The Georgiana was a steamer belonging to the Confederate States Navy during the American Civil War. Reputed to be the "most powerful" cruiser in the Confederate fleet, she was never used in battle. On her maiden voyage from Scotland, where she was built, she encountered Union Navy ships engaged in a blockade of Charleston, South Carolina, was damaged before being scuttled by her captain; the wreck lies in the shallow waters of Charleston's harbor. Due to the secrecy surrounding the vessel's construction and sailing, there has been much speculation about her intended role, whether as a cruiser, merchantman, or privateer. Georgiana was a brig-rigged, iron hulled, propeller steamer of 120 horsepower with a jib and two raked masts and stack painted black, her clipper bow sported the figurehead of a "demi-woman". Georgiana was pierced for fourteen guns and could carry more than four hundred tons of cargo, she was built by the Lawrie shipyard at Glasgow - under subcontract from Lairds of Birkenhead - and registered at that port in December 1862 as belonging to N. Matheson's Clyde service.
The U. S. Consul at Tenerife was rightly apprehensive of her as being "evidently a swift vessel." Captain Thomas Turner, station commodore, reported to Admiral S. F. du Pont that Georgiana was evidently "sent into Charleston to receive her officers, to be fitted out as a cruiser there. She had 140 men on board, with an armament of guns and gun carriages in her hold, commanded by a British naval retired officer." The Georgiana was lost on the night of 19 March 1863, while attempting to run past the Federal Blockading Squadron and into Charleston, South Carolina. She had been spotted by the armed U. S. Yacht America which alerted the remainder of the blockade fleet by shooting up colored signal flares; the Georgiana was sunk after a desperate chase in which she came so close to the big guns aboard the USS Wissahickon that her crew heard the orders being given on the U. S. vessel. With solid shot passing though her hull, her propeller and rudder damaged, with no hope for escape, Capt. A. B. Davidson flashed a white light in token of surrender, thus gaining time to beach his ship in fourteen feet of water, three-quarters of a mile from shore and, after first scuttling her, escaped on the land side with all hands.
Lt. Comdr. John L. Davis, commanding Wissahickon decided to set the wreck afire lest guerrilla bands from shore try to salvage her or her cargo: she burned for several days accompanied by large black powder explosions; the wreck was discovered by underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence in 1965. Today the Georgiana sits on the bottom with her huge boiler only five feet under the surface, she is now plumed with a wide array of sea fan, sea whips, living corals. Large sections of the hull are still intact. In places the starboard side of the shattered blockade runner protrudes over nine feet from the sand. Under the mud and sand lies the remainder of the hull of the ill-fated warship. On a clear day, skin divers can dive down into the Georgiana's immense cargo hold by holding their breath, they can swim right past the remaining iron deck supports. The ship's deck has long since been eaten away. Sea urchins and sea anemones abound on the wreck; the wreck is frequented by sea bass, flounder, stingrays and toadfish.
Once in the Georgiana's cargo hold, divers can observe encrusted artifacts sitting where they have lain for over one hundred years. Near the forward cargo hatch Spence found boxes of buttons. Spence recovered sundries and medicines worth over $12,000,000, but he never found the 350 pounds of gold believed to be hidden on the wreck; the gold could have a numismatic value of over $15,000,000. Other cargo could bring the Georgiana's total value to $50,000,000. Resting on top of the Georgiana's shattered wreckage is the remains of the sidewheel steamer Mary Bowers, which struck the wreck of the Georgiana while attempting to run the blockade into Charleston; this wreck site is important both and archaeologically. Because of the emphasis both sides or incorrectly placed on the Georgiana as a potential threat to United States shipping, archaeologically due to the site containing two distinct types of ships. Both ships were constructed of iron, but one was built with extra reinforcing and deep draft such as would be needed for operation as a privateer on the high seas and the other of light weight and shallow draft, suited for the purpose of running the blockade, which required crossing shallow shoals to evade the deeper draft vessels of the blockade fleet.
One is the other a sidewheel steamer. The two ships were built and lost in a time span of about two years, making their design differences more significant, it was for the Georgiana/Mary Bowers wreck that the first salvage license in South Carolina was granted in 1967. Hundreds of thousands of individual artifacts were recovered from the site; the first dives by State officials on the site were made in 2010. It is important in a literary sense because the Georgiana and her cargo were owned by banking and shipping magnate George Alfred Trenholm of Charleston, Treasurer of the Confederacy and the primary historical figure behind the fictional Rhett Butler in Gone With The Wind. Due to the secrecy surrounding her construction, loading and sa
Kazem Ordoobadi is one of the last figures among the painters associated with the school founded in Iran by Mohammad Ghaffari, better known as Kamal-ol-Molk, one of Iran’s most celebrated master-painters. Kamal-ol-Molk stayed in France and Italy in the last years of the nineteenth century to study the works of Europe’s greatest artists. Kamal-ol-Molk style, inspired by his stay in Europe, is based on Naturalism, he founded the School of Fine Arts in 1908 where European style of painting was taught together with Iran’s traditional painting. This was a breakthrough in the Iranian painting that for centuries was dominated by miniatures used in illustration and decoration of books. Kazem Ordoobadi was born in 1919 and was the youngest of four children by Mohammad-Hassan Company and Rafieh Ordoobadi, his maternal grandfather, Haj Abbas Ordoobadi, emigrated from the city of Ordubad in Nakhchivan province part of the Russian Empire, to Iran and settled in Shiraz. Ordoobadi started painting, his family had a long history of artists.
