Linköping is a city in southern Sweden, with 158,841 inhabitants as of 2018. It is the 7th largest city in Sweden, it is the capital of Östergötland County. Linköping is the episcopal see of the Diocese of Linköping and is well known for its cathedral. Linköping is the center of an old cultural region and celebrated its 700th anniversary in 1987. Dominating the city's skyline from afar is the steeple of the cathedral, Domkyrka. Nowadays Linköping is known for its high-technology industry. Linköping wants to create a sustainable development of the city and therefore plans to become a carbon neutral community by 2025. Located on the Östergötland Plain, Linköping is linked to Norrköping 40 kilometres to the east near the sea; the city is named after the Lionga ting assembly which according to Medieval Scandinavian laws was the most important thing in Östergötland. Exact location of the Lionga ting is not known; the term" - köping" means. Linköping is famed for being an early diocese, second in Sweden only to Skara.
The diocese is first mentioned in 1104 in the so-called "List of Florence". The monastery of Vreta Kloster near Roxen north of Linköping was established in 1128, the oldest parts of the cathedral are from the 12th century. On several occasions attempts to achieve a separate Swedish archdiocese were based in Linköping, when they were successful in 1164, Uppsala was chosen instead. Religious centers tend to become educational centers, Linköping was no exception. A cathedral school can be traced from 1266. In 1627 the current Linköping cathedral school was established, making it the third oldest gymnasium in Sweden. Linköping was the site for the final settlement of the dispute between king Sigismund III Vasa and his uncle Duke Charles, the latter prevailing in the battle of Stångebro on 25 September 1598; this led to the rise to the throne of Charles and the end of the short-lived Swedish-Polish personal union, as well as the execution of five of Charles's political opponents on the main square of Linköping on 20 March 1600.
Linköping was a small town until 1937, when the Saab aircraft industry was formed, starting a period of rapid expansion. Linköping University was established in the 1960s. Today the city is a center of software industry. Linköping has a humid continental climate, though with maritime influences, retaining the large differences between seasons but being comparatively mild when measured against other areas of the world on similar latitudes. Linköping tends to be cooler in summer than nearby areas in the Mälar valley, but still is the weather station in Sweden among the listed for monthly statistics, that has come the closest to a subtropical month, with July 1914 having a mean temperature of 21.8 °C, with the subtropical border being at 22 °C for the warmest month. Summer highs average in the low 20' and winter temperatures hover just above the freezing point during the day falls below it at night. Top 5 largest immigrant communities: 1. Iraq – 3800 2. Somalia 2345 3. Eritrea 1129 4. Iran 988 5. Bosnia and Herzegovina 667 Linköping offers a wealth of leisure activities to people of all ages.
Residents and visitors are able to enjoy art, history, markets and sporting events. Special sights of interests are: the locks of Berg on the Göta Canal, the locks of the Kinda Canal, Gamla Linköping, Valla skogen and Valla fritidsområde, Flygvapen museum, Linköping's domkyrka, Slotts- och domkyrkomuseet and Östergötlands Länsmuseum. Konsthallen Passagen is an art gallery located in the main square. Tornby, to the north of the city centre, is a vast shopping area with huge retail outlets and immense parking lots; the city and its environs offer all sorts of green landscapes to experience. Two examples are a park named after the group responsible for it, Trädgårdsföreningen, the Tinnerö area with its oak woodland. Local bodies of water include the lakes Roxen, Rängen and Järnlunden, the River Stångån/Kinda Canal and the Göta Canal with the Berg locks; these areas can be accessed by bicycle, or boat. Linköping is the home of the Linköping Symphony Orchestra; the city is one of the sites of the Östergötland Music Days each summer, the host of the Student Orchestra Festival in May every other year.
