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Rutland County, Vermont

Rutland County is a county located in the U. S. state of Vermont. As of the 2010 census, the population was 61,642, making it the second-most populous county in Vermont, its county seat and most populous municipality is the city of Rutland. It is named after the English county of Rutland, it is the only county in the United States with the name Rutland. On 16 February 1781 Rutland County was created from Bennington County. From 26 June 1781 until 23 February 1782, Vermont attempted to annex part of New York east of the Hudson River. New York did not lose control of the area. For seven months Rutland County included part of Charlotte County, New York. In February 1783 Orange County gained the towns of Brookfield and Randolph and Windsor County gained the towns of Bethel and Rochester from Rutland. On 18 October 1785 Addison County was created from Rutland. On 27 February 1787 Windsor County gained the town of Stockbridge from Rutland on 31 October 1792 Rutland gained from Windsor County when the town of Mount Holly was created from Jackson's Gore and the towns of Ludlow and Wallingford.

Windsor County gained Benton's Gore from Rutland on 2 March 1797. On 25 October 1805 Rutland County gained from Bennington County when the town of Mount Tabor gained from the town of Peru. On 29 October 1806 Windsor County gained from Rutland County when the town of Rochester gained a small area from the town of Pittsfield. On 15 November 1813 the county gained from Windsor County when the town of Pittsfield gained a small area from the town of Stockbridge, a change too small to appear on maps. On 9 November 1814 Addison County gained from Rutland County when the town of Goshen gained from the town of Philadelphia. On 22 October 1822 the county gained from Windsor County when the town of Pittsfield gained a small area from the town of Stockbridge. On 3 November 1823 it gained from Windsor County again when the town of Shrewsbury gained a small area from the town of Plymouth. On 15 November 1824 Windsor County gained from Rutland County when the town of Rochester gained a small area from the town of Pittsfield.

On 17 November 1825 Bennington County gained from the county when the town of Dorset gained a small area from the town of Mount Tabor. On 7 November 1839 the Legislature authorized Addison County to gain a small area from Rutland County when the town of Whiting was to gain from the town of Orwell, but there is no evidence. Addison County gained the town of Orwell from Rutland County on 1 December 1847. On 6 March 1855 Addison County gained another small area from the county when the town of Goshen gained "Clemens Land" from the town of Brandon. On 10 November 1870 the Legislature authorized Rutland County to gain a small area from Windsor County when the town of Mount Holly was to gain from the town of Weston, but there is no evidence. On 7 April 1880 the county lost to Washington County, New York, when New York gained a small area west of the village of Fair Haven from Vermont due to a change in the course of the Poultney River, a change too small to see on most maps. On 21 November 1884 Windsor County gained a small area from Rutland County when the town of Stockbridge gained Parker's Gore.

On 8 October 1895 Windsor County gained from the county when the town of Weston gained from the town of Mount Tabor. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 945 square miles, of which 930 square miles is land and 15 square miles is water, it is the second-largest county in Vermont by area. The primary stream of the county is Otter Creek, which runs through the county from the south to the north. Addison County - north Windsor County - east Bennington County - south Washington County, New York - west Green Mountain National Forest White Rocks National Recreation Area As of the 2010 census, there were 61,642 people, 25,984 households, 16,018 families residing in the county; the population density was 66.3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 33,768 housing units at an average density of 36.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 97.1% white, 0.6% Asian, 0.5% black or African American, 0.2% American Indian, 0.2% from other races, 1.3% from two or more races.

Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.1% of the population. Of the 25,984 households, 25.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.3% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 38.4% were non-families, 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.81. The median age was 44.3 years. The median income for a household in the county was $47,027 and the median income for a family was $58,790. Males had a median income of $40,638 versus $34,580 for females; the per capita income for the county was $25,426. About 8.1% of families and 11.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.2% of those under age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over. In 1828, Rutland County was won by National Republican Party candidate John Quincy Adams and by Henry Clay in 1832. From William Henry Harrison in 1836 to Winfield Scott in 1852, the county would be won by Whig Party candidates.

