Records of Prime Ministers of Hungary
Records of Prime Ministers of Hungary from 1848 to the present. The Prime Minister with the longest single term was Count Kálmán Tisza and this is longer than the accumulated terms of any other Prime Minister. The shortest period in office is more confused, depending on the criteria, by the end of the day, King Charles IV had accepted the coup and appointed Károlyi as Hungarys new Prime Minister. Hadik had no time to form a government, so historians believe he was just a designated premier. In August 1919 Gyula Peidl was appointed Prime Minister in the last days of the Hungarian Soviet Republic, after six days on August 6,1919, his government was overthrown by a rightist armed coup led by István Friedrich. Peidl went into exile in Austria, Count Pál Teleki holds the record for the longest period between terms—his first term ended on 14 April 1921 and his second term did not start until 16 February 1939. The only Prime Minister to serve three terms was Sándor Wekerle, the youngest Prime Minister to be appointed was András Hegedüs on 18 April 1955 at the age of 32 years,5 months and 18 days.
The second youngest was Viktor Orbán on 8 July 1998 at the age of 35 years,1 month and 7 days, the oldest Prime Minister to be appointed was Baron Géza Fejérváry on 18 June 1905 at the age of 72 years,3 months and 3 days. The youngest Prime Minister to leave office was András Hegedüs, who left the country during the Hungarian Revolution of 1956, aged 34. The longest-lived Prime Minister was Lajos Kossuth who was born on 19 September 1802, dezső Pattantyús-Ábrahám, the Prime Minister of the third Counter-Revolutionary Government during the Hungarian Soviet Republic died on 25 July 1973, at the age of 98 years and 15 days. Of the five former Prime Ministers currently alive, the oldest is Péter Boross, if he is still alive on 1 March 2020 he will surpass Kossuths record and become the longest-lived Prime Minister. The shortest-lived Prime Minister was the first ever Prime Minister Count Lajos Batthyány, who was born on 10 February 1807 and was executed on 6 October 1849 at the age of 42 years.
The Prime Minister who lived the longest after leaving office was Lajos Kossuth, who left office on 1 May 1849 and died on 20 March 1894, the Prime Minister who lived the shortest period after leaving office was Ferenc Szálasi, whose term ended on 28 March 1945. He was executed on 12 March 1946, less than a year later, Lajos Batthyány resigned on 2 October 1848. After the defeat of Hungarian Revolution of 1848 he was executed 1 year and 4 days later, the shortest lived after office premier who died in natural causes was Kálmán Darányi. He left the office on 14 May 1938 and died on 1 November 1939, three Prime Ministers have died in office, Gyula Gömbös, who died on 6 October 1936. Pál Teleki, who died on 3 April 1941, józsef Antall, who died on 12 December 1993. Six Prime Ministers were executed, all of them after leaving office, Lajos Batthyány, executed on 6 October 1849
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France. It has an area of 105 square kilometres and a population of 2,229,621 in 2013 within its administrative limits, the agglomeration has grown well beyond the citys administrative limits. By the 17th century, Paris was one of Europes major centres of finance, fashion and the arts, and it retains that position still today. The aire urbaine de Paris, a measure of area, spans most of the Île-de-France region and has a population of 12,405,426. It is therefore the second largest metropolitan area in the European Union after London, the Metropole of Grand Paris was created in 2016, combining the commune and its nearest suburbs into a single area for economic and environmental co-operation. Grand Paris covers 814 square kilometres and has a population of 7 million persons, the Paris Region had a GDP of €624 billion in 2012, accounting for 30.0 percent of the GDP of France and ranking it as one of the wealthiest regions in Europe. The city is a rail and air-transport hub served by two international airports, Paris-Charles de Gaulle and Paris-Orly.
Opened in 1900, the subway system, the Paris Métro. It is the second busiest metro system in Europe after Moscow Metro, Paris Gare du Nord is the busiest railway station in the world outside of Japan, with 262 millions passengers in 2015. In 2015, Paris received 22.2 million visitors, making it one of the top tourist destinations. The association football club Paris Saint-Germain and the rugby union club Stade Français are based in Paris, the 80, 000-seat Stade de France, built for the 1998 FIFA World Cup, is located just north of Paris in the neighbouring commune of Saint-Denis. Paris hosts the annual French Open Grand Slam tennis tournament on the red clay of Roland Garros, Paris hosted the 1900 and 1924 Summer Olympics and is bidding to host the 2024 Summer Olympics. The name Paris is derived from its inhabitants, the Celtic Parisii tribe. Thus, though written the same, the name is not related to the Paris of Greek mythology. In the 1860s, the boulevards and streets of Paris were illuminated by 56,000 gas lamps, since the late 19th century, Paris has been known as Panam in French slang.
