2012 Summer Olympics
The 2012 Summer Olympics, formally the Games of the XXX Olympiad and known as London 2012, was an international multi-sport event, held from 27 July to 12 August 2012 in London, United Kingdom. The first event, the group stage in women's football, began on 25 July at the Millennium Stadium in Cardiff, followed by the opening ceremonies on 27 July. 10,768 athletes from 204 National Olympic Committees participated. Following a bid headed by former Olympic champion Sebastian Coe and then-Mayor of London Ken Livingstone, London was selected as the host city on 6 July 2005 during the 117th IOC Session in Singapore, defeating bids from Moscow, New York City and Paris. London became the first city to host the modern Olympics three times, having hosted the Summer Games in 1908 and in 1948. Construction for the Games involved considerable redevelopment, with an emphasis on sustainability; the main focus was a new 200-hectare Olympic Park, constructed on a former industrial site at Stratford, East London.
The Games made use of venues that existed before the bid. The Games received widespread acclaim for their organisation, with the volunteers, the British military and public enthusiasm praised highly; the opening ceremony, directed by Danny Boyle, received widespread acclaim throughout the world, particular praise from the British public and a minority of ranging criticisms from some social media sites. During the Games, Michael Phelps became the most decorated Olympic athlete of all time, winning his 22nd medal. Saudi Arabia and Brunei entered female athletes for the first time, so that every eligible country has sent a female competitor to at least one Olympic Games. Women's boxing was included for the first time, thus the Games became the first at which every sport had female competitors; these were the final Olympic Games under the IOC presidency of Jacques Rogge. The final medal tally was led by the United States, followed by China and host Great Britain. Several world and Olympic records were set at the games.
Though there were several controversies, the 2012 games were deemed successful with the rising standards of competition amongst nations across the world, packed stadiums and smooth organisation. Furthermore, the focus on sporting legacy and post-games venue sustainability was seen as a blueprint for future Olympics. By 15 July 2003, the deadline for interested cities to submit bids to the International Olympic Committee, nine cities had submitted bids to host the 2012 Summer Olympics: Havana, Leipzig, Madrid, New York City and Rio de Janeiro. On 18 May 2004, as a result of a scored technical evaluation, the IOC reduced the number of cities to five: London, Moscow, New York and Paris. All five submitted their candidate files by 19 November 2004 and were visited by the IOC inspection team during February and March 2005; the Paris bid suffered two setbacks during the IOC inspection visit: a number of strikes and demonstrations coinciding with the visits, a report that a key member of the bid team, Guy Drut, would face charges over alleged corrupt party political finances.
Throughout the process, Paris was seen as the favourite as this was its third bid in recent years. London was seen as lagging behind Paris by a considerable margin, its position began to improve after the appointment of Lord Coe as the new head of London 2012 on 19 May 2004. In late August 2004, reports predicted a tie between Paris. On 6 June 2005, the IOC released its evaluation reports for the five candidate cities, they did not contain any scores or rankings, but the report for Paris was considered the most positive. London was close behind, having closed most of the gap observed by the initial evaluation in 2004. New York and Madrid received positive evaluations. On 1 July 2005, when asked who would win, Jacques Rogge said, "I cannot predict it since I don't know how the IOC members will vote, but my gut feeling tells me that it will be close. It will come down to a difference of say ten votes, or maybe less."On 6 July 2005, the final selection was announced at the 117th IOC Session in Singapore.
Moscow was the first city to be eliminated, followed by New Madrid. The final two contenders were Paris. At the end of the fourth round of voting, London won the right to host the 2012 Games with 54 votes to 50. Tragically, the celebrations in London were short-lived, being overshadowed by bombings on London's transport system less than 24 hours after the announcement; the London Organising Committee of the Olympic Games was created to oversee the staging of the Games after the success of the bid, held its first board meeting on 3 October 2005. The committee, chaired by Lord Coe, was in charge of implementing and staging the Games, while the Olympic Delivery Authority was in charge of the construction of the venues and infrastructure; the latter was established in April 2006. The Government Olympic Executive, a unit within the Department for Culture and Sport, was the lead government body for coordinating the London 2012 Olympics, it focused on oversight of the Games, cross-programme programme management and the London 2012 Olympic Legacy before and after the Games that would benefit London and the United Kingdom.
