Zephyrhills is a city in Pasco County, United States. The population was estimated at 14,381 in the 2014 census, it is a suburb of the Tampa Bay Metropolitan Statistical Area. Zephyrhills is known as the headquarters of the Zephyrhills bottled water company and is a member of Tree City USA; the community was founded in 1910 by Captain Howard B. Jeffries. Jeffries planned on making the community a home for Civil War veterans. A Founders Day celebration is held annually in March. In 1941, one resident reported that Zephyrhills had a sundown town policy forbidding African Americans from living within the city limits; as of the census of 2000, there were 2,986 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,728.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 6,167 housing units at an average density of 983.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 92.63% White, 2.79% African American, 0.23% Native American, 1.12% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.60% from other races, 1.61% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.03% of the population. There were 4,944 households out. 46.5% were married couples living with others, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.6% were non-families. 34.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.63. In the city, the population was spread out with 18.1% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 21.2% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, 44.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 49 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.4 males. The median income for a household in the city in 2005 was $33,100, the median income for a family was $33,502. Males had a median income of $29,375 versus $21,648 for females; the per capita income for the city was $18,047. About 9.3% of families and 12.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.9% of those under age 18 and 9.6% of those age 65 or over.
U. S. Route 301 is the main road through Zephyrhills running south through the city. State Road 39 runs northwest and southeast from Plant City into US 301 in Zephyrhills, joins US 301 as a "hidden state road." County Road 41 is an extension of SR 41, a hidden state road along US 301 from the Hillsborough County Line. State Road 54 is the main east-west road that runs through southern Pasco County, from US 19 near Holiday to US 301 in Zephyrhills. A County extension from the intersection of SR 54 and CR 579 to U. S. Route 98 in Branchborough exists, a western extension to CR 577 in Wesley Chapel is planned for construction. State Road 56 is a 2002-built road between SR 54 and Bruce B. Downs Boulevard in Wesley Chapel, planned to be extended to US 301 south of Zephyrhills. County Road 579 is a bi-county extension of State Road 579 that runs from northern Tampa, through the western edge of the city, to west of Dade City. County Road 54 overlaps CR 579 north of SR 54. County Road 535 runs along the southern and eastern edge of the city and north into County Road 35 Alternate in Vitis.
Zephyrhills is served by Pasco County Public Transportation on routes #30, #33, #54. The city is served by Zephyrhills Municipal Airport, it was once served by the 1927-built Zephyrhills Depot on the Atlantic Coast Line, now the Zephyrhills Depot Museum at a city park near the airport. More than 70,000 skydives are performed annually on the airport at Skydive City, Inc. the largest woman-owned drop zone in the world, founded in 1990 by Joannie Murphy and Susan Perkins Stark. The Zephyrhills Public Library was founded in 1912. According to the city's website, "The Library provides open and equal access to the resources and services of the library; the Library seeks to encourage reading and the use of technology for life-long learning and the enhancement of the community's quality of life." Library personnel staff the City‟s Depot Museum. The library is managed by a Library Advisory Board and is a member of the Pasco County Library Cooperative. A new library was built in 2014 just north of the old library.
The Zephyrhills Depot Museum originated with the 1989 purchase of the 1927 Atlantic Coast Line Depot from CSX Railroad by the City of Zephyrhills. The original depot was relocated 200 feet west of its original location. Restoration of the 2,700 square foot building began in 1997 with a Grant from the State Department of Transportation; the Historical Preservation Committee and the Zephyrhills Historical Association assisted in many ways to bring this restoration to reality. The Zephyrhills Depot Museum opened October 20, 1998 under the department of library for community’s enjoyment; the museum emphasizes the history of Zephyrhills Four exhibit wing has been developed. The freight area Houses displays and a model train layout; the city is policed by a force of about 35 sworn officers. The current chief of police is David W. Shears; the Zephyrhills Fire Department serves the community and consists of career and volunteer firefighters. Domonic Brown, baseball player Sederrik Cunningham, football player Dave Eiland, former major league pitcher Prince Iaukea, pro wrestler Ramiele Malu
Cathedral of Saint Jude the Apostle (St. Petersburg, Florida)
The Cathedral of Saint Jude the Apostle is a Roman Catholic cathedral located in St. Petersburg, United States, it is the seat of the Diocese of St. Petersburg. St. Jude Parish was founded in 1950; the first church building, now Our Lady’s Chapel, was completed the following year. As the parish grew larger a combination school and church building was completed in 1954; the present church building, a Modern interpretation of the Byzantine style in the form of a Latin cross, was built in 1963. When Pope Paul VI established the Diocese of Petersburg on March 2, 1968, it became the cathedral of the new diocese; the cathedral underwent a $9 million renovation from 2012 to 2013. List of Catholic cathedrals in the United States List of cathedrals in the United States Media related to Cathedral of Saint Jude the Apostle at Wikimedia Commons Cathedral website Diocese of St. Petersburg Website
Historic districts in the United States
Historic districts in the United States are designated historic districts recognizing a group of buildings, properties, or sites by one of several entities on different levels as or architecturally significant. Buildings, structures and sites within a historic district are divided into two categories and non-contributing. Districts vary in size: some have hundreds of structures, while others have just a few; the U. S. federal government designates historic districts through the United States Department of Interior under the auspices of the National Park Service. Federally designated historic districts are listed on the National Register of Historic Places, but listing imposes no restrictions on what property owners may do with a designated property. State-level historic districts may follow similar criteria or may require adherence to certain historic rehabilitation standards. Local historic district designation offers, by far, the most legal protection for historic properties because most land use decisions are made at the local level.
