Saarland is a state of Germany located in the west of the country. Covering an area of 2,570 km2 and with a population of 995,600, it is the smallest German state in both area and population apart from the city-states of Berlin and Hamburg. Saarbrücken is the state capital and largest city, while other major cities include Neunkirchen and Saarlouis. Saarland is surrounded by France to the west and south and the German state of Rhineland-Palatinate to the north and east. Saarland was established in 1920 after World War I as the Territory of the Saar Basin, formed from land of Prussia and Bavaria occupied and governed by France and the United Kingdom under a League of Nations mandate; the industrialized region was economically valuable, due to the wealth of its coal deposits and location on the border between France and Germany. Saarland was returned to Nazi Germany in the 1935 Saar status referendum, becoming de jure part of Bavaria and de facto part of Gau Westmark. Following World War II, the French military administration in Allied-occupied Germany organized the territory as the Saar Protectorate from 1947, becoming a protectorate of France, between 1950 and 1956 was a member of the Council of Europe.

Saarland rejected the 1955 Saar Statute referendum and joined the Federal Republic of Germany as a state on 1 January 1957. Saarland used its own currency, the Saar franc, postage stamps issued specially for the territory until 1959; the region of the Saarland was settled by the Celtic tribes of Mediomatrici. The most impressive relic of their time is the remains of a fortress of refuge at Otzenhausen in the north of the Saarland. In the 1st century BC, the Roman Empire made the region part of its province of Belgica; the Celtic population mixed with the Roman immigrants. The region gained wealth, which can still be seen in the remains of Roman villages. Roman rule ended in the 5th century. For the next 1,300 years the region shared the history of the Kingdom of the Franks, the Carolingian Empire and of the Holy Roman Empire; the region of the Saarland was divided into several small territories, some of which were ruled by sovereigns of adjoining regions. Most important of the local rulers were the counts of Nassau-Saarbrücken.

Within the Holy Roman Empire these territories gained a wide range of independence, however, by the French kings, who sought, from the 17th century onwards, to incorporate all the territories on the western side of the river Rhine and invaded the area in 1635, in 1676, in 1679 and in 1734, extending their realm to the Saar River and establishing the city and stronghold of Saarlouis in 1680. It was not the king of France but the armies of the French Revolution who terminated the independence of the states in the region of the Saarland. After 1792 they made it part of the French Republic. While a strip in the west belonged to the Département Moselle, the centre in 1798 became part of the Département de Sarre, the east became part of the Département du Mont-Tonnerre. After the defeat of Napoleon in 1815, the region was divided again. Most of it became part of the Prussian Rhine Province. Another part in the east, corresponding to the present Saarpfalz district, was allocated to the Kingdom of Bavaria.

A small part in the northeast was ruled by the Duke of Oldenburg. On 31 July 1870, the French Emperor Napoleon III ordered an invasion across the River Saar to seize Saarbrücken; the first shots of the Franco-Prussian War 1870/71 were fired on the heights of Spichern, south of Saarbrücken. The Saar region became part of the German Empire which came into existence on 18 January 1871, during the course of this war. In 1920 the Saargebiet was occupied by Britain and France under the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles; the occupied area included portions of the Prussian Rhine Province and the Bavarian Rhenish Palatinate. In practice the region was administered by France. In 1920 this was formalized by a 15-year League of Nations mandate. In 1933, a considerable number of communists and other political opponents of National Socialism fled to the Saar, as it was the only part of Germany that remained outside national administration following the First World War; as a result, anti-Nazi groups agitated for the Saarland to remain under French administration.

However, with most of the population being ethnically German, such views were considered suspect or treasonous, therefore found little support. When the original 15-year term was over, a plebiscite was held in the territory on 13 January 1935: 90.8% of those voting favoured rejoining Germany. Following the referendum Josef Bürckel was appointed on 1 March 1935 as the German Reich's commissioner for reintegration; when the reincorporation was considered accomplished, his title was changed to Reichskommissar für das Saarland. In September 1939, in response to the German Invasion of Poland, French forces invaded the Saarland in a half-hearted offensive, occupying some villages and meeting little resistance, before withdrawing. A further change was made after 8 April 1940 to Reichskommissar für die Saarpfalz, he died on 28 September 1944 and was succeeded by Willi Stöhr, who remained in office until the region fell to advancing American forces in March 1945. After World War II, the Saarland came under French occupation and administration again, as the Saar Protectorate.

Under the Monnet Plan France attempted to g

Alliance Theological Seminary

Alliance Theological Seminary is an evangelical Christian seminary affiliated with Nyack College and the Christian and Missionary Alliance, located in Manhattan. The seminary finds its roots from the Missionary Training Institute, a school established by A. B. Simpson to train missionaries for world service; the school became Nyack College, the seminary stemmed out of its graduate program, founded in 1960 as the Jaffray School of Missions. In 1974, the program was redesigned and subsequently renamed to the Alliance School of Theology and Missions, it took its current name in 1979, was first accredited in 1990 by the Commission on Accrediting of the Association of Theological Schools in the United States and Canada. In 2019, Nyack College closed Alliance Theological Seminary in Rockland County and moved all operations to the Manhattan campus; the seminary offers a variety of graduate degrees including M. A. in intercultural studies or biblical literature, M. P. S. M. Div. and D. Min. In addition to the main campus in Nyack, there is a large satellite campus located in Manhattan, an extension in Puerto Rico.

