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Saint Maurus

Saint Maurus, O. S. B. was the first disciple of Saint Benedict of Nursia. He is mentioned in Saint Gregory the Great's biography of the latter as the first oblate. Four stories involving Maurus recounted by Gregory formed a pattern for the ideal formation of a Benedictine monk; the most famous of these involved Saint Maurus's rescue of Saint Placidus, a younger boy offered to Saint Benedict at the same time as Saint Maurus. The incident has been reproduced in many medieval and Renaissance paintings. Saints Maurus and Placidus are venerated together on 5 October. A long Life of St. Maurus appeared in the late 9th century composed by one of Saint Maurus's 6th-century contemporaries. According to this account, the bishop of Le Mans, in western France, sent a delegation asking Benedict for a group of monks to travel from Benedict's new abbey of Monte Cassino to establish monastic life in France according to the Rule of St. Benedict; the Life recounts the long journey of Saint Maurus and his companions from Italy to France, accompanied by many adventures and miracles as Maurus is transformed from the youthful disciple of Benedict into a powerful, miracle-working holy man in his own right.

According to this account, after the great pilgrimage to Francia, Saint Maurus founded Glanfeuil Abbey as the first Benedictine monastery in Gaul. It was located on the south bank of the Loire river, a few miles east of Angers; the nave of its thirteenth-century church and some vineyards remain today Scholars now believe that this Life of Maurus is a forgery by the late-9th-century abbot of Glanfeuil, Odo. It was composed, as were many such saints' lives in Carolingian France, to popularize local saints' cults; the bones of Saint Maurus were'discovered' at Glanfeuil by one of Abbot Odo's immediate predecessors, Abbot Gauzlin, in 845. Gauzlin invented or at least promoted the cult of Benedict's disciple, taking advantage of Glanfeuil's proximity to two famous and prosperous Benedictine culture centers of the Loire region: the cult of Saint Benedict's bones at Fleury and that of Saint Scholastica's relics at Le Mans. Maurus was born c. 510, the son of Equitius, a Roman nobleman. At the age of about twelve, Maurus was entrusted to the care of St. Benedict at Subiaco to be educated.

Gregory the Great in the Dialogues recounts a tale wherein the young oblate Placidus was sent to fetch water from the lake and was carried away by the current. Realizing this, Benedict Maurus to rescue the boy. Hurrying to reach Placidus, Maurus ran out upon the water. After bringing Placidus back to shore, Maurus attributed the miracle to the prayers of St. Benedict. Maurus was ordained a deacon, subsequently, prior to leaving for Monte Cassino, appointed him coadjutor at Subiaco. During his tenure, various miraculous cures were attributed to his prayers. Around 528, Benedict summoned Maurus to join him at Monte Cassino. Around 543, the Bishop of Mans, sent his vicar, Adenard, to Monte Cassino to request Benedict to send some monks to Gaul. Maurus was dispatched and, during the journey, obtained a number of cures for the sick and injured encountered along the way. Through the generosity of King Theudebert, he founded Glanfeuil Abbey, which he governed for many years, he resigned the abbacy in 581 to spend the remainder of his life in prayer.

The abbey of Glanfeuil, was called St. Maur-sur-Loire. Maurus died at Glanfeuil Abbey 15 January 584. Maurus was buried in the abbey church at Glanfeuil. When, in 868, Odo and the monks of Glanfeuil were obliged to flee to Paris in the face of Vikings marauding along the Loire, the remains of St. Maurus were translated to the abbey of Saint-Pierre-des-Fossés renamed Saint-Maur-des-Fossés. In 1750 the relics were relocated to Saint-Germain-des-Prés, where they remained until dispersed by a Parisian mob during the French Revolution. Saint Maurus is still venerated by Benedictine congregations today, many monks adopting his name and dedicating monasteries to his patronage; the cult of Saint Maurus spread to monasteries throughout France and by the 11th century had been adopted by Monte Cassino in Italy, along with a revived cult of Saint Placidus. By the late Middle Ages, the cult of Saint Maurus associated with that of Saint Placidus, had spread to all Benedictine monasteries; the Blessing of Saint Maur is customarily bestowed on the sick with a relic of the true Cross, in hopes of assisting to restore their health.

Since it is impossible to have a relic of the True Cross, in 1959, the Sacred Congregation of Rites granted permission to use the medal of St. Benedict in place of the relic of the True Cross to confer the Blessing; the Congregation of St. Maur took its name from him; the surname "Seymour" is derived from Saint Maur. In art, he is depicted as a young man in the garb of a monk holding an abbot's cross or sometimes with a spade. Another of Saint Maurus' attributes is a crutch, in reference to his patronage of cripples, he was invoked against fever, against rheumatism and gout. He is sometimes depicted with a scale, a reference to the implement used to measure a monk's daily ration of bread, given to him by Benedict when he left Montecassino for France; the monks of Fossés near Paris exhibited this implement throughout the Middle Ages. Roman Catholic Diocese of Saint Maurus Saint Maurus, patron saint archive Gardn