Local districts are administered by the county or municipal government. The first U. S. historic district was established in Charleston, South Carolina in 1931, predating the U. S. federal government designation by more than three decades. Charleston city government designated an "Old and Historic District" by local ordinance and created a board of architectural review to oversee it. New Orleans followed in 1937, establishing the Vieux Carré Commission and authorizing it to act to maintain the historic character of the city's French Quarter. Other localities picked up on the concept, with the city of Philadelphia enacting its historic preservation ordinance in 1955; the regulatory authority of local commissions and historic districts has been upheld as a legitimate use of government police power, most notably in Penn Central Transportation Co. v. City of New York; the Supreme Court case validated the protection of historic resources as "an permissible governmental goal." In 1966 the federal government created the National Register of Historic Places, soon after a report from the U.
S. Conference of Mayors had stated Americans suffered from "rootlessness." By the 1980s there were thousands of federally designated historic districts. Some states, such as Arizona, have passed referendums defending property rights that have stopped private property being designated historic without the property owner's consent or compensation for the historic overlay. Historic districts are two types of properties and non-contributing. Broadly defined, a contributing property is any property, structure or object which adds to the historical integrity or architectural qualities that make a historic district, listed locally or federally, significant. Different entities governmental, at both the state and national level in the United States, have differing definitions of contributing property but they all retain the same basic characteristics. In general, contributing properties are integral parts of the historic context and character of a historic district. In addition to the two types of classification within historic districts, properties listed on the National Register of Historic Places are classified into five broad categories.
They are, structure, site and object. All but the eponymous district category are applied to historic districts listed on the National Register. A listing on the National Register of Historic Places is governmental acknowledgment of a historic district. However, the Register is "an honorary status with some federal financial incentives." The National Register of Historic Places defines a historic district per U. S. federal law, last revised in 2004. According to the Register definition a historic district is: a geographically definable area, urban or rural, possessing a significant concentration, linkage, or continuity of sites, structures, or objects united by past events or aesthetically by plan or physical development. A district may comprise individual elements separated geographically but linked by association or history. Districts established under U. S. federal guidelines begin the process of designation through a nomination to the National Register of Historic Places. The National Register is the official recognition by the U.
S. government of cultural resources worthy of preservation. While designation through the National Register does offer a district or property some protections, it is only in cases where the threatening action involves the federal government. If the federal government is not involved the listing on the National Register provides the site, property or district no protections. For example, if company A wants to tear down the hypothetical Smith House and company A is under contract with the state government of Illinois the federal designation would offer no protections. If, company A was under federal contract the Smith House would be protected. A federal designation is little more than recognition by the government that the resource is worthy of preservation. In general, the criteria for acceptance to the National Register are applied but there are considerations for exceptions to the criteria and historic districts have influence on some of those exceptions; the National Register does not list religious structures, moved structures, reconstructed structures, or properties that have achieved significance within the last 50 years.
However, if a property falls into one of those categories and are "integral parts of districts that do meet the criteria" an exception allowing their listing will be made. Historic dis
San Antonio, Florida
San Antonio, or unofficially San Ann as the locals call it, is a city in Pasco County, United States. It is a suburban city included in the Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area, it lies within Florida's 5th congressional district. The population was 1,138 at the 2010 census, it was established as a Catholic colony by Judge Edmund F. Dunne; the city derives its name from Saint Anthony of Padua. Saint Leo University is located nearby. San Antonio is located at 28°20′12″N 82°16′30″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.2 square miles, all land. San Antonio was founded in 1881 by Edmund F. Dunne, chief justice of the Arizona territory. Dunne was a legal counsel involved in the Disston Land Purchase, as his commission, received 100,000 choice acres of land out of the 4,000,000 acre purchase; the following year on February 15, while surveying the Disston Purchase with his cousin, Captain Hugh Dunne, he came upon a unsurveyed lake with crystal clear water.
