Neighbours is an Australian television soap opera. It was first broadcast on the Seven Network on 18 March 1985, it was created by TV executive Reg Watson, who proposed the idea of making a show that focused on realistic stories and portrayed adults and teenagers who talk and solve their problems together. Seven decided to commission the show following the success of Watson's shorter-lived soap Sons and Daughters, which aired on the network. Although successful in Melbourne, Neighbours underperformed in the Sydney market and struggled for months before Seven cancelled it; the show was bought by rival network Ten. After taking over production of the show, the new network had to build replica sets because Seven destroyed the originals to prevent its rival from obtaining them. Ten began screening Neighbours on 20 January 1986, beginning where the previous series left off and commencing with episode 171. Neighbours has since become the longest running drama series in Australian television and in 2005, it was inducted collectively into the Logie Hall of Fame.
The show's storylines concern the domestic and professional lives of the people who live and work in Erinsborough, a fictional suburb of Melbourne, Victoria. The series centres on the residents of Ramsay Street, a short cul-de-sac, its neighbouring area, the Lassiters complex, which includes a bar, cafe, police station, lawyers' office and park. Neighbours began with three families created by Watson -- the Robinsons and the Clarkes. Watson said; the Robinsons and the Ramsays were involved in an ongoing rivalry. Pin Oak Court, in Vermont South, is the real cul-de-sac that has doubled for Ramsay Street since 1985. All of the houses featured are real and the residents allow the production to shoot external scenes in their yards; the interior scenes are filmed at the Global Television studios in Forest Hill. Through its entire run in Australia, Neighbours has been screened as a twenty-two-minute episode each week night in an early-evening slot. Neighbours moved to Ten's digital channel, Eleven on 11 January 2011, it is broadcast each weeknight at 6:30 pm.
The show is produced by FremantleMedia Australia and has been sold to over sixty countries around the world, making it one of Australia's most successful media exports. Neighbours was first screened in the United Kingdom in October 1986 on BBC1 where it achieved huge popularity among British audiences in the late 1980s and 1990s. In 2008, it moved to the UK's Channel 5. From 2018, the show became the first Australian drama to air all year round after securing a new deal with Channel 5. Neighbours was created in the early-to-mid-1980s by Australian TV executive Reg Watson. Watson decided to create a soap opera after working on Crossroads and seeing how successful it and Coronation Street were in Britain, he had created such successful Australian made soap operas as The Young Doctors and Sons and Daughters. Watson proposed the idea of making a show that would focus on more realistic stories and portray teens and adults who talk to each other and solve their problems together. Watson, who worked for the Grundy production company, decided to make his show appeal to both Australia and Britain.
In 2005, Darren Devlyn and Caroline Frost from the Herald Sun reported that Watson took his idea to the Nine Network in 1982, but it was rejected. Former Network Nine chief executive Ian Johnson commented that it was one of the "biggest missed opportunities" in his twenty-four years at the network, he added "I remember it being discussed, but I'm not sure what went against it. It may have had something to do with the fact we'd picked up Sale of the Century with Tony Barber in 1980 and it was doing huge business, so we didn't have a pressing need for a five-night-a-week show." Watson took his idea to the Seven Network, who commissioned the show, following the success of his other Seven Network soap opera and Daughters. Several titles for the show were discussed, including People Like Us, One Way Street, No Through Road and Living Together until the network programmers voted on Neighbours; the first episode was broadcast on 18 March 1985 and reviews for the show were favourable. However, the Melbourne-produced programme underperformed in the Sydney market and after a meeting of the general managers, Seven decided to drop the show in October 1985.