From John C. Frémont in 1856 to Richard Nixon in 1960, the Republican Party would have a 104 year winning streak in the county. In 1964, Rutland County was won by Democratic Party incumbent President Lyndon B. Johnson, who became the first Democratic presidential candidate to not only win the county, but to win the state of Vermont entirely. Following the Democrats vi

Pyotr Kikin

Pyotr Andreyevich Kikin was a Russian general and a Secretary of State under Tsar Alexander I. He was one of twelve children born to his wife Maria Yermolova, his baptismal name was Bartholomei. As soon as he was old enough to take some responsibility, he was enrolled in the Guards and was a sergeant by the age of ten, he studied in a boarding school at Moscow University and began his regular military career as an ensign in the Semyonovsky Regiment. From 1806 to 1812, he fought in the Russo-Turkish War, serving as an adjutant under General Michelson, he was promoted to colonel and immediately became involved in the French invasion of Russia, serving in the First Western Army. He was wounded in the eye at the Battle of Valutino and was injured in a counter-attack at the Battle of Borodino, but was still able to fight at the Battle of Krasnoi. In 1813, he was awarded the Order of St. George of the Third Degree and the Order of St. Alexander Nevsky. From 1813 to 1814, he commanded a brigade under Field Marshal Wittgenstein and distinguished himself at the Battle of Lützen.

After completing that campaign, he retired from military service. Until the invasion, he had been considered a Francophile, but his wartime experiences brought a new perspective. After reading the "Discourse on Old and New Styles" by Alexander Shishkov, he became a committed Slavophile, he wrote a letter to Shishkov, suggesting a memorial to celebrate the victory over Napoleon, sometimes cited as the inspiration for the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour, but this is far from certain. In 1816, at the request of Tsar Alexander, Count Aleksey Arakcheyev convinced Kikin to reenter government service and he was appointed Secretary of State in charge of reviewing petitions to the Tsar. In this post, he was distinguished by his candor and firmness and was not afraid to disagree with the Tsar when he thought his decisions were unfair. In 1820, together with Ivan Alexeyevich Gagarin and Alexander Ivanovich Dmitriev-Mamonov, he became a founding patron of the "Society for the Encouragement of Artists" and served as its first chairman.

He was a farmer, making many improvements to an estate in Ryazan Governorate that he acquired from his wealthy mother-in-law, Ekaterina Torsukova, taking an active part in the affairs of the "Moscow Society of Agriculture". He published several essays on agricultural topics, attempted to improve the lives of farm laborers and experimented with new methods for tanning sheepskins. In 1826, he resigned his position as Secretary of State and retired permanently from public life, although he became an active member of the Free Economic Society, his place of death is not known for certain, but he is buried at the Tikhvin Cemetery in Saint Petersburg. In the early 20th-century, his estate was restored by the former Minister of Agriculture, Alexey Sergeyevich Yermolov, a Society member and a distant relative on his mother's side of the family. Brief biography @ Museums in Russia.


Chimoio is the capital of Manica Province in Mozambique. It is the fifth-largest city in Mozambique. Chimoio's name under Portuguese administration was Vila Pery. Vila Pery developed under Portuguese rule as an important agricultural and textiles centre; the town lies on the railway line from Beira near the Cabeça do Velho rock. Located about 95 km from the Zimbabwean border, since the Zimbabwean political and social crisis of the 2000s, it has been a major destination for Zimbabwean immigrants who are looking for work in Mozambique; the city of Chimoio, capital of Manica Province, lies on the Beira Corridor at an altitude of 750 metres, linking the coast and the interior of the continent. The name Chimoio comes from one of the sons of Ganda, paramount chief of the totemic Moyo clan, who came from M´bire and settled in those lands. Oral history says Chimoio, a great hunter, once killed an elephant in the lands of another clan. Chaurumba, their chief, judged Chimoio's behaviour to be a crime and ordered his immediate execution.

King Ganda requested permission for his son to be buried in Chaurumba's land and for one of his relatives to settle close to the grave in order to tend and watch over it. From on, all descendants of the guardians of Chimoio's tomb, together with the site of the tomb, came to be called Chimoio; the strategic position of that region made it a privileged centre through which products passed from the hinterland to the coast. The Arabs came up the Búzi and Revué rivers heading towards the lands of the Mwenemutapa Empire, in search of gold and other merchandise, including slaves. To mark their routes, the traders planted Borassus palms, each within sight of the next. In some places, these ancient palm trees can still be spotted. One of the oldest fortresses along this route is believed to be that found on top of the Zembe Mountains, to the south-east of the current city of Chimoio; the Portuguese well established in the coastal areas of East Africa since the 15th century ventured into these interior lands seeking the famous Mwenemutapa Empire and settled there as colonists.

