Hong Kong Observatory
The Hong Kong Observatory is a weather forecast agency of the government of Hong Kong. The Observatory forecasts the weather and issues warnings on weather-related hazards, it monitors and makes assessments on radiation levels in Hong Kong and provides other meteorological and geophysical services to meet the needs of the public and the shipping, aviation and engineering sectors. The Observatory was established in 1883 as the Hong Kong Observatory by Sir George Bowen, the 9th Governor of Hong Kong, with Dr William Doberck as its first director. Early operations included meteorological and magnetic observations, a time service based on astronomical observations and a tropical cyclone warning service; the Observatory was renamed the Royal Observatory Hong Kong after obtaining a Royal Charter in 1912. The Observatory adopted the current name and emblem in 1997 after the transfer of Hong Kong's sovereignty from the UK to China; the Hong Kong Observatory was built in Tsim Sha Tsui, Kowloon in 1883.
Observatory Road in Tsim Sha Tsui is so named based on this landmark. However, due to rapid urbanisation, it is now surrounded by skyscrapers; as a result of high greenhouse gas emissions, the reflection of sunlight from buildings and the surfaces of roads, as well as the reduced vegetation, it suffers from a heat island effect. This was demonstrated by the considerable increase in average temperatures recorded by the Observatory between 1980 and 2005. In 2002, the Observatory opened a resource centre on the 23rd Floor of the nearby Miramar Tower, where the public can buy Hong Kong Observatory publications and access other meteorological information; this building, built in 1883, is a rectangular two-storey plastered brick structure. It now houses the office of the directorate and to serve as a centre of administration of the Observatory; the building is a declared monument of Hong Kong since 1984. It is next to the 1883 Building. Over the years, the observatory has been led by: William Doberck，Ph.
D.，1883–1907 Frederick George Figg，1907–1912 Thomas Folkes Claxton，F. R. A. S.，1912–1932 Charles William Jeffries, F. R. A. S.，1932–1941 Benjamin Davies Evans，F. R. A. S. F. R. Met. S.，1941–1946 Graham Scudamore Percival Heywood，M. A. F. R. Met. S.，1946–1956 Ian Edward Meni Watts，Ph. D. F. R. Met. S.，1956–1965 Gordon John Bell，O. B. E. M. A. F. R. Met. S.，1965–1981 John Edgar Peacock，O. B. E. B. Sc.，1981–1984 – the last British holder of the position Patrick Pak Sham，I. S. O. B. Sc. F. R. Met. S.，1984–1995 – he was the first Chinese to serve as director as the Government began the process of promoting local staff Robert Chi-kwan Lau，B. Sc. DIP. N. A. A. C.，1995–1996 Lam Hung-kwan，Ph. D. F. R. Met. S，1996–2003 Lam Chiu-ying，Hon. F. R. Met. S. C Met.，2003–2009 Lee Boon-ying, Ph. D. MBA, FHKMetS, MCMetS，2009–2011 Shun Chi-ming，F. R. Met. S，2011– From 1885 to 1948 the HKO used the coat of arms of the United Kingdom in various styles for its logo but in 1949 this was changed to a circular escutcheon featuring pictures of weather observation tools, with the year 1883 at the bottom and a St Edward's Crown at the top.
In 1981 the logo was changed to the old coat of arms, in 1997, with the transfer of sovereignty over Hong Kong, the current logo was introduced to replace the colonial symbols. The Friends of the Observatory, an interest group set up in 1996 to help the Observatory to promote Hong Kong Observatory and its services to the public, provide science extension activities in relation to the works of the Observatory and foster communication between the Observatory and the public, now has more than 7,000 individual and family members in total. Activities organised for the Friends of the Observatory include regular science lectures and visits to Observatory's facilities. Newsletters were published for members once every four months. Voluntary docents from this interest group lead a "HKO Guided Tour" to let the public who applied for visit in advance to visit the headquarters of the Observatory, learn about the history and meteorological science applied by the Observatory; the Observatory organises visits for the secondary school students.
