Saint Petersburg Governorate

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Saint Petersburg Governorate
Санкт-Петербургская губерния
Governorate of the Russian Empire

 

 

1708–1927
 

Coat of arms of Saint Petersburg

Coat of arms
Location of Saint Petersburg
Saint Petersburg Governorate in 1900
Capital Shlisselburg (until 1712)
Saint Petersburg
History
 •  Established December 18 (29), 1708
 •  Treaty of Nystadt August 30 (September 10), 1721
 •  Transformed into Leningrad Oblast August 1, 1927
Saint-Petersburg Governorate 1820
Map of Russian governorates as of 1708
Russian Governorates in 1708[1]

Saint Petersburg Governorate (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́ргская губе́рния, Sankt-Peterburgskaya guberniya), or Government of Saint Petersburg, was an administrative division (a guberniya) of the Tsardom of Russia, the Russian Empire, and the Russian SFSR, which existed in 1708–1927.

Establishment[edit]

Territorial expansion of Sweden showing Swedish Ingria (1613-1656, 1658-1708) later recaptured by Russia and merged into Saint-Petersburg Governorate

Ingermanland Governorate (Ингерманла́ндская губе́рния, Ingermanlandskaya guberniya) was created on the territories reconquered from the Swedish Empire in the Great Northern War[2]. In 1704 prince Alexander Menshikov was appointed as its first governor, and in 1706 it was first Russian region designated as a Governorate[3]. According to the Tsar Peter the Great's edict as on December 29 [O.S. December 18], 1708[4], the whole Russia was split into eight Governorates. In the same year Ingermanland Governorate was further expanded to encompass the regions of Pskov, Novgorod and other towns of Western Russia[5][6]. As with the rest of the governorates, neither the borders nor internal subdivisions of Ingermanland Governorate were defined; instead, the territory was defined as a set of cities and the lands adjacent to those cities.[7]

By another edict on June 3, 1710, the governorate was renamed St. Petersburg Governorate after the newly founded city of Saint Petersburg, and in 1721 the former Swedish Duchy of Ingria, and parts of the County of Kexholm and the County of Viborg and Nyslott were formally ceded to Russia in the Treaty of Nystad. After the Treaty of Åbo in 1743, the parts of Kexholm and Viborg were joined with new territorial gains from Sweden into the Governorate of Vyborg (Russian: Выборгская губерния).

From August 18, 1914 to January 26, 1924 it was named Petrograd Governorate, and in 1924-1927 — Leningrad Governorate. It was abolished on August 1, 1927 when modern Leningrad Oblast was created.

Cities included into Ingermanland Governorate at the time of its establishment[4]
# City # City # City
1. St. Petersburg 12. Narva 23. Staraya Rusa
2. Beloozero 13. Olonets 24. Toropets
3. Bezhetskoy Verkh 14. Opochek 25. Torzhok
4. Derptskoy uyezd 15. Ostrov 26. Tver
5. Gdov 16. Porkhov 27. Uglich
6. Izborsk 17. Poshekhonye 28. Ustyuzhna Zheleznopolskaya
7. Kargopol 18. Pskov 29. Veliky Novgorod
8. Kashin 19. Romanov 30. Yamburg
9. Koporye 20. Rzheva pustaya (Zavolochye) 31. Yaroslavl
10. Ladoga 21. Rzheva Volodimirova
11. Luki Velikiye 22. Shlisselburg

Governorate administration[edit]

General Governors[edit]

Governors[edit]

Marshals of the nobility[edit]

Served as chair of the Assembly of Nobility

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Административное деление Российской империи на 18 декабря 1708 года". Википедия (in Russian). 2017-08-18.
  2. ^ Lieven, Dominic (2006). The Cambridge History of Russia: Volume 2, Imperial Russia, 1689-1917. Cambrigde University Press. pp. 489–504. ISBN 0521815290.
  3. ^ Национальные окраины российской империи. Становление и развитие системы управления. Институт Российской истории РАН, М. 1997 // Полное собрание законов Российской империи. 1-е собрание. СПб., 1830. Т. 4. № 1954. С. 334.
  4. ^ a b Указ об учреждении губерний и о росписании к ним городов (in Russian)
  5. ^ Архивы Санкт-Петербурга. Краткая справка о границах С.-Петербургской (Петроградской) губернии с XVIII в. до 1918 года
  6. ^ Славнитский Н. Р. Утверждение России в Ингерманландии в царствование Петра Великого, стр. 27
  7. ^ С. А. Тархов (2001). "Изменение административно-территориального деления России за последние 300 лет". Электронная версия журнала "География".

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 59°57′00″N 30°19′00″E / 59.9500°N 30.3167°E / 59.9500; 30.3167