One of the most notable choirs in Linköping is the Linköping University Male Voice Choir. Linköping is the home of theatrical heavy metal band Ghost and rock band the Pusjkins; the area around the main square was re-planned in the 1960s, many old houses were destroyed. Some, were moved to Gamla Linköping, in the city's western part, neighbouring the university's main campus, it is a popular site with both residents and tourists. NärCon, the largest anime and gaming convention in the Nordic countries, is held in Linköping. Teams from Linköping are prominent in floorball and ice hockey; the hockey team all
Loganair Limited is a Scottish regional airline founded in 1962, with its registered office on the grounds of Glasgow Airport in Paisley, Renfrewshire. Its tag line is Scotland's Airline. Loganair provides services for the night mail flights on behalf of Royal Mail. In addition to its main base at Glasgow, the airline has hubs at Edinburgh Airport, Inverness Airport, Dundee Airport and Aberdeen Airport; the company holds a United Kingdom Civil Aviation Authority Type A Operating Licence. It is permitted to carry passengers and mail on aircraft with 20 or more seats. Loganair was established on 1 February 1962 by Willie Logan of the Logan Construction Company Ltd, operating as its air charter arm with a Piper PA-23 Aztec based at Edinburgh. In 1967 Loganair took delivery of three Britten-Norman Islander twin-engine eight-seat light commuter airliners and began regular flights between the Orkney Islands, started operating in Shetland in 1970. In 1966, after Renfrew Airport closed, the airline established its head office at Glasgow Airport.
This aspect of Loganair's operations ceased on 31 March 2006 when the new contract for air ambulance work was awarded to Gama Aviation. Between 1968 and 1983 the company was owned by the Royal Bank of Scotland, Towards the end of this period, Loganair bought Short 360 and Fokker F27 Friendship aircraft; the company brought jet aircraft into the fleet with two British Aerospace 146s. In December 1983 it became a subsidiary of the Airlines of Britain Group. Further aircraft were added to the fleet: British Aerospace Jetstream 31, British Aerospace Jetstream 41, British Aerospace ATP aircraft. In the late 1980s Loganair was the fastest growing scheduled operator at Manchester Airport, and, in terms of number of flights, was the airport's second busiest carrier. In 1993 the airline became a franchisee of British Airways, operating its Islanders in the British Airways livery; this would stand until July 2008. After a restructure of British Midland Group in 1994, Loganair's routes outside Scotland and the aircraft used operate them were transferred to Manx Airlines.
This consolidation of services led to the formation of British Regional Airline. In 1997, with Loganair now consisting of six aircraft and 44 staff, a management buy-out occurred. In June 2005, Loganair was awarded a contract from the Irish Government to operate a daily return service from Knock, County Mayo to Dublin; this public service obligation route operated for a period of three years as British Airways, with effect from 22 July 2005. The operation ceased in July 2008; the airline bought routes from Citiexpress in March 2004. Until October 2008 Loganair was a British Airways franchisee, operating flights sold through BA using BA flight codes. Loganair's inter-island operations between the Orkney and Shetland Islands carried out using Britten-Norman Islanders was removed from the franchise agreement in 2004; the flights have since been marketed under Loganair's own name, rather than British Airways'. Loganair became a franchise airline of Flybe. Flights are operated under a codeshare agreement with British Airways connecting flights from Scotland to London.
The franchise has been criticised by residents in the Scottish islands for what they perceive to be excessively high fares, a Facebook campaign set up in June 2015 to highlight the issue attracted over 7400 "likes" over the course of its first weekend. On 8 July 2011, it was announced. ScotAirways continued to trade as a separate entity and holding its own licences and approvals until April 2013. Services to Belfast and to Birmingham from Dundee ended on 2 December 2012. After CityJet had terminated its services between Dundee and London City Airport in January 2014, Loganair took over the route, operating from Dundee to London Stansted Airport, with the support of a PSO agreement. In May 2015 two Viking Air DHC-6-400 Twin Otter aircraft were acquired by Highlands and Islands Airports to be operated by Loganair on the Scottish Government's Public Service Obligation routes between Glasgow and Campbeltown and Barra. In August 2015 the airline became part of a new regional airline group, Airline Investments Limited, along with East Midlands-based airline bmi regional.