This outreach programme was extended to primary school students, the elderly and the community groups in the recent years. Talks are organised in primary school during the winter time, when the officials are less busy in the severe climate issues and watchouts. A roving exhibition for the public was mounted in shopping malls in 2003. To promote understanding of the services provided by the Observatory and their benefits to the community, over 50 press releases were issued and 7 media briefings were held in 2003. From time to time, the Observatory works with schools for a series of events, including with the Geography Society of PLK Vicwood KT Chong Sixth Form College between 2008 and 2009. Hong Kong Time Climate of Hong Kong Hong Kong rainstorm warning signals Hong Kong tropical cyclone warning signals China Meteorological Administration Macao Meteorological and Geophysical Bureau Central Weather Bureau Official website "Weather Underground of Hong Kong". "Hong Kong Weather Information for Tourists".
Weather Underground. "World Weather Information Service". WMO. "Weather Around the World". Time and Date AS. "World weather". MET Office
Hang Hau is a residential area in Tseung Kwan O, Sai Kung, New Territories, Hong Kong. It is located at the eastern edge of the Tseung Kwan O New Town. Most of the land was reclaimed from Shui Bin Village; the earliest history referring to Hang Hau was in the 19th century. It was fishing village. Hang Hau got its name from a large water channel near Mang Kung Uk. In days gone by, Hang Hau was on the sea front. Many of the village names in Hang Hau reflect this – Shui Bin Village means Waterside Village, for example. On 2 October 1957, Hang Hau Rural Committee was established; the rural committee was to serve the indigenous inhabitants in Hang Hau Village, Shui Bin Village, Tin Ha Wan Village, Yau Yue Wan Village, Tseng Lan Shue, Tai Po Tsai, Mang Kung Uk and Po Toi O. Between the 1960s and 1980s, Hang Hau was a large ship scrapyard area. Since there was a ferry from Junk Bay to Island East Hong Kong, Hong Kong Oxygen Company started building factories in Hang Hau. Manufacturing business and trading services were established.
Long before the development of Tseung Kwan O New Town, Hang Hau was near settlements such as Hang Hau Village, Boon Kin Village and Tin Ha Wan Village. Most of the Villages were relocated at the current site near the Tseung Kwan O Hospital, which were moved after the new town's development. Now, about two-thirds of Hang Hau is on reclaimed land, the sea is far away. There has been a proposal to build Hang Hau New Town, it was considered because it is near the urban area, but it was put aside owing to the high cost of reclaiming the deep Junk Bay. Indigenous three storey village houses still can be found in the eastern edge of Hang Hau. Nowadays, Hang Hau is built-out with private and public estates owing to the development of Tseung Kwan O New Town. Boon Kin Village Hang Hau Village Shui Bin Village Tin Ha Wan Village Chung Ming Court Hin Ming Court Wo Ming Court Yu Ming Court Yuk Ming Court Fu Ning Garden Jolly Place On Ning Garden Hau Tak Estate Ming Tak Estate East Point City Maritime Bay Residence Oasis La Cite Noble Nan Fung Plaza Po Ning Road General Outpatient Clinic Sai Kung Tseung Kwan O Government Complex Tseung Kwan O Hospital Hang Hau Sports Centre Hang Hau Man Kuk Lane Park Tseung Kwan O Sports Ground East Point City TKO Gateway Nan Fung Plaza The Lane Hang Hau Tin Hau Temple St Andrew's Church Assembly of God Leung Sing Tak Primary School PLK Fung Ching Memorial Primary School Tseung Kwan O Government Primary School Yan Chai Hospital Chan Iu Seng Primary School Catholic Ming Yuen Secondary School H.