This region of Mozambique was granted by charter to the Mozambique Company, one of whose main objectives was to foster agricultural colonization. Hence, the Company undertook to settle their descendants in its territory. One of the first towns to be created was Vila Barreto. Established on 24 February 1893, close to the current Chimoio city, it arose out of the building of the Beira-Zimbabwe railway; the town was named after the Portuguese capitão-mor Francisco Barreto, who, in 1572, commanded the first military expedition to the Mwenemutapa Kingdom. For several years, the railway line terminated at Vila Barreto, which contributed to its impressive growth; the town enjoyed a period of opulence, with its hotels and permanently travellers heading to Manica and Rhodesia or, in the other direction, to Beira. However, by the end of 1897, railway construction work reached the frontier with Zimbabwe, interrupting the dynamics that had taken root in Vila Barreto. In 1899 the Mozambique Company decided to transfer the District Headquarters from Vila Barreto to a settlement named Chimiala, which came to be called Mandigos.

This was the name. Mandigos soon began to gain a certain renown thanks to the abundance of its harvests, which attracted merchants and hotel and social services. Colonization of Manica received its main impetus in 1910 with the arrival of Portuguese Governor João Pery de Lind who set up a number of procedures to further the development of Chimoio. On 17 July 1916, Mandigos was renamed Vila Pery in recognition and honour of Governor João Pery de Lind, whose judicious measures had made Chimoio into one of the biggest and most visible agricultural centres in Mozambique. A few kilometres from the centre of the current city of Chimoio lies the neighbourhood of Soalpo, which bears witness to the agro-industrial development that made the Province of Manica one of the main targets for agriculture investment in the Portuguese colony; this “town close to the city of Chimoio” was built by SOALPO, in 1944. The object of the company was to encourage textile production. Nowadays, the district is like a living museum.

Vila Pery was raised to the status of city by the Governor-General of Portugal's Overseas Province of Mozambique, Baltazar Rebelo de Sousa, on 17 July 1969, in recognition of the success of its economic and social activities. Vila Pery's football team won its first Mozambican Football Championship title in 1969; the sports club, founded in 1928, contributed to the development of sport and cultural activities. Most of the buildings in the city of Chimoio are milestones of the dynamism in the city's life under Portuguese rule; the Vila Pery Hotel, built in 1920, was the first hotel in Vila Pery. The Caldas Xavier Primary School, built in 1948, was the first school in Vila Pery. Nowadays, it houses the Chimoio Municipal Council; the Montalto Cinema, built in 1969 and abandoned, was so-named because the “monte alto” or high mountain of Mozambique is on the Manica plateau. These are but a few of the infra-structures commemorating the city's golden age. Cotton harvesting, fruit production, textiles and wood industries were the main employers along with services and administration.

In 1974, during the Portuguese Colonial War/Mozambican War of Independence the Mozambican independentist guerrilla group FRELIMO launched mortar attacks against Vila Pery, an important cit

Quirky (book)

Quirky: The Remarkable Story of the Traits and Genius of Breakthrough Innovators Who Changed the World is a 2018 book by Melissa Schilling, a professor at New York University Stern School of Business. The book was published by a division of Hachette Book Group. Melissa Schilling develops cases studies of eight serial breakthrough innovators – Elon Musk, Dean Kamen, Steve Jobs, Marie Curie, Albert Einstein, Thomas Edison, Benjamin Franklin, Nikola Tesla – to identify commonalities in their capabilities, motives and experiences; these characteristics are integrated with the research on innovation and creativity to show how they might influence breakthrough idea generation and extreme persistence. The Financial Times reviewer wrote, Quirky is a business book. In part, Melissa Schilling has produced an entertaining and enlightening romp through the lives of eight "breakthrough innovators", exploring their remarkable abilities and motives... The author deftly draws out some of the other quirky characteristics that these innovators shared.

