Sabine Parish, Louisiana

Sabine Parish is a parish located in the U. S. state of Louisiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 24,233; the seat of the parish is Many. Sabine was one of five parishes created in as many weeks by the Louisiana State Legislature March 27, 1843, it was created from Natchitoches Parish with the Sabine River as the international boundary between the United States and the Republic of Texas as the western boundary. The area, inhabited first by the Adais Indians of the Caddo Confederacy, was first under Spanish rule French, Spanish again, French when Napoleon sold it to the United States in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. Boundary disputes followed the purchase; the United States claimed the Sabine River as the border and Spain claimed a line farther east in Louisiana along Arroyo Hondo, a tributary of the Red River. The Neutral Ground Treaty was affected in 1806, declaring the area "Sabine Free State," a demilitarized zone, which became the neutral strip for outlaws, desperadoes and filibusters.

The strip extended from Sabine River east to the Calcasieu River, Bayous Kisatchie and Don Manuel, Lac Terre Noir and the Arroyo Hondo. Both nations neither exercised control. English speaking settlers from the older eastern states began moving into the section during the westward expansion years before the boundary was established, they settled on Spanish grants known as Rio Hondo claims. One of the earliest settlers was Thomas Arthur. In 1819, Spain abandoned all claims to land east of the Sabine River and the United States moved in to establish law and order. Great caravans of home seekers marched over the old highways and many of them settled in present-day Sabine Parish. In the years that followed, small settlements began to make their appearances throughout the parish; the earliest of these was Negreet, founded in 1822, in the southern part of the parish where Christopher Anthony located on Bayou Negreet. Other settlements were Toro, in the extreme south, 1827, Noble, in the north portion, dating back to the 1830s.

Fort Jesup was founded in 1822 by Lieutenant Colonel Zachary Taylor who became the 12th President of the United States. Taylor's troops managed to establish order in this Neutral Ground. Fort Jesup has served as a vital part of Sabine Parish over the years and can be enjoyed by visitors today, it was an important frontier post until the annexation of Texas in 1845 and the focal point of the American expansionist movement. The two main highways of the southwest traversed the Neutral Strip and ran about four miles apart in the vicinity of Many; the San Antonio Trace and El Camino Real extended from Natchitoches Parish westward directly across Sabine Parish into East Texas. Since El Camino Real was older and better known, a number of farmers and villages settled along it. Philip Nolan's Trace crossed the Red River above Alexandria and ran through the Kisatchie country to join El Camino Real near the Sabine River crossing; the parish was created at a time. A government survey in 1831 laid out the Sabine area in townships and sections and this, together with the clearing of the Red River "raft" by Henry Miller Shreve, in 1838, opened the Red River to steamboat traffic and gave impetus to the colonization of the area.

Steamboats began running on the Sabine River in 1830, by 1850 heavy traffic was carried on the Sabine. Popular landing points were East Pendleton and Carter's Ferry. About three miles south of Pendleton was the flourishing river port of Sabine Town; the influx of settlers reached its zenith just prior to the American Civil War. Sabine Parish was one of the five parishes created in as many weeks by the state legislature in 1843 during the administration of Governor Alexander Mouton; the parish was created from Natchitoches Parish on March 7, 1843. Since Texas was an independent republic, the Sabine River constituted an international border. Less than one month the parish was given several additional townships when legislators defined lines of its northern neighbor, DeSoto Parish. One half township from Natchitoches intended to be part of Sabine was added in 1854. In 1871, a considerable portion of the southern half of Sabine Parish was removed with the establishment of Vernon Parish. Since the parish boundaries have remained unchanged.