Seven's Melbourne programme boss, Gary Fenton said Sydney chief Ted Thomas told the other general managers that Seven could not afford three dramas and argued that the Sydney-based A Country Practice and Sons and Daughters be retained. Neighbours was bought by Seven's rival Network Ten; the new network had to build replica sets when it took over production after Seven destroyed the original sets to prevent the rival network obtaining them. Ten began screening the series with episode 171 on 20 January 1986. In 1986, the series was bought by the BBC as part of their new daytime schedule in the United Kingdom. Neighbours made its debut on BBC1 on 27 October 1986 starting with the pilot episode, it soon gained a loyal audience and the show became popular with younger viewers, before long was watched by up to 16 million viewers - more than the entire population of Australia at the time. In 1988 Neighbours became the only television show to have its entire cast flown over to the UK to make an appearance at the Royal Variety Performance in front of the Queen.
Neighbours has since become the longest running drama series in Australian television and the seventh longest running serial drama still on the air in the world. In 2005, Neighbours celebrated its 20th anniversary and over twenty former cast members r
Holding the Man (film)
Holding the Man is a 2015 Australian romantic drama film adapted from Timothy Conigrave's 1995 memoir of the same name. It was directed by Neil Armfield and stars Ryan Corr and Craig Stott, with supporting performances from Guy Pearce, Anthony LaPaglia, Sarah Snook, Kerry Fox and Geoffrey Rush; the screenplay was written by Tommy Murphy who adapted the memoir for the stage play. In 1993, Timothy Conigrave is in Lipari, he calls his childhood friend Pepe Trevor on a payphone in a panic, asking her where his deceased partner John Caleo was sitting at a dinner party they had together when they were teenagers; the time expires. A concierge at the hotel Tim is staying at passes on a message from Pepe to Tim. In 1976, Tim and John are students at Xavier College in Australia, they have geography together. Tim falls in love with John, invites him to the school play of Romeo and Juliet, where Tim is playing the role of Paris, but John doesn't make it. Tim invites John to a dinner party with Pepe and some of their friends from Drama class, they pass a kiss around the table.
Tim asks John out and he accepts. John isn't comfortable with doing anything sexual with Tim, who writes a letter to John apologising for reaching into his trousers while making out after school; the letter is intercepted by their Geography teacher who tells them all the staff know about their relationship, advises them to be careful. While on a study break and John are caught having sex by their school friends, they all go streaking. When Tim returns home, his parents Dick and Mary Gert tell him John's father Bob found Tim's letter and threatens court action if Tim refuses to keep his distance. Tim angrily leaves and rides his bike to John's house, where he overhears Bob tell John that his mother Lois will make an appointment for his son to see a psychologist. Tim and John flee together. In 1985, Tim interviews an HIV patient called Richard for a play. Tim and John both go to the doctor for an HIV test. John is given a negative result, their doctor reveals there was a filing mistake and both Tim and John are HIV positive.
In 1979, while Tim and John are students at Monash University, they are part of a gay Rights Activism Club. At John's house one day, John tells Tim "I want you inside me." Before they can consummate their relationship, John's family arrives and catches them trying to sneak out. John stands up to his father and the boys drive off and engage in a brief and humorous session of anal intercourse. Tim becomes flirtatious with other men he and John spend time with, starts cheating on John when he doesn't support Tim's request that they try having sex with other people. Tim reveals to John he put his name down to audition for NIDA and asks that they have a trial separation while Tim is in Sydney. Tim reveals he has been accepted, he moves to Sydney for NIDA and has his classes under the instruction of his teacher Barry, but they clash during a rehearsal for A Streetcar Named Desire. Meanwhile, Tim goes to a gay sauna. During a performance of Private Lives, Tim sees stumbles on a line, they resume their relationship when John decides to move to Sydney.
In 1988, while in Melbourne for his sister's wedding, Tim is contacted by the Red Cross and is told that the blood that he donated in 1981 was pooled with blood from other donors, was given to a patient who has gone on to develop AIDS, that he is the only donor to be contacted who tested positive to HIV. Despite his mother's warnings of ruining the wedding spirit, Tim tearfully expresses his grief at the fact that he infected John. In 1991, John's condition gets worse and he is in the hospital. Tim starts to notice his own condition is deteriorating and collapses one day while looking after John in the hospital, he has a manic episode after a swelling in his brain occurs and a doctor recommends he be admitted. Bob visits them to discuss John's will and is upset that all of John's possessions will go to Tim when he dies, they negotiate and it is revealed that Bob has been telling people John has cancer, not AIDS. John is well enough to return home and he and Tim make love, they go home to Melbourne for John collapses while decorating the Christmas Tree.
