Jackson County, Iowa
Jackson County is a county located in the U. S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 19,848; the county seat is Maquoketa. The county was named after US President Andrew Jackson. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 650 square miles, of which 636 square miles is land and 14 square miles is water, its eastern border is formed by the Mississippi River. U. S. Highway 52 U. S. Highway 61 U. S. Highway 67 Iowa Highway 62 Iowa Highway 64 Dubuque County Jo Daviess County, Illinois Carroll County, Illinois Clinton County Jones County Driftless Area National Wildlife Refuge Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge Maquoketa Caves State Park Bellevue State Park The 2010 census recorded a population of 19,848 in the county, with a population density of 31.2031/sq mi. There were 9,415 housing units, of which 8,289 were occupied; as of the census of 2000, there were 20,296 people, 8,078 households, 5,589 families residing in the county. The population density was 32 people per square mile.
There were 8,949 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 98.96% White, 0.10% Black or African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 0.15% from other races, 0.47% from two or more races. 0.60% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 8,078 households out of which 32.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.20% were married couples living together, 7.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.80% were non-families. 27.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.01. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.00% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 26.50% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, 17.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 97.10 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $34,529, the median income for a family was $42,526. Males had a median income of $29,334 versus $20,577 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,329. About 7.70% of families and 10.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.90% of those under age 18 and 8.90% of those age 65 or over. As of 2018 the three-member Jackson County Board of Supervisors is Larry McDevitt, Mike Steines, Jack Willey, their Executive Assistant is LuAnn Goeke. The Jackson County Sheriff's Office is the primary law enforcement agency located in the county; the headquarters for the Sheriff's Department are in Iowa. The department is led by an elected Sheriff; the current Sheriff is Russ Kettmann. Fire protection in the county is left up to the discretion of the cities within the county; the towns of Maquoketa, Miles, Sabula, Bellevue, Andrew and La Motte all have their own fire departments providing protection for the whole county.
Most city fire departments provide rescue services. Fire equipment consists of Engines and brush trucks as well as most fire departments owning a Rescue truck; the Maquoketa Fire department owns a Ladder truck. Most firefighters certify as Iowa Firefighter One and HAZMAT Operations and some are certified as EMTs; the towns of Maquoketa, Preston and Bellevue have their own Ambulance Services which provide coverage for the county while towns not having ambulances have First Responder units and contract ambulance response to a nearby community. All firefighters in Jackson County are volunteers and most EMS personnel are volunteers however the Maquoketa Ambulance Service is a paid service. All Jackson County departments are members of the Jackson County Firefighters Association and the Iowa Firefighters Association. Mutual Aid Agreements from surrounding Iowa counties as well as the state of Illinois are in place to provide additional help during emergencies which tax the county emergency resources beyond their limits.
Jackson County has one Hospital in the Jackson County Regional Health Center. As of 2016 the hospital is under the administration of Genesis Healthcare. Patients near Maquoketa are transported to this hospital, while patients closer to Clinton County will most be taken to Mercy Medical Center in Clinton, Iowa; some patients closer to Dubuque County are taken to Mercy or Finley Hospitals, both in the city of Dubuque. Canton‡ Cottonville Garryowen Green Island Nashville Otter Creek South Garry Owen Ref: Jackson County is divided into 18 townships: The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Jackson County.† county seat National Register of Historic Places listings in Jackson County, Iowa Sorensen, Lucille. Holihan, Grace. Ghost Towns of Jackson County Iowa/History of Jackson County, Vol. 1, Jackson County Historical Society 1988 and 2000. Official Jackson County Government Website Jackson County Economic Development Council's website Jackson County Government Overview Webpages Jackson County Historical Society
Iowa is a state in the Midwestern United States, bordered by the Mississippi River to the east and the Missouri River and Big Sioux River to the west. It is bordered by six states. In colonial times, Iowa was a part of Spanish Louisiana. After the Louisiana Purchase, people laid the foundation for an agriculture-based economy in the heart of the Corn Belt. In the latter half of the 20th century, Iowa's agricultural economy made the transition to a diversified economy of advanced manufacturing, financial services, information technology and green energy production. Iowa is the 26th most extensive in land area and the 30th most populous of the 50 U. S states, its capital and largest city by population is Des Moines. Iowa has been listed as one of the safest states in, its nickname is the Hawkeye State. Iowa derives its name from the Ioway people, one of the many Native American tribes that occupied the state at the time of European exploration. Iowa is bordered by the Mississippi River on the east.