Act 46 creating the parish specified that the seat of government should be named Many in honor of Col. John B. Many, commandant at Fort Jesup the most important settlement in the parish. Many was on El Camino Real, which carried traffic into Texas. On May 17, 1843, Judge W. R. D. Speight, parish judge, I. W. Eason, Samuel S. Eason and G. W. Thompson purchased and gave to Sabine Parish 40 acres of land; some thirty citizens petitioned the police jury to lay out the town on the land, sell lots and make arrangements for the erection of public buildings. The police jury planned a courthouse and jail, raising the construction money with the sale of the lots; the first house was erected by John Baldwin, who used his home as a tavern. He was the first postmaster of Many; the first settler was Williams Mains, who came to the area in 1830. The first cotton gin was built in the early 1850s, the first census showed Sabine had a population of 3,347 whites and 1,168 slaves. During the Civil War, Sabine Parish provided considerable support for units formed in the parish.

Historian John D. Winters in The Civil War in Louisiana, describes Sabine as "a poor piney-hill parish met earlier obligations to her men by voting funds for the S

Transit (ship)

Transit was the name given to three sailing vessels designed and built to the order of Captain Richard Hall Gower. All three had fine lines at bow and stern, uniform frames mid-ships with concave and convex sweeps and a deep keel, their length to beam ratio was unusually high. The foremast was square rigged while the other three or four masts were fore-and-aft rigged, barquentine fashion but carrying simplified standing and running rigging; each sail was equipped with a horizontal sprit that enabled it to be brailed up to its mast and deployed rapidly. Each mast carried three sails; the topmasts could be lowered and replaced from the deck, in the event the sprits were to fail in strong gales and had to be abandoned. The Patent granted to Gower in 1799 details his theory about the relationship between speed and the length to beam ratio, as well as details of many features of his novel form of rigging, which allowed all activities conducted aloft to be performed from the deck. At the instance of John Jervis, 1st Earl of St Vincent, the First Lord of the Admiralty, the first Transit was sailed against HMS Osprey in 1801.

Osprey was a fast sloop of 383 tons. Built at Northfleet like a French corvette, with an 80 ft 6 in keel, she had the reputation of being fast, her length to beam ratio was less than 3:1. Transit with a length of 130 feet and a length to beam ratio of 6.5:1 performed so well as to have been acknowledged the winner by the captain of Osprey. Despite this success Gower failed to get the support he needed to build a class of vessels to his patents; the reasons given for the rejection of Gower's proposal included the observation that because of her deep keel she would fall over at low tide in many of the east coast ports from which she might have to operate and that the deck was so narrow that guns could not be arranged symmetrically on each side for fear of their recoil causing them to collide. By coincidence, but unbeknownst to Gower, the gun that he would have needed, the carronade, a short barrelled gun mounted on a slide fixed to the deck, was adopted by the Royal Navy less than a year before the test of Transit.

Gower wrote vivid accounts of the vessels and his experiences with the authorities. George Bayley, owner of the yard that built two of the Transits gave an account of the vessels. Macgregor gives a illustration of the first Transit. Gower, R. H.. Building and Rigging Ships. Petty Bag, Clerk’s Copy. in Chaplin. Gower, R. H.. Patent No. 2350. 1799, Mitchell Library, Glasgow. Gower, R. H.. A Treatise on the Theory and Practice of Seamanship 1st ed.. A separate Supplement contains Original observations on Marine Surveying and a description of Transit 1807. Science Museum Library Cat. No. 629.12. Gower, R. H.. Building and Rigging Ships. Patent No. 2350. 1799, Mitchell Library, Glasgow. Gower, R. H.. A Narrative of the Mode Pursued by the British Government to Effect Improvements in Naval Architecture Bayley, G.. Letters to the Editor from St Peter’s Ship Yard, Ipswich. Mechanic’s Magazine. Vol.9, No. 285, pp. 247 and Vol.10, No. 286, Gower, R. H.. Original Observations regarding the inability of ships to perform their duty with promptitude and safety, with suggestions for their improvement as practised on board the Transit etc. S. Piper, Albion Press, Ipswich.

