Lakes is a large civil parish in the South Lakeland district of Cumbria, with a population of 5,127 according to the 2001 census,decreasing to 4,420 at the 2011 Census. It covers the small town of Ambleside, the villages and hamlets of Clappersgate, Grasmere, Chapel Stile, Little Langdale and Waterhead. Lakes CP incorporates within its boundaries the wards of Ambleside, the Langdales, Rydal & Loughrigg and Troutbeck; the parish was formed in 1934 as an urban district, despite being rural, under a County Review Order, by a merger of Ambleside and Grasmere urban districts and parts of Windermere Urban District, South Westmorland Rural District and West Ward Rural District. The A591 road, a primary route, passes through the centre of the CP, it enters the parish from the South at the point where it crosses Trout Beck at Troutbeck Bridge village. After covering 16 km in road distance, it leaves the parish at Dunmail Raise; the A592 road passes through the eastern area of the parish. The col of the Kirkstone Pass, at a point 200 m north of the Kirkstone Inn, marks the northern boundary of Lakes CP.
It is the area covered by the Kelsick Foundation, an organisation that helps locals with the costs of extra-curricular activities for children. The urban district had an area of 49,917 acres. Or 202 km²; the urban district was abolished in 1974, with the Patterdale ward becoming a civil parish in the Eden district, the rest becoming a civil parish in South Lakeland. Listed buildings in Lakes, Cumbria
Rugby School is a day and boarding co-educational independent school in Rugby, England. Founded in 1567 as a free grammar school for local boys, it is one of the oldest independent schools in Britain. Up to 1667, the school remained in comparative obscurity, its re-establishment by Thomas Arnold during his time as Headmaster, from 1828 to 1841, was seen as the forerunner of the Victorian public school. It is one of the original seven Great Nine Public Schools defined by the Clarendon Commission of 1864. Rugby School was the birthplace of Rugby football. In 1845, three Rugby School pupils produced the first written rules of the "Rugby style of game"; as the nature of the school shifted, a new school – Lawrence Sheriff Grammar School – was founded in 1878 to continue Lawrence Sheriff's original intentions. Rugby expanded further in the 20th century and new buildings were built inspired by the Edwardian Era; the Temple Speech Room, named after former headmaster and Archbishop of Canterbury Frederick Temple is now used for whole-School assemblies, speech days, musicals – and BBC Mastermind.
Between the wars, the Memorial Chapel, the Music Schools and a new Sanatorium appeared. In 1975 three girls were admitted into the sixth form, the first girls’ house opened 3 years followed by three more. In 1992, the first 13-year-old girls arrived, in 1995 Rugby had its first-ever Head Girl, Louise Woolcock, who appeared on the front page of The Times. In September 2003 a last girls’ house was added. Today, total enrolment of day pupils, from forms 4 to 12, numbers around 800. Rugby School was founded in 1567 as a provision in the will of Lawrence Sheriff, who had made his fortune supplying groceries to Queen Elizabeth I of England. Since Lawrence Sheriff lived in Rugby and the neighbouring Brownsover, the school was intended to be a free grammar school for the boys of those towns. Up to 1667, the school remained in comparative obscurity, its history during that trying period is characterised by a series of lawsuits between the Howkins family, who tried to defeat the intentions of the testator, the masters and trustees, who tried to carry them out.
A final decision was handed down in 1667, confirming the findings of a commission in favour of the trust, henceforth the school maintained a steady growth. "Floreat Rugbeia" is the traditional school song. Pupils beginning Rugby in the F Block study various subjects. In a pupil's second year, they do nine subjects which are for their GCSEs, this is the same for the D Block; the school provides standard A-levels in 29 subjects. Students at this stage have the choice of taking three or four subjects and are offered the opportunity to take an extended project; the Governing Body provides financial benefits with school fees to families unable to afford them. Parents of pupils who are given a Scholarship are capable of obtaining a 10% fee deduction, although more than one scholarship can be awarded to one student. Rugby School claims its goal is to give pupils more than education with a new tagline being'Whole Person, Whole Point'; the school has many traditions including two annual carol services, as well as the pushcart race, an event in which the entire school competes, with each house designing and racing their own cart.