The organisation was responsible for the supervision of the £9.3 billion of public sector funding. In August 2011, security concerns arose surrounding the hosting of the Olympic Games in London due to the 2011 England riots, with a few countries expressing fear over the safety of the Games, in spite of the International Olympic Committee's assurance that the riots would not affect the Games; the IOC's Coordination Commission for the 2
Lithuania at the 2012 Summer Olympics
Lithuania competed at the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, from 27 July to 12 August 2012. This was the nation's eighth appearance at the Summer Olympics; the National Olympic Committee of Lithuania sent a total of 62 athletes to the Games, 39 men and 23 women, to compete in 14 sports. Men's basketball was the only team-based sport in which Lithuania had its representation in these Olympic games; the Lithuanian team featured past Olympic medalists, including Laser Radial sailor and world champion Gintarė Scheidt, who won the silver in Beijing. Trap shooter Daina Gudzinevičiūtė, discus thrower and two-time Olympic champion Virgilijus Alekna, who became Lithuania's flag bearer at the opening ceremony, made their fifth Olympic appearance as the oldest and most experienced team members. Basketball player Šarūnas Jasikevičius and heptathlete Austra Skujytė, on the other hand, were among the Lithuanian athletes to compete in four Olympic games. Other notable athletes featured swimmer and world bronze medalist Giedrius Titenis, NBA basketball stars Linas Kleiza and Jonas Valančiūnas.
Lithuania left London with a total of six Olympic medals. Four of these medals were awarded for the first time in boxing and swimming, including all gold medals won by women. Among the nation's medalists were 15-year-old breaststroke swimmer Rūta Meilutytė, the youngest athlete of the team, who won Lithuania's first gold medal in her sport, Laura Asadauskaitė, who became the final Olympic champion in London, after winning the women's modern pentathlon; the men's national basketball team failed to advance into the semi-finals for the first time, after losing out to Russia. Lithuanian athletes have so far achieved qualifying standards in the following athletics events: KeyNote–Ranks given for track events are within the athlete's heat only Q = Qualified for the next round q = Qualified for the next round as a fastest loser or, in field events, by position without achieving the qualifying target NR = National record N/A = Round not applicable for the event Bye = Athlete not required to compete in round Men Track & road eventsField eventsCombined events – Decathlon Women Track & road eventsField eventsCombined events – Heptathlon RosterThe following is the Lithuania roster in the men's basketball tournament of the 2012 Summer Olympics.
Group play Quarter-final Men Lithuania has so far qualified boats for the following events: Qualification Legend: FA = Qualify to final. PP - Decision by Points - the loser with technical points. PO - Decision by Points - the loser without technical points. Men's Greco-Roman
Egypt at the 2012 Summer Olympics
Egypt competed at the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, from 27 July to 12 August 2012, sending one of its largest delegations ever. A total of 110 Egyptian athletes participated in 83 events across 20 sports, with more women taking part than before; the nation's flagbearer in the opening ceremonies was Hesham Mesbah, a judoka, Egypt's only medalist at the 2008 Summer Olympics. Egypt won two medals during the course of the Games: Alaaeldin Abouelkassem earned silver in the men's foil, becoming the first competitor from an African nation to win a fencing medal, while Karam Gaber captured silver in the men's 84 kg Greco-Roman wrestling event. Two Egyptian weightlifters were awarded medals retroactively, after higher-ranked competitors were disqualified for doping: Abeer Abdelrahman took silver in the women's 75 kg event, while Tarek Yehia, received bronze in the men's 85 kg event. Among other achievements, Mostafa Mansour was the nation's first competitor in sprint canoeing while fencer Shaimaa El-Gammal became the first Egyptian female to appear in four editions of the Olympics.
Prior to 2012, Egypt had sent athletes to nineteen editions of the Summer Olympic Games, the 1906 Intercalated Games, equestrian at the 1956 Summer Olympics, the 1984 Winter Olympics. Before the Games began, the Egyptian Olympic Committee distributed counterfeit Nike gear to its athletes, due to its financial troubles following the Egyptian Revolution of 2011. Nike, ended up donating legitimate equipment to the Egyptians. Tamer Bayoumi, a 2004 Olympic bronze medalist and the nation’s most successful taekwondo practitioner at the 2012 Games, was chosen to carry Egypt’s flag at the closing ceremony. Aside from the team sport of football, which had 16 participants and wrestling were the sports in which Egypt had the most participants, sending 12 representatives to each. Of them, wrestling was exclusively male with only one female, Rabab Eid, taking part; the sport with the most Egyptian female participation was synchronized swimming, an all-woman tournament at the Olympics, with eight, while the nation sent six women to fencing, the highest amount for a mixed sport.
