Beau Bassin-Rose Hill
Beau-Bassin Rose-Hill is a town in Mauritius, located in the Plaines Wilhems District, it is administered by the Municipal Council of Beau-Bassin Rose-Hill. According to the census made by Statistics Mauritius in 2015, the population of the town was at 104,610. Municipal elections are held every 6 years, the mandate of the Lord Mayor and the Deputy Mayor is two years another one is chosen by the members of the board through a system of voting. For the Municipal elections held in November 2012, the town of Beau-Bassin Rose-Hill was divided into 6 wards compare to 4 previously; the football team which represents the town is the Union Sportive de Beau-Bassin Rose-Hill, its home stadium is the Sir Gaetan Duval Stadium, the team plays in the National First Division for the 2014-2015 season. John Kennedy College St Mary's College Loreto College Rose Hill St Andrew's School Collège de La Confiance Queen Elizabeth College New Devton College SSS Beau-Bassin New Eton College The town of Beau-Bassin Rose-Hill is divided into different regions.
Beau-Bassin Rose-Hill is twinned with: Changzhou Saint-Pierre, Réunion Quartier Militaire List of places in Mauritius The regional news website of the town http://bbrh.org/
Communes of France
The commune is a level of administrative division in the French Republic. French communes are analogous to civil townships and incorporated municipalities in the United States and Canada, Gemeinden in Germany, comuni in Italy or ayuntamiento in Spain; the United Kingdom has no exact equivalent, as communes resemble districts in urban areas, but are closer to parishes in rural areas where districts are much larger. Communes are based on historical geographic communities or villages and are vested with significant powers to manage the populations and land of the geographic area covered; the communes are the fourth-level administrative divisions of France. Communes vary in size and area, from large sprawling cities with millions of inhabitants like Paris, to small hamlets with only a handful of inhabitants. Communes are based on pre-existing villages and facilitate local governance. All communes have names, but not all named geographic areas or groups of people residing together are communes, the difference residing in the lack of administrative powers.
Except for the municipal arrondissements of its largest cities, the communes are the lowest level of administrative division in France and are governed by elected officials with extensive autonomous powers to implement national policy. A commune is city, or other municipality. "Commune" in English has a historical bias, implies an association with socialist political movements or philosophies, collectivist lifestyles, or particular history. There is nothing intrinsically different between commune in French; the French word commune appeared in the 12th century, from Medieval Latin communia, for a large gathering of people sharing a common life. As of January 2015, there were 36,681 communes in France, 36,552 of them in metropolitan France and 129 of them overseas; this is a higher total than that of any other European country, because French communes still reflect the division of France into villages or parishes at the time of the French Revolution. The whole territory of the French Republic is divided into communes.
This is unlike some other countries, such as the United States, where unincorporated areas directly governed by a county or a higher authority can be found. There are only a few exceptions: COM of Saint-Martin, it was a commune inside the Guadeloupe région. The commune structure was abolished when Saint-Martin became an overseas collectivity on 22 February 2007. COM of Wallis and Futuna, which still is divided according to the three traditional chiefdoms. COM of Saint Barthélemy, it was a commune inside the Guadeloupe region. The commune structure was abolished when Saint-Barthélemy became an overseas collectivity on 22 February 2007. Furthermore, two regions without permanent habitation have no communes: TOM of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands Clipperton Island in the Pacific Ocean In metropolitan France, the average area of a commune in 2004 was 14.88 square kilometres. The median area of metropolitan France's communes at the 1999 census was smaller, at 10.73 square kilometres. The median area is a better measure of the area of a typical French commune.
This median area is smaller than that of most European countries. In Italy, the median area of communes is 22 km2. Switzerland and the Länder of Rhineland-Palatinate, Schleswig-Holstein, Thuringia in Germany were the only places in Europe where the communes had a smaller median area than in France; the communes of France's overseas départements such as Réunion and French Guiana are large by French standards. They group into the same commune several villages or towns with sizeable distances among them. In Réunion, demographic expansion and sprawling urbanization have resulted in the administrative splitting of some communes; the median population of metropolitan France's communes at the 1999 census was 380 inhabitants. Again this is a small number, here France stands apart in Europe, with the lowest communes' median population of all the European countries; this small median population of French communes can be compared with Italy, where the median population of communes in 2001 was 2,343 inhabitants, Belgium, or Spain.