On 21 November 2016, Flybe and Loganair announced that their franchise agreement would terminate on 31 August 2017. Despite headlines, it is unclear. Loganair relaunched its website without renewed interline agreements with Flybe or Aer Lingus. In April 2017, pending the termination of the Flybe franchise agreement, Loganair unveiled its new independent corporate livery on Saab 340B Freighter G-LGNN. From 1 September the airline began operating "in its own right" for the first time in 24 years. Loganair signed a codeshare agreement with British Airways, effective from 1 September 2017, allowing passengers to book through flights onto BA's global network. In February 2019, following Flybmi's cessation of operations, Loganair announced that it was to take over Flybmi's routes from Aberdeen to Bristol and Esbjerg, from Newcastle to Stavanger and Brussels, from City of Derry Airport to London-Stansted; as of November 2016, Loganair serves 28 destinations in the United Kingdom, Channel Islands, the Isle of Man, the Republic of Ireland and Europe.
Part of Loganair's operations includes the world's shortest scheduled commercial route, between Westray Airport and Papa Westray Airport, a distance of 1.7 miles, the
Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA
Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA was a Spanish aircraft manufacturer, founded in 1923 and began manufacturing aircraft the following year. In 1999 it became a subsidiary of the EADS under the name EADS CASA and in 2009 was absorbed into Airbus Military. CASA is noted for designing and producing military transport aircraft such as the CASA C-212 Aviocar, the CASA CN-235, the CASA C-295 and the CASA C-101 trainer/ground attack aircraft. Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA was founded by José Ortiz-Echagüe in 1923 and began work on a factory in Getafe in May 1924, building Breguet aircraft under license; the first order covered 26 19 A.2s. CASA built a second factory in Cadiz in 1926 to construct a licensed copy of the German Dornier Do. J Wal seaplane, they built 17 aircraft for the Spanish Air Force, 12 for the Naval Aviation branch of the Spanish Navy and two for commercial use. CASA operated several branch facilities in Spain for the repair and overhaul of aircraft. In 1929 the CASA-1 flew - the first CASA designed aircraft.
King Alfonso XIII visited the main factory in 1930. CASA built the French Breguet 19, two of which would be made famous. One, was the Breguet XIX GR named the Jesus del Gran Poder preserved in the Museo del Aire de Cuatro Vientos, which flew between Seville and Bahia, in 1929; this aircraft was piloted by Captains Ignacio Jiménez and Francisco Iglesias and covered 6746 km in 43 hours 50 minutes. The other was the Breguet XIX Super Bidon, named the Four Winds. In 1932 CASA obtained a license from the UK aircraft company, Vickers, to build 25 Vickers Vildebeest land-based torpedo bombers, which were powered by French Hispano 600 hp engines. During the Spanish Civil War the CASA Getafe factory was located in the Republican zone, it was moved to Alicante, another opened in Sabadell. At the end of the war production returned to Getafe. CASA manufactured the Russian Polikarpov I-15 biplane fighter, producing 287 aircraft before the end of the civil war. After the Spanish Civil War, CASA opened a new plant in Tablada in Seville, after obtaining various aircraft licenses from Germany and built 25 Gotha Go 145A as the CASA 1145, 25 Bücker Bü 133 as the CASA 1133 and 555 Bücker Bü 131 as the CASA 1131.
Production of these aircraft continued until the late 1950s. The CASA 201, a twin engine transport. In 1940 CASA began the licensed manufacture of 200 Heinkel He 111 twin engine bombers with imported Rolls Royce Merlins, as the CASA 2111. Starting in 1943, the Spanish government began investing in CASA, first obtaining a 33 per cent share of the company, by 1992 this had increased to a controlling 99.2 per cent. In 1945 CASA opened a factory in Madrid dedicated to manufacturing the parts and sub-assemblies of their various aircraft and those that they had contracts to repair and overhaul. In 1946 CASA re-established the Projects Office and resumed the design of aircraft based on the firm's proprietary technology. In 1957 CASA won a contract from the United States Air Force for the maintenance of the F-100 Super Sabres based in Europe and Turkey and a contract from the Spanish Air Force to overhaul T-33s in the Spanish Air Force, they began the manufacture of the Northrop F-5A fighter-bomber under license in 1962.