The southern border is the Des Moines River and a not-quite-straight line along 40 degrees 35 minutes north, as decided by the U. S. Supreme Court in Missouri v. Iowa after a standoff between Missouri and Iowa known as the Honey War. Iowa is the only state whose east and west borders are formed by rivers. Iowa has 99 counties; the state capital, Des Moines, is in Polk County. Iowa's bedrock geology increases in age from west to east. In northwest Iowa, Cretaceous bedrock can be 74 million years old. Iowa is not flat. Iowa can be divided into eight landforms based on glaciation, soils and river drainage. Loess hills lie along the western border of the state. Northeast Iowa along the Upper Mississippi River is part of the Driftless Area, consisting of steep hills and valleys which appear mountainous. Several natural lakes exist, most notably Spirit Lake, West Okoboji Lake, East Okoboji Lake in northwest Iowa. To the east lies Clear Lake. Man-made lakes include Lake Odessa, Saylorville Lake, Lake Red Rock, Coralville Lake, Lake MacBride, Rathbun Lake.
The state's northwest area has many remnants such as Barringer Slough. Iowa's natural vegetation is tallgrass prairie and savanna in upland areas, with dense forest and wetlands in flood plains and protected river valleys, pothole wetlands in northern prairie areas. Most of Iowa is used for agriculture; the Southern part of Iowa is categorised as the Central forest-grasslands transition ecoregion. The Northern, drier part of Iowa is categorised as the Central tall grasslands and is thus considered to be part of the Great Plains. There is a dearth of natural areas in Iowa; as of 2005 Iowa ranked 49th of U. S. states in public land holdings. Threatened or endangered animals in Iowa include the interior least tern, piping plover, Indiana bat, pallid sturgeon, the Iowa Pleistocene land snail, Higgins' eye pearly mussel, the Topeka shiner. Endangered or threatened plants include western prairie fringed orchid, eastern prairie fringed orchid, Mead's milkweed, prairie bush clover, northern wild monkshood.
There is little proof to suggest that the explosion in the number of high-density livestock facilities in Iowa has led to increased rural water contamination and a decline in air quality. In fact, covered manure storage in modern barns prevent that manure from washing away into surface water, as it does in open lots as snow melts and thunderstorms occur. Other factors negatively affecting Iowa's environment include the extensive use of older coal-fired power plants and pesticide runoff from crop production, diminishment of the Jordan Aquifer. Iowa has a humid continental climate throughout the state with extremes of both cold; the average annual temperature at Des Moines is 50 °F. Winters are harsh and snowfall is common. Spring ushers in the beginning of the severe weather season. Iowa averages about 50 days of thunderstorm activity per year; the 30 year annual average Tornadoes in Iowa is 47. In 2008, twelve people were killed by tornadoes in Iowa, making it the deadliest year since 1968 and the second most tornadoes in a year with 105, matching the total from 2001.
Iowa summers are known for heat and humidity, with daytime temperatures sometimes near 90 °F and exceeding 100 °F. Average winters in the state have been known to drop well below freezing dropping below −18 °F. Iowa's all-time hottest temperature of 118 °F was recorded at Keokuk on July 20, 1934. Iowa has a smooth gradient of var
A city is a large human settlement. Cities have extensive systems for housing, sanitation, land use, communication, their density facilitates interaction between people, government organizations and businesses, sometimes benefiting different parties in the process. City-dwellers have been a small proportion of humanity overall, but following two centuries of unprecedented and rapid urbanization half of the world population now lives in cities, which has had profound consequences for global sustainability. Present-day cities form the core of larger metropolitan areas and urban areas—creating numerous commuters traveling towards city centers for employment and edification. However, in a world of intensifying globalization, all cities are in different degree connected globally beyond these regions; the most populated city proper is Chongqing while the most populous metropolitan areas are the Greater Tokyo Area, the Shanghai area, Jabodetabek. The cities of Faiyum and Varanasi are among those laying claim to longest continual inhabitation.
