National Register of Historic Places listings in California
Buildings, sites and objects in California listed on the National Register of Historic Places: There are more than 2,800 properties and districts listed on the National Register of Historic Places in the 58 counties of California, including 145 designated as National Historic Landmarks. The following are approximate tallies of current listings in California on the National Register of Historic Places; these counts are based on entries in the National Register Information Database as of April 24, 2008, new weekly listings posted since on the National Register of Historic Places web site. There are frequent additions to the listings and occasional delistings and the counts here are not official; the counts in this table exclude boundary increase and decrease listings which modify the area covered by an existing property or district and which carry a separate National Register reference number. List of bridges on the National Register of Historic Places in California List of National Historic Landmarks in California List of California Historical Landmarks State of California Office of Historic PreservationNational Register of Historic Places travel itineraries: World War II in the San Francisco Bay Area Early History of the California Coast Santa Clara County: California's Historic Silicon Valley Aviation: From Sand Dunes to Sonic Booms
National Register of Historic Places listings in Del Norte County, California
This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Del Norte County, California. This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Del Norte County, United States. Latitude and longitude coordinates are provided for many National Register districts. There are 14 districts listed on the National Register in the county; this National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted April 5, 2019. List of National Historic Landmarks in California National Register of Historic Places listings in California California Historical Landmarks in Del Norte County, California
Historic districts in the United States
Historic districts in the United States are designated historic districts recognizing a group of buildings, properties, or sites by one of several entities on different levels as or architecturally significant. Buildings, structures and sites within a historic district are divided into two categories and non-contributing. Districts vary in size: some have hundreds of structures, while others have just a few; the U. S. federal government designates historic districts through the United States Department of Interior under the auspices of the National Park Service. Federally designated historic districts are listed on the National Register of Historic Places, but listing imposes no restrictions on what property owners may do with a designated property. State-level historic districts may follow similar criteria or may require adherence to certain historic rehabilitation standards. Local historic district designation offers, by far, the most legal protection for historic properties because most land use decisions are made at the local level.
Local districts are administered by the county or municipal government. The first U. S. historic district was established in Charleston, South Carolina in 1931, predating the U. S. federal government designation by more than three decades. Charleston city government designated an "Old and Historic District" by local ordinance and created a board of architectural review to oversee it. New Orleans followed in 1937, establishing the Vieux Carré Commission and authorizing it to act to maintain the historic character of the city's French Quarter. Other localities picked up on the concept, with the city of Philadelphia enacting its historic preservation ordinance in 1955; the regulatory authority of local commissions and historic districts has been upheld as a legitimate use of government police power, most notably in Penn Central Transportation Co. v. City of New York; the Supreme Court case validated the protection of historic resources as "an permissible governmental goal." In 1966 the federal government created the National Register of Historic Places, soon after a report from the U.
S. Conference of Mayors had stated Americans suffered from "rootlessness." By the 1980s there were thousands of federally designated historic districts. Some states, such as Arizona, have passed referendums defending property rights that have stopped private property being designated historic without the property owner's consent or compensation for the historic overlay. Historic districts are two types of properties and non-contributing. Broadly defined, a contributing property is any property, structure or object which adds to the historical integrity or architectural qualities that make a historic district, listed locally or federally, significant. Different entities governmental, at both the state and national level in the United States, have differing definitions of contributing property but they all retain the same basic characteristics. In general, contributing properties are integral parts of the historic context and character of a historic district. In addition to the two types of classification within historic districts, properties listed on the National Register of Historic Places are classified into five broad categories.
They are, structure, site and object. All but the eponymous district category are applied to historic districts listed on the National Register. A listing on the National Register of Historic Places is governmental acknowledgment of a historic district. However, the Register is "an honorary status with some federal financial incentives." The National Register of Historic Places defines a historic district per U. S. federal law, last revised in 2004. According to the Register definition a historic district is: a geographically definable area, urban or rural, possessing a significant concentration, linkage, or continuity of sites, structures, or objects united by past events or aesthetically by plan or physical development. A district may comprise individual elements separated geographically but linked by association or history. Districts established under U. S. federal guidelines begin the process of designation through a nomination to the National Register of Historic Places. The National Register is the official recognition by the U.
S. government of cultural resources worthy of preservation. While designation through the National Register does offer a district or property some protections, it is only in cases where the threatening action involves the federal government. If the federal government is not involved the listing on the National Register provides the site, property or district no protections. For example, if company A wants to tear down the hypothetical Smith House and company A is under contract with the state government of Illinois the federal designation would offer no protections. If, company A was under federal contract the Smith House would be protected. A federal designation is little more than recognition by the government that the resource is worthy of preservation. In general, the criteria for acceptance to the National Register are applied but there are considerations for exceptions to the criteria and historic districts have influence on some of those exceptions; the National Register does not list religious structures, moved structures, reconstructed structures, or properties that have achieved significance within the last 50 years.