In 1971, CASA merged with Hispano Aviación. CASA was one of the original members of the Airbus Consortium with France and the United Kingdom in 1972. In 1977, CASA was awarded the contract to design and build the C-101, a trainer and attack aircraft for the Spanish Air Force. CASA joined the Eurofighter 2000 project in 1996. CASA has been a part of EADS, the European aerospace corporation, with Aérospatiale-Matra of France, Dornier GmbH and DASA of Germany since 1999. From the Spanish branch of EADS is called EADS-CASA; the current CEO and Chairman of EADS-CASA is Domingo Ureña-Raso. EADS-CASA employs around 7,500 workers. EADS was formed in July, 2000 following the merger of Aerospatiale Matra of France, DaimlerChrysler Aerospace of Germany and Construcciones Aeronáuticas S. A. from Spain. It is the third largest aerospace company in the world with 100,000 employees. In July 2001 EADS-CASA Military Aircraft marked the beginning of the Eurofighter Typhoon Final Assembly Phase at Getafe, it is one of four assembly lines for the Eurofighter.
Production was expected to be 12 aircraft per year. EADS CASA is producing the right wing for the Eurofighter and assembling 87 aircraft for the Spanish Air Force. First delivery was realized together with the other partner air forces in the second half of 2002. CASA I prototype of the CASA III CASA III 1929 two-seat sporting monoplane CASA 1.131 Jungmann license-built version of the Bücker Bü 131 CASA 1.133 Jungmeister license-built version of the Bücker Bü 133 CASA 2.111 license-built version of the Heinkel 111 CASA 352 license-built version of the Junkers Ju 52 CASA C-101 Aviojet CASA C-102 CASA C-112 two-seat trainer CASA C.127 license-built version of the Dornier Do 27 CASA C-201 Alcotán CASA C-202 Halcón CASA C-207 Azor CASA C-212 Aviocar CASA C-223 Flamingo license-built version of the MBB 223 Flamingo CASA CN-235 regional airliner and military transport. CASA C-295 regional airliner and military transport. CASA SF-5A.
Düsseldorf Airport is the international airport of Düsseldorf, the capital of the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. It is about 7 kilometres north of downtown Düsseldorf, some 20 kilometres south-west of Essen in the Rhine-Ruhr area, Germany's largest metropolitan area. Düsseldorf is the third largest airport in Germany after Munich, it is a focus city for several more airlines. The airport has three passenger terminals and two runways and can handle wide-body aircraft up to the Airbus A380. Düsseldorf Airport is the largest and primary airport for the Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan region – the largest metropolitan region in Germany and among the largest metropolitan areas of the world; the airport is located in Düsseldorf-Lohausen. The largest nearby business centres are Essen; the airport extends over a compact 6.13 square kilometres of land – small in comparison to airports of a similar capacity, but a reason for Düsseldorf being known as an airport of short distances. The airport has more than 18,200 employees.
With 18.99 million passengers passing through in 2010, the airport was the third busiest in Germany, after Frankfurt Airport and Munich Airport, was the 23rd busiest airport in Europe. Transfer passengers and those travelling on long-haul flights from the airport accounted for around 13% of all passengers in 2010; the City of Düsseldorf owns half the airport, with the other half owned by various commercial entitites, including ARI, itself owned by the Irish Government. Düsseldorf Airport is a public–private partnership with the following owners: 50% city of Düsseldorf 50% Airport Partners GmbH The first aviation event in the area was the landing of Zeppelin LZ3 on 19 September 1909 about 3 kilometres south of the present airport; the present airport was opened on 19 April 1927, after two years of construction. Deutsche Luft Hansa opened routes to Berlin, Hamburg and Geneva. At the beginning of World War II civil use of the airport ceased in September 1939 and the airfield was used by the military.