The median population given here should not hide the fact that there are pronounced differences in size between French communes. As mentioned in the introduction, a commune can be a city of 2 million inhabitants such as Paris, a town of 10,000 inhabitants, or just a hamlet of 10 inhabitants. What the median population tells us is that the vast majority of the French communes only have a few hundred inhabitants. In metropolitan France just over 50 percent of the 36,683 communes have fewer than 500 inhabitants a
Saint-André is the sixth-largest commune in the French overseas department of Réunion. It is located on the northeast part of the island of Réunion; the small lake Étang de Bois Rouge is located in the commune. On 29 July 2015, airliner marine debris was found on a beach in the commune confirmed to be a part of Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 which disappeared about 4,000 km east of Réunion on 8 March 2014. Epitech Communes of the Réunion department INSEE
Mauritius the Republic of Mauritius, is an island nation in the Indian Ocean. The main Island of Mauritius is located about 2,000 kilometres off the southeast coast of the African continent; the Republic of Mauritius includes the islands of Rodrigues, Agalega and St. Brandon; the capital and largest city Port Louis is located on the main island of Mauritius. In 1598, the Dutch took possession of Mauritius, they abandoned Mauritius in 1710 and the French took control of the island in 1715, renaming it Isle de France. France ceded Mauritius including all its dependencies to the United Kingdom through the Treaty of Paris, signed on 30 May 1814 and in which Réunion was returned to France; the British colony of Mauritius consisted of the main island of Mauritius along with Rodrigues, Agalega, St Brandon and the Chagos Archipelago, while the Seychelles became a separate colony in 1906. The sovereignty of Tromelin is disputed between Mauritius and France as some of the islands such as St. Brandon, Chagos and Tromelin were not mentioned in the Treaty of Paris.
In 1965, three years prior to the independence of Mauritius, the UK split the Chagos Archipelago from Mauritian territory, the islands of Aldabra and Desroches from the Seychelles, to form the British Indian Ocean Territory. The UK forcibly expelled the archipelago's local population and leased its largest island, Diego Garcia, to the United States; the UK has restricted access to the Chagos Archipelago. The sovereignty of the Chagos is disputed between Mauritius and the UK. In February 2019, in an advisory opinion given by the International Court of Justice on this dispute, the ICJ ordered the UK to hand back the Chagos Islands to Mauritius as as possible; the people of Mauritius are multiethnic and multilingual. The island's government is modelled on the Westminster parliamentary system, Mauritius is ranked for democracy and for economic and political freedom; the Human Development Index of Mauritius is one of the highest in Africa. Mauritius is ranked as the most competitive and one of the most developed economies in the African region.
The main pillars of the Mauritian economy are manufacturing, financial services and information and communications technology. Mauritius is a welfare state. Along with the other Mascarene Islands, Mauritius is known for its varied flora and fauna, with many species endemic to the island; the island was the only known home of the dodo, along with several other avian species, was made extinct by human activities shortly after the island's settlement. The first historical evidence of the existence of an island now known as Mauritius is on a map produced by the Italian cartographer Alberto Cantino in 1502. From this, it appears that Mauritius was first named Dina Arobi around 975 by Arab sailors, the first people to visit the island. In 1507, Portuguese sailors visited the uninhabited island; the island appears with a Portuguese name Cirne on early Portuguese maps from the name of a ship in the 1507 expedition. Another Portuguese sailor, Dom Pedro Mascarenhas, gave the name Mascarenes to the Archipelago.
In 1598, a Dutch squadron under Admiral Wybrand van Warwyck landed at Grand Port and named the island Mauritius, in honour of Prince Maurice van Nassau, stadholder of the Dutch Republic. The island became a French colony and was renamed Isle de France. On 3 December 1810, the French surrendered the island to Great Britain during the Napoleonic Wars. Under British rule, the island's name reverted to Mauritius. Mauritius is commonly known as Maurice and Île Maurice in French, Moris in Mauritian Creole; the island of Mauritius was uninhabited before its first recorded visit during the Middle Ages by Arab sailors, who named it Dina Arobi. In 1507, Portuguese sailors came to the uninhabited island and established a visiting base. Diogo Fernandes Pereira, a Portuguese navigator, was the first European known to land in Mauritius, he named the island "Ilha do Cirne". The Portuguese did not stay. In 1598 a Dutch squadron under Admiral Wybrand van Warwyck landed at Grand Port and named the island "Mauritius" after Prince Maurice of Nassau of the Dutch Republic.