The most significant was that, with the notable exception of Benjamin Franklin, they all had a sense of separateness, which created the space for original thinking... The more intriguing point, with which Ms Schilling concludes, is that breakthrough innovation in science does not always come from people who have pursued a "typical" scientific path; that makes it all the more imperative to broaden educational opportunities, allow non-scientists to access scientific resources and expertise, give free rein to the quirky. Joe Culley at The Irish Times writes, "Schilling's prose is clear and jargon-free, the individual profiles are excellent." A reviewer in Strategy + Business writes, The approach Schilling takes with Quirky is a variant of the case study method – instead of companies, the cases here are the lives of great inventors. She examines their lives to uncover the common personality traits and "foibles" that helped them see what others did not... Schilling has a nice eye for the telling detail, shares the stories of these well-known innovators' lives with economy and precision....

Much of this model seems intuitively correct. But Schilling's sample size is so small that it's hard to know if the conclusions she draws from that sample about the nature of serial innovation would hold up to closer scrutiny... In fact, the real paradox of Schilling's work is that though it looks at extraordinary people, it may be most valuable for what it tells us about how organizations can harness the innovative power of ordinary people. In Innovation & Tech Today, Charles Warner writes, In Quirky, Dr. Schilling studies the minds, characteristics and learning processes of eight women and men who represent cornerstones in American and global innovation over the past 250 years: Albert Einstein, Elon Musk, Nikola Tesla, Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Edison, Marie Curie, Steve Jobs, Dean Kamen. In so doing, she opens up the larger relationship between innovation and genius, while pointing out some of the challenges in society and education today that might impact our future innovators. Stephanie Orellana writes, Quirky is an entertaining read, not only because it summarizes biographical information about several interesting people and includes anecdotes about their own thoughts on their work and lives.

The book offers insights into aspects of these innovators' characters and working styles that reveal both opportunities and challenges for those of us seeking to improve our innovation capacity. A reviewer in the International Journal of Innovation Management writes, It's a bold and impressive book with some challenging ideas about how we might learn from these people despite their being different. Well-researched and rigorous in approach the book draws on a wealth of material so that each biographical sketch gives us a rounded view of the people involved; as mini-biographies they are fascinating – not to say sometimes a little disturbing

Viacheslav Petrovich Volgin

Viacheslav Petrovich Volgin was a Russian historian who wrote a number of books on early forms or precursors of communism, who became vice-president of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Viacheslav Petrovich Volgin was born in Barshchouka village, Khomutovsky District, Kursk Governorate, Russia on 14 June 1879. Between 1897 and 1908 he attended Moscow University, where he studied first physics and mathematics history and philology. A committed communist, he was arrested during this period, he published his first scientific paper on the German labor movement. In 1908 he wrote a study on A Revolutionary Communist of the 18th Century; the study was published in 1919. During World War I, Volgin was a contributor to Maxim Gorky's Chronicles. Before the revolution Volgin was a Menshevik, he joined the Bolsheviks in 1920. In 1918 Volgin helped organize the Socialist Academy in Moscow, which became the Communist Academy, he was a professor of the history of socialism at Moscow State University from 1921 to 1930, rector of the university from 1921 to 1925.

One of the first challenges that he faced as rector was to reform the VUZy to ensure that their teachers and staff were ideologically sound. It took a huge effort to ensure. In August 1922 there was a purge of intellectuals. One of Volgin's predecessors as rector of MGU, Mikhail Mikhailovich Novikov, was placed under house arrest. Despite protests by Volgin, a few days the State Political Directorate told Novikov they were deporting him. Volgin did what he could to minimize the impact of the purge, trying to ensure that where the charges were minor the teachers could continue to teach. Volgin became president of the council of the sector of scientific workers of Rabpros, the official educational workers' union. From 1919 to 1929 he was a member of the National Scientific Council, from 1921 to 1922 Deputy Chairman of the Main Committee of Vocational Education of the RSFSR People's Commissariat, he was an organizer of the Russian Association of Research Institutes of Social Sciences, Institute of History of the Communist Academy and the Society of Marxist historians.