After the end of the war the airport reopened for civil use in 1948. With the area under British administration, the first flights were operated by British European Airways to RAF Northolt. In 1950, the main runway was extended to 2475 metres. In 1964 planning began for the construction of a new terminal, with capacity for 1.4 million passengers, in 1969 the main runway was further lengthened to 3000 metres. In 1973 the new central building and Terminal B were opened and in 1975 the railway connection between Düsseldorf central station and the airport opened; the additional new Terminal A was opened in 1977. In 1986 Terminal C was opened and 8.22 million passengers used the airport, making it number two in Germany. By 1992, when the second runway was built, 12.3 million passengers were using the airport. On 11 April 1996, the Düsseldorf Airport fire, the worst structural airport fire worldwide to date, broke out, it was caused by welding work on an elevated road in front of Terminal A above its arrivals area.
Insufficient structural fire protection allowed the fire and the smoke to spread fast, so these destroyed large parts of the passenger areas of the airport. Seventeen people died due to smoke inhalation, with many more hospitalised. At the time, the fire was the biggest public disaster in the history of North Rhine-Westphalia. Damage to the airport was estimated to be in the hundreds of millions, Terminals A and B had to be reconstructed. While repairs were ongoing, passengers were housed in big tents. In November 1997, Terminal C was redeveloped, with three lightweight construction halls serving as departure areas. In 1997 construction began on the new inter-city railway station at the eastern edge of the airport. In 1998 the rebuilt Terminal A was reopened and the airport changed its name from "Rhine Ruhr Airport" to "Düsseldorf International". Reconstruction of the central building and Terminal B began in the same year; the first stage in the "Airport 2000+" programme commenced in 1999 with the laying of a foundation stone for an underground parking garage under the new terminal.
The new Düsseldorf Airport station was opened in May 2000, with the capacity of 300 train departures daily. Sixteen million passengers used the airport that year; the new departures hall and Terminal B were opened in July 2001 after 2½ years of construction time. In 2002 the inter-terminal shuttle bus service was replaced by the suspended monorail called the SkyTrain connecting the terminal building with the InterCity train station; the monorail travels the 2.5 kilometres between the terminal and station at a maximum speed of 50 kilometres per hour. The system was developed by Siemens and is based on the similar H-Bahn operating with two lines on Dortmund university campus. On 12 November 2006, the first Airbus A380 landed in Düsseldorf as part of a Lufthansa promotional flight. In March 2013 the Airport received a new corporate design and dropped the phrase International from its official name. In January 2015, Emirates announced it will schedule the Airbus A380 on one of their two daily flights from Dubai to Düsseldorf starting in July 2015.
In May 2015, the airport finished construction of the new facilities n
Adria Airways d.o.o. is the largest airline in Slovenia. The company's head office and main base is at Ljubljana Jože Pučnik Airport in Zgornji Brnik, Cerklje na Gorenjskem, near Ljubljana; the airline was founded in March 1961 as Adria Aviopromet. In August the company purchased two DC-6B from KLM and flew their first commercial flight with a Dutch crew. At the same time, the first Adria crew and technical teams were trained by JAT Yugoslav Airlines and the air force. Adria carried out its first flight with a domestic crew in December 1961. At the same time all other activities necessary for the company were set up and organised, from the commercial to the accounting department. During the following years, Adria acquired a market with tourist flights from Germany, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Scandinavia to airports on the Adriatic coast. In 1964 flights to the United States and Canada were added in order to meet the needs of expatriate organisations. Adria carried out a considerable number of flights for the United Nations.
With the opening of the new airport in Ljubljana in 1964, Adria relocated its base from its previous headquarters in Zagreb. The DC-6B aircraft became non-competitive on the market; the company fell into a serious crisis in 1967, which ended with a bankruptcy procedure at 1968. After a compulsory settlement, Adria continued its operations thanks to the efforts of the president of the Slovenian Chamber of the Commerce and Industry of the time. In December 1968 Adria merged with the Serbian company InterExport based in Belgrade and changed its name from Adria Aviopromet to Inex-Adria Aviopromet; the fleet renewal began. In 1969 the first jet aircraft was purchased, a McDonnell Douglas DC-9-30 with 115 seats, thus began a period of modernisation of the fleet, which allowed Adria to increase its share on the tourist flights market. In September 1969 the first scheduled service was established on the Ljubljana-Belgrade route. In March 1970, Adria had a Douglas DC-9-30 with one more on order. Business saw a considerable increase.