However, if a property falls into one of those categories and are "integral parts of districts that do meet the criteria" an exception allowing their listing will be made. Historic dis
National Register of Historic Places listings in Inyo County, California
This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Inyo County, California. This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Inyo County, United States. Latitude and longitude coordinates are provided for many National Register districts. There are 17 properties and districts listed on the National Register in the county, including 2 National Historic Landmarks; this National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted April 5, 2019. List of National Historic Landmarks in California National Register of Historic Places listings in California California Historical Landmarks in Inyo County, California
National Register of Historic Places listings in Butte County, California
This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Butte County, California. This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Butte County, United States. Latitude and longitude coordinates are provided for many National Register districts. There are 27 properties and districts listed on the National Register in the county; this National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted April 5, 2019. List of National Historic Landmarks in California National Register of Historic Places listings in California California Historical Landmarks in Butte County, California
Francisco Sanchez (politician)
Francisco Sanchez was Commandante of the San Francisco Presidio and the eighth alcalde of San Francisco, California in 1843, grantee of the 8,926-acre Rancho San Pedro. Francisco Sanchez was born in San Jose and was the son of José Antonio Sánchez, grantee of Rancho Buri Buri. Francisco's brother, José de la Cruz Sánchez, was an alcalde of San Francisco. During 1842 to 1846, Francisco established the Sanchez Adobe in what is now California, he served as the leader of the failed Mexican military response to the June 14, 1846 California Republic insurrection which established United States control of Mexican California. Francisco Sanchez is buried at the Mission Dolores in San Francisco
The globe artichoke known as French artichoke and green artichoke in the USA, is a variety of a species of thistle cultivated as a food. The edible portion of the plant consists of the flower buds; the budding artichoke flower-head is a cluster of many budding small flowers, together with many bracts, on an edible base. Once the buds bloom, the structure changes to a coarse edible form. Another variety of the same species is the cardoon, a perennial plant native to the Mediterranean region. Both wild forms and cultivated varieties exist; this vegetable grows to 1.4–2 m tall, with arching lobed, glaucous-green leaves 50–82 cm long. The flowers develop in a large head from an edible bud about 8–15 cm diameter with numerous triangular scales; the edible portions of the buds consist of the fleshy lower portions of the involucral bracts and the base, known as the "heart". These are inedible in larger flowers. Artichoke contains luteolin; the total antioxidant capacity of artichoke flower heads is one of the highest reported for vegetables.
Cynarine is a chemical constituent in Cynara. The majority of the cynarine found in artichoke is located in the pulp of the leaves, though dried leaves and stems of artichoke contain it; the artichoke is mentioned as a garden plant in the 8th century BC by Hesiod. The occurring variant of the artichoke, the cardoon, native to the Mediterranean area has records of use as a food among the ancient Greeks and Romans. Pliny the Elder mentioned growing of ` carduus' in Cordoba. In North Africa, where it is still found in the wild state, the seeds of artichokes cultivated, were found during the excavation of Roman-period Mons Claudianus in Egypt. Varieties of artichokes were cultivated in Sicily beginning in the classical period of the ancient Greeks. In that period, the Greeks ate the leaves and flower heads, which cultivation had improved from the wild form; the Romans called. Further improvement in the cultivated form appears to have taken place in the medieval period in Muslim Spain and the Maghreb, although the evidence is inferential only.
Names for the artichoke in English and many other European languages today come from medieval Andalusi Arabic الخرشوف al-ḫaršūf, still used in Maghrebi Arabic Le Roy Ladurie, in his book Les Paysans de Languedoc, has documented the spread of artichoke cultivation in Italy and southern France in the late 15th and early 16th centuries, when the artichoke appeared as a new arrival with a new name, which may be taken to indicate an arrival of an improved cultivated variety: The blossom of the thistle, improved by the Arabs, passed from Naples to Florence in 1466, carried by Filippo Strozzi. Towards 1480 it is noticed as a curiosity, but soon veers towards the northwest... Artichoke beds are mentioned in Avignon by the notaries from 1532 onward; the local name remains carchofas, from the Italian carciofo... They are small, the size of a hen's egg... and are still considered a luxury, a vaguely aphrodisiac tidbit that one preserved in sugar syrup. The Dutch introduced artichokes to England, where they grew in Henry VIII's garden at Newhall in 1530.
They were taken to the United States in the 19th century—to Louisiana by French immigrants and to California by Spanish immigrants. Today, cultivation of the globe artichoke is concentrated in the countries bordering the Mediterranean basin; the main European producers are Italy and France and the main American producers are Argentina and the United States. In the United States, California provides nearly 100% of the U. S. crop, about 80% of, grown in Monterey County. Most artichokes have been grown in South Africa in a small town called Parys located along the Vaal River. Artichokes can be produced from seeds or from vegetative means such as division, root cuttings, or micropropagation. Although technically perennials that produce the edible flower during only the second and subsequent years, certain varieties of artichokes can be grown from seed as annuals, producing a limited harvest at the end of the first growing season in regions where the plants are not winter-hardy; this means home gardeners in northern regions can attempt to produce a crop without the need to overwinter plants with special treatment or protection.
The seed cultivar'Imperial Star' has been bred to produce in the first year without such measures. An newer cultivar,'Northern Star', is said to be able to overwinter in more northerly climates, survives subzero temperatures. Commercial culture is limited to warm areas in USDA hardiness zone 7 and above, it requires good soil, regular watering and feeding, frost protection in winter. Rooted suckers can be planted each year, so mature specimens can be disposed of after a few years, as each individual plant lives only a few years; the peak season for artichoke harvesting is the spring, but t