John is re-admitted. While exchanging Christmas presents, John confesses to Tim he was close to death and it felt so easy to let go, which upsets Tim. On 26 January 1992, Father Woods approaches Tim while at the hospital and tells him he will include Tim during the funeral and refer to him as John's friend so as to not further alienate John's family. Tim angrily tells him that they've been together for 15 years and that John is his "husband." John dies shortly after and the funeral is held with students from Xavier College. The film returns to the beginning, Pepe phones Tim's hotel. We see the note from earlier says "John was beside you." While on his travels in Italy, Tim narrates the closing chapter of his memoir, his final letter to John. The film tells the audience Tim completed his memoir in October 1994 and succumbed to his AIDS ten days aged of 34. In a post-credits bonus, an excerpt from an interview of the real Tim Conigrave shortly before he died plays while a picture of John and Tim as teenagers is shown.
The film received positive reviews, with particular praise directed at the chemistry between Craig Stott and Ryan Corr. The Guardian Australia praised Stott and
1% is a 2017 Australian biker film directed by Stephen McCallum and starring Ryan Corr, Abbey Lee and Matt Nable, who wrote the film. It premiered at the 2017 Toronto International Film Festival in September 2017. Set within the primal underworld of outlaw motorcycle club gangs, the film follows the heir to the throne of a motorcycle club, who has to save his brother's life by betraying his president. Matt Nable as President Knuck Ryan Corr as Vice President Paddo Abbey Lee as Katrina Simone Kessell as Hayley Aaron Pedersen as Sugar Sam Parsonson as Knuckle Eddie Baroo as Webby Jacqui Williams as Josie 1% had its world premiere in the Discovery section at the 2017 Toronto International Film Festival on 9 September 2017. A24 and DirecTV Cinema subsequently acquired the North American distribution rights to the film, for a tentative 2018 wide release. 1% on IMDb
Wanted (2016 Australian TV series)
Wanted is an Australian drama television series which premiered on the Seven Network in Australia on 9 February 2016. The first season consisted of six episodes, it was renewed for a six-episode second season, which premiered with a double-episode on 5 June 2017. The series was renewed for a third season which premiered on October 15, 2018. Two women and Chelsea, are waiting at a suburban bus stop before midnight. A car crashes in front of them, two masked man arrive and shoot the driver dead. Lola struggles with the masked attacker and the gun goes off, killing him; the other man is unmasked and he takes them both hostage. They escape but are caught up in a larger criminal conspiracy, go on the run across Australia in a vehicle filled with cash, they can only trust each other. Rebecca Gibney as Lola Buckley Geraldine Hakewill as Chelsea Babbage Stephen Peacocke as Detective Josh Levine Kate Box as Detective Maxine "Max" Middleton Ryan Corr as Chris Murphett Nicholas Bell as Ray Stanton Mirko Grillini as Terry Boke Todd Levi as Ebert Nicholas Hamilton as Jamie Veronica Neave as Karen Stanton Anthony Phelan as Kelvin "Kel" Morrison Charles Cottier as David Buckley Dean O'Gorman as Will Johnson Robyn Malcolm as Donna Walsh, Lola's sister Kerry Fox as Susan Carpenter Clarence Ryan as Hamish, Max's partner Michael Whalley as Lance Greiner Rob Carlton as Karl Brady Alex Malone as Sophie Paul Gleeson as Tom McKaw, Max's superior Neil Fanning as Roadhouse Cop Ian Bliss as Luke Delaney Steven Rooke as Jackson Delaney Ian Mune as Jim Walsh Catherine Wilkin as Beverley Delaney Edmund Lembke-Hogan as Constable McKenzie Pat Thomson as Motel owner Paul Bishop as Bernie Alex Dimitriades as Anton Maric Christopher Sommers as Dirk Simon Mallory as Sergeant Hunt Narelle King as Dixie Boulevard The series was first announced in August 2015, following an undisclosed funding amount from Screen Australia and investment of AU$527,768 from Screen Queensland.