Adria, in addition to expanding the number of its own aircraft also leased aircraft. In 1972 Adria renewed its transatlantic flights to the United States and Canada with Douglas DC-8-55 aircraft. However, it withdrew from that service next year. In late 1970s, Adria was awarded as most punctual carrier on the charter flight market; the greatest commercial successes of that period were achieved on the German market, the largest at that time, in a productive partnership with Grimex Company. The number of flights to Great Britain, France and Scandinavia increased. During that period, Adria introduced flights within Yugoslavia; the company paid a great deal of attention to education. It founded a professional education centre and assisted in setting up an aviation course at the engineering faculty in Ljubljana. Special emphasis was given to the development of safety awareness, as three accidents occurred during the last decade. Inex-Adria Aviopromet entered the 1980s as a respectable company with confirmed success on the tourist market and scheduled internal flights.
In May 1981 Adria purchased three new McDonnell Douglas MD-80 aircraft. One of them crashed into a mountain in Corsica in December, killing all aboard. In 1982, Adria got a new leadership which focused on the education of the flight crews, technical staff and other professional personnel as well as on ensuring safety. In that period, the business remained focused on charter flights to the Adriatic. Flights for guest workers in Germany and Switzerland, which were connected to internal flights, became an important part of the business. At the end of 1984 the first scheduled international flights were established on the Ljubljana–Belgrade–Larnaca route. Prospects for the development of air traffic were good, so in 1984 Adria signed a contract for the purchase of 5 Airbus A320 aircraft. Two new Dash 7 aircraft were bought for the 1984 Winter Olympics in Sarajevo. In December 1985 Adria had four McDonnell Douglas DC-9-30, two McDonnell Douglas DC-9-50, one McDonnell Douglas MD-81, three McDonnell Douglas MD-82 and two de Havilland Canada Dash 7 aircraft.
A year another MD-82 joined the fleet. Due to a commercial law restructuring programme, in 1986 Adria left the Inex group, becoming an independent company and changing its name to Adria Airways. Adria became a member of IATA. In 1989, the first new Airbus A320 arrived, it was 43rd A320 made by the first one to be powered by the new IAE Engines. As Yugoslavia began to break up, the tourist industry on the Adriatic slumped, felt by the air carriers. In September 1990, another two new Airbus A320 arrived; the last two were expected to arrive in June 1991. In December 1990, a referendum on the independence of Slovenia was held in which the overwhelming majority of Slovenian residents voted for the independence of Slovenia from Yugoslavia. Independence was declared on 25 June 1991. Following that, Adria was facing an new set of circumstances. On 28 June 1991, Yugoslav Federal Air Force attacked Adria's hangar, causing serious damage to four aircraft, the building, vehicles. An Airbus A320, less than a year old, was damaged and was flown to Toulouse that year for a year of repairs.
In addition, two Dash-7 and 1 DC-9-30 were damaged as well, while other planes escaped damage after being flown just hours earlier to the nearest airport of Klagenfurt. Adria was handicapped that year because of the insurance and registration issues. In 1991 Adria
Alaska is a U. S. state in the northwest extremity of North America, just across the Bering Strait from Asia. The Canadian province of British Columbia and territory of Yukon border the state to the east and southeast, its most extreme western part is Attu Island, it has a maritime border with Russia to the west across the Bering Strait. To the north are the Chukchi and Beaufort seas—southern parts of the Arctic Ocean; the Pacific Ocean lies to southwest. It is the largest U. S. state by the seventh largest subnational division in the world. In addition, it is the most sparsely populated of the 50 United States. Half of Alaska's residents live within the Anchorage metropolitan area. Alaska's economy is dominated by the fishing, natural gas, oil industries, resources which it has in abundance. Military bases and tourism are a significant part of the economy; the United States purchased Alaska from the Russian Empire on March 30, 1867, for 7.2 million U. S. dollars at two cents per acre. The area went through several administrative changes before becoming organized as a territory on May 11, 1912.