Volgin was permanent secretary of the Russian Academy of Sciences from 1930 to 1935, Vice-President of the RAS from 1942–1953. Volgin was Chairman of the Group for the Study of French history at the Institute of History of the Academy of Sciences; as Vice-President of the Academy of Sciences, he had authority over how books from abroad would be distributed to libraries and institutions of the Academy of Sciences. Volgin did what he could to ensure that the academy followed the communist party line and concentrated on "useful" work. Volgin edited a number of historical anthologies, he launched and edited the multi-volume series The precursors of scientific socialism in 1947. He was awarded the Lenin Prize in 1961, he died in Moscow on 3 July 1962, aged 83. His name was given to the V. P. Volgin Fundamental Library of the Social Sciences of the U. S. S. R. Academy of Sciences. Volgin spent many years researching the history of social thinking in France before the French Revolution, developing an original view of the nature of the ideological struggle during this period.

One of the subjects he studied was the teaching of the philosopher Charles Fourier, publishing two articles that analyzed Fourier's views. In 1924 he published a major work Sen-Simon i Sen-Simonizm on Saint-Simon and the resulting Saint-Simonianism movement. Volgin was the most active of Soviet academics in the study of classic utopias, he wrote the prefaces to editions of Tommaso Campanella, Thomas More and Robert Owen. In his introduction to the 1934 Russian-language version of Campanella's work The City of the Sun, Volgin identified the monastic life as an early form of "communist utopia", emphasising "the absence of private property, the universal obligation of labor, the social organization of production and distribution, the training through labor of the inhabitants." Selected works: Volgin, V. P.. Sen-Simon i Sen-Simonizm. Moscow: Kommunisticheskaya Akademiya. Volgin, V. P.. Istorija socialističeskich idej. Gosudarstv. Izdatel'stvo. Retrieved 2012-09-02. Volgin, V. P.. Social'nye i političeskie idei vo Francii pered revoljuciej.

Izd. Akademii nauk SSSR. p. 190. Retrieved 2012-09-02. Volgin, V. P.. M.. 25 let istoričeskoj nauki v SSSR: Pod redakciej Volgina V. P. Tarle E. V. I Pankratovoj A. M. Izdatelstvo Akademii Nauk Sojuza SSR. p. 288. Retrieved 2012-09-02. Volgin, V. P.. Referaty naučno-issledovatel'skich rabot za 1944 god: Otdelenie istorii i filosofii, Akademija nauk Sojuza SSR. Izd. Akad. nauk SSSR. p. 61. Retrieved 2012-09-02. Volgin, V. P.. Očerki po istorii Akademii Nauk: Istoričeskie nauki. Retrieved 2012-09-02. Volgin, Vjačeslav Petrovič. Humanisme et socialisme. Izd. Akademii Nauk SSSR. p. 63. Retrieved 2012-09-02. Notes Citations Sources

Fight of the Week

Fight of the Week was a live American professional boxing series that aired on ABC-TV from 1960 to 1964. After NBC-TV's cancellation of The Gillette Cavalcade of Sports in the spring of 1960, ABC took over the prime time boxing program, although it was renamed Fight of the Week. Legendary boxing commentator Don Dunphy did the blow-by-blow description of the bouts, which took place on Saturday beginning in October 1960 through September 1963. From there, the series moved to Friday nights, where it continued until ABC canceled prime time boxing after the bout of September 11, 1964, permanently ending 18 years of scheduled prime time boxing on U. S. broadcast network television. One reason for the downturn of televised boxing occurred on Fight of the Week's the March 24, 1962 broadcast, when Emile Griffith defeated Benny "The Kid" Paret for the Welterweight Championship at New York's Madison Square Garden. Paret was carried from the ring unconscious, died several days as a result of his injuries that he had sustained in that bout.

Fight of the Week was paired with a bowling program, Make That Spare, throughout its entire run. In the event that the fight ran shorter than expected, Make That Spare would run longer to square out the hour, vice versa. Between September 1964 and the mid-1980s, there were a number of boxing events on broadcast television. Since however, boxing found a home with several pay-per-view specials, along with monthly, or semi-monthly scheduled bouts on premium channels such as HBO and Showtime, along with the long-running series USA Tuesday Night Fights on USA Network; the weekly cable bouts can be seen on ESPN2. Fight of the Week was shown in the United Kingdom as part of the long-running BBC Saturday afternoon sports programme Grandstand; the Gillette sponsorship was listed in the Radio Times, considered daring at the time because the BBC was resistant to hints of commercialism. Boxing in the 1960s