The series was filmed in various locations across Queensland. Upon its announcement, Shirley Barrett was named as director, however Peter Templeman and Jennifer Leacey were named as directors; the series is created by the husband-and-wife team of Rebecca Gibney and Richard Bell, the co-founders of R&R Productions, the production company behind the series, along with Matchbox Pictures. The series will be distributed internationally by Universal Media Studios International. Production began in September 2015 and wrapped in early December of the same year, totalling 10 weeks across 60 locations. In August 2016, it was confirmed that Wanted had been renewed for a second season which consists of six episodes, these were filmed in Australia, New Zealand and Thailand; the Seven Network released a 90-second promo in December 2015, advising the series would begin airing in February 2016. The premiere date was confirmed as 9 February; the first season averaged 1.24 million viewers and was the highest rated Australian drama series of 2016.
Official website Wanted on IMDb
Where the Wild Things Are (film)
Where the Wild Things Are is a 2009 fantasy drama film directed by Spike Jonze. Written by Jonze and Dave Eggers, it is adapted from Maurice Sendak's 1963 children's book of the same name, it combines live-action, performers in costumes and computer-generated imagery. The film stars Max Records and features the voices of James Gandolfini, Paul Dano, Lauren Ambrose, Forest Whitaker, Catherine O'Hara, Chris Cooper; the film centers on a lonely boy named Max who sails away to an island inhabited by creatures known as the "Wild Things," who declare Max their king. In the early 1980s, Disney considered adapting the film as a blend of traditionally animated characters and computer-generated environments, but development did not go past a test film to see how the animation hybridizing would result. In 2001, Universal Studios acquired rights to the book's adaptation and attempted to develop a computer-animated adaptation with Disney animator Eric Goldberg, but the CGI concept was replaced with a live-action one in 2003, Goldberg was dropped for Spike Jonze.
The film was co-produced by actor Tom Hanks through his production company Playtone and made with an estimated budget of $100 million. Where the Wild Things Are was a joint production between Australia and the United States, was filmed principally in Melbourne; the film was released on 16 October 2009, in the United States, on 3 December in Australia, on 17 December in Germany. The film was met with positive reviews and appeared on many year-end top ten lists; however the film flopped commercially at the box office, making $100.1 million from a budget of $100 million. The film was released on DVD and Blu-ray on 2 March 2010. 8-year-old Max, a lonely boy with an active imagination whose parents are divorced, is wearing a wolf costume and chasing his dog. His older sister, does nothing when her friends crush Max's snow fort with him inside during a snowball fight. Out of frustration, Max destroys a frame he made for her. At school, Max's teacher his classmates about the eventual death of the sun.
His mother, invites her boyfriend Adrian to dinner. Max becomes upset with his mother for not coming to the fort, he wears his wolf costume, acts like an animal, demands to be fed. When his mother gets upset, he bites her on the shoulder, she yells at him and he runs away, scared by what transpired. At the edge of a pond, Max finds a small boat; the pond soon becomes an ocean. Max, still in his wolf suit, reaches an island, he stumbles upon a group of seven monstrous creatures. One of them, Carol, is in the middle of a destructive tantrum caused by the departure of a female Wild Thing named K. W; as Carol wreaks havoc Max tries joining in on the mayhem, but finds himself facing the suspicious anger of the Wild Things. When they contemplate eating him, Max convinces them that he is a king with magical powers capable of bringing harmony to the group, they crown him as their new king. Shortly after, K. W. returns and Max declares a wild rumpus, in which the Wild Things smash trees and tackle each other.