Lloyd Fredendall

Lieutenant General Lloyd Ralston Fredendall was a senior officer of the United States Army who fought during World War II. He is best known for his command of the Central Task Force landings during Operation Torch, his command of the II Corps during the early stages of the Tunisian Campaign. In February 1943, while in command of the II Corps, his forces were defeated by German forces commanded by Field Marshall Erwin Rommel and General Hans-Jürgen von Arnim in the Battle of Kasserine Pass. After this setback, Fredendall was relieved of command of II Corps by General Dwight D. Eisenhower, the Supreme Allied Commander in North Africa, replaced by Major General George S. Patton Jr. in March 1943. In spite of his relief, Fredendall was promoted to lieutenant general in June 1943, assumed command of the Second Army and was greeted back home in the United States as a hero. Lloyd Ralston Fredendall was born on December 1883, at Fort Warren near Cheyenne, Wyoming, his father, Ira Livingston Fredendall was on active duty in the United States Army when Lloyd was born.

Ira became sheriff of Laramie County before receiving a commission in the Quartermaster Corps during the Spanish–American War. The elder Fredendall retired as a major in 1914, returned to active duty during World War I to supervise construction at several bases in the western United States, retired again as a lieutenant colonel; as a result of his father's connections in the service and with local and state politicians, Lloyd Fredendall secured an appointment from Wyoming Senator Francis E. Warren to enter the class of 1905 at the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York. Fredendall's mother Evelyn McCusker, a domineering woman, accompanied the newly listed plebe to Highland Falls, New York. Described by a classmate as "a soldierly little fellow, but goaty in mathematics," Lloyd performed poorly in the latter subject as well as general deportment, as a result was dismissed from the USMA after just one semester, his mother persuaded Senator Warren to appoint Fredendall the next year, but he dropped out again.

Although the senator was still willing to nominate him for a third attempt, this time the senator's offer was declined by the USMA. Instead Fredendall attended the Massachusetts Institute of Technology from 1903-1904 as a member of the class of 1907. Undaunted by his West Point experience, Fredendall took the officer's qualifying exam in 1906, scored first out of 70 applicants. On February 13, 1907, he received his commission in the United States Army as a second lieutenant in the Infantry Branch. After service in the Philippines and other overseas and stateside assignments, Fredendall shipped out to the Western Front with the 28th Infantry Regiment in August 1917, four months after the American entry into World War I, where he held a succession of assignments in the army's overseas schools, he soon built a record as an excellent teacher and administrator of troops, ending the war as a temporary lieutenant colonel. However, as with other officers who became prominent in World War II, such as George Marshall, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Omar Bradley, Lesley J. McNair, Fredendall never led troops in combat during World War I.

The Armistice of 11 November 1918 saw Fredendall assigned, like many other officers, to a variety of staff and training duties. He was both instructor and student at the U. S. Army Infantry School, was a 1923 distinguished graduate of the U. S. Army Command and General Staff School, in 1925, he was graduated from the U. S. Army War College, he completed tours of duty in Washington at the Statistics Branch, the Inspector General's Department and as executive officer, Office of the Chief of Infantry. These postings led to important contacts that greatly affected his military career. In December 1939, during World War II, Fredendall was promoted to the one-star rank of brigadier general, serving with the 5th Infantry Division. In October 1940, he was promoted to the two-star rank of major general, given command of the 4th Infantry Division until July 1941. Fredendall's rise to military command in World War II was facilitated by General George Marshall, the U. S. Army Chief of Staff, as well as Lieutenant General Lesley J. McNair, the commander of Army Ground Forces, a friend and colleague.

McNair had included Fredendall on a list of the top three generals he believed capable of commanding all U. S. Army forces being sent to Great Britain. Marshall, in turn, had recommended the swaggering Fredendall to Lieutenant General Dwight D. Eisenhower for a major command in the Allied invasion of North Africa, codenamed Operation Torch. Marshall was fond of the youthful-looking, cocky Fredendall, describing him as "one of the best" and remarking in a staff meeting when his name was mentioned, "I like that man. Fredendall himself was convinced that neither Eisenhower nor his deputy, Major General Mark Clark, wanted him in Africa since he was above both in pre-war rank. However, with such glowing testimonials from senior commanders, Eisenhower chose Fredendall to command the 39,000-man Central Task Force in Operation Torch. Eisenhower cabled Marshall on November 12, 1942, four days after the invasion, "I bless the day you urged Fredendall upon me and cheerfully acknowledge that my earlier doubts of him were unfounded."

Eisenhower, in notes dictat

North Carolina State Legislative Building

The North Carolina State Legislative Building is the current meeting place of the North Carolina General Assembly, the state legislature of the U. S. state of North Carolina. It was opened in 1963, replacing the North Carolina State Capitol as the home of the legislature since 1840, it is located across from the North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences and Bicentennial Mall and one block north of the Capitol in Raleigh. The building and furnishings cost $1.24 for each citizen of North Carolina. Construction required 10,500 cubic yards of concrete, 145,000 masonry blocks, 192,000 square feet of terrazzo. Architectural details include a 22-foot-wide, red-carpeted stair that leads from the front entrance to the third floor galleries for the House and Senate, roof gardens and garden courts at the four interior corners; each pair of brass doors that leads to the House and Senate chambers weighs 1,700 pounds. A 12-foot-diameter brass chandelier in the rotunda weighs 750 pounds. Brass chandeliers in the chambers and the main stair weigh 625 pounds each.