Among tournaments with the potential for both men and women to take part, Egypt qualified females, but not males, for badminton, males, but not females, for track and field athletics, canoeing, football and sailing. The following Egyptian athletes won medals at the games. In the by discipline sections below, medalists' names are bolded. Prior to 2012, Egypt had sent athletes to nineteen editions of the Summer Olympic Games, the 1906 Intercalated Games, equestrian at the 1956 Summer Olympics, the 1984 Winter Olympics. With the exception of the Soviet-boycotted 1984 Summer Olympics, Egypt's 2012 delegation was the largest and chose Hesham Mesbah, a 2008 Olympic medalist in judo, as its flagbearer in the opening ceremony. A total of 110 Egyptians, 76 men and 34 women, travelled to London and competed in 20 different sports, it was the largest delegation of women in the country's Olympic history. Prior the start of the Olympic Games, the Egyptian Olympic Committee distributed counterfeit Nike gear from a Chinese distributor to its athletes, due to its financial troubles following the Egyptian Revolution of 2011.
Nike ended up donating equipment to the Egyptians, despite the EOC's eventual willingness to pay. Shaimaa El-Gammal became the nation's first female to appear in her fourth Olympic games, while former Olympic medalists Tamer Bayoumi, Karam Gaber, Hesham Mesbah returned to compete again. Middleweight boxer Mohamed Hikal and skeet shooter Mostafa Hamdy made a fourth appearance at the Games, while Gaber and six other athletes made their third Olympic appearance: discus thrower Omar Ahmed El Ghazaly, modern pentathlete Aya Medany, table tennis player El-sayed Lashin, Greco-Roman wrestlers Ashraf El-Gharably and Mohamed Abdelfatah, judoka Islam El Shehaby. Skeet shooter Mona El-Hawary, aged 49, was the oldest athlete on the team, while sprint freestyle swimmer Farida Osman was the youngest at age 17. Bayoumi was selected as Egypt's flagbearer for the closing ceremony. Two Egyptian archers, one male and one female, qualified for the Olympics, both of whom earned their berths at the 2012 African Archery Championships.
Ahmed El-Nemr finished second at that tournament, behind Philippe Kouassi of Côte d'Ivoire, entered the men's individual event. El-Nemr had won three medals at the 2011 Pan Arab Games, gold in the individual recurve 90 metres and silver in the individual recurve FITA and the team event. In London he placed 57th overall out of 64 competitors. In the round of 64 he defeated eighth-ranked Crispin Duenas of Canada three sets to one and faced Kuo Cheng-wei, representing Chinese Taipei. El-Nemr lost this round three sets to one and was eliminated from the tournament, leaving with a final ranking of 17th. Nada Kamel, who had earned seven medals at the 2011 Pan Arab Games, won the women's event at the 2012 African Championships and entered the individual tournament. There she placed 56th overall out of 64 participants, she was defeated by Ksenia Perova of Russia three sets to none in the opening round and finished the event joint-33rd and last. Key: W = Competitor won the match. Noura Elsayed, the lone woman, withdrew due to injury.
The only Egyptian to participate in more than one event was Amr Ibrahim Mostafa Seoud, a veteran of the 200 metre event at the 2008 S
Hungary at the 2012 Summer Olympics
Hungary competed at the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, from 27 July to 12 August 2012. Hungarian athletes have competed at every Summer Olympic Games in the modern era, except the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp, the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles because of the Soviet boycott; the Hungarian Olympic Committee sent the nation's smallest delegation to the Games since 1956. A total of 159 athletes, 97 men and 62 women, competed in 18 sports. Hungary left London with a total of 17 medals, finishing tenth in the overall medal standings. A third of the medals were awarded to the team in sprint canoeing, three in swimming, two each in judo and wrestling. Three Hungarian athletes, all from sprint canoeing, won more than a single Olympic medal in London. For the first time since 1996, Hungary did not win an Olympic medal in men's water polo. Among the nation's medalists were gymnast Krisztián Berki, who became the fourth Hungarian to claim the title in men's pommel horse after 24 years, hammer thrower Krisztián Pars, who nearly missed out of the medal standings in Beijing.