Inhabitants are known in English as Parisians and in French as Parisiens and they are pejoratively called Parigots. The Parisii, a sub-tribe of the Celtic Senones, inhabited the Paris area from around the middle of the 3rd century BC. One of the areas major north-south trade routes crossed the Seine on the île de la Cité, this place of land and water trade routes gradually became a town
Gyula Peidl was a Hungarian trade union leader and social democrat politician who served briefly as prime minister and acting head of state of Hungary in August 1919. Gyula Peidl was born on 4 April 1873 in Ravazd, Győr County and his father, a butcher, died early, thus Peidl was raised by his mother. During his apprentice years from 1886 to 1890, he became a typesetter at the facility of the Franklin Company. Following that he participated in tours to Austria and Germany. Returning home, he headed the union since the beginning of the 20th century, from 1900 to 1908. He was one of the members of the General Consumer Cooperative in 1904. He was elected secretary of the organization in 1908, as a journalist, he edited weeklies Typographia and Szövetkezeti Értesítő. He served as a Board Member of the National Workers Insurance Fund, in 1909 he joined the leadership of the Social Democratic Party of Hungary. During the Mihály Károlyi era following the Great War and proclamation of the First Hungarian Republic, he was Minister of Labour, in July 1919, Romanian troops crossed the Tisza river and marched towards Budapest.
On 1 August 1919, Béla Kun ceded power to a government formed only by Social Democrats and controlled by union leaders. The cabinet, which contained four former Kun government commissioners, quickly transformed into Social Democrats, at its first meeting on 2 August 1919, it abolished the Soviet republic and declared again the Hungarian Peoples Republic, the peoples courts were dissolved and political prisoners released. The liberation of the opponents reinforced the counter-revolutionaries, the country worked without a head of the state nor head of government. Nationalised properties were given back to private owners. Confiscated estates, were not handed over to the landowners as a gesture to the peasantry, on the same day, the National Smallholders and Agrarian Workers Party was invited into the government, and the Allied representative promised an end to the economic blockade. Peidls government tried to demonstrate to the Allies its break with the previous regime, the Allies, refused to recognise the new government for having only socialist members.
The Romanian occupation army was not willing either to support the new government or to protect it from the counter-revolutionary forces, meanwhile, on the same day, the army recovered Szolnok on the outskirts of Budapest and ejected the Romanians. On 4 August 1919, the Red Guard was dissolved and the Hungarian police established, the capture of communist leaders was secretly ordered. The new government, had no control over any armed force
Kiskunhalas is a city in Bács-Kiskun County, Hungary. The city is an important railway junction and it crosses the Budapest-Subotica-Belgrade railway line. The Kiskunfélegyháza railway ends in Kiskunhalas, Kiskunhalas is located 130 km south of Budapest. Kiskunhalas used to be surrounded by lakes that were rich in fish, Halas in Hungarian, the other part of the name comes from the Hungarian kiskun-, meaning Little Cumania, Kun was what the Hungarians called the Cuman people. Croats in Hungary call this town as Olaš, the Croat name came as shortening of its Hungarian name, as it was easier for Croat speakers to pronounce it that way. Its known history goes back to the 9th century and these are displayed in the János Thorma Museum, established in honor of an early 20th-century painter who was born and grew up here. Several villages were known to have been in the area from 895, the place became significant when the Cumans arrived. Its name is derived from the Hungarian word, for the Cumans, the first written documents mentioning Halas date to 1347.
After 1596, the town lost much of its due to warfare during the Ottoman invasion. In the 16th and 17th centuries, Kiskunhalas welcomed the Protestant Reformation, until 1754 the city was the center of the region, but after that, its significance declined under Catholic rulers because of the local peoples support for Protestantism. A Roman Catholic church was built in 1770, a new Reformed church was built in 1823. In 1910 the population reached 25,000, János Thorma, a painter and founding member of the influential Nagybanya artists colony, was born and grew up here. Zsolt Daczi, hard-rock guitarist, was born here, erika Miklósa The town is the birthplace of the highest ranked Hungarian tennis player Ágnes Szávay, who has won five WTA titles. Kiskunhalas is twinned with, Cuman people Official website