A city is distinguished from other human settlements by its great size, but by its functions and its special symbolic status, which may be conferred by a central authority. The term can refer either to the physical streets and buildings of the city or to the collection of people who dwell there, can be used in a general sense to mean urban rather than rural territory. A variety of definitions, invoking population, population density, number of dwellings, economic function, infrastructure, are used in national censuses to classify populations as urban. Common population definitions for a city range between 1,500 and 50,000 people, with most U. S. states using a minimum between 5,000 inhabitants. However, some jurisdictions set no such minimums. In the United Kingdom, city status is awarded by the government and remains permanently, resulting in some small cities, such as Wells and St Davids. According to the "functional definition" a city is not distinguished by size alone, but by the role it plays within a larger political context.
Cities serve as administrative, commercial and cultural hubs for their larger surrounding areas. Examples of settlements called city which may not meet any of the traditional criteria to be named such include Broad Top City and City Dulas, Anglesey, a hamlet; the presence of a literate elite is sometimes included in the definition. A typical city has professional administrators and some form of taxation to support the government workers; the governments may be based on heredity, military power, work projects such as canal building, food distribution, land ownership, commerce, finance, or a combination of these. Societies that live in cities are called civilizations; the word city and the related civilization come, via Old French, from the Latin root civitas meaning citizenship or community member and coming to correspond with urbs, meaning city in a more physical sense. The Roman civitas was linked with the Greek "polis"—another common root appearing in English words such as metropolis. Urban geography deals both with their internal structure.
Town siting has varied through history according to natural, technological and military contexts. Access to water has long been a major factor in city placement and growth, despite exceptions enabled by the advent of rail transport in the nineteenth century, through the present most of the world's urban population lives near the coast or on a river. Urban areas as a rule cannot produce their own food and therefore must develop some relationship with a hinterland which sustains them. Only in special cases such as mining towns which play a vital role in long-distance trade, are cities disconnected from the countryside which feeds them. Thus, centrality within a productive region influences siting, as economic forces would in theory favor the creation of market places in optimal mutually reachable locations; the vast majority of cities have a central area containing buildings with special economic and religious significance. Archaeologists refer to this area by the Greek term temenos; these spaces reflect and amplify the city's centrality and importance to its wider sphere of influence.
Today cities have downtown, sometimes coincident with a central business district. Cities have public spaces where anyone can go; these include owned spaces open to the public as well as forms of public land such as public domain and the commons. Western philosophy since the time of the Greek agora has considered physical public space as the substrate of the symbolic public sphere. Public art adorns public spaces. Parks and other natural sites within cities provide residents with relief from the hardness and regularity of typical built environments. Urban structure follows one or more basic patterns: geomorphic, concentric and curvilinear. Physical environment constrains the form in which a city is built. If located on a mountainside, urban structure may rely on winding roads, it may be adapted to its means of subsistence. And it may be set up for optimal defense given the surrounding landscape. Beyond these "geomorphi
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is applied to living organisms, most of the time to humans, it is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square. Population density is population divided by total land water volume, as appropriate. Low densities may lead to further reduced fertility; this is called the Allee effect after the scientist. Examples of the causes in low population densities include: Increased problems with locating sexual mates Increased inbreeding For humans, population density is the number of people per unit of area quoted per square kilometer or square mile; this may be calculated for a county, country, another territory or the entire world. The world's population is around 7,500,000,000 and Earth's total area is 510,000,000 square kilometers. Therefore, the worldwide human population density is around 7,500,000,000 ÷ 510,000,000 = 14.7 per km2. If only the Earth's land area of 150,000,000 km2 is taken into account human population density is 50 per km2.