The Wild Things introduce themselves as Carol, Judith, Douglas, the Bull, K. W. Soon, they pile on one another before going to sleep, with Max at the center. Carol takes Max on a tour of the island, showing him a model he built depicting what he wishes the island looked like. Inspired by this, Max orders the construction of an enormous fort, with Carol in charge of construction; when K. W. brings her two owl friends Bob and Terry to the fort, a disagreement ensues, as Carol feels they are outsiders. To release their frustrations, Max divides the tribe into "good guys" and "bad guys" for a dirt clod fight, but Alexander is hurt during the game. After an argument between K. W. and Carol, K. W. leaves once again. Max finds Alexander alone in the fort. Alexander reveals that he suspected that Max is not a king with magical powers, but warns him to never let Carol know. At pre-dawn, Carol throws another tantrum — this time, about the fort, K. W.'s absence, the eventual death of the sun, which Max talked with Carol about earlier.
When Carol gets angry with Max for not doing a good job as king, Douglas tries explaining that he is "just a boy, pretending to be a wolf, pretending to be a king", exposing the truth to the rest of the Wild Things. Carol becomes rips off Douglas's right arm, though only sand pours from the wound. Carol attempts to eat him. Max is saved by K. W. who hides him in her stomach. Max listens as Carol and K. W. argue over Carol's behavior. Max finds the crushed remains of Carol's model island and leaves a token of affection for him to find. Max finds Carol and tells him he is going home; the other Wild Things escort Max to his boat. Carol arrives in time to see him off, he starts to howl and Max howls back all the other Wild Things join in. Carol looks at K. W. and she smiles kindly at him. Returning home, Max is embraced by his mother, who gives him a bowl of soup, a piece of cake and a glass of milk and sits with him as he eats, he watches. Max Records as Max, a lonely pre-teen with a wild imagination. Catherine Keener as Connie, Max's mother.
Mark Ruffalo as Adrian, Connie's boyfriend. Pepita Emmerichs as Max's sister. Steve Mouzakis as Max's teacher. Max Pfeifer, Madeleine Greaves, Joshua Jay, Ryan Corr as Claire's friends. James Gandolfini as Carol, an impulsive Wild Thing. Lauren Ambrose as K. W. the loner of the group. Chris Cooper as Douglas, a cockatoo-like peace-keeper, Carol's best friend. Forest Whitaker as Ira, a gentle, soft-spoken Wild Thing. Catherine O'Hara as Jud
Holding the Man
Holding the Man is a 1995 memoir by Australian writer and activist Timothy Conigrave. The book tells the story of Tim's life, centrally of his relationship with his husband and love of fifteen years, John Caleo, they met in the mid-1970s at an all-boys Jesuit Catholic school in Melbourne. The term "holding the man" refers to a transgression that incurs a penalty in Australian rules football. Caleo was a star footballer at high school, captaining the school's team and winning the APS Best and Fairest trophy in 1976, he was an avid supporter of the Essendon Football Club, one of the reasons Conigrave appropriated the term as the book's title. Holding the Man was published in February 1995 by Penguin Books in Australia just a few months after Conigrave's death, has since been published in Spain and North America, it has been reprinted fourteen times. Holding the Man won the Human Rights Award for Non-Fiction in 1995 from Australian Human Rights Commission and was listed as one of the "100 Favourite Australian Books" by the Australian Society of Authors for its 40th anniversary in 2003.
