SSM-N-8 Regulus

The SSM-N-8A Regulus or the Regulus I was a United States Navy-developed ship-and-submarine-launched, nuclear-capable turbojet-powered second generation cruise missile, deployed from 1955 to 1964. Its development was an outgrowth of U. S. Navy tests conducted with the German V-1 missile at Naval Air Station Point Mugu in California, its barrel-shaped fuselage resembled that of numerous fighter aircraft designs of the era, but without a cockpit. Test articles of the Regulus were equipped with landing gear and could take off and land like an airplane; when the missiles were deployed they were launched from a rail launcher, equipped with a pair of Aerojet JATO bottles on the aft end of the fuselage. In October 1943, Chance Vought Aircraft Company signed a study contract for a 300-mile range missile to carry a 4,000-pound warhead; the project stalled for four years, until May 1947, when the United States Army Air Forces awarded Martin Aircraft Company a contract for a turbojet powered subsonic missile, the Matador.

The Navy saw Matador as a threat to its role in guided missiles and, within days, started a Navy development program for a missile that could be launched from a submarine and use the same J33 engine as the Matador. In August 1947, the specifications for the project, now named "Regulus," were issued: Carry a 3,000-pound warhead, to a range of 500 nautical miles, at Mach 0.85, with a circular error probable of 0.5% of the range. At its extreme range the missile had to hit within 2.5 nautical miles of its target 50% of the time. Regulus development was preceded by Navy experiments with the JB-2 Loon missile, a close derivative of the German V-1 flying bomb, beginning in the last year of World War II. Submarine testing was performed from 1947 to 1953 at the Navy's facility at Naval Air Station Point Mugu, with USS Cusk and USS Carbonero converted as test platforms carrying the missile unprotected, thus unable to submerge until after launch. Regulus was designed to be 30 feet long, 10 feet in wingspan, 4 feet in diameter, would weigh between 10,000 and 12,000 pounds.

The missile resembled an F-84 fighter aircraft, but without a cockpit, test versions were equipped with landing gear so that they could be recovered and re-used. After launch, Regulus would be guided toward its target by control stations by submarines or surface ships equipped with guidance equipment, it could be flown remotely by chase aircraft.. Army-Navy competition complicated both the Regulus' developments; the missiles used the same engine. They had nearly identical performances and costs. Under pressure to reduce defense spending, the United States Department of Defense ordered the Navy to determine if Matador could be adapted for their use; the Navy concluded. Regulus had some advantages over Matador, it required only two guidance stations. It could be launched quicker, as Matador's boosters had to be fitted while the missile was on the launcher while Regulus was stowed with its boosters attached. Chance Vought built a recoverable version of the missile, designated KDU-1 and used as a target drone, so that though a Regulus test vehicle was more expensive to build, Regulus was cheaper to use over a series of tests.

The Navy program continued, the first Regulus flew in March 1951. Due to its size and regulations concerning oversize loads on highways, Chance Vought collaborated with a firm that specialized in trucking oversize loads to develop a special tractor trailer combination which could move a Regulus I missile; the first launch from a submarine occurred in July 1953 from the deck of USS Tunny, a World War II fleet boat modified to carry Regulus. Tunny and her sister boat USS Barbero were the United States's first nuclear deterrent patrol submarines, they were joined in 1958 by two purpose-built Regulus submarines, USS Grayback and USS Growler, by the nuclear-powered USS Halibut. Halibut, with its large internal hangar could carry five missiles and was intended to be the prototype of a whole new class of cruise missile firing SSG-N submarines; the Navy strategy called for four Regulus missiles to be at sea at any given time. Thus and Tunny, each of which carried two Regulus missiles, patrolled simultaneously.