This race has been won by School house every year since 2012. The school has three magazines: Quod, it was no longer desirable to have only local boys attending and the nature of the school shifted, so a new school – Lawrence Sheriff Grammar School – was founded in 1878 to continue Lawrence Sheriff's original intentions. The core of the school was completed in 1815 and is built around the Old Quad, with its Georgian architecture. Notable rooms are the Upper Bench, the Old Hall of School House, the Old Big School. Thomas Hughes once carved his name on the hands of the school clock, situated on a tower above the Old Quad; the polychromatic school chapel, new quadrangle, Temple Reading Room, Macready Theatre and Gymnasium were designed by well-known Victorian Gothic revival architect William Butterfield in 1875, the smaller Memorial Chapel was dedicated in 1922. By the twentieth century Rugby expanded and new buildings were built inspired by this Edwardian Era; the Temple Speech Room, named after former headmaster and Archbishop of Canterbury Frederick Temple and now used for whole-School assemblies, speech days, musicals – and BBC Mastermind.
Oak-panelled walls boast the portraits of illustrious alumni, including Neville Chamberlain holding his piece of paper. Between the wars, the Memorial Chapel, the Music Schools and a new Sanatorium appeared. In 2005, Rugby School was one of fifty of the country's leading independent schools found guilty of running an illegal price-fixing cartel allowing them to drive up fees for thousands of parents; each school was required to pay a nominal penalty of £10,000 and all agreed to make ex-gratia payments totalling three million pounds into a trust designed to benefit pupils who atte
Emergency medical services in the United Kingdom
Emergency medical services in the United Kingdom provide emergency care to people with acute illness or injury and are predominantly provided free at the point of use by the four National Health Services of England, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Emergency care including ambulance and emergency department treatment is free to everyone, regardless of immigration or visitor status; the NHS commissions most emergency medical services through the 14 NHS organisations with ambulance responsibility across the UK. As with other emergency services, the public access emergency medical services through one of the valid emergency telephone numbers. In addition to ambulance services provided by NHS organisations, there are some private and volunteer emergency medical services arrangements in place in the UK, the use of private or volunteer ambulances at public events or large private sites, as part of community provision of services such as community first responders. Air ambulance services in the UK are not part of the NHS and are funded through charitable donations.
Paramedics are seconded from a local NHS ambulance service, with the exception of Great North Air Ambulance Service who employ their own paramedics. Doctors are provided by their home hospital and spend no more than 40% of their time with an air ambulance service. Public ambulance services across the UK are required by law to respond to four types of requests for care, which are: Emergency calls Doctor's urgent admission requests High dependency and urgent inter-hospital transfers Major incidentsAmbulance trusts and services may undertake non-urgent patient transport services on a commercial arrangement with their local hospital trusts or health boards, or in some cases on directly funded government contracts, although these contracts are fulfilled by private and voluntary providers; the National Health Service Act 1946 gave county and borough councils a statutory responsibility to provide an emergency ambulance service, although they could contract a voluntary ambulance service to provide this, with many contracting the British Red Cross, St John Ambulance or another local provider.
The last St John Division, to be so contracted is reputed to have been at Whittlesey in Cambridgeshire, where the two-bay ambulance garage can still be seen at the branch headquarters. The Regional Ambulance Officers’ Committee reported in 1979 that “There was considerable local variation in the quality of the service provided in relation to vehicles and equipment. Most Services were administered by Local Authorities through their Medical Officer of Health and his Ambulance Officer, a few were under the aegis of the Fire Service, whilst others relied upon agency methods for the provision of part or all of their services.” The 142 existing ambulance services were transferred by the National Health Service Reorganisation Act 1973 from local authority to central government control in 1974, consolidated into 53 services under regional or area health authorities. This led to the formation of predominantly county based ambulance services, which merged up and changed responsibilities until 2006, when there were 31 NHS ambulance trusts in England.
The June 2005 report "Taking healthcare to the Patient", authored by Peter Bradley, Chief Executive of the London Ambulance Service, for the Department of Health led to the merging of the 31 trusts into 13 organisations in England, plus one organisation each in Wales and Northern Ireland. Following further changes as part of the NHS foundation trust pathway, this has further reduced to 10 ambulance service trusts in England, plus the Isle of Wight which has its own provision. Following the passage of the Health and Social Care Act 2012, commissioning of the ambulance services in each area passed from central government control into the hands of regional clinical commissioning groups; the commissioners in each region are responsible for contracting with a suitable organisation to provide ambulance services within their geographical territory. The primary provider for each area is held by a public NHS body, of which there are 11 in England, 1 each in the other three countries. In England there are now ten NHS ambulance trusts, as well as an ambulance service on the Isle of Wight, run directly by Isle of Wight NHS Trust, with boundaries following those of the former regional government offices.