It has been adapted into a stage play and documentary. In 1976, Timothy Conigrave, a student at a high school in Victoria, fell in love with the captain of the school football team, John Caleo. So began a relationship, to last for 15 years, a love affair that weathered disapproval, betrayal and death. With honesty and insight,'Holding the Man' explores the highs and lows of their life partnership: the intimacy, constraints and the strength of heart both men had to find when they tested positive for HIV; the story opens at Xavier's junior school in Melbourne. Here, the author begins to sexually experiment with other boys, comes to the realisation that he is gay. Several years on his first day at Xavier College, Conigrave sees John Caleo for the first time. On the far side of the crush I noticed a boy. I saw the body of a man with an gentle face: such softness within that masculinity, he was calm. I was transfixed, he wasn't just listening to his friends with his hands in his pockets, smiling. What was it about his face?
He became aware that I greeted me with a lift of his eyebrows. I returned the gesture and looked away, pretending something had caught my attention, but I kept sneaking looks. It's his eyelashes. They're unbelievable; the two form a friendship, at the suggestion of Pepe, one of Tim's female friends, John is invited to a dinner party at Tim's house. The girls know Tim ` pass a kiss' around the table for his benefit. Juliet kissed Pepe, their kiss lingered. Pepe came up for air.'Tim'. As I kissed her she opened her mouth, her tongue was exploring mine. I felt trapped. I was afraid to stop kissing her. I don't want John to think. Before I knew it my hand was on his knee, as if to let him know it was him I wanted, his hand settled on mine. I couldn't shake the feeling. I turned to face him, he pursed his lips. Everything went slow motion, his gentle warm lips filled my head. My body dissolved and I was only lips pressed against the flesh of his. I would have stayed there for the rest of my life, but I was worried about freaking him out and I pulled away.
I caught sight of his face - fresh, with chocolate-brown eyes, a small undetectable smile. A few weeks Tim rings John at home, asks "John Caleo, will you go round with me?" The reply is an unambiguous "Yep". The two graduate from High School in 1977, Tim attending Monash University and John studying to be a chiropractor at College. Despite parental opposition, Conigrave's eventual move to Sydney in order to attend NIDA, youthful experimentation and infidelities, the relationship continues. Tragically, when Tim and John move in together in Sydney and are genuinely happy, they are diagnosed with HIV; the year is 1985. Until 1990, the men have mild symptoms. Sadly, in the Autumn of 1991, John begins to deteriorate, suffering from lymphoma. Tim cares for whilst nursing symptoms of his own; the misery of HIV/AIDS is laid bare before the reader, with Conigrave sparing nothing in detailing the cruel progression of the disease. He watches; the reader helplessly looks on. At Christmas, in 1991, John is admitted to the Fairfield Hospital in Melbourne.
A month on Australia Day 1992, he dies of an AIDS-related illness, with his lover by his side stroking his hair. Nearly three years shortly after finishing Holding the Man, Tim Conigrave passes away in Sydney; the final passages of the book are some of its most poignant: I guess the hardest thing is having so much love for you and it somehow not being returned. I develop crushes all the time, but, just misdirected need for you. You are a hole in a black hole. Anything I place. I miss you terribly. Ci vedremo lassu, angelo.. The book was published in Spanish in 2002 under the title Amando En Tiempos De Silencio.. The United States and Canadian edition of Holding the Man was released in September 2007 by Cuttyhunk Books, Massachusetts.. Holding the Man was adapted for the stage by Tommy Murphy in 2006; the original production, directed by David Berthold, is one of the most successful Australian stage productions in recent years
Melbourne is the capital and most populous city of the Australian state of Victoria, the second most populous city in Australia and Oceania. Its name refers to an urban agglomeration of 9,992.5 km2, comprising a metropolitan area with 31 municipalities, is the common name for its city centre. The city occupies much of the coastline of Port Phillip bay and spreads into the hinterlands towards the Dandenong and Macedon ranges, Mornington Peninsula and Yarra Valley, it has a population of 4.9 million, its inhabitants are referred to as "Melburnians". The city was founded on 30 August 1835, in the then-British colony of New South Wales, by free settlers from the colony of Van Diemen’s Land, it was incorporated as a Crown settlement in 1837 and named in honour of the British Prime Minister, William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne. In 1851, four years after Queen Victoria declared it a city, Melbourne became the capital of the new colony of Victoria. In the wake of the 1850s Victorian gold rush, the city entered a lengthy boom period that, by the late 1880s, had transformed it into one of the world's largest and wealthiest metropolises.
