SIGGRAPH is an annual conference on computer graphics organized by the ACM SIGGRAPH, starting in 1974. The main conference is held in North America; the conference incorporates both academic presentations as well as an industry trade show. Other events at the conference include educational courses and panel discussions on recent topics in computer graphics and interactive techniques; the SIGGRAPH conference proceedings, which are published in the ACM Transactions on Graphics, has one of the highest impact factors among academic publications in the field of computer graphics. The paper acceptance rate for SIGGRAPH has been between 17% and 29%, with the average accept rate between 2015 and 2019 of 27%; the submitted papers are peer-reviewed under a process, single-blind, but has changed to double-blind. The papers accepted for presentation at SIGGRAPH are printed since 2003 in a special issue of the ACM Transactions on Graphics journal. Prior to 1992, SIGGRAPH papers were printed as part of the Computer Graphics publication.
SIGGRAPH has several awards programs to recognize contributions to computer graphics. The most prestigious is the Steven Anson Coons Award for Outstanding Creative Contributions to Computer Graphics, it has been awarded every two years since 1983 to recognize an individual's lifetime achievement in computer graphics. The SIGGRAPH conference experienced significant growth starting in the 1970s, peaking around the turn of the century. A second conference, SIGGRAPH Asia, started in 2008. Association for Computing Machinery ACM SIGGRAPH ACM Transactions on Graphics Computer Graphics, a publication of ACM SIGGRAPH The list of computer science conferences contains other academic conferences in computer science. ACM SIGGRAPH website ACM SIGGRAPH conference publications ACM SIGGRAPH YouTube SIGGRAPH 2017 Conference, Los Angeles, CA SIGGRAPH Asia 2017 Conference, Thailand
This is a list of breweries in the Black Country. The Black Country is a region in the Midlands of England. Although its boundaries are not defined, for the purposes of this list, the Black Country will be defined as the extending over the 4 Local authority areas of Wolverhampton, Dudley and Walsall. 458 Brewery. Brewery at Wollaston. AJ's Ales. Brewery sited in Walsall. Angel Ales. Brewery sited at Cradley. Backyard. Brewery sited at Walsall. Banks's. Brewery sited in Wolverhampton. Bathams. Brewery sited at Brierley Hill. Beat Brewery. Brewery sited in Stourbridge. Beowulf. Brewery sited at Brownhills. Black Country Ales. Brewery sited at Lower Gornal Blue Bear. Brewery at Smethwick. Broughs. Brewery at Wolverhampton. Craddock's. Brewery sited at Stourbridge. Fixed Wheel. Brewery sited in Blackheath. Fownes. Brewery sited in Upper Gornal. Green Duck. Brewery sited at Stourbridge. Holdens. Brewery sited at Woodsetten. Newbridge. Brewery sited at Bilston. Olde Swan. Brewery in Netherton. Pig Iron. Brewery sited at Blackheath.
Punchline. Brewery at Wolverhampton. Sadler's. Brewery sited in Lye. Sarah Hughes. Brewery sited at Sedgley. Toll End. Brewery sited in Tipton. Webster's. Brewery sited at Wollaston. Joseph McKenna, Black Country Breweries, The History Press, Stroud, 2005. ISBN 9780752437224
Ror Wolf was a German writer and artist who published under the pseudonym Raoul Tranchirer. He wrote audio plays and poems and made collages. Born Richard Georg Wolf in Saalfeld, Thuringia, he grew up without his father, drafted to the army when the boy was six and only returned 10 years later; the child enjoyed his father's library. After World War II, the family's shoe shop was expropriated, his mother was imprisoned for one year which he spent alone, at age 14 to 15. After his Abitur in 1951, he was not successful, he worked for two years in concrete building, when his application was rejected again, left the German Democratic Republic in July 1953 for the West. He lived first in Stuttgart, he studied literature, social studies and philosophy at the University of Frankfurt, with Theodor W. Adorno, Walter Höllerer and Max Horkheimer, he soon published prose, poetry and reviews of literature and jazz in the student paper Diskus. His name as an artist combines letters from his given names, he developed his pseudonym from writing his first name "Richard" backwards.
