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Ryuichi Sakamoto

Ryuichi Sakamoto is a Japanese composer, songwriter, record producer and actor who has pursued a diverse range of styles as a solo artist and as a member of Yellow Magic Orchestra. With his bandmates Haruomi Hosono and Yukihiro Takahashi, Sakamoto influenced and pioneered a number of electronic music genres. Sakamoto began his career while at university in the 1970s as a session musician and arranger, his first major success came in 1978 as co-founder of YMO. He concurrently pursued a solo career, releasing the experimental electronic fusion album Thousand Knives in 1978. Two years he released the album B-2 Unit, it included the track "Riot in Lagos", significant in the development of electro and hip hop music. He went on to produce more solo records, collaborate with many international artists, David Sylvian, Carsten Nicolai, Youssou N'Dour, Fennesz among them. Sakamoto composed music for the opening ceremony of the 1992 Barcelona Olympics, his composition "Energy Flow" was the first instrumental number-one single in Japan's Oricon charts history.

As a film-score composer, Sakamoto has won an Oscar, a BAFTA, a Grammy, 2 Golden Globe Awards. Merry Christmas, Mr. Lawrence marked his debut as a film-score composer, his most successful work as a film composer was The Last Emperor, after which he continued earning accolades composing for films such as The Sheltering Sky, Little Buddha, The Revenant. On occasion, Sakamoto has worked as a composer and a scenario writer on anime and video games. In 2009, he was awarded the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres from the Ministry of Culture of France for his contributions to music. Sakamoto entered the Tokyo National University of Fine Arts and Music in 1970, earning a B. A. in music composition and an M. A. with special emphasis on both electronic and ethnic music. He studied ethnomusicology there with the intention of becoming a researcher in the field, due to his interest in various world music traditions the Japanese and African musical traditions, he was trained in classical music and began experimenting with the electronic music equipment available at the university, including synthesizers such as the Buchla, ARP.

One of Sakamoto's classical influences was Claude Debussy, who he described as his "hero" and stated that “Asian music influenced Debussy, Debussy influenced me. So, the music goes around the world and comes full circle.”In 1975, Sakamoto collaborated with percussionist Tsuchitori Toshiyuki to release Disappointment-Hateruma. After working as a session musician with Haruomi Hosono and Yukihiro Takahashi in 1977, the trio formed the internationally successful electronic music band Yellow Magic Orchestra in 1978. Known for their seminal influence on electronic music, the group helped pioneer electronic genres such as electropop/technopop, cyberpunk music, ambient house, electronica; the group's work has had a lasting influence across genres, ranging from hip hop and techno to acid house and general melodic music. Sakamoto was the songwriter and composer for a number of the band's hit songs—including "Yellow Magic", "Technopolis", "Nice Age", "Ongaku" and "You've Got to Help Yourself" —while playing keyboards for many of their other songs, including international hits such as "Computer Game/Firecracker" and "Rydeen".

He sang on several songs, such as "Kimi ni Mune Kyun". Sakamoto's composition "Technopolis" was credited as a contribution to the development of techno music, while the internationally successful "Behind the Mask" —a synthpop song in which he sang vocals through a vocoder—was covered by a number of international artists, including Michael Jackson and Eric Clapton. Sakamoto released his first solo album Thousand Knives of Ryūichi Sakamoto in mid-1978 with the help of Hideki Matsutake—Hosono contributed to the song "Thousand Knives"; the album experimented with different styles, such as "Thousand Knives" and "The End of Asia"—in which electronic music was fused with traditional Japanese music—while "Grasshoppers" is a more minimalistic piano song. The album was recorded from April to July 1978 with a variety of electronic musical instruments, including various synthesizers, such as the KORG PS-3100, a polyphonic synthesizer. A version of the song "Thousand Knives" was released on the Yellow Magic Orchestra's 1981 album BGM.