Ch. VII. Gower, R. H. Miscellaneous Tracts. NMM Ref. L64/159 pp. 99–102. Chaplin, W. R.. The Four-Masted Ship Transit, Mariner’s Mirror, Vol. 19, pp. 312–326. MacGregor, D. R.. Fast Sailing Ships: Their Design and Construction. Nautical Publishing, Hants. P. 50Plans of Transit vessels at The National Maritime Museum, England. ZAZ 6160. 1808, a vessel of 129’ 7" length, 22’ 6" beam, 22’ inscribed "to be sent to Mr Bayley, Ipswich". ZAZ 6161. 1808, a vessel of 130’ length with the same breadths as ZAZ 6160 "dimensions as stated by Mr Gower". ZAZ 6162. 1810, a vessel of 112’ 5" length, 21’ 10" extreme, 21’ 4" moulded. ZAZ 6163. A midship bend initialled by R. H. Gower. Transit Sail plan from Grenwich Maritime Museum

Drew Chicone

Drew Chicone is an American saltwater fly designer, author and certified casting instructor. Chicone writes books and magazine articles demonstrating. Drew Chicone grew up in upstate New York, where he learned how to tie flies at the age of six from his parents. In 2013 Chicone published his first book, Feather Brain, which focuses on developing and improving saltwater fly patterns; the book provides step-by-step photos for tying 14 flies that he designed. Within the next year he published Snook Flies and Redfish Flies. Both are species-specific guides that demonstrate fly tying patterns from Chicone and other designers. Chicone co-founded Strip Strike University where he works as a fly tying and fly casting instructor. In addition to writing and teaching, Chicone operates a website where he sells fly tying materials and books. Chicone lives in Florida with his wife and daughter. 2013: Snook Flies: 8 Proven Patterns For Catching Snook From The Beach, ISBN 978-1493614189 2013: Feather Brain: Developing, Testing, & Improving Saltwater Fly Patterns, ISBN 978-0811711968 2013: Essential Permit Patterns, ISBN 978-1491075753 2013: Essential Bonefish Flies, ISBN 978-1484014844 2014: Redfish Flies: Eight Effective Patterns for Catching Redfish, ISBN 978-1500481889 2017: Baby Tarpon Flies: Six Effective Patterns for Catching Juvenile Tarpon, ISBN 978-1537703220 2017: Top Saltwater Flies - Bonefish, ISBN 978-0989523684 2017: Top Saltwater Flies - Tarpon, ISBN 978-0989523691 2017: Top Saltwater Flies - Permit, ISBN 978-0999309308 2018: Largemouth Bass Flies: Seven Effective Patterns For Catching Largemouth Bass, ISBN 978-1724572417 2019: Redfish Flies 2: Advanced Techniques for Tying Eight Winning Redfish Patterns, ISBN 978-1795267021 2019: Snook Flies 2: Eight Effective Patterns for Catching Backcountry Snook, ISBN 978-1705494608 2012: “Disco Shrimp.”

Fly Fishing in Saltwaters. May/June 2012. Vol 19 no. 3. Pp. 24-25. 2012: “Natural Selection.” Fly Fishing in Saltwaters. November/December 2012. Vol. 19 no. 6. Pp. 26-29. 2014: “Consider the Crab.” The Drake Magazine. Fall 2014. 2014: "Chicone’s Detonator Crab.” Fly Tyer. Winter 2014. Vol. 20 no. 4. Pp. 36-41. 2015: “The Tuscan Bunny.” Fly Tyer. Spring 2015. Vol. 21 no. 1. Pp. 52-57. 2015: “Hair of the Dog.” Fly Tyer. Summer 2015. Vol. 21 no. 3. Pp. 32-39. 2015: “The Contraband Crab.” Fly Tyer. Winter 2015. Vol 21 no. 4. Pp. 56-63. 2016: “The Riddle Of The Bauer Crab.” Fly Tyer. Autumn 2016. Vol 22 no. 3. Pp. 58-65. 2106: “Mr. Lunker Loves The Strawboss.” Fly Tyer. Winter 2016. Vol. 22 no 4. Pp. 30-37 2017: “Chicone’s Peyote Palolo Worm.” Fly Tyer. Spring 2017. Vol 23 no. 1. Pp. 54-59. 2018: The King of Rats.” Fly Tyer. Spring 2018. Vol 24 no. 1. Pp. 30-36. 2018: “Chicone’s Nightmare Needlefish.” Fly Tyer. Summer 2018. Vol 24 no. 2. Pp. 44-51. 2018: “The Carnivore Crayfish.” Fly Tyer. Winter 2018. Vol 24 no. 4. Pp. 42-49. 2019: “Drew’s Platinum Pilchard.”

