Flies, which featured two singles, "Sons and Daughters" and "Together". Citing'creative differences', the band broke up in 1990, Tait formed the indie band Big Faith. In 2006, Universal Music Group released a Chalk Circle greatest hits compilation as part of its 20th Century Masters series; the release prompted the band to reconvene after 15 years and in February of that year, they began rehearsals at the Cherry Beach rehearsal studios in Toronto in anticipation of possible reunion shows.

On June 17, 2006, Chalk Circle played a reunion gig at Lee's Palace in Toronto. In recent years they have played additional shows including on October 1, 2011 and December 12, 2015, with Blue Peter at the Phoenix in Toronto, on November 12, 2011 in Montreal for the first time in 20 years at Corona Theatre; the Great Lake - 1986 Mending Wall - 1987 As the Crow Flies - 1989 The Best of Chalk Circle - 2006 "The World" "April Fool" No. 21 CAN "Me, Myself and I" No. 92 CAN "This Mourning" No. 28 CAN "20th Century Boy" No. 44 CAN "N. I. M. B. Y." "Sons and Daughters" "Together" Rick. Encyclopedia of Canadian rock and folk. Pg. 62. Quarry Press Jam! Canadian Pop Encyclopedia Chalk Circle

Teatro di San Carlo

The Teatro Reale di San Carlo, as named by the Bourbon monarchy but today known as the Teatro di San Carlo, is an opera house in Naples, connected to the Royal Palace and adjacent to the Piazza del Plebiscito. It is the oldest continuously active venue for opera in the world, having opened in 1737, decades before either Milan's La Scala or Venice's La Fenice; the opera season runs from late January to May, with the ballet season taking place from April to early June. The house once has now been reduced to 1,386 seats. Given its size and antiquity, it was the model for theatres that were built in Europe. Commissioned by the Bourbon King Charles III of Naples, Charles wanted to endow Naples with a new and larger theatre to replace the old and too-small Teatro San Bartolomeo of 1621, which had served the city well after Scarlatti had moved there in 1682 and had begun to create an important opera centre which existed well into the 1700s. Thus, the San Carlo was inaugurated on 4 November 1737, the king's name day, with the performance of the opera Domenico Sarro's Achille in Sciro, based on the 1736 libretto by Metastasio, set to music that year by Antonio Caldara.

As was customary, the role of Achilles was played by a woman, Vittoria Tesi, called "Moretta". Sarro conducted the orchestra in two ballets as intermezzi, created by Gaetano Grossatesta, with scenes designed by Pietro Righini; the first seasons highlighted the royal preference for dance numbers, featured among the performers famous castrati. In the late 18th century, Christoph Willibald Gluck was called to Naples by the impresario Tufarelli to direct his 1752 Clemenza di Tito at the theatre, Johann Christian Bach in 1761-62 brought two operas, Catone in Utica and Alessandro nell'Indie; the new opera house was designed by Giovanni Antonio Medrano, a military architect, Angelo Carasale, the former director of the San Bartolomeo. The horseshoe-shaped auditorium is the oldest in the world, it was built at a cost of 75,000 ducats. The hall was 28.6 meters long and 22.5 meters wide, with 184 boxes, including those of proscenium, arranged in six orders, plus a royal box capable of accommodating ten people, for a total of 1,379 seats.

Including standing room, the theatre could hold over 3,000 people. The fastidious composer and violinist Louis Spohr reviewed the size and acoustic properties of this opera house thoroughly on 15 February 1817 and concluded that: there is no better place for ballet and pantomime. Military movements of infantry and cavalry and storms at sea can be represented here without falling into the ludicrous, but for opera, the house is too large. Although the singers, Signora Isabella Colbran, the Signori Nozzari, etc. have strong voices, only their highest and most stentorian tones could be heard. Any kind of tender utterance was lost. Much admired for its architecture, its gold decorations, the sumptuous blue upholstery, the San Carlo was now the biggest opera house in the world. In relation to the power of the existing Bourbon Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, Beauvert notes that the design of the house, with its 184 boxes lacking any curtains was so that "no one could avoid the scrutiny by the sovereign" who had his private access from the Royal Palace.

In 1809 Domenico Barbaia was appointed manager of the royal opera houses in Naples and remained in charge until 1841. He soon established a reputation for innovative and dazzling productions, which attracted both the public and leading singers to the opera house. On 13 February 1816 a fire broke out during a dress-rehearsal for a ballet performance and spread to destroy a part of building. On the orders of King Ferdinand IV, another Bourbon monarch and son of Charles III, who used the services of Antonio Niccolini, Barbaia was able to rebuild the opera house within ten months, it was rebuilt as a traditional horseshoe-shaped auditorium with 1,444 seats, a proscenium, 33.5m wide and 30m high. The stage was 34.5m deep. Niccolini embellished in the inner of the bas-relief depicting "Time and the Hour"; the central frescoed ceiling painting of Apollo presenting to Minerva the greatest poets of the world was painted by Antonio, Giuseppe e Giovanni Cammarano. On 12 January 1817, the rebuilt theatre was inaugurated with Johann Simon Mayr's Il sogno di Partenope.

Stendhal attended the second night of the inauguration and wrote: "There is nothing in all Europe, I won’t say comparable to this theatre, but which gives the slightest idea of what it is like... it dazzles the eyes, it enraptures the soul...". In 1844 the opera house was re-decorated under Niccolini, his son Fausto, Francesco Maria dei Giudice; the main result was the change in appearance of the interior to the now-traditional gold. Apart from the creation of the orchestra pit, suggested by Verdi in 1872, the installation of electricity in 1890, the subsequent abolition of the central chandelier, the construction of the new foyer and a new wing for dressing rooms, the theatre underwent no substantial changes until repair of the bombing damage in 1943. During World War II the opera house was damaged by bombs. Following the liberation of Naples in October 1943, Peter Francis of the Royal Artillery organized repairs to the damaged foyer and, three weeks reopened the building with a musical revue.

With the building in a fit state for performances, more musicians and singers made themselves available and the f

1981 African Youth Championship

The African Youth Championship 1981 was contested through home and away matches. It served as qualification for the 1981 FIFA World Youth Championship; the following teams entered the tournament: The first leg was played on 8 June 1980. The second leg was held on 22 June 1980; the winners advanced to the First Round. Guinea, Tunisia, Ethiopia, Algeria, Ivory Coast, Uganda, the Central African Republic and Kenya all received byes to the First Round. 1 Malawi and Benin withdrew. 1 Côte d'Ivoire and Kenya withdrew. 1 Central African Republic were forced to withdraw due to unrest and political trouble in the country. 1 Algeria withdrew. The first leg were played on 12 April 1981; the second leg were played on ton 26 April 1981. The two best performing teams qualified for the 1981 FIFA World Youth Championship. Cameroon Egypt Results by RSSSF