This version was one of the earliest uses of the Roland TR-808 drum machine, for YMO's live performance of "1000 Knives" in 1980 and their BGM album release in 1981. In 1980, Sakamoto released the solo album B-2 Unit, referred to as his "edgiest" record and is known for the electronic song "Riot in Lagos", considered an early example of electro music, as Sakamoto anticipated the beats and sounds of electro. Early electro and hip hop artists, such as Afrika Bambaata and Kurtis Mantronik, were influenced by the album—especially "Riot in Lagos"—with Mantronik citing the work as a major influence on his electro hip hop group Mantronix. "Riot in Lagos" was included in Playgroup's compilation album Kings of Electro

All Saints' Church, Pavement, York

All Saints’ Church, York is a Grade I listed parish church in the Church of England in York. Services are from the Book of Common Prayer; the church dates from the 14th century. The chancel was demolished in 1780 and the east end was rebuilt; the north wall and the west end were rebuilt in 1834. The lantern was rebuilt in 1837; the vestry was added between 1850 and 1855. The church was restored in 1887 by George Edmund Street when the stonework was cleaned, the pinnacles restored, the central east window fitted with stained glass by Charles Eamer Kempe, it was enlarged in 1912. The church is the guild and civic church for the city of York, the regimental church for the Royal Dragoon Guards. In 1954 the church was united with the parish of St Saviour's Church, York when St Saviour's Church was declared redundant. Sergeant Major John Polety Charles Polety Tate Wilkinson Jane Wilkinson Sir Robert Crathorn Robert Askwith Roger de Moreton Isabella de Moreton Ursula Wyvill Robert Bishopricke Surgeon Henry Richards A specification of the organ can be found on the National Pipe Organ Register

Djoko Iskandar

Djoko Tjahjono Iskandar is an Indonesian herpetologist who studies the amphibians of Southeast Asia and Australasia. He is a professor of biosystematics and ecology at Bandung Institute of Technology in West Java, Indonesia. Iskandar has been the first to describe many species of amphibian, including the Bornean flat-headed frog in 1978, and, in 2014, Limnonectes larvaepartus, the only known frog that directly births tadpoles, he is the author of The Amphibians of Bali. The monotypic banded watersnake genus Djokoiskandarus is named in his honour, as are several species of lizard and frog. Djokoiskandarus annulatus Polypedates iskandari Draco iskandari Gekko iskandari Fejervarya iskandari Ansonia glandulosa Iskandar & Mumpuni, 2004 Barbourula kalimantanensis Iskandar, 1978 Boiga hoeseli Ramadhan, Iskandar & Subasri, 2010 Calamaria banggaiensis Koch, Mcguire, Iskandar & Böhme, 2009 Cyrtodactylus batik Iskandar, Rachmansah & Umilaela, 2011 Cyrtodactylus nuaulu Oliver, Mumpuni, Iskandar & Lilley, 2009 Cyrtodactylus wallacei Hayden, et al. 2008 Eutropis grandis Howard, Riyanto, Iskandar, 2007 Hemiphyllodactylus engganoensis Grismer, Iskandar & McGuire, 2014 Hylarana eschatia Hylarana megalonesa Hylarana parvacola Hylarana rufipes Ingerana rajae Iskandar, Arifin, 2011 Kalophrynus minusculus Iskandar, 1998 Limnonectes kadarsani Iskandar, Boeadi & Sancoyo, 1996 Limnonectes larvaepartus Iskandar, Evans & McGuire, 2014 Limnonectes sisikdagu McLeod, Husted, Barley & Iskandar, 2011 Litoria megalops Litoria purpureolata Oliver, Tjaturadi & Iskandar, 2007 Litoria wapogaensis Richards & Iskandar, 2001 Occidozyga tompotika Iskandar, Arifin & Rachmansah, 2011 Oreophryne atrigularis Günther, Richards & Iskandar, 2001 Oreophryne furu Günther, Richards and Iskandar, 2009 Oreophryne minuta Richards & Iskandar, 2000 Oreophryne wapoga Günther, Richards & Iskandar, 2001 Xenophrys parallela Frogweb.org – Frogs of the Malay Peninsula – Djoko Iskandar Djoko Iskandar - Curriculum Vitae ITIS Advanced Search for taxon author "Iskandar"