Ségolène Royal

Ségolène Royal, is a French politician and former Socialist Party candidate for President of the French Republic. She was President of the Poitou-Charentes Regional Council from 2004 to 2014, she won the 2006 Socialist Party primary, becoming the first woman in France to be nominated as a presidential candidate by a major party. In the subsequent 2007 presidential election, she earned further distinction as the first woman to qualify for the second round of a presidential election, but lost to Nicolas Sarkozy. In 2008, Royal narrowly lost to Martine Aubry in the Socialist Party's election for First Secretary at the Party's twenty-second national congress, she lost the Socialist Party presidential primary in 2011, failed in an attempt to win a seat in the National Assembly in the June 2012 parliamentary elections. François Hollande, the former President, is the father of her four children, she was appointed by him to the vice-Chair directorship of the Banque Publique d'Investissement in 2013. She served as Minister for Ecology from 2014 to 2017, in the Valls Cazeneuve cabinets.

Ségolène Royal was born on 22 September 1953 in the military base of Ouakam, French West Africa, the daughter of Hélène Dehaye and Jacques Royal, a former artillery officer and aide to the mayor of Chamagne. Her parents had eight children in nine years: Marie-Odette, Marie-Nicole, Gérard, Marie-Ségolène, Paul and Sigisbert. After secondary school in the small town of Melle, Deux-Sèvres, Marie-Ségolène attended a local university where she graduated 2nd in her class with a degree in Economics, her eldest sister suggested she prepare the entrance exam to the elite Institut d'études politiques de Paris popularly called Sciences Po, which she attended on scholarship. There she discovered politics of feminism. In 1972, at the age of 19, Royal sued her father because he refused to divorce her mother and pay alimony and child support to finance the children's education, she won the case after many years in court, shortly before Jacques Royal died of lung cancer in 1981. Six of the eight children had refused to see him again, Ségolène included.

Royal, like the majority of France's political elite, is a graduate of the École nationale d'administration. She was in the same class as her former partner of 30 years, François Hollande, as well as Dominique de Villepin; each class year at the ENA receives a nickname to distinguish it: Royal tried to get her peers to name their class after Louise Michel, a revolutionary from the 1870s, but they chose the name "Voltaire" instead. During her time at the ENA, Royal dropped "Marie" from her hyphenated first name. After graduating in 1980, she elected to serve as a judge of an administrative court before she was noticed by President François Mitterrand's special adviser Jacques Attali and recruited to his staff in 1982, she held the junior rank of chargée de mission from 1982 to 1988. She decided to become a candidate for the 1988 legislative election, her candidacy was an example of the French political tradition of parachutage, appointing promising "Parisian" political staffers as candidates in provincial districts to test their mettle.

She was up against an entrenched UDF incumbent, Mitterrand is said to have told her: "You will not win, but you will next time." Straddling Catholic and Protestant areas, that district had been held by conservatives since World War II. She did win against the odds, remarked: "Pour un parachutage, l'atterrissage est réussi.". After this election, she served as representative in the National Assembly for the Deux-Sèvres' 2nd constituency. Minister of Environment: 1992–1993. Minister of School Education: 1997–2000. Minister of Family and Children: 2000–2001. Minister of Family and Disabled persons: 2001–2002. On 28 March 2004, she obtained 55% in the second round in the regional election in Poitou-Charentes, notably defeating Prime Minister Jean-Pierre Raffarin's protégée, Élisabeth Morin, in his home region, she was elected president of the region the next week. She kept her National Assembly seat until June 2007, when she chose not to run in the legislative election, in agreement with one of her presidential campaign's promises.