Katalin Kovács, who won gold and silver in London, emerged as the greatest Hungarian sprint kayaker in history, with a total of eight Olympic medals. Multiple-time European champion László Cseh, who won bronze in London, became one of the most successful Hungarian swimmers in history, with a total of five Olympic medals. Meanwhile, former Olympic silver medalist Dániel Gyurta, set a world record to win the gold in men's breaststroke swimming. Éva Risztov, who retired from the pool after competing in two of her events, became an Olympic champion in women's open water marathon. On 7 November 2012, the International Olympic Committee stripped Uzbek wrestler Soslan Tigiev of his bronze medal after testing positive for the prohibited substance methylhexaneamine. Gábor Hatos, who lost to Tigiev in the final repechage bout, was subsequently awarded the bronze medal. Magyar Olimpiai Bizottság selected a team of 159 athletes, 97 men and 62 women, to compete in 18 sports. Water polo and men's handball were the only team-based sports in which Hungary had its representation in these Olympic games.
There was only a single competitor in road cycling and weightlifting. Swimming was the largest team by sport, with a total of 31 competitors; the Hungarian team featured three of them defending. Dusev-Janics, who won a total of three gold medals for Hungary competed as part of the former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 2000. Six Hungarian athletes made their fifth Olympic appearance: sprint canoer and multiple-time Olympic champion Zoltán Kammerer, water polo player Tamás Kásás, table tennis player Krisztina Tóth, fencers Géza Imre and Aida Mohamed, windsurfer Áron Gádorfalvi. Double trap shooter Richárd Bognár, at age 45, was the oldest athlete of the team, while butterfly swimmer Liliána Szilágyi was the youngest at age 15. Péter Biros, who led his water polo team by winning the gold medal in three consecutive Olympic Games, was the nation's flag bearer at the opening ceremony. Other notable Hungarian athletes featured swimmer and triple Olympic silver medalist László Cseh, pommel horse gymnast and two-time defending world champion Krisztián Berki, hammer thrower and multiple-time World Challenge champion Krisztián Pars, sabre fencer Áron Szilágyi.
The following is the list of number of competitors participating in the Games: Hungarian athletes have so far achieved qualifying standards in the following athletics events: Men Track & road eventsField eventsCombined events – DecathlonWomen Track & road eventsField eventsCombined events – Heptathlon Hungary has so far qualified boxers for the following events Men Hungary has qualified boats for the following events MenWomenLegend: FA = Qualify to final. MenWomen Hungary has qualified three athletes. MenWomen The following is the Hungary roster in the men's handball tournament of the 2012 Summer Olympics. Head coaches: Lajos Mocsai Group playQuarterfinals SemifinalsBronze medal game MenWomen Hungary has qualified two men and two women. * Did not finish Hungary has qualified the following boats. MenQualification Legend: FA=Final A, they are official members of the Hungarian Olympic Team. Hungary has qualified 2 quota places in synchronized swimming. Two Hungarian table tennis players have qualified for the Games.
Based on their world ranking on 16 May 2011 Krisztina Tóth and Georgina Póta qualified for the women's singles. Hungary has qualified the following a
Germany at the 2012 Summer Olympics
Germany competed at the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, from 27 July to 12 August 2012. This was the nation's sixth consecutive appearance at the Summer Olympics after its reunification in 1990; the German National Olympic Committee sent the nation's smallest delegation to the Games since its reunification. A total of 392 athletes, 218 men and 174 women, competed in 23 sports, were nominated by DOSB at four different occasions. Germany left London with a total of 44 medals. Eight of these medals were awarded to the team in athletics and canoeing, six in cycling, four each in equestrian and judo. Seven German athletes won more than a single Olympic medal in London. In team sports, the men's field hockey team managed to defend its Olympic title from Beijing, winning the gold medal against the Netherlands. For the first time since 1932, Germany did not win an Olympic medal in swimming, except for the open water marathon. Among the nation's medalists were equestrian rider Michael Jung, who led his eventing team to win its first Olympic gold medal in London, track cyclist Kristina Vogel, who claimed the title in the women's team sprint, along with Miriam Welte.