Fly Tyer. Spring 2019. Vol. 25 no. 1. Pp. 62-67. 2019: “The Sonny Corleone Sunfish.” Fly Tyer. Autumn 2019. Vol. 25 no. 3. Pp. 44-49. 2014: "Disco Shrimp". Summer 2014. P. 60. 2015: "Hawaiian Challenge". May 15, 2015. 2015: "M. I. A. Anchovy". Fall 2015. P. 54. 2016: “Chicone’s Micro Mangrove Cannibal” Summer 2016. P. 74. 2017: “Capt. Steve Bailey’s No Name Shrimp” Fall 2017. P. 86. 2017: “Chicone’s Swamp Cabbage Shrimp” Winter 2017. P. 90. Fly Tying Materials 2016: "Chicone’s Barred Micro Crusher Legs.” Manufacturer: Hareline Dubbin, Inc. 2017: "Chicone's Fettuccine Foam.” Manufacturer: Hareline Dubbin, Inc. 2018: "Chicone's Stealth Chain.” Manufacturer: Hareline Dubbin, Inc. 2018: "Chicone's Material Prep Station.” Manufacturer: Hareline Dubbin, Inc. 2019: "Chicone's Crustacean Station.” Manufacturer: Hareline Dubbin, Inc. Umpqua Fly Patterns 2017: "Chicone’s Bone Appetite.”

Manufacturer: Umpqua Feather Merchants. 2017: "Chicone’s M. I. A Anchovy.” Manufacturer: Umpqua Feather Merchants. 2017: "Chicone’s Contraband Crab.” Manufacturer: Umpqua Feather Merchants. 2017: "Chicone’s Coyote Ugly Shrimp.” Manufacturer: Umpqua Feather Merchants. 2017: "Chicone’s Coyote Ugly Spawning Shrimp.” Manufacturer: Umpqua Feather Merchants. 2018: "Chicone’s Cocaine Coyote.” Manufacturer: Umpqua Feather Merchants. 2018: "Chicone’s Detonator Crab.” Manufacturer: Umpqua Feather Merchants. 2018: "Chicone’s Disco Shrimp.” Manufacturer: Umpqua Feather Merchants. 2018: "Chicone’s 5 Minute Finger Mullet.” Manufacturer: Umpqua Feather Merchants. 2018: "Chicone’s Tuscan Bunny.” Manufacturer: Umpqua Feather Merchants. 2019:'Chicone’s King Rat.” Manufacturer: Umpqua Feather Merchants. 2019: "Chicone’s Tide Slave.” Manufacturer: Umpqua Feather Merchants. 2019: "Chicone’s Tranquil-Hill-Izer Shrimp.” Manufacturer: Umpqua Feather Merchants. 2020: "Chicone’s Nightmare Needle Fish.” Manufacturer: Umpqua Feather Merchants.

2017: Winner of the 2017 IFTD New Product Showcase Award, Saltwater Fly Pattern, "Chicone’s Tuscan Bunny". 2016: Winner of the 2016 AFFTA New Product Showcase Award, Saltwater Fly Pattern, "Contraband Crab". 2014: Winner of the 2014 IFTD Iron Fly competition. 2014: 3rd Place in Outdoor Writer’s Association of America 2014 Excellence in Craft Contest, Magazine/E-zine Contest, Fishing Category, "Spoon Fed". Fly Fishing In Salt Waters. September 2013. Fly fishing Artificial fly Bibliography of fly fishing