It was admitted as the 49th state of the U. S. on January 3, 1959. The name "Alaska" was introduced in the Russian colonial period when it was used to refer to the Alaska Peninsula, it was derived from an Aleut-language idiom. It means object to which the action of the sea is directed. Alaska is the northernmost and westernmost state in the United States and has the most easterly longitude in the United States because the Aleutian Islands extend into the Eastern Hemisphere. Alaska is the only non-contiguous U. S. state on continental North America. It is technically part of the continental U. S. but is sometimes not included in colloquial use. S. called "the Lower 48". The capital city, Juneau, is situated on the mainland of the North American continent but is not connected by road to the rest of the North American highway system; the state is bordered by Yukon and British Columbia in Canada, to the east, the Gulf of Alaska and the Pacific Ocean to the south and southwest, the Bering Sea, Bering Strait, Chukchi Sea to the west and the Arctic Ocean to the north.
Alaska's territorial waters touch Russia's territorial waters in the Bering Strait, as the Russian Big Diomede Island and Alaskan Little Diomede Island are only 3 miles apart. Alaska has a longer coastline than all the other U. S. states combined. Alaska is the largest state in the United States by total area at 663,268 square miles, over twice the size of Texas, the next largest state. Alaska is larger than all but 18 sovereign countries. Counting territorial waters, Alaska is larger than the combined area of the next three largest states: Texas and Montana, it is larger than the combined area of the 22 smallest U. S. states. There are no defined borders demarcating the various regions of Alaska, but there are six accepted regions: The most populous region of Alaska, containing Anchorage, the Matanuska-Susitna Valley and the Kenai Peninsula. Rural unpopulated areas south of the Alaska Range and west of the Wrangell Mountains fall within the definition of South Central, as do the Prince William Sound area and the communities of Cordova and Valdez.
Referred to as the Panhandle or Inside Passage, this is the region of Alaska closest to the rest of the United States. As such, this was where most of the initial non-indigenous settlement occurred in the years following the Alaska Purchase; the region is dominated by the Alexander Archipelago as well as the Tongass National Forest, the largest national forest in the United States. It contains the state capital Juneau, the former capital Sitka, Ketchikan, at one time Alaska's largest city; the Alaska Marine Highway provides a vital surface transportation link throughout the area, as only three communities enjoy direct connections to the contiguous North American road system. Designated in 1963; the Interior is the largest region of Alaska. Fairbanks is the only large city in the region. Denali National Park and Preserve is located here. Denali is the highest mountain in North America. Southwest Alaska is a sparsely inhabited region stretching some 500 miles inland from the Bering Sea. Most of the population lives along the coast.
Kodiak Island is located in Southwest. The massive Yukon–Kuskokwim Delta, one of the largest river deltas in the world, is here. Portions of the Alaska Peninsula are considered part of Southwest, with the remaining portions included with the Aleutian Islands; the North Slope is tundra peppered with small villages. The area is known for its massive reserves of crude oil, contains both the National Petroleum Reserve–Alaska and the Prudhoe Bay Oil Field; the city of Utqiagvik known as Barrow, is the northernmost city in the United States and is located here. The Northwest Arctic area, anchored by Kotzebue and containing the Kobuk River valley, is regarded as being part of this region. However, the respective Inupiat of the No
Air Kilroe Limited, trading as Eastern Airways, is a British airline whose head office is at Humberside Airport near the village of Kirmington, North Lincolnshire, England. It operates scheduled international services and private charter services. Around 800,000 passengers a year are carried on the scheduled route network, it has crew bases at Newcastle Airport, Durham Tees Valley Airport, Humberside Airport, East Midlands Airport, Aberdeen Airport, Wick Airport, Norwich International Airport, Southampton Airport and Orly Airport in France. Air Kilroe Limited trading as Eastern Airways holds a United Kingdom Civil Aviation Authority Type A Operating Licence, it is permitted to carry passengers and mail on aircraft with 20 or more seats; the airline started operations in December 1997 with a scheduled service between Humberside and Aberdeen following KLM's withdrawal from the route. In February 1999 it purchased Manchester based Air Kilroe, granting the company an Air Operator's Certificate and giving the airline a fleet of two BAe Jetstream 32 aircraft.
