The Sahel is the ecoclimatic and biogeographic zone of transition in Africa between the Sahara to the north and the Sudanian Savanna to the south. Having a semi-arid climate, it stretches across the south-central latitudes of Northern Africa between the Atlantic Ocean and the Red Sea; the name is derived from the Arabic term for "coast, shore": this is explained as being used in a figurative sense. However, such figurative use is unattested in Classical Arabic, it has been suggested that the word may have been derived from Arabic word sahl سهل "plain" instead; the Sahel part of Africa includes from west to east parts of northern Senegal, southern Mauritania, central Mali, northern Burkina Faso, the extreme south of Algeria, the extreme north of Nigeria, parts of Cameroon and Central African Republic, central Chad and southern Sudan, the extreme north of South Sudan and the extreme north of Ethiopia. The western part of the Sahel was sometimes known as the Sudan region; this belt was located between the Sahara and the coastal areas of West Africa.
The Sahel spans 5,900 km from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Red Sea in the east, in a belt that varies from several hundred to a thousand kilometers in width, covering an area of 3,053,200 square kilometers. It is a transitional ecoregion of semi-arid grasslands, savannas and thorn shrublands lying between the wooded Sudanian Savanna to the south and the Sahara to the north; the topography of the Sahel is flat. Several isolated plateaus and mountain ranges rise from the Sahel, but are designated as separate ecoregions because their flora and fauna are distinct from the surrounding lowlands. Annual rainfall varies from around 100–200 mm in the north of the Sahel to around 700–1,000 mm in the south; the Sahel is covered in grassland and savanna, with areas of woodland and shrubland. Grass cover is continuous across the region, dominated by annual grass species such as Cenchrus biflorus, Schoenefeldia gracilis and Aristida stipoides. Species of acacia are the dominant trees, with Acacia tortilis the most common, along with Acacia senegal and Acacia laeta.
Other tree species include Commiphora africana, Balanites aegyptiaca, Faidherbia albida, Boscia senegalensis. In the northern part of the Sahel, areas of desert shrub, including Panicum turgidum and Aristida sieberana, alternate with areas of grassland and savanna. During the long dry season, many trees lose the predominantly annual grasses die; the Sahel was home to large populations of grazing mammals, including the scimitar-horned oryx, dama gazelle, Dorcas gazelle, red-fronted gazelle, the giant prehistoric buffalo and Bubal hartebeest, along with large predators like the African wild dog, the Northwest African cheetah, the Northeast African cheetah, the lion. The larger species have been reduced in number by over-hunting and competition with livestock, several species are vulnerable, endangered, or extinct; the seasonal wetlands of the Sahel are important for migratory birds moving within Africa and on the African-Eurasian flyways. The Sahel has a hot steppe climate; the climate is hot, sunny and somewhat windy all year long.
The Sahel's climate is similar to, but less extreme than, the climate of the Sahara desert located just to the north. The Sahel receives a low to low amount of precipitation annually; the steppe has a long, prevailing dry season and a short rainy season. The precipitation is extremely irregular, varies from season to season. Most of the rain falls during four to six months in the middle of the year, while the other months may remain dry; the interior of the Sahel region receives between 200 mm and 700 mm of rain yearly. A system of subdivisions adopted for the Sahelian climate based on annual rainfall is as follows: the Saharan-Sahelian climate, with mean annual precipitation between around 100 and 200 mm, the strict Sahelian climate, with mean annual precipitation between around 200 and 700 mm and the Sahelian-Sudanese climate, with mean annual precipitation between around 700 and 1,000 mm; the relative humidity in the steppe is low to low between 10% and 25% during the dry season and between 25% and 75% during the rainy season.