His father was a skilled calligrapher and had written in the Nastaleeq style several works of famous Iranian poets. His cousin Khalil Negargar was a refined watercolor painter. Ordoobadi’s earliest extant work is a small watercolor painting on a cardboard dated 1941, when he was 22 years old; the perfect use of colors and space shows that he mastered his art. Ordoobadi’s acquaintance with Ostad Mahmoud Olia, a distinguished disciple of Kamal-ol-Molk, opened new horizons to him. Ordoobadi painted several portraits of family members and friends; the origin of his interest in portraits should be sought in the influence of Mahmoud Olia. In particular his earlier works come close to the works of his master in terms of technique and color rendition; however he gained assurance and departed from his master towards a more personal style. The influence of Olia however remained intact in Ordoobadi’s pencil drawings, his pencil drawing copy of Murillo’s "Inmaculada de Soult" or Rembrandt’s "self-portrait" are examples of Olia's influence.
These works demonstrate the dexterity of the artist using his pencil to give life to lines and shades. In Ordoobadi’s early oil paintings the inspirations of Olia could be seen in the selection of colors and brush strokes, his oil paintings evolved when he got interested in landscapes and painted a number of works of the Russian realist painter Ivan Shishkin. The influence of realist landscape painters is visible in his works depicting the life of Qashqai nomads of Fars in their natural environment. On, Ordoobadi started studying impressionism and found a great interest in that school, he was impressed by the freedom in brush strokes, transparent colors and strong lights used by the masters. He painted several works in the style the French impressionist painter Pierre-Auguste Renoir and his works were influenced by this school. Ordoobadi painted portraits of a selection of personalities which include outstanding figures associated with cultural and artistic circles of his time, his portraits of Fereydoun Tavallali, Mirza Kazemi and Hashem Javid, Naser Namazi, Mohammad-Reza Moharreri show Ordoobadi’s active participation to the dynamic cultural and literary life of Shiraz.
After Obtaining his bachelor's degree in Physics in University of Tehran Ordoobadi started his professional life as a high-school teacher. He taught Art to high school students in Shiraz for thirty years, he acted as director of the Audio-Visual institute with the mission of taking culture to the heart of Fars province’s villages and nomad regions. During his numerous trips to the remote areas of Fars he studied nomads’ lifestyle and painted some of the scenes of their day-to-day life, he was appointed as director of Archeological Institute of Fars province and helped to preserve the cultural heritage and historical treasures of ancient Iran. Ordoobadi died in 2002 at age of 83. "Kazem Ordoobadi". Retrieved 2013-05-03
Michel Gondry 2: More Videos is a DVD compilation of music videos and short films by director Michel Gondry. It was released in April 2009 and includes videos which were not included on Gondry's Directors Label DVD; the compilation includes nearly three hours of videos and never-before-seen behind-the-scenes content Michael Andrews Ft. Gary Jules "Mad World" Paul McCartney "Dance Tonight" Thomas Dolby "Close But No Cigar" Björk "Declare Independence" Steriogram "Walkie Talkie Man" The Willowz "I Wonder" Beck "Cellphone's Dead" The White Stripes "The Denial Twist" Donald Fagen "Snowbound" Cody ChesnuTT "King of the Game" Sinéad O'Connor "Fire on Babylon" Queen with Wyclef Jean Ft. Pras & Free "Another One Bites the Dust" Radiohead "Knives Out" Dick Annegarn "Soleil Du Soir" Sananda Maitreya "She Kissed Me" Sheryl Crow "A Change Would Do You Good" The Black Crows "High Head Blues" Leafbirds "It Can All Be Taken Away" The Rolling Stones "Gimme Shelter" Energy Orchard "How the West Was Won" The Simpsons parody of the White Stripes video Booker T and The Michel Gondrys Michel Gondry Solves a Rubik's Cube with His Feet Michel Gondry Solves a Rubik's Cube with His Nose Jack Black Beats Michel Gondry with His Rubik's Cubes Herve Di Rosa "Viva Di Rosa" Conan and the Big Head Paul Gondry's The Willowz "Take a Look Around" How to Blow Up a Helicopter Forum Des Images "L'Histoire De l'Univers" Michel Gondry's Website Blogger News Network DVD Talk esdMusic