This includes all continental and island land area, including Antarctica. If Antarctica is excluded population density rises to over 55 people per km2. However, over half of the Earth's land mass consists of areas inhospitable to human habitation, such as deserts and high mountains, population tends to cluster around seaports and fresh-water sources. Thus, this number by itself does not give any helpful measurement of human population density. Several of the most densely populated territories in the world are city-states and dependencies; these territories have a small area and a high urbanization level, with an economically specialized city population drawing on rural resources outside the area, illustrating the difference between high population density and overpopulation The potential to maintain the agricultural aspects of deserts is limited as there is not enough precipitation to support a sustainable land. The population in these areas are low. Therefore, cities in the Middle East, such as Dubai, have been increasing in population and infrastructure growth at a fast pace.
Cities with high population densities are, by some, considered to be overpopulated, though this will depend on factors like quality of housing and infrastructure and access to resources. Most of the most densely populated cities are in Southeast Asia, though Cairo and Lagos in Africa fall into this category. City population and area are, however dependent on the definition of "urban area" used: densities are invariably higher for the central city area than when suburban settlements and the intervening rural areas are included, as in the areas of agglomeration or metropolitan area, the latter sometimes including neighboring cities. For instance, Milwaukee has a greater population density when just the inner city is measured, the surrounding suburbs excluded. In comparison, based on a world population of seven billion, the world's inhabitants, as a loose crowd taking up ten square feet per person, would occupy a space a little larger than Delaware's land area; the Gaza Strip has a population density of 5,046 pop/km.
Although arithmetic density is the most common way of measuring population density, several other methods have been developed to provide a more accurate measure of population density over a specific area. Arithmetic density: The total number of people / area of land Physiological density: The total population / area of arable land Agricultural density: The total rural population / area of arable land Residential density: The number of people living in an urban area / area of residential land Urban density: The number of people inhabiting an urban area / total area of urban land Ecological optimum: The density of population that can be supported by the natural resources Demography Human geography Idealized population Optimum population Population genetics Population health Population momentum Population pyramid Rural transport problem Small population size Distance sampling List of population concern organizations List of countries by population density List of cities by population density List of city districts by population density List of English districts by population density List of European cities proper by population density List of United States cities by population density List of islands by population density List of U.
S. states by population density List of Australian suburbs by population density Selected Current and Historic City, Ward & Neighborhood Density Duncan Smith / UCL Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis. "World Population Density". Exploratory map shows data from the Global Human Settlement Layer produced by the European Commission JRC and the CIESIN Columbia University
Presidio is a city in Presidio County, United States. It stands on the Rio Grande, on the opposite side of the U. S.–Mexico border from Ojinaga, Chihuahua. The name originates from the Spanish and means "jail"; the population was 4,167 at the 2000 census, had increased to 4,426 as of the 2010 US census. Presidio is on the Farm to Market Road 170, U. S. Route 67, 18 miles south of Shafter in Presidio County. Presidio is about 250 miles southeast of El Paso, 240 miles southwest of Odessa, 145 miles northeast of Chihuahua City; the junction of the Rio Conchos and Rio Grande at Presidio was settled thousands of years ago by hunting and gathering peoples. By 1200 AD, the local Native Americans had adopted agriculture and lived in small knit settlements, which the Spaniards called pueblos; the first Spaniards came to Presidio in 1535 CE, Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca and his three companions stopped at the Native American pueblo, placed a cross on the mountainside, called the village La Junta de las Cruces.