K. M. L. C. Queen Maud Secondary School PLK Ho Yuk Ching College Hang Hau MTR Station Tseung Kwan O Tseung Kwan O New Town Sai Kung District
Kai Tak Airport
Kai Tak International Airport was the international airport of Hong Kong from 1925 until 1998. It was known as Hong Kong International Airport from 1954 to 6 July 1998, when it was closed and replaced by the new Hong Kong International Airport at Chek Lap Kok, 30 kilometres to the west, it is known as Hong Kong International Airport, Kai Tak, or Kai Tak, to distinguish it from its successor, referred to as Chek Lap Kok Airport. With numerous skyscrapers and mountains located to the north and its only runway jutting out into Victoria Harbour, landings at the airport were dramatic to experience and technically demanding for pilots; the History Channel program Most Extreme Airports ranked it as the 6th most dangerous airport in the world. The airport was home to Hong Kong's international carrier Cathay Pacific, as well as regional carrier Dragonair, freight airline Air Hong Kong and Hong Kong Airways; the airport was home to the former RAF Kai Tak. Kai Tak was located on the east side of Kowloon Bay in Hong Kong.
The area is surrounded by rugged mountains. Less than 4 km to the north and northeast of the former runway 13 threshold is a range of hills reaching an elevation of 2,000 ft. To the east of the former 31 threshold, the hills are less than 3 km away. To the south of the airport is Victoria Harbour, farther south is Hong Kong Island with hills up to 2,100 ft; when Kai Tak closed, there was only one runway in use, numbered 13/31 and oriented southeast/northwest. The runway was made by reclaiming land from the harbour and was extended several times after its initial construction; the runway was 3,390 m. At the northern end of the runway, buildings rose up to six storeys just across a major multi-lane arterial road; the other three sides of the runway were surrounded by Victoria Harbour. The low-altitude turning manoeuvre before the shortened final approach was so spectacular that passengers could spot television sets in the apartments: "...as the plane banked to the right for landing... the people watching television in the nearby apartments seemed an unsettling arms length away."
The story of Kai Tak started in 1912 when two businessmen Ho Kai and Au Tak formed the Kai Tak Investment Company to reclaim land in Kowloon for development. The land was acquired by the government for use as an airfield. In 1924, Harry Abbott opened The Abbott School of Aviation on that piece of land. Soon, it became a small grass strip runway airport for the RAF and several flying clubs which, over time, grew to include the Hong Kong Flying Club, the Far East Flying Training School, the Aero Club of Hong Kong, which exist today as an amalgamation known as the Hong Kong Aviation Club. In 1928, a concrete slipway was built for seaplanes; the first control tower and hangar at Kai Tak were built in 1935. In 1936, the first domestic airline in Hong Kong was established. Hong Kong fell into the hands of the Japanese in 1941 during World War II. In 1942, the Japanese army expanded Kai Tak, using many Allied prisoner-of-war labourers, building two concrete runways, 13/31 and 07/25. Numerous POW diary entries exist recalling the gruelling work and long hours working on building Kai Tak.
During the process, the historic wall of the Kowloon Walled City and the 45-metre tall Sung Wong Toi, a memorial for the last Song dynasty emperor, were destroyed for materials. A 2001 Environmental Study recommended that a new memorial be erected for the Sung Wong Toi rock and other remnants of the Kowloon area before Kai Tak. From September 1945 to August 1946, the airport was a Royal Navy shore base, "HMS Nabcatcher", the name attached to a Mobile Naval Air Base for the Fleet Air Arm. On 1 April 1947, HMS Flycatcher, was commissioned there. A plan to modify Kai Tak into a modern airport was released in 1954. By 1957, runway 13/31 had been extended to 1,664 metres, while runway 7/25 remained 1,450 metres long. Bristol Britannia 102s took over BOAC's London-Tokyo flights in summer 1957 and were the largest airliners at the time to use the old airport. In 1958, the new NW/SE 2,550-metre long runway extending into Kowloon Bay was completed by land reclamation; the passenger terminal was completed in 1962.