Seeing in a prayer book that it was the feast day of St. Jovita, he named the lake after the early Christian martyr. Judge Dunne began settling it in earnest, he established the city as the center of a Catholic colony in Florida. Dunne planned several other villages for the surrounding area including St. Thomas, Villa Maria and San Felipe, but only the rural community of St. Joseph survives today. In 1889 the Benedictines established the monastery of St. Leo and St. Leo College on Dunne's former homestead and farm land incorporating the area as part of a separate town, St. Leo, Florida. At about the same time, five Benedictine sisters established Holy Name Convent in the center of San Antonio; the nuns had come to teach at two local schools, as well as to establish Holy Name Academy. The sisters had the convent and the academy physically moved by oxen to a 40-acre parcel in St. Leo overlooking the southwestern shore of Lake Jovita in 1911; the nuns remained at St. Anthony School until the end of the 2009-10 academic year.
At the time of its founding San Antonio was located in the southern third of Hernando County, as Pasco County was not created until 1887. The Orange Belt Railway first began service to San Antonio in November 1887. For a short time beginning in 1927, the city changed its name to the town of Lake Jovita, only to revert to San Antonio in 1933; as of the census of 2000, there were 655 people, 270 households, 180 families residing in the village. The population density was 532.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 286 housing units at an average density of 232.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 97.25% White, 1.07% Asian, 0.31% from other races, 1.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.41% of the population. There were 270 households out of which 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.3% were non-families. 29.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.03. In the village the population was spread out with 27.2% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.1 males. The median income for a household in the village was $43,125, the median income for a family was $58,750. Males had a median income of $39,375 versus $27,031 for females; the per capita income for the village was $20,287. About 9.8% of families and 10.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.7% of those under age 18 and 14.6% of those age 65 or over. In a story that wound up on the front page of The New York Times, many of the 2000 census numbers were disputed by the City Clerk of San Antonio based on the fact the city had 336 residential water customers at the time; the Clerk further asserted that most of the residents received their mail via post office box, which the US Census Bureau would not send forms to.
City officials speculated that the population that year was closer to 900, which would be more consistent with the growth reflected in data collected in other cities throughout the county, as well as Pasco County as a whole. The 2010 census count of 1,138 residents was considered to be much more accurate. San Antonio is home to two schools. Saint Anthony Catholic School traces its roots to the Fall of 1883 when local widow Cecilia Morse began teaching colony children in her home. By April 1884 it was established as a Catholic school and is by far the oldest school of any kind in Pasco County. In fact it predates the county by several years. San Antonio Elementary was founded 98 years in 1981 and though its campus lies within San Antonio's city limits, its mailing address is Dade City, Florida. Holy Name Academy was established in 1889 as an "all-girls" boarding school by the Benedictine Sisters of Florida, but moved to the neighboring town of St. Leo in 1911. Chris Arnade, former Wall Street trader and documentarian, grew up in San Antonio.
Shannon Schambeau|Shannon Schambeau-Patterson who holds the 2005 Miss District of Columbia title as well as the 2010 Mrs. Texas America is a native of San Antonio, Florida. Dom Frederic Dunne was the fi
John Moore (bishop of St Augustine)
Bishop John Moore served as the second Bishop of St. Augustine, Florida in 1877–1901. Moore was born in County Westmeath and moved to Charleston, South Carolina at the age of 14. Bishop Moore was influential in the expansion of Catholic schools in Florida and recruitment of numerous religious nuns and priests to meet the ministerial needs of the diocese which encompassed the entire state at that time. Most notably among the priests, the Benedictine monks arrived in San Antonio in 1886 to serve German immigrants, the Jesuit fathers came to Tampa in 1889 after a yellow fever outbreak took the lives of one fourth of the state's diocesan priests. Moore would charge the Benedictines with establishing and servicing a number of mission churches from Pasco County northward, while the Jesuits covered Hillsborough County southward, all the way to Key West. Bishop Moore High School, a Catholic secondary school in Orlando, is named for him. St. Augustine Bishops
Romanesque architecture is an architectural style of medieval Europe characterized by semi-circular arches. There is no consensus for the beginning date of the Romanesque style, with proposals ranging from the 6th to the 11th century, this date being the most held. In the 12th century it developed into the Gothic style, marked by pointed arches. Examples of Romanesque architecture can be found across the continent, making it the first pan-European architectural style since Imperial Roman architecture; the Romanesque style in England is traditionally referred to as Norman architecture. Combining features of ancient Roman and Byzantine buildings and other local traditions, Romanesque architecture is known by its massive quality, thick walls, round arches, sturdy pillars, barrel vaults, large towers and decorative arcading; each building has defined forms of regular, symmetrical plan. The style can be identified right across Europe, despite regional characteristics and different materials. Many castles were built during this period, but they are outnumbered by churches.