Wolf continued his studies in Hamburg in 1958, graduated from Frankfurt in 1961. Wolf became contributing editor of literature for the Hessischer Rundfunk broadcaster for two years, he worked freelance from 1963. His first novel appeared in 1964, influenced by Franz Kafka, his first audio play was aired in 1971. His audio plays focus on football, keep being aired; the audio play Leben und Tod des Kornettisten Bix Beiderbecke aus Nord-Amerika, about the life and death of jazz cornetist Bix Beiderbecke, was awarded the Hörspielpreis der Kriegsblinden in 1988. The 2007 audio play Raoul Tranchirers Bemerkungen über die Stille received the award "Radio Play of the Year" from the German Academy of Performing Arts. Wolf settled in Mainz after having moved 34 times, he died there on 17 February 2020. Wolf's texts begin in simple everyday-life situations, changing abruptly to the grotesque in a combination of comical and horrible aspects, he worked last on an autobiography in the form of a collage. His works have beem published by Schöffling & Co..
The publisher plans a complete edition of his works, not only those published, entitled Ror Wolf Werke: Vol. 1: Friedmar Apel: Im Zustand vergrößerter Ruhe. Die Gedichte. 2009. Vol. 2: Kai U. Jürgens: Prosa I: Fortsetzung des Berichts. 2010, ISBN 978-3-89561-921-2. Vol. 3: Kay Sokolowsky: Prosa II: Pilzer und Pelzer. 2010. Vol. 4: Jürgens: Prosa III: Die Gefährlichkeit der großen Ebene. 2012, ISBN 978-3-89561-922-9. Vol. 5: Jürgens: Prosa IV: Nachrichten aus der bewohnten Welt. 2014, ISBN 978-3-89561-924-3. Vol. 7: Hans Burkhard Schlichting: Die Einsamkeit des Meeresgrunds. Die Hörspiele. 2012, ISBN 978-3-89561-917-5. Vol. 9: Thomas Schröder: Raoul Tranchirers Enzyklopädie für unerschrockene Leser. Vol. II. 2009. Volume 1 contains the poems, volumes 2 to 5 prose works, volume 7 the audio plays, volume 9 Raoul Tranchirers Enzyklopädie für unerschrockene Leser, an encyclopedia for "intrepid readers". Wolf was the recipient of numerous awards for his poetry, including the 2008 Friedrich-Hölderlin-Preis, the 2004 Kassel Literary Prize, the Georg-K.-Glaser-Preis of Rhineland-Palatine and the SWR, the Günter Eich Prize in Leipzig in 2015, the Schiller Memorial Prize from the Ministry of Culture in Baden-Württemberg in 2016, the Rainer-Malkowski-Preis in 2018.
The Schiller Memorial Prize's jury wrote in 2016: For the fragmented present in which we live, Ror Wolf has developed literary forms like no other that have nothing to do with the comforting obligations of conventional storytelling. Official website in German) Literature by and about Ror Wolf in the German National Library catalogue Ror Wolf on IMDb Ror Wolf discography at Discogs Ror Wolf / wetterverhältnisse lyrikline.org 2020 "Das ist eigentlich alles" in the literary journal Am Erker, Münster, 1988 Kay Sokolowsky: Ein ziemlich unsichtbarer Mann in taz, 29 June 2002, on the occasion of Wolf's 70th birthday
Steven Pearson is an American physician and the Founder and President of the non-profit health policy and comparative effectiveness research organization Institute for Clinical and Economic Review in Boston, MA. He conducts research on cost-effectiveness healthcare technology assessment, he is a lecturer in Harvard's Department of Population Medicine and a member of the National Institutes of Health Comparative Effectiveness Research Steering Committee. Pearson founded the Institute for Clinical and Economic Review at the Massachusetts General Hospital's Institute for Technology Assessment in 2006. Prior to that, he was a fellow at America's Health Insurance Plans, he received an Atlantic Fellowship and was a Senior Fellow in the United Kingdom at the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence of the UK's National Health Service. Additionally he has been a member of the Coverage and Analysis Group at the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services in the United States, he is the author of the book No Margin, No Mission: Health Care Organizations and the Quest for Ethical Excellence, published by Oxford University Press along with James Sabin and Ezekiel Emanuel.