Discus thrower and pre-Olympic favorite Robert Harting celebrated his gold medal victory by ripping off his shirt and running a hurdle lap. Meanwhile, gymnast Marcel Nguyen won two silver medals in men's all-around and men's parallel bars exercises. Table tennis player Dimitrij Ovtcharov led his team to win a bronze medal in the men's event. Other notable accomplishments included two gold medals won by rowers in men's eight and quadruple sculls, three gold medals in sprint canoeing. Deutscher Olympischer Sportbund selected a team of 392 athletes, 218 men and 174 women, to compete in 23 sports. Germany qualified teams only in field hockey, men's indoor volleyball. Athletics was the largest team by sport, with a total of 77 competitors; the German team featured twelve defending champions from Beijing, including judoka Ole Bischof, freestyle swimmer Britta Steffen and two-time world champion Jan Frodeno, modern pentathlete Lena Schöneborn, weightlifter Matthias Steiner. Other notable German athletes included swimmer and world-record holder Paul Biedermann and pre-Olympic favorite Marcel Nguyen, track cyclist and four-time World Cup champion Maximilian Levy, open water swimmer Thomas Lurz, bronze medalist in Beijing.
Two naturalized German athletes made their sixth Olympic appearance as individuals: Mongolian-born pistol shooter Munkhbayar Dorjsuren, who won two Olympic bronze medals, Uzbek-born gymnast Oksana Chusovitina, who won silver in the women's vault exercises. Other naturalized athletes included Kazakh-born marathon runner Irina Mikitenko, who competed at her fifth Olympics as an individual athlete, Georgian-born trampoline gymnast Anna Dogonadze, who represented her current nation in four consecutive Olympic games. Pistol shooter and triple Olympic gold medalist Ralf Schumann was at his seventh appearance, having participated at every Olympic Games since 1988. Rifle shooters Maik Eckhardt and Sonja Pfeilschifter, on the other hand, made their fifth Olympic appearance, although the latter had participated in the Games since 1992. Equestrian eventing rider and Olympic gold medalist Peter Thomsen, at age 51, was the oldest athlete of the team, while gymnast Janine Berger was the youngest, at age 16.
Several German athletes came from their families, who competed at the Summer Olympics. Ingrid Klimke, daughter of the late Reiner Klimke, Meredith Michaels-Beerbaum, sister-in-law of four-time gold medalist Ludger Beerbaum, followed their families' role and tradition in participating at the Olympic games and in winning an Olympic equestrian medal. Natascha Keller, who competed at her fifth Olympics, succeeded her family's role to lead the national team in women's field hockey; because of her sporting success and popularity, Keller became Germany's first female flag bearer at the opening ceremony since 2000, the fourth in Olympic history. Germany had qualified the following archers. German athletes have so far achieved qualifying standards and DLV standards in the following athletics events: KeyNote–Ranks given for track events are within the athlete's heat only Q = Qualified for the next round q = Qualified for the next round as a fastest loser or, in field events, by position without achieving the qualifying target NR = National record N/A = Round not applicable for the event Bye = Athlete not required to compete in round Men Track & road eventsField eventsCombined events – DecathlonWomen Track & road eventsField eventsCombined events – Heptathlon Germany has so far qualified boxers for the following events.
Men MenWomenQualification Legend: FA = Qualify to final. Germany has qualified 8 athletes, which includes two quota place in the men's 3 m springboard and two in the men's 10 m platform events; that makes a total of twelve athletes. Germany qualified another dressage rider by rankings. * Anabel Balkenhol only competed as an individual and her scores did not count towards the team event. The team event is decided after the second round by
Sailing at the 2008 Summer Olympics
Sailing/Yachting is an Olympic sport starting from the Games of the 1st Olympiad. With the exception of 1904 and the cancelled 1916 Summer Olympics, sailing has always been included on the Olympic schedule; the Sailing program of 2008 consisted of a total of nine sailing classes. Eleven races are scheduled for each event except for the 49er class, for which 16 races are scheduled from 9 August 2008 to 21 August 2008 of the coast of the Qingdao International Sailing Centre facing the Yellow Sea. Of the 11 races, 10 are scheduled as one as a medal race; the sailing was done on four different types of courses. According to the IOC statutes the contests in all sport disciplines must be held either in, or as close as possible to the city which the IOC has chosen. Among others, an exception is made for the Olympic yachting events, which customarily must be staged on the open sea. On account of this principle, Qingdao was selected for the honor to carry out the Olympic yachting regattas. For that purpose the Qingdao International Sailing Centre was constructed.