The 2012 enrollment was 800 students. Christian and Missionary Alliance Nyack College The Official ATS website

Trump: The Rusical

"Trump: The Rusical" is the fourth episode of the eleventh season of the American reality competition television series RuPaul's Drag Race, which aired on VH1 on March 21, 2019. The episode has contestants deliver Rachel Maddow impressions for the mini challenge, perform a musical parody of Grease about Donald Trump and the women in his life and cabinet for the main challenge; the musical features choreography by Yanis Marshall, sees Donald Trump portrayed by former contestant Ginger Minj. Maddow appears as a special guest. For the mini challenge, contestants get into "quick drag" and deliver the news while impersonating Rachel Maddow, RuPaul's favorite television anchor. Maddow helps introduce the mini challenge. Contestants read fictional news from a teleprompter, some more than others. RuPaul names Scarlet Envy the winner. For the main challenge, contestants perform a lip sync musical parody of Grease about U. S. President Donald Trump and the women in his life and cabinet; the musical features choreography by Yanis Marshall.

As the winner of the mini challenge, Scarlet Envy assigns the following roles: During preparations for the main challenge, Yvie Oddly reveals she has Ehlers–Danlos syndrome, type 3, a connective tissue disease, Nina West describes being harassed during college in the wake of the murder of Matthew Shepard, Mercedes Iman Diamond addresses Islamophobia and explains her previous reluctance to discuss her religion on the show. Silky Nutmeg Ganache explains she is a registered Republican because of party gerrymandering and "gentrification and movement of the districts", she explains, "It's important that people realize that if you want to stop that within the political process, get smarter than them. Register as a Republican, they'll have to redo everything."The musical features former contestant Ginger Minj as Donald Trump. Ross Matthews participates by interjecting a line from the judges panel at Ra'Jah O'Hara as Newman. RuPaul introduces guest judges Joel McHale and Tiffany Pollard, reveals the theme for the runway: "Orange Alert".

Most contestants wear orange-colored outfits. Shuga Cain's look is a parody of Trump, her outfit is blue and resembles a business suit. She eats Cheetos while walking the runway, rubs some of the Cheetos residue on her face, gestures a "pussy grab", alluding to the Donald Trump Access Hollywood tape. Scarlet Envy, Nina West, Ariel Versace, Plastique Tiara, Shuga Cain, A'Keria C. Davenport are declared safe. RuPaul tells Scarlet. Yvie Oddly, Silky Nutmeg Ganache, Brooke Lynn Hytes receive positive feedback from the judges, while Ra'Jah O'Hara, Mercedes Iman Diamond, Vanessa Vanjie Mateo receive negative critiques for their lack of performance in the musical. RuPaul names Silky Nutmeg Ganache the winner of the challenge. Mercedes Iman Diamond and Ra'Jah O'Hara are deemed the bottom two and lip sync battle to James Brown's "Living in America". RuPaul declares Ra'Jah O'Hara the winner of the lip sync battle, eliminating Mercedes Iman Diamond from the competition. Mercedes Iman Diamond ululates. Reception of the episode has been mixed.

Bianca Guzzo of IN Magazine praised the episode, writing: "Honestly, this was one of the most entertaining Rusicals in the show's history. It beautifully combined political humour, with the essence of Grease, Ginger Minj as Trump… what else could you want?" Contrastingly, Joey Guerra of the Houston Chronicle said, "...aside from a Ginger Minj cameo as Trump, everyone else here is pretty BLAH. The musical just isn't funny, it could have been some sort of bold political satire, but it falls flat and doesn't go for easy jokes." PinkNews' Charlie Jones was critical, who wrote, "Drag Race deserves its dues for setting up camp in the middle of a minefield, but let’s not pretend it didn't get maimed. It however, produced some of the most inspiring, horrifying, personal narratives seen on reality TV."Matt Rogers of said of the mini challenge, "I don't know whether Ru is an extra big fan of Maddow, or vice versa, but this challenge feels emblematic of what's off about the show right now. Maybe it's.

Maybe it's the celebrity cameo that feels very'we were able to do this and so we did, we focused a whole challenge around it.' Something about Maddow's inclusion just made me roll my eyes."As of March 21, 2019, Trump had not responded to the episode. Cultural depictions of Ivanka Trump Cultural depictions of Melania Trump Islamophobia in the United States Trump: The Rusical at VH1 Trump: The Rusical RuPaul Drag’s Race Season 11 on YouTube, VH1 Trump: The Rusical – Watch Act 1 of S11 E4 – RuPaul’s Drag Race on YouTube, VH1 The Pit Stop S11 Episode 4: Kimora Blac Takes on Trump: The Rusical – RuPaul's Drag Race on YouTube, VH1