Pearson's medical degree is from the UCSF School of Medicine and he completed a residency in internal medicine at Brigham and Women’s Hospital. In addition to a medical degree, he holds a Master of Science Degree in Health Policy and Management from the Harvard School of Public Health. Pearson has authored many articles related to health policy debates and issues at the national level as well as articles that speak to cost effectiveness of specific health care technologies. In 2010, he co-authored an article in Health Affairs with Memorial Sloan Kettering's Peter Bach that stated "Medicare must find new ways to achieve cost control without limiting access to beneficial services."
The flag of Montenegro was adopted with the Law on the state symbols and the statehood day of Montenegro on 13 July 2004 at the proposal of the government of Montenegro. It was constitutionally sanctioned with the proclamation of the Constitution on 22 October 2007, it is a red banner with broader golden edges all around the red field with the coat of arms of Montenegro in its center. The Law on the state symbols and the statehood day of Montenegro reached full effect the day after its publication in the Official Gazette of Montenegro; the publication occurred 12 July 2004 and the legal power of the Law occurred the day after, on 13 July 2004 - the statehood day of Montenegro. The flag of Montenegro is red, with the coat of arms in the middle, golden borders; the ratio of the flag is 1:2. The coat of arms takes up 2⁄3 of the flag's height; the middle point of the coat of arms matches the middle point of the flag. The width of the border is 1⁄20 of the flag's proportions. Two versions of the Montenegrin flag are in use, horizontal used outdoor.
The flag is permanently hoisted on: the Parliament of Montenegro. The flag is hoisted on: the statehood day of Montenegro and in days of other state holidays of Montenegro, on buildings in which are seated state bodies and other bodies of government buildings of the representations of Montenegro abroad; the flag may be hoisted during international meetings, scientific, artistic and other manifestations in which Montenegro is represented, according to the rules of such events. According to international tradition, when the flag is hoisted together with one or more flags of other states or international organizations on Montenegrin soil, the flag takes the place of honour; the place of honour is considered the center of a circle, the top of a semicircle, the first place in a row, column or a group of flags, the central position between the flags and the left side as seen from the front from the flags of other states or international organizations. The flag is hoisted and carried with the usual honors The flag can not be hoisted so as to touch the ground, nor should be used as a table cloth, curtain or similar.
The historical war flags were the plain flags with crosses in the center. The Montenegrin war flag used in the Battle of Vučji Do was red with a white cross pattée in the center and a white border; this flag was used as the military stag during the Montenegrin-Ottoman wars. The same flag was used in Cetinje in 1878, upon the recognition of independence by the Ottoman Empire at San Stefano. According to the 1905 constitution, the national flag was a tricolour of red-bluish-white, which were the colours of Montenegrin folk costume. Flags as the state symbols were introduced only in the time of Petar II Petrović-Njegoš. Before him, the principal Montenegrin flag had been the alaj-barjak with a single symbol on it—the cross; the first written description of a Montenegrin flag dates from the time of Šćepan Mali: it was white, with a red frame and a golden cross on top of the spear. The next comes from 1838: pale-yellow with the small red cross, in 1876 the flag was described as red with a white cross.
At the time of Prince Danilo, the cross on the alaj-barjak was replaced by the two-headed eagle with the initials DI on its breast, with the lion passant underneath. Prince/King Nikola used many different flags in his time; the first of the variants was the same as Danilo's, differing only in the initials—NI. Around 1910, two new variants appeared: one tricolor with the two-headed eagle bearing the initials NI on its breast and the lion passant on the sinister, the other with the two-headed eagle above the initials NI. In late 1946 a new flag of the People's Republic of Montenegro, a constituent republic of the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia, was adopted, it returned the traditional tricolor adding an ideological communist Red Star to its center. This flag was used until 1992, when the proclaimed flag was red and white vertical tricolor, with the size ratio of 1:3, making it the widest national flag in the world. For a transitional period of 60 days after the adoption of the current flag, the proportion of the golden eagle was 1⁄3 of the flag's size, instead of 2⁄3.