The least humid places have a relative humidity under 35%. The Sahel is characterized with an unvarying temperature; the Sahel experiences cold temperatures. During the hottest period, the average high temperatures are between 36 and 42 °C for more than three months, while the average low temperatures are around 25 to 31 °C. During the "coldest period", the average high temperatures are between 27 and 33 °C and the average low temperatures are between 15 and 21 °C. Everywhere in the Sahel, the average mean temperature is over
Muhammad Zain Elahi is a Pakistani politician, a member of the National Assembly of Pakistan from June 2013 to May 2018. He was born on 15 April 1987 to Tahir Sadiq Khan. Elahi received his education in global management from United Kingdom. Elahi is the nephew of Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain. Elahi was elected to the National Assembly of Pakistan from Constituency NA-59 as an independent candidate in 2013 Pakistani general election, he defeated a candidate of Pakistan Muslim League. Elahi became youngest parliamentarian to be elected in 2013 general election at the age of 26
Leng Tch'e is a Belgian grindcore band. The band describes their style as "razorgrind", a combination of grindcore with death metal, stoner rock and metalcore; the band's name is derived from an alternate English spelling of "lingchi", a method of torture and execution originating from Imperial China, known as "death by a thousand cuts". Death by a Thousand Cuts is the name of one of the band's albums. Leng Tch'e drummer Sven is Aborted frontman Gurgloroth'Svencho' Sven De Caluwé; the band began life under the billing of Anal Torture, forged by Sven and Dark Ages guitarist Glen along with vocalist Isaac and bass player Kevin in early 2002. Leng Tch'e signed to the Italian Spew label for the opening 2002 album Death by a Thousand Cuts. After that album, the band released a split 7" single with Black Ops; the band would employ Israeli guitarist Nir'The Goat' Doliner of Lehavoth undertaking gigs in Israel opening for Amon Amarth. Unable to secure a bassist Nicolas would switch from guitar to cover this role.
The distance factor for Doliner prevented a full-time role. In early 2004 therefore the band inducted Geert as second guitarist; the band enrolled former Pyaemia bassist Frank Rizzo as guitarist in late 2003. Meantime, Isaac fired up a Noise side project billed as Permanent Death whilst vocalist Sven De Caluwé would front In-Quest for an album; the band's second album, ManMadePredator, would be scheduled for May 2003 release. Leng Tch'e proposed split releases in 2004 with Fuck... I'm Dead for a split 7" single with Gronibard on Bones Brigade Records. Guitarist Rizzo decamped in August. In early 2005 the band inducted Boris of Suppository as new frontman, debuting this revised line-up at the 30th April'Face Your Underground' festival in Antwerp. Leng Tch'e contracted to Relapse Records in March, scheduling a summer release date for new album The Process of Elimination; the band played May US East Coast dates along with Impaled and Aborted. The band partnered with Fuck the Facts and Beneath the Massacre for a Canadian tour in 2006.
On March 9, 2007, a new album, was released on Relapse Records. Some commentators noted. On May 16, 2008, The band announced. A successor was found in Serge Kasongo of Ackros with whom the band toured Canada in 2008 alongside Krisiun. Recording for the followup to Marasmus started in 2009 with a release planned for the spring of 2010 on new record label Season Of Mist; the album was mastered by Russ Russell. The band toured with Psycroptic in early 2012 in support of Hypomanic; the band's Myspace page credits Regurgitate, Hemdale and Blood Duster as formative influences for the group. Jan Hallaert has cited Hateplow, Bury Your Dead, Burnt by the Sun, The Sword, Neurosis, Aborted, Morbid Angel, Torche, Suffocation, Fu Manchu, Cephalic Carnage. Nicolas Malfeyt - bass Jan Hallaert - guitar Serge Kasongo - vocals Olivier Coppens - drums Kevin - bass Glen Herman - guitar Isaac Roelaert - vocals Sven de Caluwe - drums, vocals Steven Van Cauwenbergh - bass Nir Doliner - guitar Frank Stijnen - guitar Geert Devenster - guitar Boris Cornelissen - vocals Peter Goemaere - guitar Tony van den Eynde - drums Razorgrind Death by a Thousand Cuts ManMadePredator The Process of Elimination Amusical Propaganda for Sociological Warfare Marasmus Split w/ Fuck the Facts Hypomanic Razorgrind Official Myspace Official Leng Tch'e website The Spew Records Relapse Records Season Of Mist