The most significant are the great abbey churches, many of which are still standing, more or less complete and in use. The enormous quantity of churches built in the Romanesque period was succeeded by the still busier period of Gothic architecture, which or rebuilt most Romanesque churches in prosperous areas like England and Portugal; the largest groups of Romanesque survivors are in areas that were less prosperous in subsequent periods, including parts of southern France, rural Spain and rural Italy. Survivals of unfortified Romanesque secular houses and palaces, the domestic quarters of monasteries are far rarer, but these used and adapted the features found in church buildings, on a domestic scale. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the word "Romanesque" means "descended from Roman" and was first used in English to designate what are now called Romance languages; the French term "romane" was first used in the architectural sense by archaeologist Charles de Gerville in a letter of 18 December 1818 to Auguste Le Prévost to describe what Gerville sees as a debased Roman architecture.
In 1824 Gerville's friend Arcisse de Caumont adopted the label "roman" to describe the "degraded" European architecture from the 5th to the 13th centuries, in his Essai sur l'architecture religieuse du moyen-âge, particulièrement en Normandie, at a time when the actual dates of many of the buildings so described had not been ascertained: The name Roman we give to this architecture, which should be universal as it is the same everywhere with slight local differences has the merit of indicating its origin and is not new since it is used to describe the language of the same period. Romance language is degenerated Latin language. Romanesque architecture is debased Roman architecture; the first use in a published work is in William Gunn's An Inquiry into the Origin and Influence of Gothic Architecture. The word was used by Gunn to describe the style, identifiably Medieval and prefigured the Gothic, yet maintained the rounded Roman arch and thus appeared to be a continuation of the Roman tradition of building.
The term is now used for the more restricted period from the late 10th to 12th centuries. The term "Pre-romanesque" is sometimes applied to architecture in Germany of the Carolingian and Ottonian periods and Visigothic and Asturian constructions between the 8th and the 10th centuries in the Iberian Peninsula while "First Romanesque" is applied to buildings in north of Italy and Spain and parts of France that have Romanesque features but pre-date the influence of the Abbey of Cluny. Typical Romanesque architectural forms Buildings of every type were constructed in the Romanesque style, with evidence remaining of simple domestic buildings, elegant town houses, grand palaces, commercial premises, civic buildings, city walls, village churches, abbey churches, abbey complexes and large cathedrals. Of these types of buildings and commercial buildings are the most rare, with only a handful of survivors in the United Kingdom, several clusters in France, isolated buildings across Europe and by far the largest number unidentified and altered over the centuries, in Italy.
Many castles exist, the foundations of. Most have been altered, many are in ruins. By far the greatest number of surviving Romanesque buildings are churches; these range from tiny chapels to large cathedrals. Although many have been extended and altered in different styles, a large number remain either intact or sympathetically restored, demonstrating the form and decoration of Romanesque church architecture; the scope of Romanesque architecture Romanesque architecture was the first distinctive style to spread across Europe since the Roman Empire. With the decline of Rome, Roman building methods survived to an extent in Western Europe, where successive Merovingian and Ottonian architects continued to build large stone buildings such as monastery churches and palaces. In the more northern countries, Roman building styles and techniques had never been adopted except for official buildings, while in Scandinavia they were unknown. Although the round arch continued in use, the engineering skills required to vault large spaces and build large domes were lost.
There was a loss of stylistic continuity apparent in the decline of the formal vocabulary of the Classical Orders. In Rome several great Constantinian basilicas continued in use as an inspiration to builders; some traditions of Rom
Saint Leo University
Saint Leo University is a private, Roman Catholic liberal arts university established in 1889. Its primary campus is located in Florida, 35 miles north of Tampa in Pasco County; the university is associated with the Holy Name Monastery, a Benedictine convent, Saint Leo Abbey, a Benedictine monastery. The university and the abbey are both named for Pope Leo the Great, bishop of Rome from 440 to 461; the name honors Leo XIII, Pope at the time, Leo Haid abbot of Maryhelp Abbey in North Carolina, now Belmont Abbey, who participated in founding the university and served as its first president. The first Roman Catholic college in Florida, Saint Leo is one of the five largest Catholic colleges in the United States, it enrolls students at the traditional University Campus, at more than 40 education centers and offices, through its Center for Online Learning. University-wide, Saint Leo educates students from all 50 states, the District of Columbia, three U. S. territories, more than 80 countries. As of Spring 2017, total enrollment was 16,207 students, with 2,088 of those at University Campus.