In 2002 the first J41 entered the Eastern fleet, the aircraft type which now forms the majority of the fleet. Twelve BAe Jetstream 41 aircraft and their associated routes were transferred from British Airways CitiExpress on 30 March 2003 giving Eastern a springboard into many regional UK airports which have now become aircraft bases. In 2003 an Embraer 145 and 135 were wet leased from City Airline to compete on some longer routes, they were replaced with Saab 2000 aircraft due to similar speed and lower fuel consumption. Since 2003 the company has acquired further Saab 2000 aircraft from Crossair and other European carriers and a number of additional Jetstream 41 aircraft from American regional carriers; the airline was owned by Bryan Huxford and Richard Lake.. In 2006 Eastern Airways wet leased a Dornier 328 from Cirrus Airlines to operate a Newcastle to London City service; this was however withdrawn due to increasing charges at London City Airport. Eastern Airways won the European Regions Airline Association Airline of the Year Gold Award for 2006/07.
It had won the Airline of the Year Silver Award for 2003/04 and 2004/05. The airline was awarded as runner-up for punctuality at UK airports in 2005, 2006, 2007 and 2008 by Flight on Time, based on CAA statistics. Eastern Airways purchased a Jetstream 41 training simulator from the USA, this is used by other airlines for their own pilots' training, such as Yeti Airlines. Eastern acquired two more used Saab 2000 aircraft, to support both the new route to Stavanger and the booming 50-seat charter market –, a major source of business for the airline; as part of One North East's "Passionate People Passionate Places" campaign for North East England, Eastern Airways had a Jetstream 41 painted in promotional colours. It featured in the 2007 Sunderland International Airshow. A Saab 2000 is painted in a promotional'Aberdeen City and Shire' colour scheme; the airline closed its base at the Isle of Man in August 2009, discontinuing routes to Birmingham and Newcastle from the airport. In July 2010 the airline took delivery of an Embraer 135 with 37 seats and signed a lease on a second, thus adding jet aircraft to their fleet for the first time since the acquisition to replace their operated Embraer ERJ aircraft.
They will be used on charter services to central and Eastern Europe. In July 2010 the airline named one of their Jetstream 41 aircraft after the comedian Ken Dodd in celebration of the year anniversary of the start of scheduled services from Liverpool Airport and Dodd's support shown in the region. In September 2010, it was announced. However, Air Southwest ceased operations from Plymouth on 14 September 2011 and all remaining services from Newquay ceased on 30 September 2011. Eastern Airways was named "Best Passenger Charter Airline" in 2011, at the annual Excellence Awards ceremony of the Baltic Air Charter Association. In August 2012, Eastern Group purchased the 82% Manchester Airports Group stake in Humberside Airport. In February 2014 the Bristow Group acquired a 60% interest in Eastern Airways and in 2018 acquired the remaining 40%; the airline continues to operate under the Eastern Airways brand. Bristow has a controlling interest in another regional airline which operates fixed wing regional jet and turboprop aircraft, being Airnorth, based in Australia.
It was announced on 21 September 2017 that Eastern Airways would enter a franchise with Flybe, starting on 29 October 2017. The franchise will see all flights operated by Eastern Airways carry BE flight numbers; the head office is located at Schiphol House, on the property of Humberside Airport, in Kirmington, North Lincolnshire. Since 2008 Eastern Airways has been providing fixed wing services to and from Aberdeen Airport and Scatsta Airport in Shetland; the flights are used to transport oil workers employed by the companies that make up the IAC consortium. Eastern Airways supply fixed wing operations on behalf of Bristow Helicopters. Bristow Helicopters are responsible for providing all air transportation and ground handling services under the terms of the IAC contract. In 2010, the contract with Bristow was extended to 2015. Eastern will continue to provide fixed wing services to Scatsta In March 2017 they started operating PSO flights between Cardiff and Anglesey. From September 2017 Eastern Airways will be operating flights for Flybe.
Eastern Airways has codeshare agreements with the following airlines (as of J