On December 10, 1582, Antonio de Espejo and his company arrived at the site and called the pueblo San Juan Evangelista. By 1681, the area of Presidio was known as the Junction of the Rivers. Five Jumano towns were located along the Rio Grande to the north of the junction, consisting of permanent houses. In 1683, Juan Sabeata, the chief of the Jumano nation, reported having seen a fiery cross on the mountain at Presidio and requested that a mission be established at La Junta; the settlement in 1684 became known as La Navidad en Las Cruces. The missions La Navidad en las Cruces, San Francisco de los Julimes, San Antonio de los Puliques, Apostol Santiago, Santa María de la Redonda may have been established on the Texas side of the Rio Grande at La Junta. About 1760, a penal colony and military garrison of 60 men were established near Presidio. In 1830, the name of the area around Presidio was changed from La Junta de los Rios to Presidio del Norte. White American settlers came to Presidio in 1848 after the Mexican War.
Among them was John Spencer, who operated a horse ranch on the United States side of the Rio Grande near Presidio. Ben Leaton and Milton Faver, former scalp hunters for the Mexican government, built private forts in the area. During the Mexican Revolution, General Pancho Villa used Ojinaga as his headquarters for operations and visited Presidio on numerous occasions. In 1849, a Comanche raid destroyed Presidio, in 1850, Indians drove off most of the cattle in town. A post office was established at Presidio in 1868, the first public school was opened in 1887. In 1897, President William McKinley appointed George B. Jackson, an African American former buffalo soldier, as customs collector at Presidio, a position he held until his death in 1900. Jackson, a businessman from San Angelo, was considered the "wealthiest colored man in Texas" in the second half of the 19th century; as a result of General Francisco "Pancho" Villa's force's raid and capture of Ojinaga on January 10, 1914, many Mexican army troops and civilians fled to Presidio, seeking safe-haven.
U. S. forces detained 2,000 Mexican refugees in Presidio marching them north 60 miles to Camp Marfa. The refugees would be sent by train to Ft. Bliss. In 1930, the Kansas City and Orient Railway reached Presidio; the population grew from 96 in 1925 to 1,671 in 1988, but the number of businesses declined from 70 in 1933 to 22 in 1988. At the end of 1988, Presidio experienced a population boom, due in part to undocumented immigrants enrolled in the amnesty program; the population in 1990 was 3,422. Despite Presidio's having been occupied continuously since ancient times, the community was incorporated in 1980, with Herb Myers elected as Presidio's first mayor; the 1959 movie Rio Bravo featured the town. In 1986, the Texas Department of Transportation opened a two-lane bridge, connecting Presidio and Ojinaga. By 2019, a second span will be constructed, with the original bridge being rebuilt; the increased bridge capacity is projected to meet higher traffic commercial and agricultural in nature. As of 2007, Presidio's local economy is based upon employment at Presidio Independent School District, United States Customs and Border Protection, local retail businesses.
Presidio was home to several truck-farming operations, focused on onions and cantaloupes. Those operations ceased in the late 1990s. In 2010, Presidio built the world's largest sodium-sulfur battery to provide power when the city's lone line to the United States power grid goes down. Presidio is located at 29°33′41″N 104°21′59″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.6 square miles, all land. Presidio is located near the confluence of the Rio Grande; the Rio Conchos flows in a northeasterly direction from its source in the Sierra Madre in the state of Chihuahua, Mexico. Referred to as "La Junta", the two rivers resulted in plentiful water, creating a flood plain, ideal for farming. Coordinates: 29.13444°N 104.37139°W / 29.13444. The population density was 1,620.1 people per square mile. There were 1,541 housing units at an average density of 599.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 83.39% White, 0.10% African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.05% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 15.43% from other races, 0.86% from two or more races.
Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 94.12% of the population. Of the 1,285 households, 49.3%
Savanna is a city in Carroll County, United States. The population was 2,945 at the 2010 census, down from 3,542 in 2000. Savanna is located along the Mississippi River at the mouth of the Plum River. Going from north to south, the second automobile bridge between Iowa and Illinois is located just north of Savanna, is part of U. S. Route 52; the bridge leads to Sabula, across the river from Savanna. Savanna is served by two major railroads, the Burlington Northern and Santa Fe Railway Railway Company and the Canadian Pacific. Savanna has a small airport, The Tri-Township Airport. Savanna is protected by Fire Department and Ambulance Service. All three organizations maintain stations on Chicago Avenue; the three organizations were located in the same building but the original building only houses the fire department and one of the backup centers for Carroll County 911 dispatch. Savanna had its own hospital, but this has since been converted to an assisted living facility, Pinnacle Place. All ambulance patients are transported to Mercy Medical Center in Clinton, Iowa or other Illinois hospitals.