The ten trusts are: East Midlands Ambulance Service NHS Trust East of England Ambulance Service NHS Trust London Ambulance Service NHS Trust North East Ambulance Service NHS Foundation Trust North West Ambulance Service NHS Trust South Central Ambulance Service NHS Foundation Trust South East Coast Ambulance Service NHS Foundation Trust South Western Ambulance Service NHS Foundation Trust West Midlands Ambulance Service University NHS Foundation Trust Yorkshire Ambulance Service NHS TrustThe English ambulance trusts are represented by the Association of Ambulance Chief Executives, with the Scottish and Northern Irish providers all associate members. On the 14 November 2018 West Midlands Ambulance Service became the UK's first university-ambulance trust; the service was operated before reorganisation in 1974 by the St Andrews’ Ambulance Association under contract to the Secretary of State for Scotland. The Scottish Ambulance Service is a Special Health Board that provides ambulance services throughout whole of Scotland, on behalf of the Health and Social Care Directorates of the Scottish Government.
Due to the remote nature of many areas of Scotland compared to the other Home Nations, the Scottish Ambulance Service has Britain's only publi
Grasmere is a village and tourist destination in the centre of the English Lake District. It takes its name from the adjacent lake, it has associations with the Lake Poets, one of whom, William Wordsworth, lived in Grasmere for 14 years and called it as "the loveliest spot that man hath found." Before 1974, Grasmere lay in the former county of Westmorland. It is now part of the county of Cumbria. In 1961 the civil parish had a population of 1029. "'The lake flanked by grass'. Early spellings in'Grys-','Gris-' might suggest ON'griss"young pig' as 1st el. but the weight of the evidence points to OE/ON'gres"grass', with the modern form influenced by Standard English.... The medial'-se-' may, as suggested by Ekwall in DEPN, point to ON'gres-saer"grass-lake' as the original name...". Plus the element "'mere' OE, ModE'lake,'pool'." The village is on the river Rothay. The village is overlooked from the north-west by the rocky hill of Helm Crag, popularly known as The Lion and the Lamb or the Old Lady at the Piano.
These names are derived from the shape of rock formations on its summit, depending on the side from which you view it. A number of frequented walks begin in the village, including the ascent of Helm Crag, a longer route up to Fairfield and a moderate 200-metre ascent to Easedale Tarn; the village is on the route of Alfred Wainwright's Coast to Coast Walk. The A591 connects Grasmere to the Vale of Keswick over Dunmail Raise to the north, Ambleside to the south. In other directions, Grasmere is surrounded by high ground. To the west, a long ridge comes down from High Raise and contains the lesser heights of Blea Rigg and Silver How. To the east, Grasmere is bordered by the western ridge of the Fairfield horseshoe. Grasmere is served by the Stagecoach 555 bus service connecting towns in and near the Lake District, such as Keswick and Lancaster. In summer it is served by an open top double-decker 599 service, operated by Stagecoach, which runs between Grasmere and Bowness-on-Windermere. Grasmere's famous Rushbearing Ceremony, centred on St Oswald's Church, has ancient origins.
The present-day ceremony is an annual event which features a procession through the village with bearings made from rushes and flowers. In this procession there are six Maids of Honour, a brass band, the church choir, anyone who wishes to join in by carrying their own decorated rushbearing; the annual Grasmere Sports take place in August and were first held in 1852. This is the main event in the village's calendar and one of the most popular traditional events in the Lake District. Participants compete in a variety of sports, including Cumberland Wrestling, fell running and hound trails. Grasmere is now home to the winner of the'Get Started Award 2014' awarded by the Institute of Enterprise and Entrepreneurs, the Handmade Chocolate Shop. Today's Grasmere Gingerbread is made to a "secret recipe" popularised by Sarah Nelson. By the early nineteenth century, Grasmere gingerbread was being sold as fairings, as well as being a popular seller in its own right. Poet Dorothy Wordsworth wrote in 1803 that her brother William craved for the gingerbread.