The Dutch inhabited the island in 1638, from which they exploited ebony trees and introduced sugar cane, domestic animals and deer. It was from here; the first Dutch settlement lasted twenty years. Several attempts were subsequently made, but the settlements never developed enough to produce dividends, causing the Dutch to abandon Mauritius in 1710. France, which controlled neighbouring Île Bourbon, took control of Mauritius in 1715 and renamed it Isle de France. In 1723, the Code Noir was established to categorise one group of human beings as "goods", in order for the owner of these goods to be able to obtain insurance money and compensation in case of loss of his "goods"; the 1735 arrival of French governor Bertrand-François Mahé de La Bourdonnais coincided with development of a prosperous economy based on sugar production. Mahé de La Bourdonnais established Port Louis as a shipbuilding centre. Under his governorship, numerous buildings were erected, a number of which are sti
Cilaos is a town and commune on the French island of Réunion in the Indian Ocean. It is located centrally in a caldera of altitude 1,214 m; the caldera is named for the community. The name Cilaos comes from the Malagasy word, which means the place one never leaves. According to some historians, the word Cilaos finds its origins in the name of a Malagasian slave named Tsilaos who took refuge in this cirque. At the time, slaves were called "brown", whereas runaway slaves were called "black-brown"; the first inhabitants of the cirque of Cilaos were thus "black-browns" who believed themselves to be at the top of the world and safe. However, these first runaways were recaptured quickly and hunted by well-organized and well-armed slaveholders. In these runaways' attempts to escape recapture, several were killed, it seems that these first runaways created the goat paths that climb most of the mountains on Réunion. After the death or recapture of these runaway slaves, the cirque of Cilaos became uninhabited once again for a while, since the first official record of its settlement occur only around 1850.
In this year, a spa station was set up, by 1866, there were 960 inhabitants. By 1900, the population had risen to 2500, the 1982 census recorded 5629 inhabitants in the whole cirque. From 15 to 16 March 1952, 1,870mm of rain fell in Cilaos in 24 hours, the greatest amount of rain to fall in one day; the commune of Cilaos was created on 4 February 1965 when it seceded from the commune of Saint-Louis. The introduction of embroidery was due to the efforts of Angèle MacAuliffe, daughter of a doctor who worked at a hot-spring clinic in the early 20th century; the techniques that she introduced have scarcely changed since, the popularity of "Days of Cilaos" embroidery is due in a large part to this stability and tradition. This local embroidery has been transmitted for over 100 years by local nuns. In 1954, the "Sewing room of Cilaos" was created and Sister Anasthasie was appointed as its leader. Sister Anasthasie would do her utmost to teach a hundred young girls her embroidery techniques, she was recognized in 1983 when she received the gold medal "Best worker in France" competition in the lace and embroidery category.
In the 1980s, these embroidered works were sold out of the workers' homes or more from roadside stands. Furthermore, an association for the promotion of Cilaosian lace was created in 1983 to protect and develop this important craft of the Cirque. In 1985, this association had 50 embroidery workers, its president was Ms. Suzanne Maillot, Sister Anasthasie's assistant at the "Sewing-room of Cilaos". Today, an embroidery house of the association lets a few workers learn and show tourists this delicate art. Communes of the Réunion department INSEE Trail in Cilaos The cirque of Cilaos the map of trails in Cilaos les gîtes: la liste des gîtes et hébergements Le Piton des Neiges
La Plaine-des-Palmistes is a commune in the French overseas department of Réunion. It lies in the eastern part of the island, on the RN3 road, south west of Saint-Benoît and northeast of the Col de Bellevue, it is known for the Biberon Falls. It lies close to the slopes of the Piton des Songes; the communal territory is located in the tops of the island. It borders Sainte-Rose and Le Tampon. Communes of the Réunion department INSEE La Plaine-des-Palmistes at runweb.com
Saint-Leu is a commune in the French overseas department of Réunion. It is located on the west side of the island of Réunion, it is a well-known surf spot. Various surfing competitions have been held in Saint-Leu, including World Qualifying Series and ASP World Tour competitions, it is well known for its famous left wave. There is a paragliding base at Colimaçons. Paragliding World Cup races have been held in Saint-Leu in 2003 and 2006, Pre World Cup Tour race in 2010 and 2015. In 2016 the city will held again a Paragliding World Cup race. Conservatoire botanique national de Mascarin Kélonia Marine Turtle Station Museum Stella Matutina Downtown Saint-Leu Chaloupe Saint-Leu Pointe au Sel Bras Mouton.