The land based part of the QISC covers 45 hectares and includes: Administrative and game management center Olympic and athletes village Media center Logistics supply center National sailing center, International yacht club with seaside marina International passenger liner terminal International conference center with five-star hotel Shopping and amusement center and public squares. The offshore part of the complex included: The main seawall The secondary seawall The jetty wharf The Olympic wharf A total of five race areas were set on the Yellow Sea of the coast of Qingdao; the location points to the center of the 0.6 nm radius circle for course area A & B and to a 0.75 nm radius circle for course area's C D and E. Africa Asia Oceania Europe North America South America Sailing at the 2008 Summer Paralympics "Digital Library Collection". Digital Library Collection at la84.org. La84foundation. Retrieved 3 March 2014. Official Report of the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games • Volume I Bid Documents and Analysis: Passion behind the Bid.
Retrieved 21 March 2014. Official Report of the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games • Volume III Preparation for the Games: New Beijing Great Olympics. Retrieved 21 March 2014. Official Report of the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games • Volume II Ceremonies and Competitions: Celebration of the Games. Retrieved 21 March 2014. Official Results book Part 3. Retrieved 21 March 2014. "Sailing at the 2008 Beijing Summer Games". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 21 March 2014. "Beijing 2008". Olympic.org. International Olympic Committee
Israel at the 2012 Summer Olympics
Israel competed at the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, from 27 July to 12 August 2012. This was the nation's fifteenth appearance at the Summer Olympics; the Olympic Committee of Israel sent 37 athletes to the Games, 19 men and 18 women, to compete in 9 sports. The nation's team size was smaller by six athletes from the previous games; this was the youngest delegation in Israel's Olympic history, with about half the team under the age of 23, many of the team members were expected to reach their peak in time for the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro. Sixteen athletes had competed in Beijing, including windsurfer and bronze medalist Shahar Tzuberi, the nation's flag bearer at the opening ceremony. Judoka Ariel Ze'evi, four-time European champion and bronze medalist at the 2004 Summer Olympics, became the third Israeli athlete in history to compete at four Olympic games, was the oldest athlete on the team, at age 35. Six athletes made their third Olympic appearance: tennis men's doubles team Jonathan Erlich and Andy Ram, synchronized swimming pair Anastasia Gloushkov and Inna Yoffe, sailors Gideon Kliger, world bronze medalist in the men's 470 class, Vered Buskila in the women's 470 class.
According to Zvi Warshaviak, the head of the Israel Olympic Committee eight athletes were considered medal contenders in sailing, gymnastics and shooting. Windsurfer Lee Korzits, backstroke swimmer Yakov-Yan Toumarkin, floor gymnast Alexander Shatilov, rhythmic gymnast Neta Rivkin qualified for the final rounds of their respective sports, but missed out of the medal standings. Prior to the Olympics, the BBC's list of countries competing, did not list Jerusalem as Israel's capital, however listed East Jerusalem as the capital of Palestine; the BBC listed Jerusalem as the capital after complaints from the Prime Ministers Office. KeyNote – Ranks given for track events are within the athlete's heat only Q = Qualified for the next round q = Qualified for the next round as a fastest loser or, in field events, by position without achieving the qualifying target NR = National record N/A = Round not applicable for the event Bye = Athlete not required to compete in roundMenWomen MenWomen MenWomen Notes M = Medal race.
Only the top 10 competitors participated in the final medal race. EL = Eliminated – did not advance into the medal race BFD = Black flag disqualification. DSQ = Disqualified after a protest OCS = On the course side of the starting line at the starting signal and failed to start, or broke rule 30.1 Men MenWomen Israel at the 2012 Summer Paralympics Israel at the London 2012 Games news and videos Israel at the Olympic Movement official website Israel - 2012 Olympic News, Medals results, schedules