Saavira Kambada Basadi

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Saavira Kambada Basadi
  • ಸಾವಿರ ಕಂಬದ ಬಸದಿ (Kannada)
  • त्रिभुवन तिलक चूडामणि (Marathi)
  • Tribhuvana Tilaka Cūḍāmaṇi
Sāvira Kambada Basadi
Sāvira Kambada Temple, Karnataka
Basic information
LocationMoodabidri, Karnataka
Geographic coordinates13°04′27.3″N 74°59′51.5″E / 13.074250°N 74.997639°E / 13.074250; 74.997639Coordinates: 13°04′27.3″N 74°59′51.5″E / 13.074250°N 74.997639°E / 13.074250; 74.997639
AffiliationJainism
DeityChandraprabha
FestivalsMahavir Jayanti
Governing bodyShri Moodabidri Jain Matha
BhattarakaCharukeerti Panditacharya Varya
Websitewww.jainkashi.com
Architectural description
CreatorDevaraya Wodeyar
Date established1430 AD
Temple(s)18

Saavira Kambada Temple (Kannada: ಸಾವಿರ ಕಂಬದ ಬಸದಿ Sāvira Kambada Basadi) or Tribhuvana Tilaka Cūḍāmaṇi (Sanskrit: त्रिभुवन तिलक चूडामणि), is a basadi (ಬಸದಿ) or Jain temple noted for its 1000 pillars in Moodabidri, Karnataka, India. The temple is also known as "Chandranatha Temple" since it honors the tirthankara Chandraprabha, whose eight-foot idol is worshipped in the shrine.[1]

The town of Moodabidri is noted for its eighteen Jain temples but Saavira Kambada Temple is considered the finest among them.[2][3]

History[edit]

The Basadi was built by the local chieftain, Devaraya Wodeyar in 1430 with additions made in 1962. The shrine has a 50 feet tall monolith manasthambha (erected by Karkala Bhairava Queen Nagala Devi).[4]

Architecture[edit]

The temple complex has 7 mandapas supported by beautifully carved pillars built in the Vijayanagara style and no two pillar are alike.[5] The top two storeys are carved in wood and the lowest one in stone. The 8 ft idol of Chandranatha Swami made of panchadhatu present in the garbha griha.[4]

Other Jain Temples in Moodabidri[edit]

Moodabidri is noted for its 18 Jains Temples:

  • Vikram Shetty Basadi
  • Mahadeva Shetty Basadi
  • Chola Shetty Basadi
  • Koti Shetty Basadi
  • Derma Shetty Basadi
  • Ammanavara Basadi

Guru Basadi[edit]

Guru basadi is the earliest of the Jain monuments built in 714 AD. A stone idol of Parshwanatha, about 3.5 metres (11 ft) tall, is installed in the sanctum of this basadi. Here the rare Jain palm leaf manuscripts of 12th century A.D. known as ‘Dhavala texts’ are preserved. These text were brought from shravanabelagola to here during Mughal invasion. This basadi is also called Siddantha Basadi and Hale Basadi.[2]

Moodabidri Jain Math[edit]

There is a matha at Moodabidri responsible for the upkeep and maintenance of temples in Moodabidri.[6] It is known as the Jain Varanasi of the South.[7]

Bhaṭṭāraka Charukeerthi[edit]

A bhaṭṭāraka seat exists at Moodabidri responsible for administering the 18 temples at Moodabidri and the other temples in the surrounding areas. The name given to the bhaṭṭāraka of Moodabidri is Charukeerthi.[6][8]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Reference[edit]

Citation[edit]

Source[edit]

  • Gowri Ramnarayan (24 April 2005). "Moodbidri — woods of yore". The Hindu. Chennai, India. Retrieved 15 July 2018.
  • M Raghuram (12 December 2012). "Rooting for heritage tag for Moodbidri". Daily News and Analysis. Retrieved 15 July 2018.
  • Special Correspondent (10 December 2012). "Jain festival begins in Moodbidri". The Hindu. Retrieved 15 July 2018.
  • Chavan, Shakuntala Prakash (2005), Jainism in Southern Karnataka: (up to AD 1565), D.K. Printworld, p. 323, ISBN 978-81246-0315-4 – via Google Books
  • S Venkataraman (29 April 2013). "Circuit of calm, devotion". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
  • Hazel Colaco (11 May 2015). "The myriad moods of Moodabidri". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
  • Fergusson, James (1876), A History of Architecture in All Countries: From the Earliest Times to the Present Day, 3, John Murray, retrieved 2 December 2018
  • Stanley Pinto (1 December 2018). "When Morgan Freeman left Dakshin Kannada seer amazed". The Times of India. Retrieved 2 December 2018.

External links[edit]