Growler and Grayback, with Halibut, with five, could patrol alone. Operating from Pearl Harbor, the five Regulus submarines made 40 nuclear deterrent patrols in the Northern Pacific Ocean between October 1959 and July 1964, including during the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962. According to the documentary "Regulus: The First Nuclear Missile Submarines" by Nick T. Spark, their primary task in the event of a nuclear exchange would be to eliminate the Soviet naval base at Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky; these deterrent patrols represented the first in the history of the submarine Navy and preceded those made by the Polaris missile firing submarines. The Regulus firing submarines were relieved by the George Washington-class submarines carrying the Polaris missile system. Barbero earned the distinction of launching the only delivery of missile mail. Additional submarines including USS Cusk and USS Carbonero were equipped with control systems that allowed them to take control of a Regulus in flight, thus extending its range in a tactical situation.

Regulus was deployed by the U. S. Navy in 1955 in the Pacific on board the cruiser USS Los Angeles. In 1956, three more followed: USS Macon, USS Toledo, U

Innocent Eyes: Ten Year Anniversary Acoustic Edition

Innocent Eyes: Ten Year Anniversary Acoustic Edition is an acoustic compilation album by Australian recording artist Delta Goodrem, released on 29 November 2013 by Sony Music Australia. The album features fourteen tracks, all reworked, in celebration of the tenth anniversary since Goodrem released the original album, Innocent Eyes, which has sold 1.2 million copies in Australia, over four million worldwide and spent twenty-nine weeks at number one on the ARIA Albums Chart. The album was recorded at Sydney's Studios 301 with Goodrem's band throughout 2013. Goodrem recorded the album in the iconic Studios 301 in Sydney on a short trip back to Australia from her home in Los Angeles in late August. Goodrem first confirmed that she would be releasing the album in an interview she did with Instyle Magazine Australia where she confirmed she would repackaging Innocent Eyes as an acoustic version set for release in November. Sony Music Australia announced that the album would be released on 29 November 2013 in Australia by digital download and physical purchase.

The physical CD contains a second disc. This features on the iTunes Deluxe Edition; the album is being released to celebrate the ten year anniversary since the original Innocent Eyes album was released, which held the number one position in Australia for twenty-nine weeks and was certified platinum fifteen times. A day after the release of the album, published a four-star review, which praised Goodrem by noting that "growth and maturity can be notably heard through her vocals". They stated, that there were some downfalls on the album, such as that "some of the songs suffer from the curse of oversinging." Some of these songs included some of her biggest hits: "Born to Try", "Not Me, Not I" and "Predictable". The article mentioned that the highlights on the album included "Lost Without You" and "Butterfly" as "these songs manage to find the right balance between the original and Delta’s vocal experimentation." Innocent Eyes: Ten Year Anniversary Acoustic Edition made its debut at number twenty-two on the ARIA Albums Chart.

The album debuted at number seven on the ARIA Australian Artists Albums Chart, at number eighteen on the ARIA Digital Albums Chart

Cigu District

Cigu District or Qigu is a rural district of about 23,378 residents in Tainan, Taiwan. It was a salt producing area; the Cigu Lagoon is located in this township, an ecological conservation area for black-faced spoonbills is situated on the estuary of the Zengwen River. Around 360 years ago, seven settlers built a fish farm. At that time, the area was inhabited. New settlers started to spread northwards over the next 80 years. There was only one port at people made a living based from offshore fishing; as the population increased, they began to cultivate the lands near the coast to grow grains and make salt. After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China in 1945, Cigu was organized as a rural township of Tainan County. On 25 December 2010, Tainan County was merged with Tainan City and Cigu was upgraded to a district of the city; the district consists of Hougang, Dujia, Xiliao, Longshan, Qigu, Dacheng, Zhongliao, Yige, Yongji and Shifen Village. Black-faced spoonbill Conservation Area Cigu Lagoon Cigu Salt Fields Cigu Salt Mountain Taiwan Salt Museum Huang Wei-cher, Mayor of Tainan Su Huan-chih, Magistrate of Tainan County Tainan