The runway was extended in the mid-1970s to 3,390 metres as the final length. This extension was completed in June 1974, but the full length of the runway was not put into use until 31 December 1975, as construction of the new Airport Tunnel had kept the northwestern end of the runway closed. In 1955 Kai Tak Airport featured in the film The Night My Number Came Up. An Instrument Landing System was installed in 1974 to aid landing on runway 13. Use of the airport under adverse conditions was increased. During the 1970s, an aircraft crash happened and carried out the potential loss of life, which rose the problem of high- density residential developments around the airport though there were no serious accidents at the airport since starting; the growth of Hong Kong put a strain on the airport's capacity. Its usage was close to, for some time exceeded, the designed capacity; the airport was designed to handle 24 million passengers per year, but in 1996, Kai Tak handled 29.5 million passengers, plus 1.56 million tonnes of freight, making it the third busiest airport in the world in terms of international passenger traffic, busiest in terms of international cargo throughput.
Moreover, clearance requirements for aircraft takeoffs and landings made it necessary to limit the height
Tiu Keng Leng
Tiu Keng Leng is an area of Hong Kong in the Sai Kung District adjacent to Tseung Kwan O. The area used to be a refugee village housing former Kuomintang officials and followers who escaped to Hong Kong from Mainland China after the establishment of the People's Republic of China; the earliest traceable name referring to the area nowadays known as Tiu Keng Leng was "Chiu Keng Leng", being a reference to the clearness and calmness of the adjacent bay. The name was given by Tanka residents in the area. Both the names "Tiu Keng Leng" and "Rennie's Mill" come from a 19th-century Canadian businessman named Alfred Herbert Rennie, who established the Hong Kong Milling Company at Junk Bay; the business failed, Rennie drowned himself there in 1908, though it was mistakenly reported that he had hanged himself. The incident gave the Chinese name for the site 吊頸嶺, meaning "Hanging Ridge", a pun on the name "Chiu Keng Leng" mentioned above; because it was inauspicious, the name was changed to similar-sounding 調景嶺 On 26 June 1950 the Hong Kong Government's Social Welfare Office settled a considerable number of refugees from China – former Nationalist soldiers and other Kuomintang supporters – at Rennie's Mill, following the Chinese Civil War.
The Hong Kong Government's original intention was to settle these refugees temporarily before they would be repatriated to Taiwan by the Kuomintang or to Mainland China by the Chinese Communists. But this day never came for the Kuomintang, the residents of the enclave became more supportive to the Kuomintang cause. Thus, by the late-1950s, in correlation with the Cold War context in Asia at the time, Rennie's Mill became a "Bastion Against Communism", with the flag of the Republic of China flying, its own school system and off-limits to the Royal Hong Kong Police Force until 1962 when the Hong Kong Government decided to turn it into a resettlement estate due to its apprehension of the growing Kuomintang presence in the enclave, it had a significant missionary presence. Due to its pro-Kuomintang atmosphere, the 1967 Riots did not have an effect on Rennie's Mill. Rennie's Mill was badly damaged by Typhoon Wanda in 1962, rendering many homeless. In 1996 the Hong Kong government evicted the last of Rennie's Mill's original residents, ostensibly to make room for new town developments as part of the Tseung Kwan O New Town, but believed to be a move to please the Communist Chinese government before the transfer of the sovereignty of Hong Kong in 1997.
After the handover, the English name of the area was changed from "Rennie's Mill" to "Tiu Keng Leng", following the Cantonese name. Tiu Keng Leng became redeveloped as a modern high-rise residential district. Metro Town is a private housing estate situated directly above the Tiu Keng Leng Station. With nine towers built on top of a carpark/shopping mall podium, it is the tallest structure in the area. To the south of Metro Town, on the site of a former steel mill operated by Shiu Wing Steel, is another private housing estate, Ocean Shores; the three public housing estates in the area are: Kin Ming Estate, Choi Ming Court and Shin Ming Estate. Before the redevelopment and reclamation in the surrounding area, Tiu Keng Leng could be reached by the winding and narrow Po Lam Road South, which ran past numerous busy quarries. At that time, Tiu Keng Leng's only public transport connections were Kowloon Motor Bus routes 90 and 290, served with minibuses, by water transport. In 2001, with the redevelopment, a segment of Po Lam Road South was rebuilt and extended to near Kwong Tin Estate in Yau Tong.