Until September 2013, Grasmere's three main church parishes gathered three times a year to celebrate mass in the Catholic Church of Our Lady of the Wayside. The former civil parish was for a time governed by an urban district council before becoming part of the Lakes UDC in 1934; the village is now part of Lakes parish. Grasmere is represented by Liberal Democrat politicians on both the district council and county council, as well as at Westminster. Grasmere has experienced population decline since the 1960s. In birth order: William Wordsworth, lived in Dove Cottage with his sister Dorothy Wordsworth, in the hamlet of Townend, on the outskirts of Grasmere, from 1799, he breakfasted with Sir Walter Scott at The Swan, a 17th-century coaching inn on the A591 road, whose sign still quotes a line from him: "Who does not know the famous Swan?" In 1808 he moved to the larger Allan Bank, where he remained until 1811, moving to Rydal Mount in 1813. He is buried in the churchyard of St Oswald's, alongside his wife, their family, his sister Dorothy.
Writer Thomas de Quincey rented Dove Cottage after the Wordsworths left. A friend, the writer Lady Maria Farquhar, lived at Dale Lodge. Samuel Taylor Coleridge, spent time at Dove Cottage and is said to have muttered stanzas for The Rime of the Ancient Mariner while walking across the nearby fells. Paul Frederick de Quincey, New Zealand politician, was born at Grasmere. William Angus Knight, Scottish academic, compiled an 11-volume Wordsworth's Works and Life and presented his library of Wordsworth materials to Dove Cottage. William Archibald Spooner, Oxford University academic and instigator of spoonerisms, was buried here, near the house of his wife's family, How Foot. John Haden Badley, progressive educationalist and founder of Bedales School, spent time with his sisters the Misses Badley, at their Grasmere home Winterseeds. Charles Morris and Leeds University vice-chancellor, died at Grasmere; the husband-and-wife artists William Heaton Cooper, landscape painter, Ophelia Gordon Bell, sculptor and are buried at Grasmere.
Fred Yates, was living at Cote How near Grasmere
Cumbria Constabulary is the territorial police force in England covering Cumbria. As of September 2017, the force had 1,108 police officers, 535 police staff, 93 police community support officers, 25 designated officers and 86 special constables. In terms of officer numbers, it is the 7th smallest of the 48 police forces of the United Kingdom. Conversely, its geographic area of responsibility is the 7th largest police area of a territorial police force in the United Kingdom; the force area's size and its population of just under 500,000 people makes it sparsely populated. The only major urban areas are Barrow-in-Furness. There are significant areas of isolated and rural community, the county has one of the smallest visible minority ethnic populations in the country at under 3.0%. Each year Cumbria, which incorporates the Lake District National Park, attracts over 23 million visitors from all over the world; the county has some 700 miles of trunk and primary roads. The Chief Constable is Michelle Skeer.
The headquarters of the force are at Penrith. In terms of operational policing the force is divided into two commands - the Territorial Policing Command and the Crime Command, each headed by a Chief Superintendent; this command is further divided into three geographic Territorial Policing Areas to cover the county, an operational support section and a command and control section. Each TPA is led by a Superintendent and is further divided into districts and teams for the purposes of neighbourhood policing; the major elements of the Territorial Policing Command are as follows: Responsible for neighbourhood and response policing across the following geographic areas: Carlisle District Eden District Responsible for neighbourhood and response policing across the following geographic areas: Barrow Borough District South Lakeland District Responsible for neighbourhood and response policing across the following geographic areas Allerdale District Copeland District Within this section are force wide units which support the TPAs or units from the Crime Command, or provide a specialist service: Roads Policing Firearms Dog section PSG Civil Contingencies Collision Investigation Firearms Licensing Safety Camera/CTO Within this section is the Command and Control Room, including the Force Incident Manager and the call taking centre.