The modern Indian Wine market is small but growing. The main reason for this can be attributed to the fact that Indians preference for hard liquor and beer boasts nearly 98% of market share whereas wine with low ABV only has 2% market share; the Viticulture in India has a long history dating back to the time of the Indus Valley civilization when grapevines were believed to have been introduced from Persia. Winemaking has existed throughout most of India's history but was encouraged during the time of the Portuguese and British colonization of the subcontinent; the end of the 19th century saw the phylloxera louse take its toll on the Indian wine industry followed by religious and public opinion moving towards the prohibition. Following the country's independence from the British Empire, the government encouraged vineyards to convert to table grape and raisin production. In the 1980s and 1990s, a revival in the Indian wine industry took place as international influences and the growing middle class started increasing demand for the beverage.
By the turn of the 21st century, demand was increasing at a rate of 20-30% a year. The city of Nashik in the state of Maharashtra is called the "Wine Capital of India." Viticulture was believed to have been introduced to India by Persian traders sometime in the 4th millennium BC. Historians believe that these early plantings were used for table grapes or grape juice rather than the production of an alcoholic beverage. During the Vedic period of the 2nd and 1st millennia, the Aryan tribes of the region were known for their indulgence in intoxicating drink and it seems probable that wine was a current beverage; the religious text of the Vedas mentions at least one alcoholic drink that may have been wine related -sura which seems to have been a type of rice wine, fermented with honey. The first known mention of grape-based wines was in the late 4th century BC writings of Chanakya, the chief minister of Emperor Chandragupta Maurya. In his writings, Chanakya condemns the use of alcohol while chronicling the emperor and his court's frequent indulgence of a style of grape wine known as Madhu.
In the centuries that would follow, wine became the privileged drink of the Kshatriya or noble class while the lower caste drank alcohol made from wheat and millet. Under the rule of the Muslim Mughal Empire, alcohol was prohibited in accordance with Islamic dietary laws. However, there are written reports about at least one Mughal ruler, fond of brandy wine. In the 16th century, Portuguese colonists at Goa introduced port-style wine and the production of fortified wines soon spread to other regions. Under British rule during the Victorian era and winemaking was encouraged as a domestic source for the British colonists. Vineyards were planted extensively through the Baramati and Surat regions. In 1883 at the Calcutta International Exhibition, Indian wines were showcased to a favorable reception; the Indian wine industry was reaching a peak by the time the phylloxera epidemic made its way to country and devastated its vineyards. It was a long road for the Indian wine industry to recover from the devastation at the end of the 19th century.
Unfavorable religious and public opinion on alcohol developed and culminated in the 1950s when many of India's states prohibited alcohol. Vineyards were either encouraged to convert to table grape and raisin production; some areas, like Goa, continued to produce wine but the product was very sweet and alcoholic. The turning point of the modern Indian wine industry occurred in the early 1980s with the founding of The Tonia Group in the state of Goa. With the assistance of French winemakers, The Tonia Group began to import Vitis vinifera grape varieties like Cabernet Sauvignon, Pinot blanc, Pinot noir and Ugni blanc and started making still and sparkling wines. Other wineries soon followed as the emergence of India's growing middle class fueled the growth and development of the Indian wine industry. While a large portion of the Indian subcontinent is not ideal for viticulture, the large diversity of climate and geology does cover some areas with suitable terroir for winemaking to thrive; the summer growing season in India tends to be hot and prone to monsoons.
Many of India's wine regions fall within the tropical climate band. Vineyards are planted at higher altitudes along slopes and hillsides to benefit from cooler air and some protection from wind; the altitude of India's vineyards range from around 660 ft in Karnataka, 984 ft in Maharashtra, 2,600 ft along the slopes of the Sahyadri to 3,300 ft in Kashmir. Summertime temperature can get as hot as 113 °F and wintertime lows can fall to 46 °F. During the peak growing season between June and August, rainfall averages 25–60 inches. Vineyards in India range from the more temperate climate of the northwestern state of Punjab down to the southern state of Tamil Nadu; some of India's larger wine producing areas are located in Maharashtra, Karnataka near Bangalore and Telangana near Hyderabad. Within the Maharashtra region, vineyards are found on the Deccan Plateau and around Baramati, Pune and Solapur; the high heat and humidity of the far eastern half of the country limits viticultural activity. The heat and humidity of India's wine region dictate many of the viticultural choices that are made in the vineyards.
Vines are trained on bamboo and wire in a pergola to increase canopy cover and to get the grapes off the ground where they would be more prone to fungal diseases. The canopy protects the grapes against sunburn and rows are