The reconstructed road was renamed O King Road and became the first road connection to modern Tiu Keng Leng. For bicycles and other non-motorised traffic, it remains the only viable route between Tseung Kwan O and Kowloon; the various centres of Tseung Kwan O were always intended to be served by the MTR metro system, the 2002 opening of Tiu Keng Leng Station of the Tseung Kwan O Line and Kwun Tong Line provided a much-used link to the urban area of Kowloon. The Hong Kong Design Institute is well known for the shape of its building. Designed by French architects Coldefy & Associs, it resembles a piece of paper floating mid-air featuring a glazed box raised seven storeys above the ground on four lattice-steel towers that rest on a sloping, grass-covered podium. Total construction cost amounted to HK$1.2 billion, it was opened in November 2010. The Hong Kong Institute of Vocational Education – Lee Wai Lee campus is located next to HKDI; the campus of Caritas Institute of Higher Education is located at Tiu Keng Leng.
The institute has the aim of becoming the first Catholic University in Hong Kong. Military dependents' village History Stories: Tiu Keng Leng Hong Kong's'little Taiwan' And Flags Passing Into History
Sai Kung & Clearwater Bay Magazine
Sai Kung & Clearwater Bay Magazine is a free-distributed English-language lifestyle magazine published in Hong Kong by Fast Media Ltd. Premiering in 2009, the magazine targets highly-affluent professionals who work in Hong Kong but raise their families in the more spacious coastal suburbs the territory, it offers living advice and education advice, property news as well as exploring outdoor activities and local entertainment listings. It is well known for its aerial photos. New issues are distributed on the first day of each month, it has a claimed readership of 31,000. Sai Kung & Clearwater Bay Magazine was founded by Tom Hilditch; the first issue was called Sai Kung Magazine, was published in October 2009 by local private company, Fast Media Ltd. It had 36 pages. In January 2010 the title was changed to "Sai Kung & Clearwater Bay Magazine". In June 2010 the magazine had 60 pages. Sai Kung & Clearwater Bay Magazine is distributed free at around 100 venues including restaurants, coffee shops, country clubs, private residential complexes and international schools.
Piles of Sai Kung Magazine displayed in acrylic stands are a common sight in Sai Kung bars and country clubs in the early days of each month. The magazine claims around 31,000 readers per month. According to a survey conducted by Sai Kung & Clearwater Bay Magazine in 2010, 88% of the readers are holders of at least one university degree and 80% earn more than HK$100,000 per month. 78% have children of school age.. Sai Kung Magazine contains lifestyle features about local events, property, hiking and local environment issues.--> The main sections that appear in the magazine are: Letters Letters from readers. There may be comments or thoughts about past issues of the magazine or opinions towards social issue, etc. Planner Listings of local events and happenings. News Reports of local interest and community news. Local Hero An interview section that features celebrated residents. Past interviewees have included Sir David Tang, Jill Robinson, Kenneth Bi and Wayne Parfitt Dining This section includes features and reviews on restaurants and cafes, introducing the latest news on where to find delicacies in Sai Kung & Clearwater Bay.