This command is responsible for significant investigations and is predominantly staffed by detectives. The command is divided as follows: Intelligence Force Intelligence Bureau Intelligence Analysis Area Intelligence Units Operations Public Protection Units CID Volume Crimes Force Major Investigations Safeguarding Hub Forensics Cumbria Constabulary is a partner in the following collaboration: North West Police Underwater Search & Marine Unit Cumberland and Westmorland Constabulary was formed in 1856. In 1947 this force absorbed Kendal Borough Police. Less than 20 years this amalgamated force absorbed Carlisle City Police to form a force broadly the same as today's force called the Cumberland and Carlisle Constabulary. In 1965, it had an establishment of 652 and an actual strength of 617. In 1967 the force name was changed to Cumbria Constabulary. In 1974 the force's boundaries were expanded to include the new non-metropolitan county of Cumbria, in particular Furness and Sedbergh Rural District.
The Home Secretary proposed on 6 February 2006 to merge it with Lancashire Constabulary. These proposals were accepted by both forces on 25 February and the merger would have taken place on 1 April 2007. However, in July 2006, the Cumbria and Lancashire forces decided not to proceed with the merger because the Government could not remedy issues with the differing council tax precepts. Cumbria Constabulary 1968–1980: William Cavey 1980–1987: Barry David Keith Price 1991–1997: Alan Elliott 1997–2001: Colin Phillips 2001–2007: Michael Baxter 2007-2012: Sir Craig Thomas Mackey QPM 2012-2013 Stuart Hyde QPM 2014-2018 Jerry Graham QPM 2018–: Michelle Skeer The Police Roll of Honour Trust lists and commemorates all British police officers killed in the line of duty; the force's first, to date only, murder of an officer occurred on 10 February 1965. Constable George William Russell, aged 36, was fatally shot when and knowing that colleagues had been fired on, he confronted an armed suspect and called upon him to surrender at a railway station in Kendal.
Russell was posthumously awarded the Queen's Police Medal for gallantry and a memorial plaque has been unveiled on a wall at Carlisle Cathedral. PC Keith Easterbrook was fatally injured in a road traffic accident, while assisting in a vehicle pursuit, when a van he was overtaking pulled out and collided with his police motorcycle, on the A595 near Workington. PC William "Bill" Barker was killed whilst on duty on 20 November 2009. At night during severe weather and flooding across the county, the officer was directing motorists to safety off Northside Bridge, in a dangerous condition, when the bridge was destroyed by the flood and he was swept away and killed, his body found on a beach at Allonby that afternoon. Barker had completed 25 years police service and was a traffic officer attached to the Roads Policing Unit based at Workington. Cumbria Police and Crime Commissioner Policing in the United Kingdom PC John Kent - The first black British police officer, who served with the Carlisle City Police between 1837 and 1844 Official website
Matthew Arnold was an English poet and cultural critic who worked as an inspector of schools. He was the son of Thomas Arnold, the famed headmaster of Rugby School, brother to both Tom Arnold, literary professor, William Delafield Arnold and colonial administrator. Matthew Arnold has been characterised as a sage writer, a type of writer who chastises and instructs the reader on contemporary social issues; the Reverend John Keble stood as Godfather to Matthew. Thomas Arnold admired Keble's Christian Year, first published in 1827, but the elder Arnold became disappointed with Keble when he became a leader of the Oxford or Tractarian Movement, whose leaders had a plan for the renewal of the Church of England that Thomas Arnold regarded as too conservative and traditionalist. In 1828, Arnold's father was appointed Headmaster of Rugby School and his young family took up residence, that year, in the Headmaster's house. In 1831, Arnold was tutored by Rev. John Buckland in the small village of Laleham.
In 1834, the Arnolds occupied a holiday home, Fox How, in the Lake District. William Wordsworth was a close friend. In 1836, Arnold was sent to Winchester College, but in 1837 he returned to Rugby School where he was enrolled in the fifth form, he thus came under the direct tutelage of his father. He wrote verse for the manuscript Fox How Magazine co-produced with his brother Tom for the family's enjoyment from 1838 to 1843. During his years there, he won school prizes for English essay writing, Latin and English poetry, his prize poem, "Alaric at Rome," was printed at Rugby. In 1841, he won an open scholarship to Oxford. During his residence at Oxford, his friendship became stronger with Arthur Hugh Clough, another Rugby old boy, one of his father's favourites. Arnold did not join the Oxford Movement, his father died of heart disease in 1842, Fox How became his family's permanent residence. Arnold's poem Cromwell won the 1843 Newdigate prize, he graduated in the following year with a 2nd class honours degree in Literae Humaniores.