The Savanna Ambulance is one of two in the county to have paramedic certified members Savanna has produced several notable natives. These include Helen Scott Hay, an American Red Cross nurse during World War I, "America's Waltz King" Wayne King, professional wrestler Tommy Treichel, Billy Zoom founding member and original guitarist of the punk band X, MLB player Pete Lister, former NASA astronaut Dale Gardner. In 1917, the United States Army purchased 13,062 acres of land about seven miles north of Savanna to construct the Savanna Army Depot; the land was to be used as a test range for munitions produced at the Rock Island Arsenal in Rock Island, Illinois. In 1921, the mission of the installation was changed to be a depot./. From WWII thru Vietnam, Savanna Army Depot served as a munitions maintenance and storage facility for traditional and nuclear weapons. With about 2,000 trained civilian employees holding Government security clearances working there in the'60s, this base was guarded and protected by the 516th Military Police Company, U.
S. Army Materiel Command. Armed with.45 caliber sidearms, 12 gauge pump-action shotguns, state-of-the-art electronic surveillance systems, gas masks, etc. as standard daily issue, these 300 educated and well trained MP's ensured 24/7 safety and security for all concerned. The 516th's primary mission, was to operate and defend what was known as the "J Area" - where the munitions were stored and handled by civilian employees. Nothing went out of the J Area without MP scrutiny - including employee lunch boxes. Fast-forward... By 1995, the Savanna Army Depot was identified by U. S. Congress as one of the bases that would be closed under the Base Realignment and Closure Act or BRAC. On March 18, 2000, the Savanna Army Depot was closed; the Jo-Carroll Depot Local Redevelopment Authority was established in 1997 by an intergovernmental agreement between the Illinois counties of Jo Daviess and Carroll to redevelop the former Savanna Army Depot. These are some of the many companies that have chosen an area onsite called "Savanna Depot Park" as their home.
Area 51 LLC, a grain bin operation bryer Productions, a photography business Commander’s House at the Savanna Army Depot, owned by A&B Holdings, plans are to make the house a destination for corporate and family retreats Depot Electric Supply Fluidic MicroControls, doing research and development on micro turbines Illinois Information Management, leasing its space for office use Illinois International Trade Center, operated by the Jo-Carroll Foreign Trade Zone Jeanblanc International Inc, which specializes in advanced environmental technologies for the oil industry Midwest 3PL, a full-service warehousing operation Rescar, a railcar repair company. Riverport Railroad LLC, which services and stores railcars as well as coupling long lines of rail cars for the BNSF Savanna Stables, which owns former barracks and a barn that SolRWind plans to lease or buy Speer Recycling, a metal recycler Savanna is located at 42°5′24″N 90°8′24″W. According to the 2010 census, Savanna has a total area of 2.714 square miles, of which 2.62 square miles is land and 0.094 square miles is water.
As of the 2010 U. S. Census, the total population was 2945 people; the racial makeup of the city was 94.6% White, 1.7% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.5% from other races, 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.6% of the population. Total Housing Units were 2,355, out of which, 15.8% were vacant. 38.5% were built before 1939. There were 1,320 owner occupied housing units. 24.5% had a value of less than $50,000, 38.9% were valued from $50,000 - $99,000, 21.2% were valued from $100,000 - $149,000, 15.0% were valued at $150,000 or more. There were 1,948 households and 1,154 families residing in the city, out of which 23.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.3% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 40.8% were non-families. 34.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.84.
The age groups within the population were 23.5% under the age of 19, 4.8% from 20 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 29.6% fr
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government