There are recommendations of an indoor, an outdoor and a new restaurant in every issue. Sometimes, there will be a collection of recommendations from a particular cuisine. Property Usually the story of an upscale family house, redesigned or renovated. Schools A look at after-school activity. Family Columns and advice about coping with children and parenting. Health & Beauty News and reviews of local spas and health studios. Pets A column by Dr Carmel Taylor, a well known local vet. Gardening A column by Jane Ram, which the magazine claims is "the only gardening column in Hong Kong", a city otherwise dominated by skyscrapers. Marketplace An advertising section with no editorial except for an extensive local "Directory of Shops & Services". Last Orders A monthly column written by Iain Lafferty. Sai Kung & Clearwater Bay Magazine is a publication of Fast Media Limited. Media in Hong Kong Companies Registry. Retrieved 11 October 2005. Sai Kung & Clearwater Bay Magazine website
Wikivoyage is a free web-based travel guide for travel destinations and travel topics written by volunteer authors. It is a sister project of Wikipedia and supported and hosted by the same non-profit Wikimedia Foundation. Wikivoyage has been called the "Wikipedia of travel guides"; the project began when editors at the German and Italian versions of Wikitravel decided in September 2006 to move their editing activities and current content to a new site, in accordance with the site copyright license, a procedure known as "forking". The resulting site went live as "Wikivoyage" on December 10, 2006 and was owned and operated by a German association set up for that purpose, Wikivoyage e. V.. Content was published under the copyleft license Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike. In 2012, after a long history of dissatisfaction with their existing host, the English-language version community of Wikitravel decided as a community to fork their project. In a two-way move, the English Wikitravel community re-merged with Wikivoyage under the Wikivoyage brand, all Wikivoyage language versions moved their operations to be hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation, a non-profit organization hosting several of the world's largest wiki-based communities such as Wikipedia.
Following agreements by the various communities involved and the Wikimedia Foundation, the site was moved to the WMF servers in December 2012 and the whole of Wikivoyage was re-launched as a Wikimedia project on January 15, 2013, the day of the 12th anniversary of Wikipedia's launch. Using a wiki model, Wikivoyage is built through collaboration of Wikivoyagers from around the globe. Articles can cover different levels of geographic specificity, from continents to districts of a city; these are logically connected in a hierarchy, by specifying that the location covered in one article "is within" the larger location described by another. The project includes articles on travel-related topics, phrasebooks for travelers, suggested itineraries. Wikivoyage is a multilingual project available in nine languages, with each language-specific project developed independently. While now a Wikimedia project, it was begun independently. Wikivoyage content is broadly categorized as: destinations, itineraries and travel topics.
Geographical units within the geographical hierarchy may be described in articles, based on the criterion, "can you sleep there?" The hierarchy includes: Continents Continental sections Countries Regions within countries Cities of any size, including small villages if they are tourist destinations Districts within large cities National parks provided they have accommodation for the travellerAttractions such as hotels, bars, nightclubs, tour operators, statues or other works of art, city parks, town squares or streets, festivals or events, transport systems or stations, bodies of water, uninhabited islands are listed in the article for the place within which they are located. An itinerary describes a group of destinations according to a temporal division rather than a spatial one and will list destinations and attractions to visit during a given amount of time, with recommended durations of stay and routes to follow. Itineraries may cross geographical regions, but have a well-defined path.
A phrasebook includes: An overview of the language, giving a brief history, alphabet or symbol set, any other general info on the language. A pronunciation guide, with a description of each written symbol in the language, a pronunciation note for each symbol. A phrase list; each entry in the phrase list includes the word or phrase being translated, the spelling in the local language symbol set as it would be seen written down, a pronunciation cue. Travel topics are articles that deal with a specific topic of interest to travelers, too large or detailed to go in a specific travel guide destination page. Wikivoyage uses the free MediaWiki software to allow internet-based editing without requiring registration. Quality assurance occurs in the same way as on Wikipedia: through reciprocal control by editors; the use of the same software is intended to facilitate familiarization with Wikivoyage. Wikivoyage licenses its content to the public under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike license, but not the GNU free documentation license.