Saint Leo was one of the first American universities to provide distance learning opportunities to students, beginning with educating military men and women in 1973 during the Vietnam era at the height of the anti-war movement. Today it is a leading provider of education to active-duty military members and their families. Saint Leo University offers more than 40 associate and master's degrees, certificate programs and inaugurated its first doctoral program in 2013; as of Fall 2016, the faculty included 219 full-time faculty and 1,157 qualified adjunct faculty members. In 2013, the Saint Leo University Polling Institute was established as a source of nonpartisan data on political opinions and cultural attitudes. Saint Leo traces its history to August 10, 1881, when Edmund F. Dunne, a former chief justice of the Arizona Territory, gained control of 100,000 acres in Florida, he established a Roman Catholic colony in an area, now the city of San Antonio and the town of St. Leo. To accommodate a number of German-speaking colonists, Bishop John Moore of the Diocese of St. Augustine wrote the abbot of Saint Vincent Archabbey in Latrobe, Pennsylvania to request a German-speaking priest.
That request led to the Benedictine monks first arriving in the area. In 1888, Saint Vincent Archabbey transferred control of the colony to Mary Help of Christians Abbey in Belmont, North Carolina. In February 1889, Abbot Leo Haid, OSB, of Maryhelp Abbey accepted a gift from Edmund Dunne of 36 acres on Lake Jovita for the founding of a Benedictine College; that same month, Benedictine nuns arrived from Pennsylvania. On March 11, 1889, they founded Holy Name Monastery. Saint Leo College and Saint Leo Abbey were founded on June 4, 1889. St. Leo’s College, the original name of the institution, opened its doors on September 14, 1890; the first student to arrive was 12 years old. He and six others were enrolled on the first day, the student body grew to 32 for the 1890-1891 school year; the first five students graduated in June 1893 with Master of Accounts degrees. In 1898, before it was legal in Florida for black and white students to attend school together, Saint Leo enrolled a black student—Rudolph Antorcha from Cuba.
Today, he and the welcoming Benedictines are honored with a sculpture titled A Spirit of Belonging, dedicated at University Campus in 2013. Over the years, the school went through a series of varying focuses and name changes: St. Leo’s College then St. Leo Military College, St. Leo College, St. Leo College Preparatory School, Saint Leo College, St. Leo College High School, St. Leo Academy, Benedictine High School, Saint Leo College Preparatory School, Saint Leo College, Saint Leo University. During that time, it served as a military college within three different periods. Saint Leo College Preparatory School operated from 1929 to 1964. In addition, Saint Leo returned to its college roots in 1959 and opened a junior college, with the first junior college graduates earning their associate degrees in 1961; the monks managed both the junior college and the prep school from 1959-64. The Saint Leo College Prep School athletic teams were known as the Lions, their colors were purple and gold; the Saint Leo College teams were known as the Monarchs, using gold as colors.
In 1999, the Saint Leo athletic teams readopted the Lions name. In 2011, Saint Leo University created an anthropomorphic lion mascot named Fritz; the name was a reference to a series Saint Bernard dogs bearing that name, all owned by Father Charles Mohr, who served as the first abbot of Saint Leo Abbey from 1902-31. The Benedictine sisters at Holy Name Monastery, its neighboring community, closed their Holy Name Academy in 1963 and assisted Saint Leo, which transitioned to a four-year program. Saint Leo College conferred its first bachelor's degree on April 1967, on 51 men and 13 women; the college was accredited by the Southern Educational Association that November, retroactive to the degree date. In 1973, the college responded to requests from the armed services to offer degree programs on U. S. military bases. More education centers followed—on military bases, on community college campuses, at stand-alone facilities—in seven states. In 1998, the university's Center for Online Learning was created, allowing students to take classes online from any location.
Since 1959, when the junior college was started, Saint Leo has had nine presidents: Dr. John I. Leonard Rev. Stephen Hermann, OSB Dr. Anthony W. Zaitz Rev. Marion Bowman, OSB Dr. Thom