She organised a run-off between two contenders. On 22 September 2005 Paris Match published an interview in which she declared that she was considering running for the presidency in 2007. In 2006 the CPE laws were proposed with large protests as a result. Rather than going to the organised protest, she voted a law in her "région" whereby no company using that type of contract would receive the Région's subsidies; the government backed down and stated that the law would be put on the statute book, but that it would not be applied. After this event Royal was tipped as the lead contender in what is dubbed the "Sarko-Ségo" race against Nicolas Sarkozy; until that time, she had not been thought a candidate as she had stayed out of the Socialist Party's power struggles. On 7 April 2006, Royal launched an Internet-led electoral campaign at Désirs d'avenir, publishing the first of ten chapters of her political manifesto. By the beginning of September, her intentions had become quite clear, she has said that only widespread sexism in the Socialist Party had prevented it from rallying around her candidacy as it would have had she


Deshnoke is a small town in the Bikaner district of Rajasthan, near the Pakistan border and about 30 km from Bikaner. Deshnoke is famous for its 600-year-old Karni Mata Temple, where the local rats are held sacred due to local legend; the goddess Karni Mata has been worshiped by the royal family as well as the general public of Bikaner and other parts of Rajasthan since long ago. They original natives are depawat's of deshnoke known grandsons of karni mata. There are four branches of depawats- 1.puna 2. Lakhan 3. Siyawat 4. Narsingh Deshnoke is located at 27°47′26″N 73°20′27″E, it has an average elevation of 265 meters. As of the 2001 Indian census, Deshnoke had a population of 15,791. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Deshnoke has an average literacy rate of 51%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 60% and, female literacy is 41%. In Deshnoke, 19% of the population is under 6 years of age. Inhabitants: Since old time Deepawat, Jain are living in this town.

This structure is known as the Rats' Temple. Located near the Pakistan border, the Karni Mata Temple is a popular tourist destination in the Bikaner region. Karni Mata has followers from outside of the state. During Navratri, thousands of devotees visit the temple from Rajasthan and from Haryana and Madhya Pradesh. Biography of Karni Mata - According to tradition, Karni mata was the wife of Depoji Charan of the village of Sathika. However, she expressed to her husband her unwillingness to engage in matrimonial relations. Instead of doing so Karni arranged for him to marry her own younger sister Gulab so that he might have a proper married life, she herself remained celibate all her life, with the support of her husband. Karni lived in her in-laws' village for about two years before leaving with her followers and a herd of cattle to live a nomadic life, camping at sunset. One such camp was made at the village of Jangloo. Karni Mata declared her follower Rao Ridmal of Chandasar as new ruler of the village and continued on her journey.

When she reached near Deshnok, Rao Kanha himself came to oppose her camping but he died. Karni Mata settled there, her husband Depoji died in 1454. In 1453, she gave her blessing to Rao Jodha of Jodhpur for conquering Ajmer and Mandor. In 1457 she went to Jodhpur at Rao Jodha's request, her first temple was constructed in the village of Mathania during her lifetime by her follower Amara Charan. In 1472, she arranged the marriage of Rao Bika and Rang Kunwar to turn the enmity of the Rathor and Bhatian families into friendship. In 1485, she laid the foundation stone of the fort of Bikaner at the request of Rao Bika. In 1538, Karniji went to visit the Maharaja of Jaisalmer. On 21 March of that year she was travelling back to Deshnok with her stepson Poonjar and a few other followers, they were near Gadiyala and Girirajsar of the Kolayat tehsil in Bikaner district where she asked the caravan to stop for water. She disappeared there at the age of 151 years

List of airports in Barbados

This is a list of airports in Barbados. Barbados, situated just east of the Caribbean Sea, is a West Indian continental island-nation in the western Atlantic Ocean, it is considered a part of the Lesser Antilles. Its closest island neighbours are Martinique, Saint Lucia and Saint Vincent and the Grenadines to the west. To the south lies Trinidad and Tobago with which Barbados now shares a fixed official maritime boundary and the South American mainland. Bridgetown is largest city in Barbados. Barbados has one airport, the Grantly Adams International Airport, located on the south coast of the island in Christ Church. Airport names shown in bold indicate. Transport in Barbados List of airports by ICAO code: T#TB - Barbados Wikipedia: WikiProject Aviation/Airline destination lists: North America#Barbados "ICAO Location Indicators by State". International Civil Aviation Organization. 17 September 2010. "UN Location Codes: Barbados". UN/LOCODE 2011-2. UNECE. 28 February 2012. – includes IATA codes Great Circle Mapper: Airports in Barbados World Aero Data: Airports in Barbados