After the federation of Australia in 1901, it served as interim seat of government of the new nation until Canberra became the permanent capital in 1927. Today, it is a leading financial centre in the Asia-Pacific region and ranks 15th in the Global Financial Centres Index; the city is home to many of the best-known cultural institutions in the nation, such as the Melbourne Cricket Ground, the National Gallery of Victoria and the World Heritage-listed Royal Exhibition Building. It is the birthplace of Australian impressionism, Australian rules football, the Australian film and television industries and Australian contemporary dance. More it has been recognised as a UNESCO City of Literature and a global centre for street art, live music and theatre, it is the host city of annual international events such as the Australian Grand Prix, the Australian Open and the Melbourne Cup, has hosted the 1956 Summer Olympics and the 2006 Commonwealth Games. Due to it rating in entertainment and sport, as well as education, health care and development, the EIU ranks it the second most liveable city in the world.
The main airport serving the city is Melbourne Airport, the second busiest in Australia, Australia's busiest seaport the Port of Melbourne. Its main metropolitan rail terminus is Flinders Street station and its main regional rail and road coach terminus is Southern Cross station, it has the most extensive freeway network in Australia and the largest urban tram network in the world. Indigenous Australians have lived in the Melbourne area for an estimated 31,000 to 40,000 years; when European settlers arrived in the 19th-century, under 2,000 hunter-gatherers from three regional tribes—the Wurundjeri and Wathaurong—inhabited the area. It was an important meeting place for the clans of the Kulin nation alliance and a vital source of food and water; the first British settlement in Victoria part of the penal colony of New South Wales, was established by Colonel David Collins in October 1803, at Sullivan Bay, near present-day Sorrento. The following year, due to a perceived lack of resources, these settlers relocated to Van Diemen's Land and founded the city of Hobart.
It would be 30 years. In May and June 1835, John Batman, a leading member of the Port Phillip Association in Van Diemen's Land, explored the Melbourne area, claimed to have negotiated a purchase of 600,000 acres with eight Wurundjeri elders. Batman selected a site on the northern bank of the Yarra River, declaring that "this will be the place for a village" before returning to Van Diemen's Land. In August 1835, another group of Vandemonian settlers arrived in the area and established a settlement at the site of the current Melbourne Immigration Museum. Batman and his group arrived the following month and the two groups agreed to share the settlement known by the native name of Dootigala. Batman's Treaty with the Aborigines was annulled by Richard Bourke, the Governor of New South Wales, with compensation paid to members of the association. In 1836, Bourke declared the city the administrative capital of the Port Phillip District of New South Wales, commissioned the first plan for its urban layout, the Hoddle Grid, in 1837.
Known as Batmania, the settlement was named Melbourne in 1837 after the British Prime Minister, William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, whose seat was Melbourne Hall in the market town of Melbourne, Derbyshire. That year, the settlement's general post office opened with that name. Between 1836 and 1842, Victorian Aboriginal groups were dispossessed of their land by European settlers. By January 1844, there were said to be 675 Aborigines resident in squalid camps in Melbourne; the British Colonial Office appointed five Aboriginal Protectors for the Aborigines of Victoria, in 1839, however their work was nullified by a land policy that favoured squatters who took possession of Aboriginal lands. By 1845, fewer than 240 wealthy Europeans held all the pastoral licences issued in Victoria and became a powerful political and economic force in Victoria for generations to come. Letters patent of Queen Victoria, issued on 25 June 1847, declared Melbourne a city. On 1 July 1851, the Port Phillip District separated from New South Wales to become the Colony of Victoria, with Melbourne as its capital.
The discovery of gold in Victoria in mid-1851 sparked a