This is intended to facilitate the production of printed guides from a legal point of view. Media files are intended to be published either in the public domain or licensed under multiple licenses; the information is built up in a more structured way than usual for encyclopaedias. Articles belonging to a topic are grouped by the categories known from the Mediawiki software as well as through the so-called bread crumb trails which show the geographical connection between the articles. In the German-language version, different name spaces are used to separate different topics; the main name space contains travel destinations within their geographical hierarchy. Two other important name spaces are reserved for travel topics and travel news, with the intent to allow a tight interconnection between travel destinations and topics; the content design is decided by consensus of the community of authors. At the time of transfer to WMF, the content of Wikivoyage was available in German, English
Hong Kong Global Geopark
Hong Kong UNESCO Global Geopark Hong Kong National Geopark, was inaugurated on 3 November 2009. It is a single entity of land area over 150 km2 across parts of the eastern and northeastern New Territories. On 18 September 2011, UNESCO listed the geopark as part of its Global Geoparks Network; the Hong Kong UNESCO Global Geopark consists of two geological regions: the distributed hexagonal rock columns in Sai Kung, which are of international geological significance, the northeast New Territories region, which comprises sedimentary rocks formed in different geologic periods, showcasing the complete geological history of Hong Kong. The geopark is made up of geological sites and local communities distributed across the Sai Kung Volcanic Rock Region and Northeast New Territories Sedimentary Rock Region. High Island is the home of the spectacular hexagonal columnar-jointed volcanic rocks. Most of the columns are straight-sided and parallel, it covers a large area around Sai Kung peninsula in the eastern part of Hong Kong, including High Island Reservoir and Tai Long Wan, Sai Kung.
Ung Kong Island Group is located in southeastern Hong Kong to the south of the High Island peninsula and to the northwest of the Ninepin group of islands. It consists of Basalt Island and Bluff Island. Columnar-jointed rocks underlie these islands, giving their cliff coastline a distinctive appearance, leading to the development of many sea caves and sea arches. Ninepin Group is located on the eastern side of Hong Kong, forms a series of offshore islands. Numerous inclined columnar jointed volcanic rocks create fascinating cliffs and coastal scenery around the Ninepin Group. Hexagonal columns in the Ninepin Group are as large as 3-meters in diameter. Sharp Island is located in the Inner Port Shelter, to the southeast of the Sai Kung Town, from where it can be reached by small boat; the island is underlain by older volcanic-related sedimentary rocks. There is a tombolo reaching to a small island nearby at low tide. Double Haven or Yan Chau Tong is a harbour hugged by Double Island, Crescent Island and Crooked Island with north-eastern New Territories.
It contains many deep red coloured rocks formed during a period of global warming in Tertiary. Oxidation rate of iron increased due to higher temperature and humidity, forming the iron oxide Port Island, as the Chinese name Chek Chau implies, Port Island is a place of red earth; the ground on the entire island is rust-coloured conglomerate and siltstone formed during Teritary. The area includes the south shores of Tolo Channel; the oldest rocks in Hong Kong, the Bluff Head formation, formed about 400 million years ago during the Devonian Period, are at the northeastern tip of the Tolo channel. Various deformation and erosion features can be seen from these rocks. One of the famous features is the Devil's fist formed by weathering and erosion along the sandstone bedding forming the shape of the “Ghost fingers”. Ma Shi Chau presents the sedimentary rocks formed about 280 million years ago. Various fossils such as ammonites and bivalves were found on Ma Shi Chau. Sitting right next to the Tolo Channel fault system, various sheared features and folds can be observed.
Lai Chi Chong showcases various volcanic rocks and sedimentary rocks formed about 146 million years ago. The siltstone beds were interbedded with volcanic tuffite. Tuffite is a sedimentary rock with a volcanic origin, it formed by fine volcanic ash deposited in water. Other than that, there is a black cherty mudstone on Lai Chi Chong, believed to be formed by mud deposited together with silica-rich materials; the black color indicated. These black mudstones beds exhibits a slump fold structure. Large coherent mass of loosely consolidated materials might have slid down along a slope and folded the mudstone beds. Tung Ping Chau sits in Mirs Bay of the northeastern Hong Kong, it is the easternmost outlying island of Hong Kong. Tung Ping Chau is a popular holiday destination for locals, its fascinating attractions, such as wave erosion landscape, the shale that resembles a sponge cake structure and the unusually flat lay of the island itself, draw thousands of visitors annually. Geology of Hong Kong Conservation in Hong Kong Protected areas of China List of National Geoparks Hong Kong UNESCO Global Geopark website Proposal to set up a Geopark in Hong Kong, March 2009