The building entrance features a 28 feet diameter terrazzo mosaic of the Great Seal of the State of North Carolina. The building is open to the public seven days a week and tours are available. List of state and territorial capitols in the United States

Joint valley landscape

Joint valley landscape or fissure valley terrain is a type of relief common in Fennoscandia. The landscape originates from the erosion of joints in the bedrock which leaves out small plateaus or ridges in between; when the block summits in joint valley landscape are of different height it may indicate the past movement of a vertical geological fault. Karna Lidmar-Bergström identifies the following type or areas centered on Blekinge, Bohuslän, Linköping/Västervik and Hudiksvall. In the last three areas the flat summits of the landscapes are parts of the Sub-Cambrian peneplain. In addition to this there is a large-scale joint valley landscape that extends from the High Coast inland; the landscape type was first identified by Sten De Geer. Joint valley landscapes are among the few places in southern Sweden where there are steep slopes in excess of 25°

Colorado Mountain Club

The Colorado Mountain Club, formed in 1912, is a nonprofit, 501 outdoor education organization based in Golden, Colorado that gathers and disseminates information regarding Colorado's mountains in the areas of art, science and recreation. The club advocates for the preservation of the alpine regions, was instrumental in the creation of Rocky Mountain National Park; the CMC has its own press with over 30 published titles, has continuously published Trail & Timberline magazine since 1918. From 25 charter members in 1912, the club grew to 200 members a year when the CMC became a nonprofit corporation. Charter members included such notable historic figures as Enos Mills, Roger Toll, Carl Blaurock. In 1974, the club purchased its first permanent home in Colorado. In 1993, the CMC partnered with the American Alpine Club to found the American Mountaineering Center in Golden, Colorado; the building houses the largest mountaineering library in the world, as well as a state-of-the-art museum, which opened in February, 2008, is named for famed mountaineer Henry Bradford Washburn, Jr.

The CMC has a state-level organization along with 14 local groups, serving communities such as Denver, Colorado Springs and Aspen. The club first ventured into education by forming a mountaineering school in 1939. Today, the club offers classes in a variety of subjects, including wilderness trekking, nature photography, climbing, wilderness first aid, fly fishing, leadership. Classes are taught by volunteers and involve lectures and field days. Members of the club are able to sign up for trips, most of which take place within the state of Colorado. Trips are led by volunteer trip leaders who handle the planning and organization as well as the execution. Trips may include such activities as hiking, climbing and photography and are offered at various levels of difficulty; the club's adventure travel program provides international travel opportunities. The CMC has a conservation committee, active in representing hiker interests in the state of Colorado, it conducts volunteer trail work throughout the state to help maintain and build hiking trails.

The CMC is the official repository for summit registers on Colorado's popular fourteeners. It maintains the comprehensive list of each person who has climbed all 53 of these high peaks, it provides a free online system called mySummits for hikers to report summits of Colorado's 100 highest peaks. Carl Blaurock, one of a pair to first climb all of Colorado's fourteeners Mary Cronin, first woman to climb all of Colorado's fourteeners Albert Russell Ellingwood, pioneering Colorado mountaineer Dick Lamm, former Governor of Colorado Enos Mills, whose efforts were influential in establishing Rocky Mountain National Park James Grafton Rogers, Denver lawyer and outdoorsman who drafted legislation to create Rocky Mountain National Park Roger Toll, who held the positions of superintendent at Yellowstone, Rocky Mountain, Mount Rainier National Parks William Henry Jackson, famous photographer for the Detroit Photographic Company Gerry Roach, Colorado-based climber who published numerous hiking guides and was second to climb the seven summits Colorado Mountain Club Bradford Washburn American Mountaineering Museum Henry S. Hall, Jr.

American Alpine Club Library and Colorado Mountain Club Collection

2016 South American Under-23 Championships in Athletics – Results

These are the full results of the 2016 South American Under-23 Championships in Athletics which took place between September 23 and 25 at Villa Deportiva Nacional in Lima, Peru. September 24 September 24 September 23 September 25 September 23 September 24Wind: +0.4 m/s September 25 September 24 September 24 September 25 September 24 September 24 September 25 September 24 September 23 September 24 September 25 September 24 September 23 September 23–24 September 24Wind: 0.0 m/s September 25Wind: 0.0 m/s September 24 September 24 September 23 September 25 September 23 September 24Wind: +0.0 m/s September 25 September 24 September 24 September 25 September 25 September 24 September 24 September 24 September 23 September 24 September 25 September 24 September 23 September 24–25 ResultsDay 1 evening results Day 2 morning results Day 2 evening results Day 3 morning results