In 1845, after a short interlude of teaching at Rugby, he was elected Fellow of Oriel College, Oxford. In 1847, he became Private Secretary to Lord President of the Council. In 1849, he published his first book of The Strayed Reveller. In 1850 Wordsworth died. Wishing to marry, but unable to support a family on the wages of a private secretary, Arnold sought the position of, was appointed, in April 1851, one of Her Majesty's Inspectors of Schools. Two months he married Frances Lucy, daughter of Sir William Wightman, Justice of the Queen's Bench; the Arnolds had six children: Thomas. Arnold described his duties as a school inspector as "drudgery," although "at other times he acknowledged the benefit of regular work." The inspectorship required him, at least at first, to travel and across much of England. "Initially, Arnold was responsible for inspecting Nonconformist schools across a broad swath of central England. He spent many dreary hours during the 1850s in railway waiting-rooms and small-town hotels, longer hours still in listening to children reciting their lessons and parents reciting their grievances.
But that meant that he, among the first generation of the railway age, travelled across more of England than any man of letters had done. Although his duties were confined to a smaller area, Arnold knew the society of provincial England better than most of the metropolitan authors and politicians of the day." In 1852, Arnold published his second volume of poems, Empedocles on Etna, Other Poems. In 1853, he published Poems: A New Edition, a selection from the two earlier volumes famously excluding Empedocles on Etna, but adding new poems and Rustum and The Scholar Gipsy. In 1854, Poems: Second Series appeared. Arnold was elected Professor of Poetry at Oxford in 1857, he was the first in this position to deliver his lectures in English rather than in Latin, he was re-elected in 1862. On Translating Homer and the initial thoughts that Arnold would transform into Culture and Anarchy were among the fruits of the Oxford lectures. In 1859, he conducted the first of three trips to the continent at the behest of parliament to study European educational practices.
He self-published The Popular Education of France, the introduction to, published under the title Democracy. In 1865, Arnold published Essays in Criticism: First Series. Essays in Criticism: Second Series would not appear until November 1888, shortly after his untimely death. In 1866, he published Thyrsis, his elegy to Clough who had died in 1861. Culture and Anarchy, Arnold's major work in social criticism was published in 1869. Literature and Dogma, Arnold's major work in religious criticism appeared in 1873. In 1883 and 1884, Arnold toured the United States and Canada delivering lectures on education and Ralph Waldo Emerson, he was elected a Foreign Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1883. In 1886, he retired from school
Rydal Water is a small body of water in the central part of the English Lake District, in the county of Cumbria. It is located near the hamlet between Grasmere and Ambleside in the Rothay Valley; the lake is 1,290 yards long and varies in width up to a maximum of 380 yards, covering an area of 0.12 mi². It has a maximum depth of 65 ft and an elevation above sea level of 177 ft; the lake is both supplied and drained by the river Rothay, which flows from Grasmere upstream and towards Windermere downstream. The waters of the southern half of the lake are leased by the Lowther Estate to the National Trust, whilst those of the northern half belong to the estate of Rydal Hall. Navigation is prohibited, except for residents of Rydal Hall. Numerous walks are possible in the surrounding hills, as well as a walk around the lake itself, which takes in Dove Cottage and Rydal Mount, both homes to William Wordsworth, Rydal Cave, a former quarry working. At the western end of the lake, steps lead to Wordsworth's Seat, considered to have been Wordsworth's favourite viewpoint in the Lake District.
White Moss House, at the northern end of the lake, is believed to be the only house that Wordsworth bought. He bought it for his son Willie, the family lived there until the 1930s. Nab Cottage overlooks the lake and it was once home to Thomas de Quincey and Hartley Coleridge, the son of Samuel Taylor Coleridge. Close by is the historic Rydal Hall.'Rydal' is "'the valley where rye is grown', from OE'ryge' and ON'dalr', hence the village and parish situated there....'Rydal Water' was formerly'Routhmere', the lake of the Rothay, which runs eastwards through it.". "'Wæter' OE,'water' ModE the dominant term for'lake'.... ON=Old Norse. Parker, John Wilson. An Atlas of the English Lakes. Cicerone Press. ISBN 1-85284-355-1